New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1925-1942 .
This Collection will include records from 1925 to 1942.
The collection consists of images of passenger arrivals in New York Harbor.
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. The lists usually occupy two pages.
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor. From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
The information in these collections pertains to ship passenger lists from 1825 to 1942.
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
Citation for This Collection
- United States Immigration and Naturalization Service. New York, passenger lists. National Archives, Washington D.C.
Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New York.
Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:
- Name of ship and port of departure
- Ship's arrival date and port of entry
- Names of immigrants
- Immigrants' age, gender, marital status and occupation
- Country where immigrant has citizenship
- Last place of residence in that country
- Name of relative or friend living at last residence
- Name of relative or friend you will visit in this country
- Final destination
- Physical description
How to Use the Records
To begin your search it is helpful to know the name and date of entry into the United States. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "NARA Roll Description" category which takes you to the images
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of the ship, page, or entry number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details and lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use passenger lists to:
- Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
- Confirm their date of arrival
- Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
- Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
- Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
- If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
Unable to Find Your Ancestor?
- Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
- Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
- Search the indexes of other port cities.
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.
Known Issues with This Collecton
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Related Web Sites
- Ancestor Search
- The Statue of Liberty - Ellis Island Foundation, Inc.
- Ellis Island JewishGen - contains advanced search tools and access to lost manifests
- Ellis Island WikiMedia Commons
Related Wiki Articles
- New York Emigration and Immigration
- New York History
- New York, Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island) (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- New York, New York, Index to Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Free Online New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1897
Contributions to This Article
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 29 August 2012), vol 13762-13763 Sep 5-6 1939 > Image 507 of 739, Iva B. Kempshall, 55, New York, New York, 19 Feb 1890; citing United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.
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