New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
{{FamilySearch_Collection
|CID=CID1849782
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|CID=CID1849782  
 
|title=New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
 
|title=New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
|location=United States}} <br>  
+
|location=New York
 +
}}<br>  
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
This Collection will include records from 1820 to 1891.<br>
+
The collection consists of passenger lists for over 13 million immigrants arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1891. NARA publication M237: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897.
  
 
The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.  
 
The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.  
 
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.
 
  
 
These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.  
 
These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.  
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1849782/waypoints Browse].
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
+
|CID=CID1849782
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.
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|title=New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
 
+
}}  
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
+
 
+
<br>The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
+
 
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
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{{Collection citation
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| text=United States Immigration and Naturalization Service. New York passenger lists. United States National Archives and Records Service, Washington D.C.}}  
+
 
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[[New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
[[Image:New York Index to Passenger Lists (11-0390) DGS 4786591 89.jpg|thumb|right|New York Index to Passenger Lists (11-0390) DGS 4786591 89.jpg]]
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<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:New York Index to Passenger Lists (11-0390) DGS 4786591 89.jpg|Index to Passenger Lists
 +
Image:Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg|Passenger List
 +
</gallery>
  
The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:  
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The '''card index''' to passenger lists includes the following information:  
  
 
*Full name of immigrant  
 
*Full name of immigrant  
Line 46: Line 36:
 
*Name of ship
 
*Name of ship
  
[[Image:Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg|thumb|right|Ellis Island Passenger List.jpg]]
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'''Passenger lists''', particularly later lists, include the following information:  
 
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Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following genealogical information:  
+
  
 
*Name of ship and port of departure  
 
*Name of ship and port of departure  
Line 64: Line 52:
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
To search the collection, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page ⇒ Select the NARA Roll Number - Content which takes you to the images.
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
  
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
*The full name of your ancestor, birth year and birth place to search for the record; or<br>
 +
*The approximate date of immigration, in order to browse the records. There&nbsp;is not a search field for the immigration year on the search page.&nbsp;
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Name indexes make it possible to access a specific record quickly. Check the index for the surname and then the given name. You may need to look at many entries to find the one you are seeking. Remember that these indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.  
+
In order to help you locate records, you can check the US census records for and after 1900 to find immigration or naturalization information.  
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the full name of your ancestor and the approximate date of immigration. If you do not know this information, check the census records after 1900.
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
  
Use the locator information found in the index (such as name of the ship, page, or entry number) to locate your ancestors in the records. Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.  
+
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
 +
 
 +
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection by image. <br>⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br>⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Content" category which takes you to the images
 +
 
 +
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.  
 +
 
 +
With either search keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
 +
 
 +
=== Using the Information  ===
  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details and lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use passenger lists to:  
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details and lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use passenger lists to:  
Line 81: Line 85:
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
  
You may also find these tips helpful:
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
  
 +
*When you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.  
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.  
 
*Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.  
 
*Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.  
 
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
*If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
  
If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:
+
=== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ===
  
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.  
Line 93: Line 98:
 
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
 
*Search the indexes of other port cities.
  
Please note that when you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.  
+
{{Tip|Don't overlook {{FHL|New York, Emigration and Immigration|keywords|disp}} items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article [[New York Archives and Libraries]]. For additional information about this state see the wiki article [[New York Genealogy|New York]].}}
 +
 
 +
=== General Information About These Records  ===
 +
 
 +
Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.
 +
 
 +
The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.
 +
 
 +
The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.
 +
 
 +
The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.
 +
 
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
 +
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[New York, Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
Line 113: Line 131:
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
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== Citations for This Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
'''Collection citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1891." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing Immigration and Naturalization Service. National Archives, Washington D.C.}} <br><br>
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):<br> {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1849782
 +
|title=New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
 +
}}
  
"New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891" &nbsp; images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012). Joseph Bavier, age 19; citing Passenger Lists, 039-1 Jul 1839-5 Sep 1939. Image 9; United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, D.C.
+
'''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1849782
 +
|title=New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891
 +
}}
  
[[Category:New_York|Immigration]]
+
[[Category:NARA_emigration_and_immigration_records]]

Latest revision as of 14:26, 21 May 2015

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The collection consists of passenger lists for over 13 million immigrants arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1891. NARA publication M237: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897.

The content of earlier lists, known generally as “customs manifests,” was not regulated. Formats varied widely and a specific place of origin was not always listed. In 1883, the federal government mandated the creation of ship manifests, which included columns for an exact birthplace or last residence. This information was also kept on passenger arrival lists of later periods.

These collections also include a card index to passengers arriving in New York City from 1820 through 1846.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891.

Record Content

The card index to passenger lists includes the following information:

  • Full name of immigrant
  • Name of person accompanying immigrant
  • Age, gender, race and occupation of immigrant
  • Nationality of immigrant
  • Last permanent residence (town, country)
  • Destination
  • Port of entry and date of arrival
  • Name of ship

Passenger lists, particularly later lists, include the following information:

  • Name of ship and port of departure
  • Ship's arrival date and port of entry
  • Names of immigrants
  • Immigrants' age, gender, marital status and occupation
  • Country where immigrant holds citizenship
  • Last place of residence in that country
  • Name of relative or friend living at last residence
  • Name of relative or friend to be visited in this country
  • Final destination of immigrant
  • Physical description
  • Birthplace

How to Use the Records

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The full name of your ancestor, birth year and birth place to search for the record; or
  • The approximate date of immigration, in order to browse the records. There is not a search field for the immigration year on the search page. 

In order to help you locate records, you can check the US census records for and after 1900 to find immigration or naturalization information.

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection by image.
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "NARA Roll Number - Content" category which takes you to the images

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

With either search keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details and lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use passenger lists to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • When you select an image to view, sometimes the manifest includes more than one page, and when you use the "click to enlarge manifest" link, the image that appears is not always the first page of the record. You may need to click on the "previous" or "next" links to view the remaining pages of the full manifest.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the passenger lists to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have immigrated at the same time.
  • If your ancestor has an uncommon surname, you may want to obtain the passenger list of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the passenger lists year by year.
  • Search the indexes of other port cities.

General Information About These Records

Passenger arrival lists known as customs manifests date back to 1820. However, the first official emigration station for New York was Castle Garden, located at the tip of lower Manhattan. Congressional action in 1891 resulted in federal immigration officials recording the immigrants’ arrival. After January 1892, passengers arriving in New York debarked at Ellis Island, located east of Manhattan in the New York Harbor.From 1892 to 1924, almost all immigrants entered the United States through the port of New York.

The passenger arrival list was used by legal inspectors to cross-examine each immigrant during a legal inspection prior to the person being allowed to live in America. Only two percent of the prospective immigrants were denied entry.

The information was supplied by the immigrant or a traveling companion (usually a family member). Incorrect information was occasionally given, or mistakes may have been made when the clerk guessed at the spelling of foreign names.

The lists consist of large sheets of paper divided into columns and rows. Earlier lists are handwritten, while most after 1917 are typewritten. Lists after 1906 usually occupy two pages.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Web Sites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection citation:

"New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1891." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing Immigration and Naturalization Service. National Archives, Washington D.C.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891.

Image Citation:

The citation for an image is available on each image in this collection by clicking Show Citation at the bottom left of the image screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1891.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 21 May 2015, at 14:26.
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