New York, State Census, 1875 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Access the records: New York State Census, 1875 .
These records are for the year 1875.
The collection consists of images of the 1875 New York State Census as of 1 June 1875. The following counties are not included:
- New York (Manhattan)
- St. Lawrence
This census includes several other sections, beyond the population schedules, that contain useful information. It includes two schedules with information of officers and enlisted men currently in the military and officers and enlisted men who had served in the military. This census contains information on when and where the individual first entered the military, their rank, how long they were in the service, their present health, as well as several other items.
The census also includes tables on marriages and deaths occurring during the year ending June 1, 1875. These tables contain typical marriage and death information. One other table that contains valuable information is entitled deaths of officers and enlisted men. This table contains deaths of individuals which had occurred while in the military or naval service of the United States, or from wounds or disease acquired in said service since April, 1861, reported by the families to which the deceased belonged when at home. It includes the name of the deceased, age at death, if married or single, if a citizen, several items relating to military information, date of death, place of death, manner of death, survivors of the deceased, place of burial and any remarks.
State censuses were created by the state of New York and were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795. This census does not cover the entire population of the state of New York because the counties of Clinton, Franklin, Hamilton, New York, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, and Westchester are missing.
The census was compiled to obtain a count and description of the population of the state of New York.
Use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- New York Secretary of State. New York State Census, 1875. New York State Library, Albany, New York.
Key genealogical facts found in the population schedules of the 1875 New York State Census are:
- Those persons whose usual place of abode was with this family on 1 June 1875
- Head of household
- Full name of each person in household
- Age, gender, and race of each person
- Marital status and occupation of each person
- Relationship to head of household
- In what county of New York, or in what state or country born
- Parent of how many children
- Number of times married
- Citizenship (native, naturalized, or alien)
- If owner of land
- If handicapped
How to Use the Records
To begin your search you will need to know the following:
- Approximate ages
When you have located possible ancestors, compare the information in the census to what you already know about them to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
Once you have determined that you have found the correct individuals, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
- Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
- Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
- If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
- Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records or military records.
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
- Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.
- You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
- You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
- Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
- The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary
Known Issues with This Collection
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