New York, Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|title3=New York, Western District - Naturalization Index, 1907-1966
 
|title3=New York, Western District - Naturalization Index, 1907-1966
 
|CID4=CID1840491  
 
|CID4=CID1840491  
|title4=Index to Naturalization Petitions of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, 1925-1957
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|title4=New York, Eastern District Naturalization Petitions, 1865-1957
 
|location=United States}}<br>  
 
|location=United States}}<br>  
 
== Collection Time Period  ==
 
 
These indexes are for records that cover the years from 1824 to about 1957.
 
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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This Collection will include records from 1824 to 1966.<br>
  
 
These collections are card indexes to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of New York. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.  
 
These collections are card indexes to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of New York. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.  
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Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.&nbsp;  
 
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.&nbsp;  
  
== Citation for This Collection  ==
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Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
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The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.  
 +
 
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
{{Collection citation
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
|text = <!--bibdescbegin-->United States District Court. New York, Southern District, index to petitions for naturalization. United States National Archives and Records Administration, Northeast Region, Bayonne, New Jersey. .<!--bibdescend-->}}
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Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections.  
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{{Collection citation | text= "New York, Southern District Index to Petition for Naturalization, 1824-1941." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Alphabetical Index to Petitions for Naturalization of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1824-1941." <i>Fold3.com</i>. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.}}
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Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New York.  
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<br>Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New York.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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== Record Content  ==
  
 
The index cards include the following:  
 
The index cards include the following:  
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Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
 
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
  
*Name of the immigrant  
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*Full name of the immigrant  
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*Current residence
 
*Country of birth  
 
*Country of birth  
*Arrival date  
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*Arrival date and port of entry
 
*Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization  
 
*Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization  
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*Date and court of naturalization
 
*Names of witnesses  
 
*Names of witnesses  
 
*Signature of judge or court official
 
*Signature of judge or court official
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In post-1906 records, you may also find:  
 
In post-1906 records, you may also find:  
  
*Birth date  
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*Birth date and place of immigrant
*Birthplace
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*Age, race, marital status and occupation
*Age  
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*Race
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*Last foreign residence  
 
*Last foreign residence  
*Current residence
 
*Arrival place
 
*Marital status
 
 
*Name of spouse  
 
*Name of spouse  
 
*Maiden name of wife  
 
*Maiden name of wife  
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== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 +
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
 
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
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*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
  
=== Why the Record Was Created ===
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== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[New York, Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
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=== Record Reliability  ===
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The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.  
+
  
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[New York Naturalization and Citizenship|New York Naturalization and Citizenship]]  
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*[[New York Naturalization and Citizenship|New York Naturalization and Citizenship]]  
 
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*[[Tracing Immigrants Arrival Naturalization and Citizenship|Tracing Immigrants Arrival Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>
<br>  
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*[[United States Naturalization and Citizenship|United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]<br>
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
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==== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ====
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"New York, Southern District Naturalization Index, 1917-1950." database, ''FamilySearch&nbsp;''(https://familysearch.org]): accessed 18 April 2012), Henry Dalton,1945,citing Naturalization index, NARA publication M1675 roll number 44; United States Archives and Records Center.  
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].

Revision as of 16:53, 6 March 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1824 to 1966.

These collections are card indexes to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of New York. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.

The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906 many entries were typewritten.

While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship. 

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen. 

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). 

Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters. 

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. New York’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.

The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"New York, Southern District Index to Petition for Naturalization, 1824-1941." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Alphabetical Index to Petitions for Naturalization of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1824-1941." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d.



Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New York.

Record Content

The index cards include the following:

  • Petition number
  • Date of petition
  • Volume and page number of the petition

Some of the index cards also show:

  • Declaration number
  • Date of declaration
  • Volume and page number of the declaration
  • Certification number
  • Date of issuance

Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:

  • Full name of the immigrant
  • Current residence
  • Country of birth
  • Arrival date and port of entry
  • Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
  • Date and court of naturalization
  • Names of witnesses
  • Signature of judge or court official

In post-1906 records, you may also find:

  • Birth date and place of immigrant
  • Age, race, marital status and occupation
  • Last foreign residence
  • Name of spouse
  • Maiden name of wife
  • Birth date of spouse
  • Residence of spouse

How to Use the Record

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the card index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many cards to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate immigration and naturalization dates.
  • The ancestor’s residence.

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

The Eastern District had jurisdiction over Kings (Brooklyn), Nassau, Queens, and Richmond (Staten Island), Suffolk counties. The Southern District covered Bronx, Columbia, Dutchess, Greene, New York (Manhattan), Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Westchester, and Ulster counties. The Western District covered Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates counties.

Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of court, page, entry, or certificate number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:

Use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

You may also find these tips helpful:

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Web Sites

National Archives at New York City

Eastern District

Southern District

Western District

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.