North Dakota Military Records

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[[Portal:United States Military Records|Portal:United States Military Records]]>[[North Dakota|North Dakota]]  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[North Dakota|North Dakota]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[North_Dakota_Military_Records|Military Records]]'' [[Image:653px-Killdeer Mountain.png|thumb|right|220x330px|653px-Killdeer Mountain.png]] __TOC__
  
The U.S. Military Records Research Outline (34118) provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.  
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The [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military Records]] Wiki article provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.  
  
Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Research Outline provides more information on the federal records. For [[Portal:North Dakota|North Dakota]] the following sources are also very helpful:
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Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. At the state level the following sources are available.
  
 
=== Forts  ===
 
=== Forts  ===
  
Fort Abercrombie -- 1857-1878 in Kansas  
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*[http://history.nd.gov/historicsites/abercrombie/index.html Fort Abercrombie] -- 1857-1878 in Kansas  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Abraham_Lincoln Fort Abraham Lincoln] -- Textual records of this fort, 1872-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#berthold Fort Atkinson] --  1858-1859 originally a trading post - aka Fort Berthold
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#berthold Fort Berthold] 1862-1867 (also known as Fort James)
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#buford Fort Buford ]-- Textual records of this fort, 1857-1895, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#clark Fort Clark ]1830- 1860  Built by American Fur Company (Burned in 1860)
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#union Fort Floyd ]1826-1827 built by the Columbia Fur Company
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#lincoln1 Fort Lincoln] -- See Fort Abraham Lincoln
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#mandan Fort Mandan]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pembina,_North_Dakota Fort Pembina ]-- Textual records of this post, 1876-1895, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#rice Fort Rice] 1864-1878
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*Fort Totten -- Textual records of this fort, 1867-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#union Fort Union]--1828-1865 Built by the American Fur Company
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#stevenson Fort Stevenson] -- 1867-1883 in Montana
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*[http://www.northamericanforts.com/West/ndwest.html#yates Fort Yates] -- Textual records of this fort, 1870-1903, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  
Fort Abraham Lincoln -- Textual records of this fort, 1872-1891, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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'''References'''
  
Fort Atkinson --  1858-1859 originally a trading post 
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''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890''. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7
  
Fort Berthold 1862-1867
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=== Mexican War (1846-1848)  ===
  
Fort Buford -- Textual records of this fort, 1857-1895, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. <br>
  
Fort Clark
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*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:<br>
  
Fort Floyd 1826-1827 built by the Columbia Fur Company
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:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])<br>
  
Fort Lincoln -- See Fort Abraham Lincoln
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*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].<br>
  
Fort Mandan
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Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]].
  
Fort Pembina -- Textual records of this post, 1876-1895, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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=== Civil War (1861 to 1865) ===
  
Fort Rice 1864-1878
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[[Image:{{Dakota Territory 1861 to 1889}}]]<br>See [[Dakota Territory in the Civil War|Dakota Territory in the Civil War]] for information about South Dakota Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Dakota Territory regiments involved in the Civil War.
  
Fort Totten -- Textual records of this fort, 1867-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.  
  
Fort Union--1828-1865
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The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
  
Fort Stevenson -- 1867-1883 in Montana
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=== Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)  ===
  
Fort Yates -- Textual records of this fort, 1870-1903, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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The Family History Library has enlistment registers for soldiers who served in the regular army, 1798 to 1914. Many of them served in the western states during the Indian Wars. The enlistment registers provide the soldier's rank, unit, commanders, physical description, occupation, and birthplace. The records are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname {{FHL|43696|item|disp=FHL film 350307 (first of 81 films)}}.  
  
'''References'''
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The library also has an index of soldiers who applied for pensions between 1892 and 1926, for service in the Indian Wars from 1817 to 1898 {{FHL|98739|item|disp=FHL films 821610-21}}. The pension records are only at the National Archives.
  
''Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890''. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=0878424687|ISBN 0-87842-468-7]]
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Also see Civil War Pension Index Cards above.  
  
=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
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=== Spanish-American War (1898)<br> ===
  
An index to service records of Union volunteers from the Dakota Territory is at the library (Family History Library &nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=313567&disp=Index+to+compiled+service+records+of+vol++ film 881616]). The library also has an index to pension applications, but the actual service and pension records are at the National Archives. A special census was taken in 1890 of Union veterans of the Civil War (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ film 338218]).
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The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.  
  
'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1471019 FamilySearch Record Search]. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
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'''Indexes'''  
  
=== Indian Wars (1798-1914) ===
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*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
The Family History Library has enlistment registers for soldiers who served in the regular army, 1798 to 1914. Many of them served in the western states during the Indian Wars. The enlistment registers provide the soldier's rank, unit, commanders, physical description, occupation, and birthplace. The records are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname (Family History Library films beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=43696&disp=Registers+of+enlistments+in+the+United+S++ film 350307]).
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*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
The library also has an index of soldiers who applied for pensions between 1892 and 1926, for service in the Indian Wars from 1817 to 1898 (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=98739&disp=Pension+index+files%2C+Indian+wars%2C+18++ films 821610-21]). The pension records are only at the National Archives.  
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A published roster of the First North Dakota Infantry in the Philippine Islands is in Clement A. Lounsberry,&nbsp;''Early History of North Dakota''. Washington, DC: Liberty Press, 1919. {{FHL|197542|item|disp=FHL book 978.4 H2L pp. 577-602}} and {{FHL|197542|item|disp=FHL film 1036397}}.  
  
=== Spanish-American War (1898)  ===
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Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].  
 
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A published roster of the First North Dakota Infantry in the Philippine Islands is in Clement A. Lounsberry,''Early History of North Dakota''(Washington, DC: Liberty Press, 1919. Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=978.4+H2L book 978.4 H2L pp. 577-602]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=197542&disp=Early+history+of+North+Dakota++ film 1036397]).
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=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
 
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
  
World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For registration cards for North Dakota, see:  
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World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.
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 +
*United States. Selective Service System.''North Dakota, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. {{FHL|746993|item|disp=FHL film 1819402}} Also available at:
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:*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States, World War One Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} (FamilySearch) - free
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See [[United States World War I Draft Records|WWI Draft Records]] for more information.
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*A published roster in alphabetical order of soldiers is Brigadier General G. Angus Fraser, ''Roster of the Men and Women Who Served in the Army or Naval Service (including the Marine Corps) of the United States or its Allies from the State of North Dakota in the World War, 1917-1918'', Four Volumes. Bismarck, ND: Bismarck Tribune Co., 1931. {{FHL|184980|item|disp=FHL book 978.4 M23a}} and {{FHL|184980|item|disp=FHL films 982257-8}}. In addition to the military information, the soldier's date and place of birth, and parents' nationality are also given.
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=== World War II (1941-1945)  ===
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On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.
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 +
*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
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*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
 +
 
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:Also available at:<br>
  
[http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com], a subscription web site, has indexed World War I draft registration cards.  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
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*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
  
United States. Selective Service System.''North Dakota, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=746993&disp=North+Dakota%2C+World+War+I+Selective+Se++&disp=North+Dakota%2C+World+War+I+Selective+Se%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 1819402].)
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[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.  
  
To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname within each draft board.
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=== Korean War (1950–1953)  ===
  
Most counties had only one board; large cities had several. A map showing the boundaries of individual draft boards is available for most large cities. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you in using the draft board map. There is an alphabetical list of cities that are on the map. For a copy of this map see:
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The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.  
  
United States. Selective Service System. ''List of World War One Draft Board Maps.''Washington, DC: National Archives. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=641275&disp=List+of+World+War+One+draft+board+maps++ film 1498803].)  
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=== Vietnam War (1964–1972) ===
  
A published roster in alphabetical order of soldiers is Brigadier General G. Angus Fraser, ''Roster of the Men and Women Who Served in the Army or Naval Service (including the Marine Corps) of the United States or its Allies from the State of North Dakota in the World War, 1917-1918'', Four Volumes. (Bismarck, North Dakota: Bismarck Tribune Co., 1931; Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=184980&disp=Roster+of+the+men+and+women+who+served+i%20%20&columns=*,0,0 978.4 M23a]; films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=184980&disp=Roster+of+the+men+and+women+who+served+i++ 982257-8]). In addition to the military information, the soldier's date and place of birth, and parents' nationality are also given.
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The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.  
  
== References  ==
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<br>
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=North_Dakota.ASP North Dakota Research Outline].''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.''
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{{North Dakota}} {{State Military Records}}
  
[[Category:North_Dakota]]
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[[Category:North_Dakota|Military]]

Revision as of 23:55, 13 December 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png North Dakota Gotoarrow.png Military Records
653px-Killdeer Mountain.png

Contents


The U.S. Military Records Wiki article provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.

Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. At the state level the following sources are available.

Forts

References

Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press Publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003 ISBN 0-87842-468-7

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861 to 1865)

Dakota Territory 1861 to 1889

See Dakota Territory in the Civil War for information about South Dakota Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Dakota Territory regiments involved in the Civil War.

The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

The Family History Library has enlistment registers for soldiers who served in the regular army, 1798 to 1914. Many of them served in the western states during the Indian Wars. The enlistment registers provide the soldier's rank, unit, commanders, physical description, occupation, and birthplace. The records are arranged by year and by the first letter of the surname FHL film 350307 (first of 81 films).

The library also has an index of soldiers who applied for pensions between 1892 and 1926, for service in the Indian Wars from 1817 to 1898 FHL films 821610-21. The pension records are only at the National Archives.

Also see Civil War Pension Index Cards above.

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

A published roster of the First North Dakota Infantry in the Philippine Islands is in Clement A. Lounsberry, Early History of North Dakota. Washington, DC: Liberty Press, 1919. FHL book 978.4 H2L pp. 577-602 and FHL film 1036397.

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

  • United States. Selective Service System.North Dakota, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. FHL film 1819402 Also available at:

See WWI Draft Records for more information.

  • A published roster in alphabetical order of soldiers is Brigadier General G. Angus Fraser, Roster of the Men and Women Who Served in the Army or Naval Service (including the Marine Corps) of the United States or its Allies from the State of North Dakota in the World War, 1917-1918, Four Volumes. Bismarck, ND: Bismarck Tribune Co., 1931. FHL book 978.4 M23a and FHL films 982257-8. In addition to the military information, the soldier's date and place of birth, and parents' nationality are also given.

World War II (1941-1945)

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.