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United States  Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Oconee County


Oconee County, South Carolina
Map
Map of South Carolina highlighting Oconee County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded January 29, 1868
County Seat Walhalla
Courthouse

Contents

Quick Dates

Oconee County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
 1915 1911  1915  1870  1868  1868 

County Courthouse

OconeeSC.jpg

Oconee County Courthouse
415 South Pine Street
Walhalla, SC 29691

Clerk of Court
P.O. Box 678
Walhalla, SC 29691
Phone: 864-638-4280
Court records

Register of Deeds
415 South Pine Street
Walhalla, SC 29691
Phone: 864-638-4285
Land records

Probate Court
P.O. Box 471
Walhalla, SC 29691
Phone: 864-638-4275
Probate and marriage records

Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday

History

The county is named after the Oconee tribe of Native Americans.[1]

Parent County

1868--Oconee County was created 29 January 1868 from Pickens County.
County seat: Walhalla [2]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[3]

Boundary Changes

"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. The maps rely on AniMap 3.0 software.

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Battle Creek Cross Roads Johns Mill Retreat
Boones Creek Dixon Crossroads Keowee Return
Bounty Land Earles Grove Kulsetsiyi (hist.) Richland
Brasstown Ebenezer Long Bottom Ford Russell (hist.)
Brock Ensenaka (hist.) Longcreek Salem
Burns Mill Fair Play Madison Seneca
Camp Oak Fairview Moody Cove Shiloh
Chagee (hist.) Five Points Newry South Union
Chauga Heights Flat Shoals Oakway Tamassee
Cheohee Harbin (hist.) Oconee (hist.) Utica
Clearmont Hicks Store Old Madison Walhalla
Clemson Holly Springs Old Pickens West Union
Conneross(hist.) Horse Shoe (hist.) Percival Crossroads Westminster
Corinth Jason Phinney Whetstone
Courtenay Jocassee Picket Post

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans

  • Megginson, W.J. Black Soldiers in World War I: Anderson, Pickens and Oconee Counties, South Carolina; with a Discussion of Pensions for Civil War Slave Labor. Seneca, S.C.: Oconee County Historical Society, 1994. FHL 975.72 M2m

Cemeteries

There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Oconee County, South Carolina Cemeteries.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 10,536
1880 16,256 54.3%
1890 18,687 15.0%
1900 23,634 26.5%
1910 27,337 15.7%
1920 30,117 10.2%
1930 33,368 10.8%
1940 36,512 9.4%
1950 39,050 7.0%
1960 40,204 3.0%
1970 40,728 1.3%
1980 48,611 19.4%
1990 57,494 18.3%
2000 66,215 15.2%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Oconee County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Oconee County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

Church

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Seneca

Presbyterian

  • The Old Stone Church, Oconee County, South Carolina. Columbia, S.C.?: Old Stone Church and Cemetery Association with cooperation of the Andrew Pickens and Cateechee Chapters, D.A.R., 1905. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Court

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy

More than 10 genealogies have been published about Oconee County families. To view a list, visit Oconee County, South Carolina Genealogy.

Land

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Local Histories

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to Oconee County for European settlers included:[4]

Military

French and Indian War
  • "Garrison at Ft. Prince George, 1756, Keowee," Tulsa Annals, January 1973, Volume 8, Issue 1. Tulsa Genealogical Society : Tulsa, OK. FHL 40544
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Oconee County, p. 187. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Oconee County was created in 1868, three years after the Civil War ended. During the Civil War, the area of Oconee County was part of Pickens District (later Pickens County). Men living in the area of what is now Oconee County may have served in regiments from Pickens District/County.

  • Bell, Louise Matheson. Rebels in Grey : Soldiers from Pickens District, 1861-1865 ( Seneca, S.C. : Greys of Oconee Chapter No. 1783, United Daughters of the Confederacy, ©1984), 172 pages. Concerns Pickens and Oconee Counties. Book atWorldCat.



Militia
  • Holder, Frederick C.; South Carolina (State) Militia, 2nd Regiment; South Carolina (State) Militia, 5th Regiment; Oconee County Historical Society (Oconee County, South Carolina). The Bailey A. Barton Muster Roll Book of Pickens District, South Carolina [1858]. Seneca, S.C.: Oconee County Historical Society, 1990. FHL Collection Book 975.723 M2b; Film 1697757 item 12. Reviewed in The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1990):280-281. Digital version of review at JSTOR ($). [Covers present Pickens and Oconee counties.]

Native American

  • Seaborn, Margaret Mills. From 1730 through 1776, Cherokee Indian Towns of Oconee County, South Carolina: With Principal Paths. n.p.: n.p., 1974. Map. FHL 975.721 E7sm

Newspapers

Historic

The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Oconee County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • Old Pendleton District Newsletter

Probate

Taxation

Published abstracts
  • [1864] Internal Revenue Assessment, 1864, Old Pendleton District Newsletter, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Mar. 2009).

To see how the Civil War financially impacted residents of Oconee County, South Carolina, compare values of real and personal estates on the 1860 Census, with 1866-1867 tax records:

  • [1866-1867] Rich, Peggy Burton and Margarette Gibbs Ogle. Pickens District, South Carolina 1866 Tax List, January 1, 1866- January 1, 1867. n.p.: South Carolina Genealogical Society. Old Pendleton Chapter, 1991. FHL Book 975.72 R4r

Vital Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums

Societies

Societies

Old Pendleton District SCGS Chapter
P.O. Box 603
Central SC 29630-0603
E-mail: claytonroom@swi.edu
Old Pendleton District includes Anderson, Oconee and Pickens Counties.

Oconee County Genealogical Society
247 Cross Hill Road
Easley SC 29640
source: Society Hill

Family History Centers

Seneca South Carolina
5003 Wells Highway
Seneca, Oconee, South Carolina, United States
Phone: 864-886-9345
Hours: T,Th 10 a.m to 5 p.m Wed. 6;30 p.m. to 8;30 p.m.
Closed: Closed Major Holidays

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Oconee County, South Carolina

References

  1. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), especially the book's pocket map by W.E. Myer, "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923) and pages 12-14. (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  5. William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.

 

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