North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

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{{Collection citation | text= "North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1909. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}  
 
{{Collection citation | text= "North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1909. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.}}  
  
[[North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
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[[North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
  
 
== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
The following important genealogical information is often found in Bureau records:  
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<gallery caption="North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records" widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
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Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Hospital Record DGS 7497919_180.jpg|Hospital Record
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Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Register of Destitute Freemen DGS 7497910_723.jpg|Register of Destitute Freedmen
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Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Register of Destitute Freemen Clothing Sales DGS 7497910_718.jpg|Register of Destitute Freedmen Clothing Sales
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Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Land Restoration DGS 7497910_575.jpg|Land Restoration
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Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Appointment Revocation DGS 7497910_709.jpg|Appointment Revocation
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Image:North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records (12-1289) Employment and Transportation Contract (page 1) DGS 7497910_985.jpg|Employment and Transportation Contract (page 1)
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</gallery>
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The information in these records varies. You may find any of the following:  
  
 
*Name of the freedman  
 
*Name of the freedman  
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*Residence  
 
*Residence  
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
*Bride
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*Names of family members
*Groom
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*Dates of birth, marriage or death
*Marriage date
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*Physical descriptions
*Marriage place
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
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*[http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/index.html National Archives Resources for Genealogists]  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/genealogy/index.html National Archives Resources for Genealogists]  
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
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*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]  
 
*[http://freedmensbureau.com/ The Freedmen's Bureau Online]. Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.  
 
*[http://freedmensbureau.com/ The Freedmen's Bureau Online]. Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.  
*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]
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*[http://www.history.umd.edu/Freedmen/fssppubs.htm Publications of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project]  
 
*[http://suffolk.libguides.com/content.php?pid=117960&sid=1828859 Suffolk University]
 
*[http://suffolk.libguides.com/content.php?pid=117960&sid=1828859 Suffolk University]
  

Revision as of 17:47, 11 April 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M1909, Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872.

For a list of records by dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1909. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The information in these records varies. You may find any of the following:

  • Name of the freedman
  • Name of the freedman’s former owner
  • Date of the record
  • Birthplace
  • Residence
  • Age
  • Names of family members
  • Dates of birth, marriage or death
  • Physical descriptions

How to Use the Records

The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. To begin your search it is helpful to know the name and some other identifying information such as age, residence or former owner.

Search the Collection

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "_____________" category
⇒Select the "_____________" category
⇒Select the "_____________" category which takes you to the images.

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors. For example use the place of residence, age, and other information for each person to search for the individuals in census records and other types of records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

  • The records are a good source to quickly identify a family group and residence.
  • Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names.
  • If you cannot find your ancestor search the indexes and records of neighboring localities.

General Information About Freedmen's Bureau Records

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.

The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office.

The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.

The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Citing Family Search Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

“Argentina, Buenos Aires, Catholic Church Records, 1635-1981,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 28 February, 2012), La Plata > San Ponciano > Matrimonios 1884-1886 > image 71 of 389 images, Artemio Avendano and Clementina Peralta, 1884; citing Parroquia de San Ponciano en la Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Matrimonios. San Ponciano, La Plata, Buenos Aires.