New York (Manhattan) County, New York

From FamilySearch Wiki

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Ann Mensch's [http://localcatholic.webs.com/newyork.htm Local Catholic Church and Family History &amp; Genealogical Research Guide] is a free online resource that identifies the parishes of Manhattan, years parishes were created, contact information, as well as links to online records and research tips. Manhattan parishes fall under the jurisdiction of the [[New York Church Records#Roman_Catholic|Archdiocese of New York]].<br>  
 
Ann Mensch's [http://localcatholic.webs.com/newyork.htm Local Catholic Church and Family History &amp; Genealogical Research Guide] is a free online resource that identifies the parishes of Manhattan, years parishes were created, contact information, as well as links to online records and research tips. Manhattan parishes fall under the jurisdiction of the [[New York Church Records#Roman_Catholic|Archdiocese of New York]].<br>  
 +
 +
'''Online Church Records'''
  
 
[http://www.bklyn-genealogy-info.com/Manhattan/index.html NYGenWeb] offers a variety of resources to assist genealogists with Manhattan church records, including maps, church listings, addresses, and photos.  
 
[http://www.bklyn-genealogy-info.com/Manhattan/index.html NYGenWeb] offers a variety of resources to assist genealogists with Manhattan church records, including maps, church listings, addresses, and photos.  
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:*'''1834-1854''' - Wolfert, Marion. ''Index to Evangelical Lutheran Church of Saint Matthew, New York City Records''. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4095 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
 
:*'''1834-1854''' - Wolfert, Marion. ''Index to Evangelical Lutheran Church of Saint Matthew, New York City Records''. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4095 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
 
:*'''1852-1864''' - [http://www.germangenealogygroup.com/GERchurch.stm Marriages of the German Evangelical Reformed Church 1852-1864], courtesy: [http://www.germangenealogygroup.com/ German Genealogy Group].  
 
:*'''1852-1864''' - [http://www.germangenealogygroup.com/GERchurch.stm Marriages of the German Evangelical Reformed Church 1852-1864], courtesy: [http://www.germangenealogygroup.com/ German Genealogy Group].  
:*'''1862-1955''' - {{RecordSearch|1921435|disp=New York, New York City, Saint Peter's Lutheran Church Records, 1862-1955}} at [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch Historical Records] - free, Baptisms 1862-1871, 1884-1955; Marriages 1862-1955; Deaths 1862-1955.  
+
:*'''1862-1955''' {{HistRecColl|1921435|collection|New York, New York City, Saint Peter's Lutheran Church Records, 1862-1955}} - free, Baptisms 1862-1871, 1884-1955; Marriages 1862-1955; Deaths 1862-1955.  
 
:*[http://files.usgwarchives.org/ny/newyork/churches/presbyterian/presbyter23.txt 23rd Street Presbyterian Church History, New York, New York], courtesy:&nbsp;[http://usgwarchives.net/ USGenWeb Archives]. Includes membership lists.
 
:*[http://files.usgwarchives.org/ny/newyork/churches/presbyterian/presbyter23.txt 23rd Street Presbyterian Church History, New York, New York], courtesy:&nbsp;[http://usgwarchives.net/ USGenWeb Archives]. Includes membership lists.
  

Revision as of 21:16, 17 February 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png New York City Gotoarrow.png New York (Manhattan) County

This page describes sources of genealogical data about New York (Manhattan) County, New York families, including links to smaller localities in the county. New York-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

Officially, the Borough of Manhattan is one of five boroughs of greater New York City since 1898. The county is coterminous with the Borough of Manhattan (meaning they have identical borders).

Start dates for major New York (Manhattan) County, New York records
Birth
Marriage
Death
Census
Land
Probate
1866[1]
1830[2]
1868[3]
1700[4]
1654[5]
1662[6]
For earlier records, see also . . .
Church Records | Emigration & Immigration | Directories | Cemeteries

Parent county: 1683 New York County  (later Manhattan Borough) was created an original county from North Riding, Yorkshire, Province of New York, earlier part of New Netherland.[7] [8] [9]

Neighboring counties: Bronx | Kings (Brooklyn) | Queens | Richmond (Staten Island) | New Jersey counties: Bergen | Hudson[10]


New York County, New York
Map
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1683
County Seat
Courthouse
Ny-newyork-ch.jpg
Address 60 Centre St.
New York, NY 10007-1402
New York County Website
[[Image:Template:ManhattanMap]]

Contents

Historical Facts

Boundary Changes

1664 Yorkshire became the first large government unit (not actually a county) organized by New York after the English took control from the Netherlands. It was divided into three ridings including North Riding (Westchester, Bronx, New York (Manhattan), Nassau and part of Queens counties).[8] [9]
1683 New York ended Yorkshire, creating New York (Manhattan) County from part of it.[8] [9]
1693 Orange County was given to New York County.[8]
1698 Orange County was made independent of New York County.[8]
1874 West Bronx was added to New York County.[8]
1881 North Brother Island was added to New York County.[8]
1884 Rikers Island was added to New York County.[8]
1895 East Bronx was added to New York County.[8]
1898 The five boroughs were consolidated into New York City, and her county governments were dissolved. The Borough of Manhattan had the same borders as the old New York County.[11]
1914 Bronx County, with the same borders as its borough, separated from New York County.[8] [12]

Record Loss

Resources

Bible Records

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry– ($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.

Biography

Business Records and Commerce

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories
Findagrave.com* Family History Library* Findagrave.com*
Interment.net* WorldCat* Tombstone Transcription Project*
Cemetery Site*   NYGenWeb Cemeteries*
New York Gravestones*   epodunk*
NYGenWeb Cemeteries*   Billion Graves*
Billion Graves*   Names in Stone*
Names in Stone*    
Linkpendium*    
Ancestry*    
   *See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.

Some individual cemeteries:

Census

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

  • The 1890 Census is lost. For a substitute, see Directories.
Federal

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[13]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42 which can be ordered through any Family History Center.

State

Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Family History Library - - - Yes - - - Yes Yes Yes
FamilySearch Historical Records - - - - - - - Yes - -
New York State Library - - - Yes Yes Yes - Yes Yes Yes
Ancestry.com - - - - - - - - - -

Church Records

[[Image:Template:NYCStPatrick]]

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

Baptisms at the Dutch Reformed Church of New Amsterdam 1639-1730
This is the first of a series of files on the baptisms at the Reformed Dutch Church of New Amsterdam. Accent marks on names have been left out for simplicity so that the data is acceptable to all computer platforms. Unfortunately many of the records the transcriber had concerning data prior to 1639 are missing, lost, or destroyed after all these years (it is about 20 years ago that he copied most of them). So he only has six baptisms for 1639.

Ann Mensch's Local Catholic Church and Family History & Genealogical Research Guide is a free online resource that identifies the parishes of Manhattan, years parishes were created, contact information, as well as links to online records and research tips. Manhattan parishes fall under the jurisdiction of the Archdiocese of New York.

Online Church Records

NYGenWeb offers a variety of resources to assist genealogists with Manhattan church records, including maps, church listings, addresses, and photos.

Additional Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as New York (Manhattan) County, New York Church Records  in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

Crime and Criminals

Directories

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Gazetteers

Genealogy

History

Jewish Records

[[Image:Template:NYCSynagogue]]The Museum of Family History has compiled a list of synagogues that operated in Manhattan between 1869 and 1933. Rabbis and addresses are identified.[14]

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Original land records in New York (Manhattan) County, New York began in [?dateyear?]. These records are housed at the [?repository?] in [?town?].

Online

Microforms

Books

Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

Additional resources

Additional resources for New York (Manhattan) County, New York land records may be found in the New York (Manhattan) County, New York – Land Records topic page of the Family History Library Catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Maps

1863 Map of New York City and Vicinity from the David Rumsey Collection

Migration

Early migration routes to and from New York (Manhattan) County for European settlers included:[15]

Military

Civil War service men in Brooklyn, New York served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their city or county.[16]

- 132nd Regiment, New York Infantry

Naturalization and Citizenship

Indexes

The Family History Library has also acquired this comprehensive index for the years 1792 through 1906 on microfilm: FHL Film 1419807 (1st of 294 films). The courts this index covers are:

  • City Court of Brooklyn, 1836-1894
  • Kings County Court, 1806-1906
  • New York City Marine Court, 1806-1849
  • New York County Common Pleas Court, 1792-1895
  • New York County Superior Court, 1828-1895
  • New York City and County Supreme Court, 1868-1906
  • Queens County Court, 1799-1906
  • Queens County Surrogate Court, 1888-1898
  • Richmond County Court, 1869-1906
  • U.S. Circuit Court Southern District, 1846-1876
  • U.S. District Court Eastern District, (Kings, Queens, Nassau and Suffolk counties), 1865-1906
  • U.S. District Court Southern Court Southern District, (New York, Bronx and also Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Richmond, Rockland, Sullivan and Westchester counties), 1824-1906[17]

Newspapers

Obituaries

Periodicals

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the New York (Manhattan) County, New York County Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. [18] [19]

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the New York (Manhattan) County Surrogate Court.
The petitions for New York (Manhattan) County, New York are also available on microfilm at the Family History Library and its centers:

Online Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Probate Records on Microfilm


Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as New York (Manhattan) County, New York probate wills in online catalogs like:

Repositories

Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in New York County (Manhattan), New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1988). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.71 A3g v.1–7. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries and Museums
Borough Historian

The County (Borough) Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.

Manhattan Borough Historian's Office[21]
Muicipal Building
1 Centre Steet, 19th Floor
New York, NY 10007
Phone:(212) 669-8089
Fax: (212) 669-4900

Community Historians

Community District #1
Oliver Allen[22]
42 Hudson Street
New York, NY 10013

Community District #2
Doris Diether[22]
107 Waverly Place
New York, NY 10011

Community District #3
Marion Fox[22]
32 Monroe Street
New York, NY 10002

Community District #4
Mary Brendle[22]
345 West 55st
New York, NY 10019

Community District #5
E. Michael Mowatt-Wynn[22]
835 Riverside Drive
New York, NY 10032

Community District #6
Lou Sepersky[22]
420 East 55st
New York, NY 10022

Community District #7
M. Barry Schneider[22]
340 East 64th Street
New York, NY 10021

Community District #9
Yuien Chin[22]
37 Hamilton Place
New York, NY 10031

Community District #10
John T. Reddick[22]
The Arsonal
64th Street and Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10021

Community District #11
Rose Pascale[22]
331 East 116th Street
New York, NY 10029

Community District #12
James Renner[22]
395 Ft. Washington Avenue
New York, NY 10033

Courthouses

For information about where the records for New York County are held, see the New York County Courthouse page

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for New York (Manhattan) County, New York is the New York City New York Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.

Societies

Social Groups Online

Taxation

Town Records

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

  • Gordon L. Remington, New York Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002). NEHGS online edition; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 D27r. Alphabetical list including date founded, if a town history exists, church and cemetery sources, and if a Civil War register (TCR) exists.


Vital Records

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.

  • 1841-1846 Barber, Gertrude A. Miscellaneous Vital Statistics Other than Death and Marriage Notices Taken from the "Brooklyn Eagle". 1991. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
Birth

Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

A digital version of the Family History Library's guide to New York City birth records is available online.

  • 1891-1902 New York Department of Health. Births Reported in the City of New York, 1891-1902. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Birth Substitutes

Marriage

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. Marriages were recorded by the New York (Manhattan) County, New York clerk starting in {{{1}}} and go until {{{2}}}.[23]

A digital version of the Family History Library's guide to New York City marriages is available online.

  • 1600s-1800s New York City Marriages, 1600s-1800s. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1830-1854 Sawyer, Ray C. Marriages Performed by the Various Mayors and Aldermen of the City of New York, as Well as Justices of the Peace, etc.: 1830-1854. New York, 1989. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1788-1817 Index of Marriages and Deaths in New York Weekly Museum: 1788-1817. 1989. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1789-1796 Furman, Consuelo. Marriage and Death Notices from the New York Weekly Museum, 1789-1796. New York, 1990. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1790-1793 Furman, Robert. Marriage and Death Notices from the "New-York Weekly Museum", 1790-1793. New York, 1990. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry– ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Marriage Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for death information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Pre–1787

All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.

1787–1847

All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.

1847–present

All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.

  • 1784-1910 County Clerk. Index to Matrimonial Actions, 1784-1910; FHL Films 1017465-1017467. Contains index to divorces, annulments, and separations.
Death

Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

A digital version of the Family History Library's guide to New York City death records is available online.

  • 1892-1902 Deaths Reported in the City of New York. New York: Department of Health. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Death Substitutes

  • 1748-1758 Sypher, F.J. and John Burnet. Minutes of Coroners Proceedings: City and County of New York, John Burnet, Coroner, 1748-1758. New York, N.Y.: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 2004. FHL Book 974.71 V2s.
  • 1788-1817 Index of Marriages and Deaths in New York Weekly Museum: 1788-1817. 1989. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1789-1796 Furman, Consuelo. Marriage and Death Notices from the New York Weekly Museum, 1789-1796. New York, 1990. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1790-1793 Furman, Robert. Marriage and Death Notices from the "New-York Weekly Museum", 1790-1793. New York, 1990. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • 1814-1816 Jensen, Howard. New York City Deaths, 1814-16. Digital version at Ancestry ($). Taken from 1815 and 1816 city directories.
  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Mortality Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for death information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for New York County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, New York– Vital Records topic page of the Family History Library Catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers

Web Sites

Places

References

  1. New York (New York), Department of Health, "Manhattan birth certificates, 1866-1897; birth index cards, 1866-1897" (Microfilmed by Recordak Corporation in 1963 of original records in the Municipal Archives, New York, New York). FHL Film 1323501 (543 films).
  2. New York County (New York), County Clerk, "Marriage records (New York County, New York), 1830-1853, 1865" (Microfilmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah in 1978 of original records in the New York County Courthouse). FHL Film 1023301.
  3. Italian Genealogical Group, "New York City Death Index Manhattan 1868-1894" in Italian Genealogical Group at http://www.italiangen.org/NYCDEATH.STM (accessed 31 January 2012).
  4. Rosanne Conway, Lists of Inhabitants of Colonial New York Excerpted from the Documentary History of the State of New York (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing, 1979), 5-12. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Fiche 6046723 (5 fiche); Book 974.7 D4L. Includes "New-York Army List, 1700."
  5. New York County (New York), Register, "Conveyances, 1654-1866" (Microfilm made by Recordak Corporation in 1957-1958 of original records in New York County Courthouse, New York, New York). FHL Film 888232 (448 films).
  6. "New York: Abstract of Wills, 1662-1801, New York County" in New England Historic Genealogical Society American Ancestors at http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=094&Da=446 (accessed 31 January 2012).
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 490. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 Kathryn Ford Thorne, New York Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993), 33, and 118-19. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 E7t.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Wikipedia contributors, "York Shire (Province of New York)" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York_Shire_(Province_of_New_York) (accessed 7 January 2012).
  10. Handybook, 478.
  11. Wikipedia contributors, "Manhattan" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan (accessed 4 January 2012).
  12. Wikipedia contributors , "The Bronx" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bronx (accessed 4 January 2012).
  13. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  14. "Former Synagogues of NYC," UpFront with NGS: Blog of the National Genealogical Society, http://upfront.ngsgenealogy.org/2011/12/former-synagogues-of-nyc.html, accessed 29 December 2011.
  15. Handybook, 847-61.
  16. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  17. Family History Library Catalog, FamilySearch, accessed 6 December 2011, http://www.familysearch.org.
  18. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  19. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 57.
  20. About Abstracts of Wills, Admins. and Guardianships in NY State, 1787-1835 at New York Ancestors, accessed 8 December 2011, http://newyorkancestors.org/.
  21. Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Genealogist's Address Book: State and Local Resources, with Special Resources Including Ethnic and Religious Organizations, 6th ed. (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Pub., 2009), 438. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D24ben 2009.
  22. 22.00 22.01 22.02 22.03 22.04 22.05 22.06 22.07 22.08 22.09 22.10 Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Genealogist's Address Book: State and Local Resources, with Special Resources Including Ethnic and Religious Organizations, 6th ed. (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Pub., 2009), 437. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D24ben 2009.
  23. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488-493. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.