Nova Scotia Census 1861 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Nova Scotia Census 1861 Index-- This wiki article describes a collection that is available for free online at FamilySearch Record Search--Pilot Site. To access the collection, see Nova Scotia Census 1861 Index.
Collection Time Period
This census was taken in 1861.
The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Nova Scotia. The Nova Scotia census day was March 30th, 1860. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, as well as any who have died since that day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same, and there were many variations from location to location.
Why this Collection Was Created
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district.
- Key genealogical facts found in the 1861 Nova Scotia Census are:
- Marital status
- Family members
How to Use this Collection
This census records the birthplace for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.
Canada. Nova Scotia. Census returns for Nova Scotia, 1861. Microfilm. Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.