New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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This Collection will include records from 1820 to 1891.<br>
  
 
The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.  
 
The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.  
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These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.  
 
These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.  
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1849782/waypoints Browse].
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1849782/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.  
 
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The information in these collections pertains to ship passenger lists from 1820 to 1924.&nbsp;
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Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.  
 
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.  
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
  
{{Collection citation
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{{Collection citation | text= "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1891." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Immigration and Naturalization Service. National Archives, Washington D.C.}}  
| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->United States Immigration and Naturalization Service. New York passenger lists. United States National Archives and Records Service, Washington D.C.<!--bibdescend-->}}  
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[[New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
 
[[New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
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The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:  
 
The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:  
  
*Name of immigrant  
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*Full name of immigrant  
*Accompanied by
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*Name of person accompanying immigrant
*Age  
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*Age, gender, race and occupation of immigrant
*Sex
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*Nationality of immigrant
*Occupation
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*Last permanent residence (town, country)
*Nationality  
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*Last permanent residence  
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*Destination  
 
*Destination  
*Port of entry  
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*Port of entry and date of arrival
*Name of vessel
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*Name of ship
*Date of arrival
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[[Image:Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg|thumb|right]]  
 
[[Image:Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:  
 
Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:  
  
*Names of immigrants and close relatives
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*Name of ship and port of departure
*Age
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*Ship's arrival date and port of entry
*Sex
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*Names of immigrants
*Birthplaces, former residences and intended destinations
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*Immigrants' age, gender, marital status and occupation
*Marital status
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*Country where immigrant holds citizenship
*Nationality and race
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*Last place of residence in that country
*Occupations
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*Name of relative or friend living at last residence
*Date of arrival
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*Name of relative or friend to be visited in this country
*Port of departure
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*Final destination of immigrant
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*Physical description
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*Birthplace
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
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Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.  
 
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.  
 
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== Related Web Sites  ==
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create FamilySearch Collections]]
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
  
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891" &nbsp; digital images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012). Joseph Bavier, age 19; citing Passenger Lists, 039-1 Jul 1839-5 Sep 1939. Image 9; United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.
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"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891" &nbsp; images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012). Joseph Bavier, age 19; citing Passenger Lists, 039-1 Jul 1839-5 Sep 1939. Image 9; United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.  
 
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<br>Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
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[[Category:New_York|Immigration]]
 
[[Category:New_York|Immigration]]

Revision as of 15:54, 11 April 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1820 to 1891.

The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.

The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.

These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.

The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.


The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1891." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Immigration and Naturalization Service. National Archives, Washington D.C.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

New York Index to Passenger Lists (11-0390) DGS 4786591 89.jpg

The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:

  • Full name of immigrant
  • Name of person accompanying immigrant
  • Age, gender, race and occupation of immigrant
  • Nationality of immigrant
  • Last permanent residence (town, country)
  • Destination
  • Port of entry and date of arrival
  • Name of ship
Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg

Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:

  • Name of ship and port of departure
  • Ship's arrival date and port of entry
  • Names of immigrants
  • Immigrants' age, gender, marital status and occupation
  • Country where immigrant holds citizenship
  • Last place of residence in that country
  • Name of relative or friend living at last residence
  • Name of relative or friend to be visited in this country
  • Final destination of immigrant
  • Physical description
  • Birthplace

How to Use the Records

To search the collection, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒ Select the NARA Roll Number - Content which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many entries to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

When searching the index it is helpful to know the full name of your ancestor and the approximate date of immigration. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.

Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of the ship, page, or entry number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details and lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use passenger lists to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

You may also find these tips helpful:

  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
  • If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the passenger lists year by year.
  • Search the indexes of other port cities.

Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.

Related Web Sites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891"   images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012). Joseph Bavier, age 19; citing Passenger Lists, 039-1 Jul 1839-5 Sep 1939. Image 9; United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.