New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
{{FamilySearch_Collection
|CID=CID1609792
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|CID=CID1609792  
|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1855-1973
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|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists,1839-1973
|location=Australia and New Zealand}}<br>  
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|location=New Zealand
 +
}}<br>  
 +
 
 +
[[Image:New Zealand.png|right|200px|]]
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
These lists cover the period from 1855 to 1973.  
+
This collection will include records from 1839 to 1973.  
  
The records are written on printed forms in tabular format in bound volumes. Most registers are legible; however some are faded or bleed through, and therefore are a bit difficult to read.  
+
The records are written or printed on prepared forms, tabular format, in bound volumes. Most registers are legible; however, some are faded or have some bleed-through, and so are a bit difficult to read.  
  
The passenger lists include immigrants arriving mostly from the British Isles, and also from Western Europe, Asia, and the Polynesia. Many people immigrated to New Zealand to form colonies and settle for a better life. From 1840 until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants; all ships carrying passengers in or out of any British port were required by law to present their passenger lists to the relevant port authorities. Other immigrants came from Western Europe, some from Polynesia, and Asia. Prior to 1900 there were various classes of immigrants; the largest groups were the assisted immigrants and paying passengers.&nbsp;
+
Many people immigrated to New Zealand to form colonies and settle for a better life. From the 1840s until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants, and all ships carrying passengers in or out of any British port were required by law to present their passenger lists to the relevant port authorities. Other immigrants came from Western Europe, Polynesia, and Asia. Prior to 1900 there were various classes of immigrants, with the largest groups being the assisted immigrants and paying passengers.  
  
Because of the multi-cultural nature of the immigrants, New Zealand became a multi-cultural community from the outset. Beginning in 1871 the New Zealand Government began to offer assisted passages to selected immigrants and those people nominated by relatives. The migration of the 1870s was the most significant in New Zealand history.  
+
New Zealand became multicultural due to the number of immigrations coming from other countries. Beginning in 1871 the New Zealand Government began to offer assisted passages to selected immigrants and others nominated by relatives. The migration of the 1870s was the most significant in New Zealand history.  
  
In the year 1874 thousands of assisted immigrants arrived in New Zealand, forming the greatest level of migration ever. Almost half of the new immigrants came with government assistance. Three-quarters of these sailed directly from the United Kingdom. Because of economic difficulties in the later 19th century, assistance was finally terminated.  
+
In 1874 thousands of assisted immigrants arrived in New Zealand, forming the greatest level of migration ever. Almost half of the new immigrants came with government assistance. Three-quarters of these sailed directly from the United Kingdom. Because of economic difficulties in the later 19th century, assistance was finally terminated.  
  
In the year 1891 New Zealand received the last small group of assisted migrants. However, assisted migration was restored in 1904 when the economy of the country returned to prosperity, making it once more an attractive country to new immigrants. During the early 20th century one-third of the immigrants came from Australia, and two-thirds from the United Kingdom.&nbsp;
+
In 1891 New Zealand received the last small group of assisted migrants. However, assisted migration was restored in 1904 when the country's economy returned to prosperity, making it once more an attractive country to new immigrants. During the early 20th century one-third of the immigrants came from Australia and two-thirds from the United Kingdom.  
  
At the port of embarkation, all passengers were listed in a book. At the port of destination this registry was verified and kept by the authorities of the destination country. These registers were later used for immigration and population statistics.  
+
At the port of embarkation, all passengers were listed in a book. At the port of destination, this registry was verified and kept by the authorities of the destination country. These registers were later used for immigration and population statistics.  
  
 
A form of identification was required to embark on the ship, so the records should be accurate. However, since they were generally handwritten by an officer, there may be some errors.  
 
A form of identification was required to embark on the ship, so the records should be accurate. However, since they were generally handwritten by an officer, there may be some errors.  
  
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1609792/waypoints Browse].
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
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|CID=CID1609792
=== Citations for This Collection  ===
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|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973
 
+
}}
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
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+
{{Collection citation
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| text=<!--bibdescbegin-->Ships involved in New Zealand immigration. New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1855-1915. Archives New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.<!--bibdescend-->}}  
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Digital images of originals housed at various municipal archives throughout New Zealand.
+
 
+
[[New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
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</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
'''These passenger lists may contain the following information:'''
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'''Passenger lists''' may contain the following information:  
  
 
*Full name of each passenger  
 
*Full name of each passenger  
 
*Adult or child  
 
*Adult or child  
 
*Male or female  
 
*Male or female  
*Country of emigration
+
*Country of emigration  
*Place where ship landed when immigrated
+
*Place where ship landed when immigrated  
 
*Estimated age  
 
*Estimated age  
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
To find ancestors on the passenger lists, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
+
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
  
*Name of ancestor
+
=== Search the Collection  ===
*Estimated year of birth
+
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
'''To search by index:'''<br> Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
To search the index:  
+
'''To browse by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the "Arrival port or destination" category<br> ⇒Select the "Arrival Year" category<br> ⇒Select the “Ship's name" category which takes you to the images<br>
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
  
To search the images:
+
=== Using the Information===
 +
*Use the estimated age to calculate an approximated birth year.
 +
*Remember that the family structure reported in these passenger lists are a snapshot of the family at one moment in their lives. Other relations may have not traveled with the family, died previously, or were born afterwards.
 +
*Use the family structure as found in these records to identify the family in other records that preserve family structure such as censuses.
 +
*Sometimes individuals or families migrated with neighbors, distant relatives, or other associates. Note who your ancestor was traveling with as it may reveal where they came from or where they went.
  
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>
+
=== Tips to Keep in Mind  ===
⇒ Select the "Arrival port" category<br>
+
⇒ Select the "Year of arrival" category<br>
+
⇒ Select the "Ship's name" category which will take you to the images.
+
  
Look at each image one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.  
+
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.  
 +
*Check for variant spellings of the names, nicknames, or aliases.
 +
*Titles may be clues to property ownership, occupations, rank, or status within the community.
 +
*Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents and other relatives who may have been traveling at the same time.
 +
*Settlers often resided in an area close to the port city where they landed in New Zealand.
 +
*Use the age to calculate an approximate birth year. To calculate a birth year, use the arrival year and subtract the age on the record to bring up an approximate birth year.
 +
*If your ancestor was married, and the image lists the name of the spouse, search for a marriage record for the couple.
  
==== Using the Information ====
+
=== Unable to Find Your Ancestor? ===
 
+
When you have found the record that you have been looking for, the following will help you in your research:
+
 
+
*Use the age to calculate an approximate birth year. To calculate a birth year, use the arrival year and subtract the age on the record to bring up an approximate birth year.
+
*When you have found the record, your record should have an image come up. You should see the image to see if your ancestor has traveled with his or her family during the time of their immigration. If your ancestor was married at the time, and the image lists the name of the spouse, search for a marriage record for the couple.
+
  
==== Unable to Find your Ancestor? ====
+
The amount of information found in the registers depends on the type of immigrant—the assisted immigration registers are the most common and tend to have more information. Also, it is estimated that the majority of the British immigrants after arrival settled in the provinces of Auckland, Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington, Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, and Westland. See the [[New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Related_Wiki_Articles|Related Wiki Articles]] section of this article for more collections that may be helpful in your research.
  
If unable to find your immigrant ancestors in the vital records of New Zealand, you may find them in the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1609792 passenger lists].
+
=== Other Searches  ===
  
The amount of information found in the registers depends on the type of immigrant—the assisted immigration registers are the most common and tend to have more information. It is estimated that the majority of the British immigrants after arrival settled in the provinces of Auckland, Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington, Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, and Westland.<br>
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{{FHL Search Tip
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|foreignone=
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|level1=New Zealand
 +
}}
  
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
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== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
{{Incomplete Section}}
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*[http://christchurchcitylibraries.com/resources/History/FamilyHistory/NewZealand/ShippingLists/index.asp New Zealand Shipping Lists]
 +
*[http://archives.govt.nz New Zealand Archives]
 +
*[http://www.emigrants.net.au/ Emigrants.net.au: a site for emigrant passenger list research]
 +
*[http://members.iinet.net.au/~perthdps//shipping/index.html Western Australian Shipping: a directory of ships bringing passengers to Western Australia]
 +
*[http://www.ngaiopress.com/drhocken.htm Passenger arrivals at Port Chalmers, New Zealand, March 1848 - January 1851]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[[New Zealand|New Zealand]]  
+
*[[New Zealand Emigration and Immigration]]
*[[New Zealand Archives and Libraries|New Zealand Archives and Libraries]]  
+
*[[New Zealand History]]  
*[[New Zealand Emigration and Immigration]]
+
*[[New Zealand]]
 +
*[[New Zealand, Auckland, Albertland Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
 +
*[[New Zealand Vital Records Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
== Contributions to This Article ==
+
== How You Can Contribute ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
==Citations for This Collection==
 +
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
'''Collection Citation''' {{Collection citation | text= " New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1855-1973." Database with Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. [http://FamilySearch.org Website]: accessed 2015. Citing New Zealand Company. National Archives, Wellington.}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
 
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''Record Citation''' {{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1609792
 +
|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973
 +
}}
  
"New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists 1855-1973," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FSY8-6P8: accessed14 June 2012), Edd S Phillips, carpenter, ship Adamant, departure date: 14 July 1875; citing Wellington, Passenger Lists, digital folder 4,412,767 image 0009; Archway Public Archives, Wellington, New Zealand.
+
'''Image Citation''' {{Image Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1609792
 +
|title=New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists,1839-1973
 +
}}

Latest revision as of 20:51, 7 August 2015

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

New Zealand.png

Contents

Record Description

This collection will include records from 1839 to 1973.

The records are written or printed on prepared forms, tabular format, in bound volumes. Most registers are legible; however, some are faded or have some bleed-through, and so are a bit difficult to read.

Many people immigrated to New Zealand to form colonies and settle for a better life. From the 1840s until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants, and all ships carrying passengers in or out of any British port were required by law to present their passenger lists to the relevant port authorities. Other immigrants came from Western Europe, Polynesia, and Asia. Prior to 1900 there were various classes of immigrants, with the largest groups being the assisted immigrants and paying passengers.

New Zealand became multicultural due to the number of immigrations coming from other countries. Beginning in 1871 the New Zealand Government began to offer assisted passages to selected immigrants and others nominated by relatives. The migration of the 1870s was the most significant in New Zealand history.

In 1874 thousands of assisted immigrants arrived in New Zealand, forming the greatest level of migration ever. Almost half of the new immigrants came with government assistance. Three-quarters of these sailed directly from the United Kingdom. Because of economic difficulties in the later 19th century, assistance was finally terminated.

In 1891 New Zealand received the last small group of assisted migrants. However, assisted migration was restored in 1904 when the country's economy returned to prosperity, making it once more an attractive country to new immigrants. During the early 20th century one-third of the immigrants came from Australia and two-thirds from the United Kingdom.

At the port of embarkation, all passengers were listed in a book. At the port of destination, this registry was verified and kept by the authorities of the destination country. These registers were later used for immigration and population statistics.

A form of identification was required to embark on the ship, so the records should be accurate. However, since they were generally handwritten by an officer, there may be some errors.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973.

Record Content

Passenger lists may contain the following information:

  • Full name of each passenger
  • Adult or child
  • Male or female
  • Country of emigration
  • Place where ship landed when immigrated
  • Estimated age
  • Occupation
  • Total cost of passage and how paid
  • Name of ship and port of embarkation
  • Port of destination and date of arrival

How to Use the Records

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Search the Collection

To search by index:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "Arrival port or destination" category
⇒Select the "Arrival Year" category
⇒Select the “Ship's name" category which takes you to the images

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Using the Information

  • Use the estimated age to calculate an approximated birth year.
  • Remember that the family structure reported in these passenger lists are a snapshot of the family at one moment in their lives. Other relations may have not traveled with the family, died previously, or were born afterwards.
  • Use the family structure as found in these records to identify the family in other records that preserve family structure such as censuses.
  • Sometimes individuals or families migrated with neighbors, distant relatives, or other associates. Note who your ancestor was traveling with as it may reveal where they came from or where they went.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • Check for variant spellings of the names, nicknames, or aliases.
  • Titles may be clues to property ownership, occupations, rank, or status within the community.
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents and other relatives who may have been traveling at the same time.
  • Settlers often resided in an area close to the port city where they landed in New Zealand.
  • Use the age to calculate an approximate birth year. To calculate a birth year, use the arrival year and subtract the age on the record to bring up an approximate birth year.
  • If your ancestor was married, and the image lists the name of the spouse, search for a marriage record for the couple.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

The amount of information found in the registers depends on the type of immigrant—the assisted immigration registers are the most common and tend to have more information. Also, it is estimated that the majority of the British immigrants after arrival settled in the provinces of Auckland, Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay, Wellington, Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, and Westland. See the Related Wiki Articles section of this article for more collections that may be helpful in your research.

Other Searches

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Don't overlook FHL Place New Zealand items or FHL Keyword New Zealand items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see New Zealand Archives and Libraries.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation

" New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1855-1973." Database with Images. FamilySearch. Website: accessed 2015. Citing New Zealand Company. National Archives, Wellington.


Record Citation

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists, 1839-1973.

Image Citation

The citation for an image is available on each image in this collection by clicking Show Citation at the bottom left of the image screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New Zealand, Immigration Passenger Lists,1839-1973.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 7 August 2015, at 20:51.
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