New South Wales, Australia

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''[[Australia]]'' --[[User:Joycebevans|Joycebevans]] 22:02, 7 July 2011 (UTC)
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''[[Australia|Australia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New_South_Wales,_Australia|New South Wales]]''  
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{{New South Wales-sidebar}}<div style="width: 74%; float: right">
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[[Image:New South Wales.png|right|200px|New South Wales]]  
  
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'''New South Wales''' is a state in south eastern Australia. The capital is [[Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|Sydney]]. In 1770 Captain James Cook claimed the eastern coast of Australia for Britain naming it New South Wales. A convict settlement was planted at Sydney Cove (later simply Sydney) which became the mother colony for Australia and New Zealand. Colonial New South Wales developed with the wool industry in the 19th century achieving responsible self government in 1855 and becoming one of the founding six states of the federal Commonwealth of Australia in 1901.
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== History  ==
[[Image:New South Wales.png|right|155px|New South Wales]]
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New South Wales was first settled by Europeans in 1788 with the arrival of eleven English ships&nbsp;with more than 1000 convicts and military personnel, known today as the 'First Fleeters.' The Second Fleet arrived in 1790 and saved the colony from starvation. The Third Fleet arrived in 1791 and included the first Irish transportees. The first free settler immigrants arrived in 1793. By 1828, when the first regular census was taken, the non-Aboriginal population of New South Wales was estimated at 36,598.
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Van Dieman's Land (called Tasmania since 1856),&nbsp;originally a part of New South Wales, was separated off in 1825 and became an independent colony.&nbsp; Other states that were broken off of New South Wales include South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, and Queensland in 1861.&nbsp;The Northern Territory was separated out in 1911.
  
 
== Getting started with New South Wales research  ==
 
== Getting started with New South Wales research  ==
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Numerous articles are available on FamilySearch Wiki to help you get started in family history. This portal will provide links to articles about general research topics.  
 
Numerous articles are available on FamilySearch Wiki to help you get started in family history. This portal will provide links to articles about general research topics.  
  
[[Principles of Family History Research|'''Principles of Family History Research''']]
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=== Principles of Family History Research ===
  
 
#[[Identify What You Know|Identify What You Know]]  
 
#[[Identify What You Know|Identify What You Know]]  
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#[[Use the Information|Use the Information]]
 
#[[Use the Information|Use the Information]]
  
== History ==
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== Jurisdictions ==
  
New South Wales was first settled by Europeans in 1788 with the arrival of three English ships&nbsp;with more than 1000 convicts and military personnel, known today as the 'First Fleeters.'&nbsp; The second fleet arrived in 1790 and saved the colony from starvation.&nbsp; The third fleet arrived in 1791 and included the first Irish transportees.&nbsp; The first free settler immigrants arrived in 1793.  
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For most purposes, New South Wales is now a single jurisdiction but has been subdivided over time into different districts for different purposes: land administration, legal, electoral. local government, and so on.  
  
The capital&nbsp;was established at Sydney Cove, Port Jackson.  
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The first British settlers brought with them as part of the common law of England units of administration - counties, hundreds, parishes - which had developed over centuries in Britain to form a framework which simply failed to work in the new geography and society of New South Wales. Fifty years after the arrival of the First Fleet, the colony was given a new legal beginning: the law of New South Wales (and Van Dieman's Land) was to be the law of England as it was on the 28th July 1828.<ref>''Australian Courts Act'' 1828 (9 Geo 4 c 83) (repealed).</ref> Further, subsequent statute law passed by the Parliament at Westminster was only to apply to the colony if it was expressly stated to apply or because of the legal doctrine of paramountcy. Since 1823, the local colonial legislators had been empowered to make laws 'not repugnant to the Laws of England, but consistent therewith so far as the circumstances of the colony would admit'.<ref>''New South Wales Act'' 1823 (4 Geo IV c 96).</ref> As a result, local colonial authorities would often begin with an English model and adapt it to make it appropriate to local circumstances.  
  
By 1828, when the first regular census was taken, the population of New South Wales was estimated at 36,598.
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=== Counties and Parishes  ===
  
Van Dieman's Land (called Tasmania since 1856),&nbsp;originally a part of New South Wales, was separated off in 1825 and became an independent colony.&nbsp; Other states that were broken off of New South Wales include South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, and Queensland in 1861.&nbsp;The Northern Territory was separated out in 1911.  
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From the earliest days of settlement after the arrival of the First Fleet, the area around Sydney Cove and Port Jackson was called the County of Cumberland. Other counties were proclaimed as the limits of settlement expanded until 1825 when Royal Instructions ordered a general survey of the colony of New South Wales and its division into counties and parishes. {{wikipedia|Lands administrative divisions of New South Wales|Lands administrative divisions of New South Wales}} The present State of New South Wales remains divided into 141 counties each with an area of about 40 square miles (the original survey measure). In turn, these are subdivided into 7,459 parishes. These counties and parishes have significance for land ownership records and in legislative instruments but have almost none of the other significance that an English county or parish had and has.  
  
== Jurisdictions  ==
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*[http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/guides-and-finding-aids/archives-in-brief/archives-in-brief-80 Archives In Brief 80] NSW State Archives information on using county and parish maps
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*[http://www.gnb.nsw.gov.au/name_search Geographical Names Register search] Find information on particular parishes etc.
  
(Your text or images here)
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<br>
  
== Research Tools ==
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=== Regions and Places ===
  
(Your text or images here)
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{| width="99%" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| valign="top" align="left" |
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*Blue Mountains
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*Central Coast
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*Central NSW
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*Far North Coast
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*Hunter Region
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*Illawarra
  
*(helpful tools and resources, gazetteers)
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| valign="top" align="left" |
*(language dictionary, handwriting guide or tutorial, etc.)<br>
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*New England
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*North Coast
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*Riverina
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*Snowy Mountains
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*South Coast
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*[[Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|Sydney]]
  
<br>
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|}
  
=== FamilySearch Historical Records Collections  ===
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*[[Lord Howe Island, Australia|Lord Howe Island]]
  
An online collection containing this record is located in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list FamilySearch. org.]
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=== Research Tools  ===
  
A wiki article describing this collection is found at:
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*[[Principles of Family History Research|Principles of Family History Research]]
  
[[Australia, New South Wales and Capital Territory Masonic Registers and Card Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia, New South Wales and Capital Territory Masonic Registers and Card Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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(Your text or images here)  
  
Family History Research, can be done at the State Library, Mitchell Library, in Sydney just off St. Martin Place. Be sure to take picture ID, so that you can get a State Library Card, so that you can use the computers anywhere in the building.
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*(helpful tools and resources)
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*(language dictionary, handwriting guide or tutorial, etc.)
  
== Help Wanted ==
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=== Featured Content ===
  
Interested in [[Help:Edit and Contribute|editing or adding to the Wiki]]? The New South Wales page needs you! Here are some simple ways you can add information other researchers need!
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'''The Wiki article describing an online collection are found at:'''
  
== Events  ==
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*[[Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
*[http://www.familyhistoryweek.org.au/ National Family History Week] is held around the end of July each year. In 2012 it will be celebrated from Jluy 27 to 5 August.<br>
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See the [http://www.fhlfavorites.info Family History Library Favorites] for important links to record collections on the internet.  
  
== Things You Can Do ==
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=== Church Records ===
  
(Your text or images here, or use the table below:)
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Learn how to find your Australian ancestors in New South Wales by searching church records. See the tutorial at FamilySearch called''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/new-south-wales-early-church-records-1788-1886/6 &nbsp;"New South Wales Early Church Records 1788-1886"]'' There are many listings for specific Church Records in the[http://tinyurl.com/6ovlvqt Family History Library Catalog]. Review the listing for a specific area of your research.
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" width="99%"
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=== Maps  ===
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| valign="top" align="left" |
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*(Your Bullet)
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*(Your Bullet)
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'''1833 County Maps''': [http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/new-south-wales-east.htm NSW Eastern] | [http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/new-south-wales-west.htm NSW Western]: Courtesy of London Ancestor
*(Your Bullet)
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*(Your Bullet)
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=== Vital Records  ===
*(Your Bullet)
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*(Your Bullet)
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|}
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Learn how to find your ancestors in New South Wales, Australia by finding them in the[http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory/searchHistoricalRecords.htm Birth, Death, Marriage index.]&nbsp;&nbsp;View the[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/using-the-new-south-wales-birth-death-marriage-index/7 ''"Using the New South Wales Birth, Death, Marriage Index"&nbsp;online tutorial''] from FamilySearch for more help.
  
(All text below this is included in a column on the left side of the screen.)
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[http://www.monaropioneers.com/ Eden/Monaro Pioneers Database]: This database contains over 266,000 names.
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{| style="background: rgb(255,255,240)" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0"
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|-
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| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''News'''
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*[[Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Index to Bounty Immigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Bounty Immigrants 1828-1842 Index at Record Search soon]]
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For more...  
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*[http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory/searchHistoricalRecords.htm New South Wales Births, Marriages and Death Records] - Search for Free
  
See and download the Family History Library "'''[http://www.fhlfavorites.info Favorites]" links, here.'''
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Family History Research, can be done at the [[Sl.nsw.gov.au|State Library]] and Mitchell Library, in Macquarie Street, Sydney just off Martin Place. Be sure to take some ID that shows your current address, so that you can get a State Library Card that will allow you to use the computers anywhere in the building. The card gives residents of NSW access to online resources from home.  
  
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<br>
| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Topics'''
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|-
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*[[Archives|Archives and Libraries]]
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*[[Australia Census|Census]]
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*[[New South Wales Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
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*[[Immigration-NSW, Australia|Immigration]]
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*[[New South Wales Land and Property|Land and Property]]
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*[[Local Government Areas-NSW, Australia|Local Government Areas]]
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*[[Newspapers-NSW, Australia|Newspapers]]
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*[[Societies-NSW, Australia|Societies]]
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*[[Universities-NSW, Australia|Universities]]
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=== Websites  ===
| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Other'''
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*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/newsouthwalesgenealogy Looking 4 Kin Genealogy &amp; Family History Network - New South Wales]
| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |
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*[http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/indexes-online/indexes-online Online Indexes] through the NSW Government State Records
*New South Wales makes its indexes to births, deaths and marriages available online.
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<br>
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== Notes and References  ==
  
|}
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<references />
  
<br>
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=== Help Wanted  ===
  
<br>
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Interested in [[Help:Contributor Help|editing or adding]] to the Wiki? The New South Wales page needs you! Here are some simple ways you can add information other researchers need!
</div>
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</div>  
|}
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__NOTOC__
  
[[Category:Australia]]
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[[Category:Australia]] [[Category:States_and_territories_of_Australia]]

Revision as of 17:35, 27 October 2013

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New South Wales

New South Wales is a state in south eastern Australia. The capital is Sydney. In 1770 Captain James Cook claimed the eastern coast of Australia for Britain naming it New South Wales. A convict settlement was planted at Sydney Cove (later simply Sydney) which became the mother colony for Australia and New Zealand. Colonial New South Wales developed with the wool industry in the 19th century achieving responsible self government in 1855 and becoming one of the founding six states of the federal Commonwealth of Australia in 1901.

History

New South Wales was first settled by Europeans in 1788 with the arrival of eleven English ships with more than 1000 convicts and military personnel, known today as the 'First Fleeters.' The Second Fleet arrived in 1790 and saved the colony from starvation. The Third Fleet arrived in 1791 and included the first Irish transportees. The first free settler immigrants arrived in 1793. By 1828, when the first regular census was taken, the non-Aboriginal population of New South Wales was estimated at 36,598.

Van Dieman's Land (called Tasmania since 1856), originally a part of New South Wales, was separated off in 1825 and became an independent colony.  Other states that were broken off of New South Wales include South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, and Queensland in 1861. The Northern Territory was separated out in 1911.

Getting started with New South Wales research

Numerous articles are available on FamilySearch Wiki to help you get started in family history. This portal will provide links to articles about general research topics.

Principles of Family History Research

  1. Identify What You Know
  2. Decide What You Want to Learn
  3. Select Records to Search
  4. Obtain and Search the Records
  5. Use the Information

Jurisdictions

For most purposes, New South Wales is now a single jurisdiction but has been subdivided over time into different districts for different purposes: land administration, legal, electoral. local government, and so on.

The first British settlers brought with them as part of the common law of England units of administration - counties, hundreds, parishes - which had developed over centuries in Britain to form a framework which simply failed to work in the new geography and society of New South Wales. Fifty years after the arrival of the First Fleet, the colony was given a new legal beginning: the law of New South Wales (and Van Dieman's Land) was to be the law of England as it was on the 28th July 1828.[1] Further, subsequent statute law passed by the Parliament at Westminster was only to apply to the colony if it was expressly stated to apply or because of the legal doctrine of paramountcy. Since 1823, the local colonial legislators had been empowered to make laws 'not repugnant to the Laws of England, but consistent therewith so far as the circumstances of the colony would admit'.[2] As a result, local colonial authorities would often begin with an English model and adapt it to make it appropriate to local circumstances.

Counties and Parishes

From the earliest days of settlement after the arrival of the First Fleet, the area around Sydney Cove and Port Jackson was called the County of Cumberland. Other counties were proclaimed as the limits of settlement expanded until 1825 when Royal Instructions ordered a general survey of the colony of New South Wales and its division into counties and parishes. The present State of New South Wales remains divided into 141 counties each with an area of about 40 square miles (the original survey measure). In turn, these are subdivided into 7,459 parishes. These counties and parishes have significance for land ownership records and in legislative instruments but have almost none of the other significance that an English county or parish had and has.


Regions and Places

  • Blue Mountains
  • Central Coast
  • Central NSW
  • Far North Coast
  • Hunter Region
  • Illawarra
  • New England
  • North Coast
  • Riverina
  • Snowy Mountains
  • South Coast
  • Sydney

Research Tools

(Your text or images here)

  • (helpful tools and resources)
  • (language dictionary, handwriting guide or tutorial, etc.)

Featured Content

The Wiki article describing an online collection are found at:

See the Family History Library Favorites for important links to record collections on the internet.

Church Records

Learn how to find your Australian ancestors in New South Wales by searching church records. See the tutorial at FamilySearch called "New South Wales Early Church Records 1788-1886" There are many listings for specific Church Records in theFamily History Library Catalog. Review the listing for a specific area of your research.

Maps

1833 County Maps: NSW Eastern | NSW Western: Courtesy of London Ancestor

Vital Records

Learn how to find your ancestors in New South Wales, Australia by finding them in theBirth, Death, Marriage index.  View the"Using the New South Wales Birth, Death, Marriage Index" online tutorial from FamilySearch for more help.

Eden/Monaro Pioneers Database: This database contains over 266,000 names.

Family History Research, can be done at the State Library and Mitchell Library, in Macquarie Street, Sydney just off Martin Place. Be sure to take some ID that shows your current address, so that you can get a State Library Card that will allow you to use the computers anywhere in the building. The card gives residents of NSW access to online resources from home.


Websites

Notes and References

  1. Australian Courts Act 1828 (9 Geo 4 c 83) (repealed).
  2. New South Wales Act 1823 (4 Geo IV c 96).

Help Wanted

Interested in editing or adding to the Wiki? The New South Wales page needs you! Here are some simple ways you can add information other researchers need!