North Carolina Emigration and ImmigrationEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

Revision as of 00:25, 7 June 2012 by Dianekay (Talk | contribs)

United States Emigration and Immigration Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Emigration and Immigration

North Carolina’s treacherous coastline prevented significant immigration by sea. Most immigrants arrived at major northern ports such as New York, Baltimore, Boston, and Philadelphia. The United States Emigration and Immigration Wiki article lists several important sources for finding information about immigrants to this country. These sources include many references to people who settled in North Carolina. Tracing Immigrant Origins introduces the principles, research strategies, and additional record types you can use to identify an immigrant’s original hometown.
Adopt-a-wiki page
Logonew small.gif This page adopted by:
NCGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
Adopt a page today



The earliest pre-statehood settlers of North Carolina were generally of English descent and came from Virginia and South Carolina to the Coastal Plain region, between 1650 and 1730. In the early 1700s, small groups of French Huguenot, German Palatine, and Swiss immigrants founded towns on the coast. Between 1729 and 1775, several thousand Scottish settlers came directly from the Scottish Highlands and the Western Isles to settle the upper Cape Fear Valley.

During the same period, many Ulster Scots and Germans came overland down the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road into the central and western portions of the state. African Americans were brought to North Carolina very early and now constitute about one-fifth of the state’s population. Histories of Germans, Scots, and African Americans are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under NORTH CAROLINA - MINORITIES.

Although most of the Cherokee Indians were removed from North Carolina in the late 1830s, some remained and many of their descendants still live in the western part of the state. See Indians of North Carolina for further information about American Indians in North Carolina.

North Carolina did not attract heavy settlement after the Revolutionary War and lost much of its population in the westward movement to Tennessee, Illinois, and other new states and territories.


  • Clay, James W. North Carolina Atlas. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1975. FHL film 1597810, item 2; book 975.6 E3c This atlas shows the formation of counties and the patterns of European settlement.
  • United States. Bureau of Customs. Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and at Ports on the Great Lakes, 1820–1873. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M575. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1964. FHL films 830231 (first of 26) Incomplete lists of passengers for five minor ports in North Carolina: Beaufort, 1865; Edentown, 1820; New Berne, 1820–1865; Plymouth, 1820–1840; and Washington, 1820–1848.
  • Indexes to these minor ports lists
    United States. Bureau of Customs. A Supplemental Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Atlantic and Gulf Coast Ports, 1820–1874. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M334. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1960. FHL films 418161–418348) A comprehensive list of about 140,000 immigrants to America from Britain is:
  • Eaker, Lorena Shell, German speaking people west of the Catawba River in North Carolina, 1750-1800 : and some émigrés participation in early settlement of Southeast Missouri (Franklin, NC : Genealogy Pub. Service, c1994) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 975.6 W2e)
  • Tyler H. Blethen and Curtis W. Wood, Jr. From Ulster to Carolina : the Migration of the Scotch-Irish to southwestern North Carolina (Raleigh, NC : North Carolina Dept. of Cultural Resources, c1998) WorldCat 39557158; FHL book 975.6 F2bL
  • North Carolina passenger lists and other lists of immigrants can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search under:


Three of the major roads used to reach North Carolina were:

Other migration routes are listed on the North Carolina page.

Free native-born North Carolinians, alive in 1850, who had left the state, resettled as follows:[1]

State Persons Born in North Carolina Percentage
Tennessee 72,027
Georgia 37,522
Indiana 33,175
Alabama 28,521
Mississippi 21,487
Missouri 17,009
Kentucky 14,279
Illinois 13,851
Arkansas 8,772
South Carolina 6,173
Texas 5,155
Ohio 4,807
Florida 3,537
Louisiana 2,923

Robertson compiled a list of North Carolinians living in Kansas in 1860:

  • Robertson, Clara Hamlett. Kansas Territorial Settlers of 1860 Who were Born in Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina: A Compilation with Historical Annotations and Editorial Comment. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1976. FHL book 978.1 H2ro; digital version at World Vital Records ($).

Useful sources showing migration patterns are:

  • Dollarhide, William. Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735–1815. Bountiful, Utah: AGLL Genealogical Services, 1997. FHL book 973 E3d This book contains many good maps.
  • Billington, Ray Allen. Westward Expansion: A History of the American Frontier. 5th ed. New York, New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982. FHL book 973 H2bw This book has explanations and maps of settlement and migration of various groups.

Works on migration within and through North Carolina are listed under:



North Carolina. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found


Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.

Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).