North Carolina, Civil Action Court Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article
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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
|location=United States
 
|location=United States
 
|CID=CID1930242
 
|CID=CID1930242
|title=North Carolina Civil Action Court Papers, 1737-1968
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|title=North Carolina, Civil Action Court Papers, 1712-1970}}<br>  
}} <br>
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== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
The collection covers the years 1737 to 1968.  
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This collection includes a variety of records, including records that sometimes state family relationships, where either adversary proceedings or ex parte proceedings. Civil actions were generally brought to settle questions of land ownership, unpaid debts, unfulfilled contracts, and unperformed agreements. They include divorces, suits concerning dower, breach of contract, slander, slave manumissions, naturalizations and legitimization of bastard children. These records are in chronological order. There are indexes to some of them and there are dockets which can be used as an index to the actual court records. The collection covers the years 1709 to 1970.  
  
== Record Description  ==
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1930242/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
  
This collection includes digital images of civil court records filed in North Carolina counties between 1737 and 1968. Civil court actions contain a variety of records with information of genealogical and historical value whether in adversary or ex parte proceedings. Civil suits were generally brought to settle questions of land ownership, unpaid debts, unfulfilled contracts, and unperformed agreements. Suits concerning dower, breach of contract, and slander were frequent. Divorces were included. The legitimation of illegitimate children fell within the province of this court. The records also include some records of slave emancipation and of naturalization proceedings.  
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. &nbsp;It may include the author, custodian, publisher, or archive for the original records.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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{{Collection citation | text= "North Carolina, Civil Action Court Papers,1712-1970." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.}}
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[[North Carolina, Civil Action Court Papers (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
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== Record Content  ==
  
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Image:North Carolina Suit Filling DGS 4928518 30.jpg
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Image:North Carolina Suit Filling DGS 4928518 30.jpg|Suit Filling
Image:North Carolina Summons DGS 4928518 27.jpg
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Image:North Carolina Summons DGS 4928518 27.jpg|Summons
Image:North Carolina Warrent DGS 4928518 28.jpg
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Image:North Carolina Warrent DGS 4928518 28.jpg|Warrant
 
</gallery>  
 
</gallery>  
  
The records generally contain the following information:  
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The information found in this collection varies by court case. It may include any of the following:  
  
 
*Names of interested parties  
 
*Names of interested parties  
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*Details of the case  
 
*Details of the case  
 
*Amount of monies exchanged or paid  
 
*Amount of monies exchanged or paid  
*Names of witnesses
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*Names of relatives, neighbors, or witnesses  
 +
*Residences
 +
*Occupations
  
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
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*The names of interested individuals
 
*The names of interested individuals
  
Compare the information you find in the probate records to what you already know about your ancestors to determine which record is about your ancestor. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
+
==== Search the Collection  ====
  
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
+
To search the collection:<br> ⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br> ⇒ Select the "County" category<br>⇒ Select the "Record Type, Date Range and Volume" category which takes you to the images
  
For example:  
+
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:  
  
*Use the date and locality to search for census and church records.  
+
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.  
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.  
+
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.  
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.  
+
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
+
 
 +
==== Using the Information  ====
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example use the date and locality to search for census, land and church records.  
  
Keep in mind:
+
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
  
 +
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
 +
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 
*Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after 1900.  
 
*Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after 1900.  
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.  
 
*There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.  
 
*Witnesses in court cases may be close relatives.
 
*Witnesses in court cases may be close relatives.
  
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
+
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
 
*Check for variant spellings of the surnames.  
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*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
 
*Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  
== Record History ==
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==== General Information About These Records ====
  
 
Pre-1868 County courts, sometimes called the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, handled both civil and criminal cases. Minutes contain such matters as estate, land, illegitimacy, apprenticeships, bonds, certificates granting freedom to slaves, and more. Many of the original volumes have been lost or severely damaged. Most surviving volumes are in the state archives. In addition to having microfilms of many county court records, the library also has published abstracts many of the pre-1868 minute books. These publications are indexed.  
 
Pre-1868 County courts, sometimes called the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, handled both civil and criminal cases. Minutes contain such matters as estate, land, illegitimacy, apprenticeships, bonds, certificates granting freedom to slaves, and more. Many of the original volumes have been lost or severely damaged. Most surviving volumes are in the state archives. In addition to having microfilms of many county court records, the library also has published abstracts many of the pre-1868 minute books. These publications are indexed.  
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1806–1868: Superior Courts of Equity were also created in 1806. Their purpose was to deal with fairness issues. Most cases related to probate and land matters, and records generally listed heirs. In 1868, they merged with the Superior Court of Law.  
 
1806–1868: Superior Courts of Equity were also created in 1806. Their purpose was to deal with fairness issues. Most cases related to probate and land matters, and records generally listed heirs. In 1868, they merged with the Superior Court of Law.  
 
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
 
 
The records were created as a permanent copy of the court's proceedings.
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
 
The records are very reliable.
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
*[[North Carolina|North Carolina]]  
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*[[North Carolina]]  
*[[North Carolina Court Records|North Carolina <span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1315320305799_8" />Court Records]]
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*[[North Carolina Court Records]]
  
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
 
== Contributions to This Article  ==
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
 
{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
== Citation for This Collection  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
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The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. &nbsp;It may include the author, custodian, publisher, or archive for the original records.
+
 
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<!--bibdescbegin-->"North Carolina Civil Action Court Papers, 1737-1968." ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]). From various county court clerks throughout North Carolina. FHL digital images. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
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Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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=== [[Citating FamilySearch Historical Collections|Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections]]  ===
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the recordsp:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.<!--bibdescbegin--><!--bibdescend-->
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==== Citation Example for Records Found in This Collection ====
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"North Carolina Civil Action Court Papers, 1712-1970" database, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org/ https://www.familysearch.org/]: accessed 27 March 2012), Hugh Simmons, warrant issued 25 June 1844; citing Court Papers, Caldwell, Civil action Papers 1844-1845.C.R.017.325., image 353; Caldwell County Clerk's Office, Lenoir, North Carolina, United State
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Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https://familysearch.org/records/collection/1930242/waypointsNorth Carolina, Civil Action Court Papers, 1712-1970]
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
[[Category:North_Carolina|Court Records]]
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].

Revision as of 23:04, 27 September 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This collection includes a variety of records, including records that sometimes state family relationships, where either adversary proceedings or ex parte proceedings. Civil actions were generally brought to settle questions of land ownership, unpaid debts, unfulfilled contracts, and unperformed agreements. They include divorces, suits concerning dower, breach of contract, slander, slave manumissions, naturalizations and legitimization of bastard children. These records are in chronological order. There are indexes to some of them and there are dockets which can be used as an index to the actual court records. The collection covers the years 1709 to 1970.

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records.  It may include the author, custodian, publisher, or archive for the original records.

"North Carolina, Civil Action Court Papers,1712-1970." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Department of Archives and History, Raleigh.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The information found in this collection varies by court case. It may include any of the following:

  • Names of interested parties
  • Date of court proceeding or transaction
  • Details of the case
  • Amount of monies exchanged or paid
  • Names of relatives, neighbors, or witnesses
  • Residences
  • Occupations

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The place of residence
  • The court date
  • The names of interested individuals

Search the Collection

To search the collection:
⇒ Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒ Select the "County" category
⇒ Select the "Record Type, Date Range and Volume" category which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example use the date and locality to search for census, land and church records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have been in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after 1900.
  • There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.
  • Witnesses in court cases may be close relatives.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
  • Check for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local historical and genealogical groups also compile indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.

General Information About These Records

Pre-1868 County courts, sometimes called the County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, handled both civil and criminal cases. Minutes contain such matters as estate, land, illegitimacy, apprenticeships, bonds, certificates granting freedom to slaves, and more. Many of the original volumes have been lost or severely damaged. Most surviving volumes are in the state archives. In addition to having microfilms of many county court records, the library also has published abstracts many of the pre-1868 minute books. These publications are indexed.

1806–present: Superior Courts of Law were established in each county in 1806. Though the superior courts acted concurrently with the Court of Common Pleas, they handled more serious or complex civil and criminal cases. In 1868, the Superior Courts of Law merged with the Superior Court of Equity.

1806–1868: Superior Courts of Equity were also created in 1806. Their purpose was to deal with fairness issues. Most cases related to probate and land matters, and records generally listed heirs. In 1868, they merged with the Superior Court of Law.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Carolina, Civil Action Court Papers, 1712-1970

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.