North Dakota CensusEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(explain 1860)
(destubbed)
 
(19 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[North Dakota|North Dakota]]  >  [[North_Dakota_Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[North Dakota|North Dakota]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[North_Dakota_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules ==
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[North Dakota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online North Dakota indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online North Dakota}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules ===
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="100%"
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''North Dakota (Dakota Territory 1860-1900):&nbsp;Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 37. </ref><ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 259-66. </ref><ref>William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 104. </ref>
+
| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|639617|title-id|disp=1910}}
 +
| {{FHL|698889|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|1037496|title-id|disp=1930}}
 +
| {{FHL|640054|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|704550|title-id|disp=1860}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|553840|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|670376|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
 +
|
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" width="90" | '''Exact Date'''
+
| 1940 N/A
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Population Schedules'''
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#north-dakota 1910 T624]&nbsp;
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#dakota 1870 M593]
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Slave Owners'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Mortality'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Agricultural'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Industrial/ Manufacturers'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Defective'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" width="9%" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr 1
+
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| align="center" | Public release in&nbsp;2012
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#north-dakota 1900 T623&nbsp;]and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-05.html#north-dakota Soundex T1064]
| align="center" | -  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#dakota 1860 M653]
| align="center" | -
+
|-
| align="center" | -  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#north-dakota 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-04.html#north-dakota Soundex M1580]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#dakota 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#dakota Soundex T740]
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 +
 
 +
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of North Dakota, [[North Dakota Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for North Dakota'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
 +
| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1890'''
 +
| width="20%" | Veterans
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1930''' Apr 1
+
| '''1885'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| width="20%" | Mortality
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1920''' Jan 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| '''1880'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
 +
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
 +
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1900''' Jun 1
+
| '''1860'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality<ref>For deceased former residents in what is now North Dakota see the Pembina County, Minnesota Territory 1850 census mortality schedules.</ref>
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| {{FHL|746219|title-id|disp=Indian&nbsp;rolls, Turtle Moutain, 1910-1939}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| {{FHL|746664|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Ft. Berthold, 1889-1939}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1885''' Jun 1
+
| {{FHL|279582|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Fort Totten, 1906-1939}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|265799|title-id|disp=Males over 18 years of age, 1889}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1880''' Jun 1
+
| {{FHL|530441|title-id|disp=French Canadians, 1900}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|737664|title-id|disp=Indian&nbsp;rolls, Devils Lake Agency, 1885-1905}}
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| {{FHL|1000531|title-id|disp=Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Roulete, ND, 1900}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|266372|title-id|disp=Standing Rock Agency census, 1876-1939}}
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -  
+
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| {{FHL|551764|title-id|disp=Civil War Union veterans and widows, 1890}}
| align="center" | Exist<ref>In 1860 people living in what is now North Dakota were enumerated in what was then the Dakata Territory and Nebraska Territory censuses.</ref>
+
|  
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
|-
+
| align="left" | '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" | Exist<ref>In 1850 the only white residents in what is now North Dakota lived in what was then Pembina County, Minnesota Territory.</ref>
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
==== Sources and Notes  ====
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of North Dakota, [[North Dakota Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
{{reflist}}<br>
+
=== State and territorial censuses  ===
  
== Availability  ==
+
North Dakota often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
  
'''1850-1930--'''U.S. federal censuses for the state of North Dakota are available.
+
{| align="center" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
+
|-
'''1860 United States Census'''''—''A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" | '''North Dakota (Dakota Territory 1860-1900) state, territorial, or colonial censuses'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 90.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 51-52, 71.</ref>
 
+
|-
'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
+
| align="left" width="10%" | '''1925'''  
 
+
| align="left" | Exist
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
+
|-
 
+
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1915'''  
'''1890--'''The census has been destroyed, but the union veterans schedule and index are available.<br>
+
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist
 
+
|-
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
+
| align="left" | '''1885'''  
 
+
| align="left" | Exist
== Historical Background<br> ==
+
|-
 
+
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1857'''  
'''1803-1818--'''The United States acquired the southwestern half of North Dakota as part of the Louisiana Purchase from France. The northeastern half was acquired in 1818 by treaty with Britain.  
+
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exists as part of a special federal census of '''Minnesota Territory'''<ref>In 1857 the white residents in what is now Pembina, North Dakota were enumerated as part of a special federal census in what was then Pembina County, Minnesota Territory. See William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), pages 172, and 259.</ref>
 
+
|}
'''1812--'''The first permanent white settlement in present-day North Dakota was made at Pembina by Scottish pioneers from Canada.  
+
 
+
'''1836--'''Present-day North Dakota was included in the 1836 Wisconsin census.  
+
 
+
'''1840--'''North Dakota was included in the&nbsp;Iowa Census.
+
 
+
'''1850--'''North Dakota was included in the Minnesota Census.
+
 
+
'''1860, 1870,&nbsp;1880--''' Dakota Territorial censuses.  
+
 
+
'''1861-1868--'''The Dakota Territory was organized.&nbsp; Its boundaries were recuded to include the area of the two Dakotas of today when the Montana Territory was created in 1864 and the Wyoming Territory in 1868.
+
 
+
'''1889--'''The Dakota Territory was divided, and both North and South Dakota were admitted to the union.
+
 
+
== Indexes  ==
+
 
+
==== '''Book Indexes''' ====
+
 
+
'''1836, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, and 1910--'''Indexes to the censuses of the Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and Dakota Territories have been published in book and microfiche format.
+
 
+
==== Soundex  ====
+
 
+
'''1800, 1900, 1920--'''&nbsp;A statewide soundex (phonetic) index is on microfilm.
+
 
+
==== Online  ====
+
 
+
Indexes to state and federal censuses for many years might also be&nbsp;found online at the websites listed below.
+
 
+
== Special Censuses  ==
+
 
+
=== Mortality Schedules  ===
+
 
+
'''1860, 1870, 1880, 1885--'''Mortality schedules, which are lists of the&nbsp;people who died in the year before the census was taken,&nbsp;exist&nbsp;for the Dakota Territory.
+
 
+
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
+
 
+
=== Agricultural Schedules  ===
+
 
+
'''1850,1860, 1870, 1880, 1885--'''An Agricultural Schedule was made in North Dakota census. These provide information about:
+
 
+
::*Name of the owner, agent, or manager
+
::*Number of acres and cash value of the farm
+
::*Crops and other items produced
+
::*Number and value of livestock (horses, cattle, sheep, and swine)
+
 
+
The Agricultural Schedules&nbsp;are available at the National Archives. The 1885 Agricultural Schedules for Dakota Territory are available at the [http://www.nd.gov/hist/ State Historical Society of North Dakota].
+
 
+
=== 1890 Veterans Schedules  ===
+
 
+
When the 1890 census was taken, schedules were made of Union Civil War veterans or their widows. Information includes:
+
 
+
::*Name
+
::*Rank, company, name of regiment or vessel
+
::*Date of enlistment, date of discharge, length of service
+
::*Post office address
+
::*Disability incurred
+
::*Remarks
+
 
+
North Dakota&nbsp;veterans schedules are available on microfilm at the National Archives and the Family History Library[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ Film 338218] as well as online (see&nbsp;"Web Sites" below).  
+
 
+
=== Tribal&nbsp;Censuses ===
+
 
+
See [[Indians of North Dakota|Indians of North Dakota]] for information on tribal census reports.
+
 
+
== State Censuses  ==
+
 
+
'''1885, 1915, 1925--'''North Dakota state censuses were taken. These are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.
+
 
+
[http://library.ndsu.edu/db/census/ 1885 Dakota Territory Census Index].&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Each entry includes: name, age, nativity, occupation, county of residence, and exact location of the entry in the census schedule.
+
 
+
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
 
+
'''1836--'''North Dakota was included in the Wisconsin Territorial Census.
+
 
+
'''1840--'''North Dakota was included in the Iowa Territorial Census.
+
 
+
'''1850--'''North Dakota was included in the Minnesota Territorial Census.
+
 
+
'''1860, 1870, 1880--'''Dakota Territorial censuses. <br>
+
 
+
== Web Sites  ==
+
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
For a list of available and missing North Dakota censuses, [[North Dakota Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/ND/ http://www.census-online.com/links/ND/]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nd/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nd/census.html]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/northdakota.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/northdakota.htm]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]  
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
== References  ==
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Dollarhide, William. ''The Census Book:&nbsp;A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes; With Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930. ''Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=North_Dakota.ASP North Dakota Research Outline].''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001. ''[NOTE: This link is to the old research outline for North Dakota which was originally written more than ten years ago and has not been updated in its published form in more than eight years. Its content has been added to FamilySearch Research Wiki and is being updated as time permits.]
+
{{reflist}}
  
''State Census Register: State &amp; County Censuses Located at the Family History Library. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, 2005.
+
{{Place|North Dakota}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:North_Dakota|Census]]
+
[[Category:North_Dakota|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Latest revision as of 23:26, 7 May 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  North Dakota  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online North Dakota indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of North Dakota 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1925 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1915 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1885 Federal indexes - - Link - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Dak
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
- Link - Dak
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
- Link
1860[8] indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Link Link Link Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
Dak
Terr
Link
NE
Terr
Link
- Link
1857[9] indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
- -
1850[10] indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link MN
Terr
Link
- - - MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
MN
Terr
Link
- Link
1840[11] indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images IA
Terr
Link
IA
Terr
Link
- - - IA
Terr
Link
IA
Terr
Link
IA
Terr
Link
- Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870 
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1870 M593
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1064 1860 M653
1920 T625 and Soundex M1580 1880 T9 and Soundex T740
   

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of North Dakota, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for North Dakota

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1885 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Lost Lost Lost
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality[12] Link - - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indian rolls, Turtle Moutain, 1910-1939 Indian census rolls, Ft. Berthold, 1889-1939
Indian census rolls, Fort Totten, 1906-1939 Males over 18 years of age, 1889
French Canadians, 1900 Indian rolls, Devils Lake Agency, 1885-1905
Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Roulete, ND, 1900 Standing Rock Agency census, 1876-1939
Civil War Union veterans and widows, 1890

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of North Dakota, click here.

State and territorial censuses

North Dakota often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

North Dakota (Dakota Territory 1860-1900) state, territorial, or colonial censuses[13][14]
1925 Exist
1915 Exist
1885 Exist
1857 Exists as part of a special federal census of Minnesota Territory[15]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing North Dakota censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. In 1860 people living in what is now North Dakota were enumerated in the "unorganized" part of the Dakota Territory census population schedules along with people in what is now South Dakota. Those schedules included Fort Clark, Fort Union, Fort William, and Pembina, all in what is now North Dakota. In 1860 land west of the Missouri River technically was part of Nebraska Terrritory, but no locales on the Nebraska Territory census can be identified definitely as being in present-day North Dakota.
  9. In 1857 the white residents in what is now North Dakota lived in what was then Pembina County, Minnesota Territory.
  10. In 1850 the only white residents in what is now North Dakota lived in what was then Pembina County, Minnesota Territory.
  11. Theoretically, in 1840 the white residents in what is now Pembina, North Dakota lived in what was then Clayton County, Iowa Territory. The 1840 population schedules of Clayton County do not seem to list residents of remote Pembina, 400 miles from present-day Clayton County.
  12. For deceased former residents in what is now North Dakota see the Pembina County, Minnesota Territory 1850 census mortality schedules.
  13. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 90.
  14. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 51-52, 71.
  15. In 1857 the white residents in what is now Pembina, North Dakota were enumerated as part of a special federal census in what was then Pembina County, Minnesota Territory. See William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), pages 172, and 259.

 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 7 May 2012, at 23:26.
  • This page has been accessed 8,270 times.