North Dakota Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[North Dakota|North Dakota]]  >  [[North_Dakota_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[North Dakota|North Dakota]]  >  [[North Dakota Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing North Dakota censuses, [[North Dakota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
+
<br>
  
<br>
+
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[North Dakota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
== Availability  ==
+
|}
  
'''1850-1930--'''U.S. federal censuses for the state of North Dakota are available.
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=== Online North Dakota indexes and images  ===
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—''A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors
+
{{Census Online North Dakota}}
  
'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
+
=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1890--'''The census has been destroyed, but the union veterans schedule and index are available.<br>
+
*
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
== Historical Background<br> ==
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of North Dakota, [[North Dakota Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''1803-1818--'''The United States acquired the southwestern half of North Dakota as part of the Louisiana Purchase from France. The northeastern half was acquired in 1818 by treaty with Britain.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1812--'''The first permanent white settlement in present-day North Dakota was made at Pembina by Scottish pioneers from Canada.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
'''1836--'''Present-day North Dakota was included in the 1836 Wisconsin census.  
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Alaska'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1885'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
 +
| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality<ref>For residents in what is now North Dakota see the Minnesota 1850 census records.</ref>
 +
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners<ref>For residents in what is now North Dakota see the Iowa 1840 census records.</ref>
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
'''1840--'''North Dakota was included in the&nbsp;Iowa Census.
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1850--'''North Dakota was included in the Minnesota Census.  
+
*'''1890 veterans''' schedules are available on microfilm at the National Archives and the Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ Film 338218]
  
'''1860, 1870,&nbsp;1880--''' Dakota Territorial censuses.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1861-1868--'''The Dakota Territory was organized.&nbsp; Its boundaries were recuded to include the area of the two Dakotas of today when the Montana Territory was created in 1864 and the Wyoming Territory in 1868.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of North Dakota, [[North Dakota Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
'''1889--'''The Dakota Territory was divided, and both North and South Dakota were admitted to the union.
+
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
== Indexes  ==
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="100%"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''North Dakota (Dakota Territory 1860-1900) state, territorial, or colonial censuses'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 90.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 51-52, 71.</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" width="10%" | '''1925'''
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| align="left" | Exist
 +
|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1915'''
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1885'''
 +
| align="left" | Exist
 +
|}
  
==== '''Book Indexes'''  ====
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
+
'''1836, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1910--'''Indexes to the censuses of the Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and Dakota Territories have been published in book and microfiche format.
+
 
+
==== Soundex ====
+
 
+
'''1800, 1900, 1920--'''&nbsp;A statewide soundex (phonetic) index is on microfilm.
+
 
+
==== Online  ====
+
 
+
Indexes to state and federal censuses for many years might also be&nbsp;found online at the websites listed below.
+
 
+
== Special Censuses  ==
+
 
+
=== Mortality Schedules  ===
+
 
+
'''1860, 1870, 1880, 1885--'''Mortality schedules, which are lists of the&nbsp;people who died in the year before the census was taken,&nbsp;exist&nbsp;for the Dakota Territory.
+
 
+
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
+
 
+
=== Agricultural Schedules  ===
+
 
+
'''1850,1860, 1870, 1880, 1885--'''An Agricultural Schedule was made in North Dakota census. These provide information about:
+
 
+
::*Name of the owner, agent, or manager
+
::*Number of acres and cash value of the farm
+
::*Crops and other items produced
+
::*Number and value of livestock (horses, cattle, sheep, and swine)
+
 
+
The Agricultural Schedules&nbsp;are available at the National Archives. The 1885 Agricultural Schedules for Dakota Territory are available at the [http://www.nd.gov/hist/ State Historical Society of North Dakota].
+
 
+
=== 1890 Veterans Schedules  ===
+
 
+
When the 1890 census was taken, schedules were made of Union Civil War veterans or their widows. Information includes:
+
 
+
::*Name
+
::*Rank, company, name of regiment or vessel
+
::*Date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service
+
::*Post office address
+
::*Disability incurred
+
::*Remarks
+
 
+
North Dakota&nbsp;veterans schedules are available on microfilm at the National Archives and the Family History Library[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ Film 338218] as well as online (see&nbsp;"Web Sites" below).
+
 
+
=== Tribal&nbsp;Censuses  ===
+
 
+
See [[Indians of North Dakota|Indians of North Dakota]] for information on tribal census reports.
+
 
+
== State Censuses  ==
+
 
+
'''1885, 1915, 1925--'''North Dakota state censuses were taken. These are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
+
 
+
[http://library.ndsu.edu/db/census/ 1885 Dakota Territory Census Index].&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Each entry includes: name, age, nativity, occupation, county of residence, and exact location of the entry in the census schedule.
+
 
+
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
 
+
'''1836--'''North Dakota was included in the Wisconsin Territorial Census.
+
 
+
'''1840--'''North Dakota was included in the Iowa Territorial Census.
+
 
+
'''1850--'''North Dakota was included in the Minnesota Territorial Census.
+
 
+
'''1860, 1870, 1880--'''Dakota Territorial censuses. <br>
+
 
+
== Web Sites  ==
+
 
+
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
For a list of available and missing North Dakota censuses, [[North Dakota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/ND/ http://www.census-online.com/links/ND/]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nd/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nd/census.html]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/northdakota.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/northdakota.htm]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]  
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
== References  ==
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Dollarhide, William. ''The Census Book:&nbsp;A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes; With Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930. ''Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=North_Dakota.ASP North Dakota Research Outline].''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001. ''[NOTE: This link is to the old research outline for North Dakota which was originally written more than ten years ago and has not been updated in its published form in more than eight years. Its content has been added to FamilySearch Research Wiki and is being updated as time permits.]
+
{{reflist}}
  
''State Census Register: State &amp; County Censuses Located at the Family History Library. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, 2005.
+
{{Place|North Dakota}} {{stub}}
  
 
[[Category:North_Dakota|Census]]
 
[[Category:North_Dakota|Census]]

Revision as of 23:32, 19 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  North Dakota  >  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online North Dakota indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of North Dakota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1925 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1915 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1860-1885

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of North Dakota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1885 Federal indexes - - Link - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Dak
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
- Link - Dak
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
- Link
1860[8] indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images - Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Link Link Link Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
- Link

Before 1857

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of North Dakota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1857[9] indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
- -
1850[10] indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link MN
Terr
Link
- - - MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
- Link
1840[11] indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images IA
Terr
Link
IA
Terr
Link
- - - IA
Terr
Link
IA
Terr
Link
IA
Terr
Link
- Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of North Dakota, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Alaska

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1885 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality[12] Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners[13] - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • 1890 veterans schedules are available on microfilm at the National Archives and the Family History Library Film 338218

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of North Dakota, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

North Dakota (Dakota Territory 1860-1900) state, territorial, or colonial censuses[14][15]
1925 Exist
1915 Exist
1885 Exist

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing North Dakota censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. In 1860 people living in what is now North Dakota were enumerated in the "unorganized" part of the Dakota Territory census population schedules along with people in what is now South Dakota. Those schedules included Fort Clark, Fort Union, Fort William, and Pembina, all in what is now North Dakota. In 1860 land west of the Missouri River technically was part of Nebraska Terrritory, but no locales on the Nebraska Territory census can be identified definitely as being in present-day North Dakota.
  9. In 1857 the white residents in what is now North Dakota lived in what was then Pembina County, Minnesota Territory.
  10. In 1850 the only white residents in what is now North Dakota lived in what was then Pembina County, Minnesota Territory.
  11. Theoretically, in 1840 the white residents in what is now Pembina, North Dakota lived in what was then Clayton County, Iowa Territory. The 1840 population schedules of Clayton County do not seem to list residents of remote Pembina, 400 miles from present-day Clayton County.
  12. For residents in what is now North Dakota see the Minnesota 1850 census records.
  13. For residents in what is now North Dakota see the Iowa 1840 census records.
  14. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 90.
  15. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 51-52, 71.