Northern Superintendency of Indian Affairs

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Superintendencies of Indian Affairs|Superintendencies]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northern Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Northern Superintendency]]''
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Superintendencies of Indian Affairs|Superintendencies]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northern_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|Northern Superintendency]]''  
  
== History  ==
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=== History  ===
  
 
The Northern Superintendency was established in 1851 as a part of the general reorganization of the field service under an act of February 27, 1851. It superseded the [[Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Michigan Superintendency]], which was abolished in 1851, and assumed some responsibilities of the former [[Wisconsin Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Wisconsin Superintendency]], which had been discontinued in 1848. From the Michigan Superintendency it inherited the Mackinac Agency, which with the assistance of the [[Sault Ste. Marie Indian Subagency (Michigan)|Sault Ste. Marie Subagency]], was in charge of the [[Chippewa Indians|Chippewa]], [[Ottawa Indians|Ottawa]], and [[Potawatomi Indians|Potawatomi]] tribes living in Michigan. From the Wisconsin Superintendency it inherited the [[Green Bay Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|Green Bay Subagency]], which had jurisdiction over the [[Menominee Indians|Menominee]], Oneida, and Stockbridge tribes living in Wisconsin and had reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs following the termination of the Wisconsin Superintendency. The Northern Superintendency also assumed responsibility for some Potawatomi and other Indians in Wisconsin who had not previously been assigned to an agency.  
 
The Northern Superintendency was established in 1851 as a part of the general reorganization of the field service under an act of February 27, 1851. It superseded the [[Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Michigan Superintendency]], which was abolished in 1851, and assumed some responsibilities of the former [[Wisconsin Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Wisconsin Superintendency]], which had been discontinued in 1848. From the Michigan Superintendency it inherited the Mackinac Agency, which with the assistance of the [[Sault Ste. Marie Indian Subagency (Michigan)|Sault Ste. Marie Subagency]], was in charge of the [[Chippewa Indians|Chippewa]], [[Ottawa Indians|Ottawa]], and [[Potawatomi Indians|Potawatomi]] tribes living in Michigan. From the Wisconsin Superintendency it inherited the [[Green Bay Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|Green Bay Subagency]], which had jurisdiction over the [[Menominee Indians|Menominee]], Oneida, and Stockbridge tribes living in Wisconsin and had reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs following the termination of the Wisconsin Superintendency. The Northern Superintendency also assumed responsibility for some Potawatomi and other Indians in Wisconsin who had not previously been assigned to an agency.  
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The Superintendency underwent a complete reorganization in 1865. Several agencies were added and removed to other superintendencies over the years. It was abolished in 1876, after which the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC.  
 
The Superintendency underwent a complete reorganization in 1865. Several agencies were added and removed to other superintendencies over the years. It was abolished in 1876, after which the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC.  
  
== Agencies  ==
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====Superintendents and Appointment Dates====
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Elias Murray 1851, Francis Huebschmann 1853, William J. Cullen 1857, Clark W. Thompson 1861, Edward B. Taylor 1865, Hampton B. Denman 1866, Samuel M. Janney 1869, and Barclay White 1871
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 +
=== Agencies  ===
  
 
*[[Chippewa Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Chippewa Agency]]  
 
*[[Chippewa Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Chippewa Agency]]  
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*[[Winnebago Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Winnebago Agency]]
 
*[[Winnebago Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Winnebago Agency]]
  
== Records  ==
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=== Records  ===
  
 
Records of the Northern Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1851-1876, are at the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M1166. This set of microfilm of the records of the Northern Superintendency is also available at the {{FHL|573492|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} and its [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history centers]].  
 
Records of the Northern Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1851-1876, are at the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M1166. This set of microfilm of the records of the Northern Superintendency is also available at the {{FHL|573492|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} and its [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history centers]].  
  
[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs]] from the Northern Superintendency, 1851-1876, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} and its [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history centers]] on their microfilm roll numbers 1661328 thru 1661330.
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[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs]] from the Northern Superintendency, 1851-1876, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} and its [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history centers]] on their microfilm roll numbers 1661328 thru 1661330.  
  
== References  ==
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=== References  ===
 +
<references/>
  
 
Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].  
 
Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].  

Revision as of 15:48, 17 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Bureau of Indian Affairs Gotoarrow.png Superintendencies Gotoarrow.png Northern Superintendency

Contents

History

The Northern Superintendency was established in 1851 as a part of the general reorganization of the field service under an act of February 27, 1851. It superseded the Michigan Superintendency, which was abolished in 1851, and assumed some responsibilities of the former Wisconsin Superintendency, which had been discontinued in 1848. From the Michigan Superintendency it inherited the Mackinac Agency, which with the assistance of the Sault Ste. Marie Subagency, was in charge of the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi tribes living in Michigan. From the Wisconsin Superintendency it inherited the Green Bay Subagency, which had jurisdiction over the Menominee, Oneida, and Stockbridge tribes living in Wisconsin and had reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs following the termination of the Wisconsin Superintendency. The Northern Superintendency also assumed responsibility for some Potawatomi and other Indians in Wisconsin who had not previously been assigned to an agency.

The Superintendency underwent a complete reorganization in 1865. Several agencies were added and removed to other superintendencies over the years. It was abolished in 1876, after which the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC.

Superintendents and Appointment Dates

Elias Murray 1851, Francis Huebschmann 1853, William J. Cullen 1857, Clark W. Thompson 1861, Edward B. Taylor 1865, Hampton B. Denman 1866, Samuel M. Janney 1869, and Barclay White 1871

Agencies

Records

Records of the Northern Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1851-1876, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M1166. This set of microfilm of the records of the Northern Superintendency is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Northern Superintendency, 1851-1876, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661328 thru 1661330.

References


Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC:

Sources