New York, New York, Index to Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|location=United States}} <br>  
 
|location=United States}} <br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
The information in these collections pertains to ships’ passenger lists from 1820 to 1924.  
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This Collection will include records from 1820 to 1846.<br>
 
+
== Record Description  ==
+
  
 
The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.  
 
The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.  
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These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.  
 
These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.&nbsp;From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.&nbsp;
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For an alphabetical list of names currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1919703/waypoints Browse].
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The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors at Ellis Island to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
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 +
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "New York, New York, Index to Passenger Lists, 1820-1846." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M261. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}
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Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New York.
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[[New York, New York, Index to Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
  
 
[[Image:New York Index to Passenger Lists (11-0390) DGS 4786591 89.jpg|thumb|right]]  
 
[[Image:New York Index to Passenger Lists (11-0390) DGS 4786591 89.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:  
 
The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:  
  
*Name of immigrant  
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*Full name of immigrant  
*Accompanied by
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*Name of person accompanying immigrant
*Age  
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*Age, gender, race and occupation of immigrant
*Sex
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*Nationality of immigrant
*Occupation
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*Last permanent residence (town, country)
*Nationality  
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*Last permanent residence  
+
 
*Destination  
 
*Destination  
*Port of entry  
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*Port of entry and date of arrival
*Name of vessel
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*Name of ship
*Date of arrival
+
  
 
[[Image:Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg|thumb|right]]  
 
[[Image:Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:  
 
Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:  
  
*Names of immigrants and close relatives
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*Name of ship and port of departure
*Age
+
*Ship's arrival date and port of entry
*Sex
+
*Names of immigrants
*Birthplaces, former residences, and intended destinations
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*Immigrants' age, gender, marital status and occupation
*Marital status
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*Country where immigrant holds citizenship
*Nationality and race
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*Last place of residence in that country
*Occupations
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*Name of relative or friend living at last residence
*Date of arrival
+
*Name of relative or friend to be visited in this country
*Port of departure
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*Final destination of immigrant
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*Physical description
 +
*Birthplace
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. The index is a browse only, but is arranged alphabetically by surname and then given name. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many entries to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know the full name of your ancestor and the approximate date of immigration. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.  
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the full name of your ancestor and the approximate date of immigration. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of the ship&nbsp;and&nbsp;date of entry) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches.  
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.  
+
Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
  
Use passenger lists to:  
+
==== Using the Information  ====
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, use passenger lists to:  
  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin  
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*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.  
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.  
 
*Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.  
 
*Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.  
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
+
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 +
*Arrival lists was used by legal authorities to gather personal information about immigrants prior to the person being allowed to live in the United States.
 +
*The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
 +
*Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
+
*Check for variant spellings of the name.  
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the passenger lists year by year.  
+
*Look for other indexes. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies.
 +
*Search the passenger lists year by year.  
 
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
 
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
 
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.
 
 
== Record History  ==
 
 
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.&nbsp;From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.
 
 
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
 
 
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors at Ellis Island to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
 
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[[New York|New York]]
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*[[New York|New York]]<br>
 
*[[New York Emigration and Immigration]]  
 
*[[New York Emigration and Immigration]]  
*[[New York History]]
+
*[[New York History]]  
 
*[[New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[New York, Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island) (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[New York, Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island) (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 
*[[Free Online New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1897]]
 
*[[Free Online New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1897]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
+
== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
 
+
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
 
+
"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891" index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 29 April 2011). entry for Joseph Bavier, age 19; citing Passenger Lists, 039-1 Jul 1839-5 Sep 1939. Image 9; United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.
+
 
+
== Citation for This Collection  ==
+
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->New York. Index to Passenger Lists, 1820-1846. NARA M261. United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C. <!--bibdescend-->
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
+
"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 29 August 2012), Alphebetical Surname List&gt;Image 1600 of 5091, Joseph Bavillrede, age 18; citing Passenger Lists; United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.  
  
 
[[Category:New_York|Immigration]]
 
[[Category:New_York|Immigration]]

Revision as of 18:02, 5 March 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1820 to 1846.

The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.

The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.

These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.

Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor. From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York. 

For an alphabetical list of names currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors at Ellis Island to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.

The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"New York, New York, Index to Passenger Lists, 1820-1846." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M261. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.


Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New York.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

New York Index to Passenger Lists (11-0390) DGS 4786591 89.jpg

The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:

  • Full name of immigrant
  • Name of person accompanying immigrant
  • Age, gender, race and occupation of immigrant
  • Nationality of immigrant
  • Last permanent residence (town, country)
  • Destination
  • Port of entry and date of arrival
  • Name of ship
Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg

Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:

  • Name of ship and port of departure
  • Ship's arrival date and port of entry
  • Names of immigrants
  • Immigrants' age, gender, marital status and occupation
  • Country where immigrant holds citizenship
  • Last place of residence in that country
  • Name of relative or friend living at last residence
  • Name of relative or friend to be visited in this country
  • Final destination of immigrant
  • Physical description
  • Birthplace

How to Use the Records

To begin your search it is helpful to know the full name of your ancestor and the approximate date of immigration. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches.

Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, use passenger lists to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
  • If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  • Arrival lists was used by legal authorities to gather personal information about immigrants prior to the person being allowed to live in the United States.
  • The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
  • Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings of the name.
  • Look for other indexes. Records are often indexed by local historical and genealogical societies.
  • Search the passenger lists year by year.
  • Search the indexes of other port cities.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 29 August 2012), Alphebetical Surname List>Image 1600 of 5091, Joseph Bavillrede, age 18; citing Passenger Lists; United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.