Oconee County, South Carolina Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki

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Oconee County's civil records start the following years:  
 
Oconee County's civil records start the following years:  
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Census|Census]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Land|Land]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Land|Land]]'''  
| align="center" width="16.6%" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[Oconee County, South Carolina#Probate|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1915
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1911
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1911
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1915
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1915
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1870
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1870
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1868
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1868
| align="center" width="16.6%" | 1868
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1868
 
|}
 
|}
  
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'''Hours:''' 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday  
 
'''Hours:''' 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday  
  
== Quick Facts==
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== Quick Facts ==
  
 
The county is named after the Oconee tribe of Native Americans.<ref>{{wpd|List of counties in South Carolina}}''</ref>  
 
The county is named after the Oconee tribe of Native Americans.<ref>{{wpd|List of counties in South Carolina}}''</ref>  
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''29 January 1868''' - Oconee County was created from [[Pickens County, South Carolina|Pickens]] County. <ref>{{WorldCat|50140092}} {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL}} ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)</ref>
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'''29 January 1868''' - Oconee County was created from [[Pickens County, South Carolina|Pickens]] County. <ref>{{WorldCat|50140092}} {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL}} ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)</ref>  
  
 
==== County Pronunciation  ====
 
==== County Pronunciation  ====
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== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
 
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{{Oconee County, South Carolina}}
==== Populated Places  ====
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The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.
 
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="710" align="left"
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|-
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| Battle Creek
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| Cross Roads
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| Johns Mill
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| Retreat
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|-
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| Boones Creek
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| Dixon Crossroads
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| Keowee
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| Return
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|-
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| Bounty Land
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| Earles Grove
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| Kulsetsiyi (hist.)
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| Richland
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|-
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| Brasstown
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| Ebenezer
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| Long Bottom Ford
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| Russell (hist.)
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|-
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| Brock
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| Ensenaka (hist.)
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| Longcreek
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| Salem
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|-
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| Burns Mill
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Fair+Play|subject|disp=Fair Play}}
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Madison|subject|disp=Madison}}  
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Seneca|subject|disp=Seneca}}
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|-
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| Camp Oak
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| Fairview
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| Moody Cove
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| Shiloh
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|-
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| Chagee (hist.)
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| Five Points
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| Newry
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| South Union
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|-
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| Chauga Heights
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| Flat Shoals
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| Oakway
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Tamassee|subject|disp=Tamassee}}
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|-
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| Cheohee
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| Harbin (hist.)
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| Oconee (hist.)
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| Utica
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|-
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| Clearmont
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| Hicks Store
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| Old Madison
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Walhalla|subject|disp=Walhalla}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Clemson|subject|disp=Clemson}}
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| Holly Springs
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| Old Pickens
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+West+Union|subject|disp=West Union}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Coneross|subject|disp=Conneross }}(hist.)
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| Horse Shoe (hist.)
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| Percival Crossroads
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| {{FHL|South+Carolina%2C+Oconee%2C+Westminster|subject|disp=Westminster}}
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|-
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| Corinth
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| Jason
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| Phinney
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| Whetstone
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|-
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| Courtenay
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| Jocassee
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| Picket Post
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|
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|}
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For further information (and links) on these populated places, please go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Populated_Places:_Oconee_County,_South_Carolina Populated Places, Oconee County, South Carolina]
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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*[[Anderson County, South Carolina|Anderson]]
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*[[Franklin County, Georgia|Franklin County, Georgia]]
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*[[Habersham County, Georgia|Habersham County, Georgia]]
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*[[Hart County, Georgia|Hart County, Georgia]]
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*[[Jackson County, North Carolina|Jackson County, North Carolina]]
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*[[Macon County, North Carolina|Macon County, North Carolina]]
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*[[Pickens County, South Carolina|Pickens]]
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*[[Rabun County, Georgia|Rabun County, Georgia]]
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*[[Stephens County, Georgia|Stephens County, Georgia]]
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*[[Transylvania County, North Carolina|Transylvania County, North Carolina]]
+
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
  
===Archives and Libraries ===
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=== Archives and Libraries ===
  
 
note: Public libraries, public county and college archives  
 
note: Public libraries, public county and college archives  
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==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
*''[http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0037.htm South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: Oconee County]'', available online, courtesy: [http://scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History].
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*''[http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/guide/CountyRecords/rg0037.htm South Carolina Archives Summary Guide: Oconee County]'', available online, courtesy: [http://scdah.sc.gov/ South Carolina Department of Archives and History].  
 
*''Inventory of county archives of South Carolina no. 37, Oconee County (Walhalla)'' {{FHL|200714|item|disp=FHL Book 975.721 A5h, film 1425646 Item 5 }}
 
*''Inventory of county archives of South Carolina no. 37, Oconee County (Walhalla)'' {{FHL|200714|item|disp=FHL Book 975.721 A5h, film 1425646 Item 5 }}
  
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{{RAOGKcemetery}} There are more than # burial grounds in the county.  
 
{{RAOGKcemetery}} There are more than # burial grounds in the county.  
  
To view a list, see [[Oconee County, South Carolina Cemeteries]].
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To view a list, see [[Oconee County, South Carolina Cemeteries]].  
  
 
=== Census  ===
 
=== Census  ===
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}}  
 
}}  
  
1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Oconee County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see [[South Carolina Census]]. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.
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1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Oconee County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see [[South Carolina Census]]. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.  
  
For 1890, see: [[United States Census 1890]]
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For 1890, see: [[United States Census 1890]]  
  
 
See [[South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book]] for more information about statewide printed indexes.  
 
See [[South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book]] for more information about statewide printed indexes.  
  
See [http://www.us-census.org/states/southcarolina/o-sc.htm#Oconee Oconee County, SC census assignments], including links to transcribed files [http://www.us-census.org/ The USGenWeb Census Project<sup>®</sup>]
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See [http://www.us-census.org/states/southcarolina/o-sc.htm#Oconee Oconee County, SC census assignments], including links to transcribed files [http://www.us-census.org/ The USGenWeb Census Project<sup>®</sup>]  
  
 
=== Church History and Records  ===
 
=== Church History and Records  ===
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=== Migration  ===
 
=== Migration  ===
  
Early migration routes to and from Oconee County for European settlers included:<ref>&lt;ref&gt;{{WorldCat|50140092}} {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL}} ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)</ref>, and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast'', 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) ▲ {{WorldCat|1523234}}.&lt;/ref&gt;  
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Early migration routes to and from Oconee County for European settlers included:<ref>&amp;lt;ref&amp;gt;{{WorldCat|50140092}} {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL}} ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)</ref>, and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast'', 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) ▲ {{WorldCat|1523234}}.&lt;/ref&gt;  
  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
 
:*Savannah River pre-historic  
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==== Civil War  ====
 
==== Civil War  ====
  
Oconee County was created in 1868, three years after the Civil War ended.&nbsp;During the Civil War, the area of Oconee County was part of Pickens District (later Pickens County). Men&nbsp;living in the area of what is now Oconee County may have served in regiments from [[Pickens County, South Carolina#Military|Pickens District/County]].  
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Oconee County was created in 1868, three years after the Civil War ended.&nbsp;During the Civil War, the area of Oconee County was part of Pickens District (later Pickens County). Men living in the area of what is now Oconee County may have served in regiments from [[Pickens County, South Carolina#Military|Pickens District/County]].  
  
 
:-[[1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)]]
 
:-[[1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)|1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)]]
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::-Company F (also known as Blue Ridge Rifles)
 
::-Company F (also known as Blue Ridge Rifles)
  
*Bell, Louise Matheson. Rebels in Grey&nbsp;: Soldiers from Pickens District, 1861-1865 ( Seneca, S.C.&nbsp;: Greys of Oconee Chapter No. 1783, United Daughters of the Confederacy, ©1984), 172 pages. Concerns Pickens and Oconee Counties. Book at[http://www.worldcat.org/title/rebels-in-grey-soldiers-from-pickens-district-1861-1865/oclc/11859701&referer=brief_results WorldCat].
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*Bell, Louise Matheson. Rebels in Grey: Soldiers from Pickens District, 1861-1865 ( Seneca, S.C.: Greys of Oconee Chapter No. 1783, United Daughters of the Confederacy, ©1984), 172 pages. Concerns Pickens and Oconee Counties. {{WorldCat|11859701}}.
  
 
==== Militia  ====
 
==== Militia  ====
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The [http://www.loc.gov/index.html Library of Congress] has identified the following historic newspapers for Oconee County, South Carolina on their [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.  
 
The [http://www.loc.gov/index.html Library of Congress] has identified the following historic newspapers for Oconee County, South Carolina on their [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.  
  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065519/ ''Farm and Factory'']&nbsp;(Seneca, S.C.) 1903-1929.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065519/ ''Farm and Factory''] (Seneca, S.C.) 1903-1929.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026912/ ''Keowee Courier'']&nbsp;(Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026912/ ''Keowee Courier''] (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042895/ ''The Journal and Tribune'']&nbsp;(Seneca, S.C.) 1952-1985.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042895/ ''The Journal and Tribune''] (Seneca, S.C.) 1952-1985.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067654/ ''The Journal/Tribune'']&nbsp;(Seneca, S.C.) 1985-current.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067654/ ''The Journal/Tribune''] (Seneca, S.C.) 1985-current.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067653/ ''The Messenger'']&nbsp;(Seneca, S.C.) 1954-current.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067653/ ''The Messenger''] (Seneca, S.C.) 1954-current.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065524/ ''The New Carolinian'']&nbsp;(Seneca, S.C.) 1897-1898.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065524/ ''The New Carolinian''] (Seneca, S.C.) 1897-1898.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065523/ ''The Oconee News'']&nbsp;(Walhalla, S.C.) 1901-1911.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065523/ ''The Oconee News''] (Walhalla, S.C.) 1901-1911.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067651/ ''The Seneca Journal'']&nbsp;(Seneca, S.C.) 1930-1952.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067651/ ''The Seneca Journal''] (Seneca, S.C.) 1930-1952.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067652/ ''The Westminster News'']&nbsp;(Westminster, S.C.) 1953-current.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067652/ ''The Westminster News''] (Westminster, S.C.) 1953-current.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065536/ ''Tugaloo Tribune'']&nbsp;(Westminster, S.C.) 1909-1952.  
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065536/ ''Tugaloo Tribune''] (Westminster, S.C.) 1909-1952.  
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn97064671/ ''Walhalla Banner'']&nbsp;(Walhalla, S.C.) 185?-1???.
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*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn97064671/ ''Walhalla Banner''] (Walhalla, S.C.) 185?-1???.
  
 
=== Periodicals  ===
 
=== Periodicals  ===
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=== Probate  ===
 
=== Probate  ===
  
Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records&nbsp;in [[South Carolina Probate Records|South Carolina]].  
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Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in [[South Carolina Probate Records]].  
  
 
=== Taxation  ===
 
=== Taxation  ===
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To see how the Civil War financially impacted residents of Oconee County, South Carolina, compare values of real and personal estates on the 1860 Census, with 1866-1867 tax records:  
 
To see how the Civil War financially impacted residents of Oconee County, South Carolina, compare values of real and personal estates on the 1860 Census, with 1866-1867 tax records:  
  
*'''[1866-1867]''' Rich, Peggy Burton and Margarette Gibbs Ogle. ''Pickens District, South Carolina 1866 Tax List, January 1, 1866- January 1, 1867''. n.p.: South Carolina Genealogical Society. Old Pendleton Chapter, 1991. {{FHL|485996|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975.72 R4r}}
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*'''[1866-1867]''' Rich, Peggy Burton and Margarette Gibbs Ogle. ''Pickens District, South Carolina 1866 Tax List, January 1, 1866- January 1, 1867''. n.p.: South Carolina Genealogical Society. Old Pendleton Chapter, 1991. {{FHL|485996|item|disp=FHL Book 975.72 R4r}}
  
 
=== Vital Records  ===
 
=== Vital Records  ===
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==== Birth  ====
 
==== Birth  ====
  
State-wide birth registration began in 1915.&nbsp; For a copy of&nbsp;a birth from 1915&nbsp;or later,&nbsp;contact the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/ South Carolina Department of Health].&nbsp; The Oconee County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information. &nbsp;For more information, see the [[South Carolina Vital Records|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.  
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State-wide birth registration began in 1915. For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/ South Carolina Department of Health]. The Oconee County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information. For more information, see the [[South Carolina Vital Records]] page.  
  
 
''Birth Substitutes - Indexes''  
 
''Birth Substitutes - Indexes''  
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==== Marriage  ====
 
==== Marriage  ====
  
In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination.&nbsp;Not all churches recorded these marriages and some&nbsp;have not survived. See [[South Carolina Vital Records#Marriage_Records|South Carolina Vital Records]] for more information. <br>
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In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See [[South Carolina Vital Records#Marriage_Records|South Carolina Vital Records]] for more information.  
  
 
The [http://www.oconeesc.com/Departments/KZ/ProbateCourt.aspx Oconee County probate court] holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/index.htm South Carolina Division of Vital Records] has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.  
 
The [http://www.oconeesc.com/Departments/KZ/ProbateCourt.aspx Oconee County probate court] holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/index.htm South Carolina Division of Vital Records] has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.  
  
Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.&nbsp; See [[South Carolina Newspapers|South Carolina Newspapers<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1298405881726_699" />]].  
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Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information. See [[South Carolina Newspapers|South Carolina Newspapers]].  
  
 
''Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records''  
 
''Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records''  
  
*'''1826-1848; 1857-1871''' - ''Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871'' <ref>Revill, Janie, Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871, [S.I.]: [s.n.], 1933-1936.</ref> {{FHL|200710|item}} [http://www.worldcat.org/title/abstract-of-marriages-and-deaths-from-the-pendleton-messenger-1826-1848-the-keowee-courier-1857-1871/oclc/54474080 WorldCat] - index<br>
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*'''1826-1848; 1857-1871''' - ''Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871'' <ref>Revill, Janie, Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871, [S.I.]: [s.n.], 1933-1936.</ref> {{WorldCat|54474080}}, {{FHL|200710|item}} - index  
*'''1849-1868''' - ''The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868'' by Colleen M. Elliot&nbsp;<ref>Elliot, Colleen M., The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, c1979.</ref>&nbsp; {{FHL|24441|item}} [http://www.worldcat.org/title/keowee-courier-1849-1851-1857-1861-and-1865-1868/oclc/6421580&referer=brief_results WorldCat] - missing years, index<br>
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*'''1849-1868''' - ''The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868'' by Colleen M. Elliot <ref>Elliot, Colleen M., The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, c1979.</ref> {{WorldCat|6421580}}, {{FHL|24441|item}} - missing years, index  
*'''1849-1949''' - [http://sciway3.net/scgenweb/oconee-county/courier.html ''Keowee Courier Newspaper''] by Oconee County,&nbsp;South Carolina USGenWeb - index, incomplete  
+
*'''1849-1949''' - [http://sciway3.net/scgenweb/oconee-county/courier.html ''Keowee Courier Newspaper''] by Oconee County, South Carolina USGenWeb - index, incomplete  
*'''1911-1950''' - ''Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950'' <ref>South Carolina. Probate Court (Oconee County), Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2004.</ref> {{FHL|1282871|item}} - records<br>
+
*'''1911-1950''' - ''Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950'' <ref>South Carolina. Probate Court (Oconee County), Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2004.</ref> {{FHL|1282871|item}} - records  
 
*There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in&nbsp; some&nbsp;counties of South Carolina listed on the [[South Carolina Vital Records#South_Carolina.C2.A0Birth.2C_Marriage_and_Death_Records_Online|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.
 
*There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in&nbsp; some&nbsp;counties of South Carolina listed on the [[South Carolina Vital Records#South_Carolina.C2.A0Birth.2C_Marriage_and_Death_Records_Online|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.
  
 
==== Death  ====
 
==== Death  ====
  
State-wide death registration began in 1915.&nbsp;&nbsp;For a copy of the death certificates from 1915&nbsp;or later,&nbsp;contact the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/ South Carolina Department of Health]. The Oconee County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years.&nbsp; For more information, see the [[South Carolina Vital Records|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.  
+
State-wide death registration began in 1915. For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the [http://www.scdhec.gov/administration/vr/ South Carolina Department of Health]. The Oconee County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years. For more information, see the [[South Carolina Vital Records|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.  
  
 
''Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records''  
 
''Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records''  
  
*'''1826-1848; 1857-1871''' - ''Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871'' <ref>Revill, Janie, Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871, [S.I.]: [s.n.], 1933-1936.</ref> {{FHL|200710|item}} {{WorldCat|54474080}} - index  
+
*'''1826-1848; 1857-1871''' - ''Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871'' <ref>Revill, Janie, Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871, [S.I.]: [s.n.], 1933-1936.</ref> {{WorldCat|54474080}}, {{FHL|200710|item}} - index  
*'''1849-1868''' - ''The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868'' by Colleen M. Elliot <ref>Elliot, Colleen M., The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, c1979.</ref> {{FHL|24441|item}} {{WorldCat|6421580}} - missing years, index  
+
*'''1849-1868''' - ''The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868'' by Colleen M. Elliot <ref>Elliot, Colleen M., The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, c1979.</ref> {{WorldCat|6421580}}, {{FHL|24441|item}} - missing years, index  
 
*'''1914-1960''' - State-wide South Carolina Death Indexes. There are several online death indexes covering all of South Carolina listed on the [[South Carolina Vital Records#South_Carolina.C2.A0Birth.2C_Marriage_and_Death_Records_Online|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.
 
*'''1914-1960''' - State-wide South Carolina Death Indexes. There are several online death indexes covering all of South Carolina listed on the [[South Carolina Vital Records#South_Carolina.C2.A0Birth.2C_Marriage_and_Death_Records_Online|South Carolina Vital Records]] page.
  
 
== Societies, Libraries and Museums  ==
 
== Societies, Libraries and Museums  ==
note: the societies with their own memberships, libraries, museums and collections.
 
  
*[http://www.oldpendleton.scgen.org/ Old Pendleton District SCGS Chapter]<br>P.O. Box 603<br>Central SC 29630-0603<br>E-mail: [mailto:claytonroom@swi.edu claytonroom@swi.edu]<br>Old Pendleton District includes Anderson, Oconee and Pickens Counties.  
+
note: the societies with their own memberships, libraries, museums and collections.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.oldpendleton.scgen.org/ Old Pendleton District SCGS Chapter]<br>P.O. Box 603<br>Central SC 29630-0603<br>E-mail: [mailto:claytonroom@swi.edu claytonroom@swi.edu]<br>Old Pendleton District includes Anderson, Oconee and Pickens Counties.
  
*Oconee County Genealogical Society<br>247 Cross Hill Road<br>Easley SC 29640<br>source: [http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/ Society Hill]  
+
*Oconee County Genealogical Society<br>247 Cross Hill Road<br>Easley SC 29640<br>source: [http://www.daddezio.com/society/hill/ Society Hill]
  
 
== Family History Centers  ==
 
== Family History Centers  ==
Line 400: Line 308:
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
{{reflist}}
+
{{reflist}}  
  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
 
{{South Carolina|South Carolina}}  
  
 
[[Category:Oconee_County,_South_Carolina]]
 
[[Category:Oconee_County,_South_Carolina]]

Revision as of 05:26, 2 May 2011

Coordinates: 34.75°0′N 83.07°0′W / 34.75°N 83.07°W / 34.75; -83.07

Oconee County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Oconee County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded January 29, 1868
County Seat Walhalla
Courthouse

United States Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Oconee County

Contents

Quick Dates

Oconee County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1915 1911 1915 1870 1868 1868

County Courthouse

OconeeSC.jpg


Oconee County Courthouse
415 South Pine Street
Walhalla, SC 29691

Clerk of Court
P.O. Box 678
Walhalla, SC 29691
Phone: 864-638-4280
Court records

Register of Deeds
415 South Pine Street
Walhalla, SC 29691
Phone: 864-638-4285
Land records

Probate Court
P.O. Box 471
Walhalla, SC 29691
Phone: 864-638-4275
Probate and marriage records

Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday

Quick Facts

The county is named after the Oconee tribe of Native Americans.[1]

Parent County

29 January 1868 - Oconee County was created from Pickens County. [2]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[3]

Boundary Changes

"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on AniMap 3.0 software.

Record Loss

Places/Localities

The preceding list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.

Resources

Archives and Libraries

note: Public libraries, public county and college archives

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

  • Megginson, W.J. Black Soldiers in World War I: Anderson, Pickens and Oconee Counties, South Carolina; with a Discussion of Pensions for Civil War Slave Labor. Seneca, S.C.: Oconee County Historical Society, 1994. FHL Book 975.72 M2m

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. 

To view a list, see Oconee County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Federal

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 10,536
1880 16,256 54.3%
1890 18,687 15.0%
1900 23,634 26.5%
1910 27,337 15.7%
1920 30,117 10.2%
1930 33,368 10.8%
1940 36,512 9.4%
1950 39,050 7.0%
1960 40,204 3.0%
1970 40,728 1.3%
1980 48,611 19.4%
1990 57,494 18.3%
2000 66,215 15.2%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Oconee County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

For 1890, see: United States Census 1890

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Oconee County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files The USGenWeb Census Project®

Church History and Records

Presbyterian

  • The Old Stone Church, Oconee County, South Carolina. Columbia, S.C.?: Old Stone Church and Cemetery Association with cooperation of the Andrew Pickens and Cateechee Chapters, D.A.R., 1905. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Court Records

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

More than 10 genealogies have been published about Oconee County families. To view a list, visit Oconee County, South Carolina Genealogy.

History

  • History of old Pendleton District with a genealogy of the leading families of the district
  1. 1913 version FHL Book 975.72 H2s 1913, fiche 6010898 (1 fiche), FHL Book 975.72 H2s index
  2. 1978 version FHL Book 975.72 H2s 1978a, fiche 6010898 (1 fiche), FHL Book 975.72 H2s index

Land and Property

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868 For information about the State Land Grants, see State Land Grants

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Oconee County for European settlers included:[4], and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast, 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) ▲ WorldCat 1523234.</ref>

Military History and Recods

French and Indian War

  • "Garrison at Ft. Prince George, 1756, Keowee," Tulsa Annals, January 1973, Volume 8, Issue 1. Tulsa Genealogical Society: Tulsa, OK. FHL 40544

War of 1812

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Book 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Oconee County, p. 187. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]

Civil War

Oconee County was created in 1868, three years after the Civil War ended. During the Civil War, the area of Oconee County was part of Pickens District (later Pickens County). Men living in the area of what is now Oconee County may have served in regiments from Pickens District/County.

-1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (Orr's)
-Company A (also known as Kowee Riflemen)
-Company C (also known as Mountain Boys)
-Company E (also known as Oconee Riflemen)
-Company F (also known as Blue Ridge Rifles)
  • Bell, Louise Matheson. Rebels in Grey: Soldiers from Pickens District, 1861-1865 ( Seneca, S.C.: Greys of Oconee Chapter No. 1783, United Daughters of the Confederacy, ©1984), 172 pages. Concerns Pickens and Oconee Counties. WorldCat 11859701.

Militia

  • Holder, Frederick C.; South Carolina (State) Militia, 2nd Regiment; South Carolina (State) Militia, 5th Regiment; Oconee County Historical Society (Oconee County, South Carolina). The Bailey A. Barton Muster Roll Book of Pickens District, South Carolina [1858]. Seneca, S.C.: Oconee County Historical Society, 1990. FHL Collection Book 975.723 M2b; Film 1697757 item 12. Reviewed in The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1990):280-281. Digital version of review at JSTOR ($). [Covers present Pickens and Oconee counties.]

Native American

  • Seaborn, Margaret Mills. From 1730 through 1776, Cherokee Indian Towns of Oconee County, South Carolina: With Principal Paths. n.p.: n.p., 1974. Map. FHL 975.721 E7sm

Newspapers

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Oconee County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • Old Pendleton District Newsletter

Probate

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[6] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina Probate Records.

Taxation

Published abstracts

  • [1864] Internal Revenue Assessment, 1864, Old Pendleton District Newsletter, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Mar. 2009).

To see how the Civil War financially impacted residents of Oconee County, South Carolina, compare values of real and personal estates on the 1860 Census, with 1866-1867 tax records:

  • [1866-1867] Rich, Peggy Burton and Margarette Gibbs Ogle. Pickens District, South Carolina 1866 Tax List, January 1, 1866- January 1, 1867. n.p.: South Carolina Genealogical Society. Old Pendleton Chapter, 1991. FHL Book 975.72 R4r

Vital Records

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth

State-wide birth registration began in 1915. For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Oconee County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information. For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Birth Substitutes - Indexes

1849-1949 - Keowee Courier Newspaper by Oconee County, South Carolina USGenWeb - index, incomplete

Marriage

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Oconee County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information. See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages and Marriage Substitutes - Indexes and Records

Death

State-wide death registration began in 1915. For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Oconee County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years. For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths and Death Substitutes - Indexes and Records

  • 1826-1848; 1857-1871 - Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871 [10] WorldCat 54474080, FHL Collection - index
  • 1849-1868 - The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868 by Colleen M. Elliot [11] WorldCat 6421580, FHL Collection - missing years, index
  • 1914-1960 - State-wide South Carolina Death Indexes. There are several online death indexes covering all of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Societies, Libraries and Museums

note: the societies with their own memberships, libraries, museums and collections.

  • Oconee County Genealogical Society
    247 Cross Hill Road
    Easley SC 29640
    source: Society Hill

Family History Centers

Seneca South Carolina
5003 Wells Highway
Seneca, Oconee, South Carolina, United States
Phone: 864-886-9345
Hours: T,Th 10 a.m to 5 p.m Wed. 6;30 p.m. to 8;30 p.m.
Closed: Closed Major Holidays

Websites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Oconee County, South Carolina

References

  1. List of counties in South Carolina
  2. WorldCat 50140092 FHL Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)
  3. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  4. &lt;ref&gt;WorldCat 50140092 FHL Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)
  5. William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) ▲ WorldCat 1523234.
  6. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  7. Revill, Janie, Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871, [S.I.]: [s.n.], 1933-1936.
  8. Elliot, Colleen M., The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, c1979.
  9. South Carolina. Probate Court (Oconee County), Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2004.
  10. Revill, Janie, Abstract of Marriages and Deaths from the Pendleton Messenger, 1826- 1848, the Keowee Courier, 1857-1871, [S.I.]: [s.n.], 1933-1936.
  11. Elliot, Colleen M., The Keowee Courier, 1849-1851, 1857-1861 and 1865-1868, Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, c1979.