Nova Scotia CensusEdit This Page

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Canada Gotoarrow.png Nova Scotia Gotoarrow.png Census

The Nova Scotia censuses before 1703 are helpful in providing a deceased person's name, age, and relatives. The censuses from 1703 to 1861 list only the head of each household, with a few exceptions.

Censuses beginning in 1871 are national censuses taken by the federal government. Most national censuses have been indexed. Indexes and links to them are listed at the Library and Archives Canada web site.

The more useful local censuses are listed below:

  • 1671
    Acadia: lists names, ages, and places of origin.
  • 1686
    Acadia: lists names, ages, and animals.
  • 1693
    Acadia: lists names, ages, and animals.
  • 1698
    Acadia: lists names, ages, and animals.
  • 1701
    Acadia: lists names, ages, and animals.
  • 1752
    Ile Royal: lists names, ages, and places of origin.
  • 1752
    Halifax: lists head of household.
  • 1770
    Many counties: lists head of household. This census has been published in:

    Richard, Bernice C., Nova Scotia 1770 Census, Some 1773 and 1787 . . . Chicago: Chicago Genealogical Society, 1972. (Family History Library book 971.6 A1 #18 film 962273 item 10 )
  • 1817
    A few counties: lists head of household.
  • 1818
    Part of Cape Brenton Island.
  • 1827
    Many counties: lists head of household. It has been published.
  • 1838
    Most of the province: lists head of household.
  • 1851
    Only Kings, Halifax, and Pictou counties: lists head of household. An index has been published for Kings, Halifax counties (Family History Library book 971.6 X22n; ). There is also an index for Pictou county (Family History Library book 971.613 X29p).
  • 1871,1881
    Whole province: lists all household members. The census gives each person's name, sex, age, country or province of birth, religion, occupation, and marital status. (1871 is incomplete for Shelburne County.)
  • 1891
    Lists all household members. The census lists each person's name, sex, age, marital status, relation to head of family, country or province of birth, French-Canadian descendency, place of birth of father, place of birth of mother, religion, and occupation.
  • 1901
    Lists all household members. The census lists each person's name, sex, color, relation to head of family, marital status, date of birth, country or province of birth, age at census, year of immigration to Canada, year of naturalization, nationality, religion, occupation, and native language.
  • 1911
    Lists all household members. The census lists each person's name, sex, relation to head of family, marital status, month and year of birth, age at census, country or province of birth, year of immigration to Canada, year of naturalization, racial or tribal origin, nationality, religion, and occupation.

Censuses from 1921 to the present are not available to the public.

A source for early censuses is:

  • Trahan, Charles C., Acadian Census, 1671–1752. Rayne, La.: Hebert Publications, 1994. (Family History Library book 971.5 X2t) Acadia covered what is now Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island.

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Nova Scotia Census 1861 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)


 

 

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