Ohio Census

From FamilySearch Wiki

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== Availability  ==
 
== Availability  ==
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===Federal Census===
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*'''1800 Census--'''Lists of territorial residents in 1800 also exist for Washington County.
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*'''1810 Census--'''Returns for the 1810 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1810 census are the returns for Washington County.
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*'''1820-1930 Census--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. Federal censuses of Ohio for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.
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*'''1890 Census--'''Returns for the 1890 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1890 census are military schedules listing widows and pensioners from the Civil War.
  
'''1820-1930 Census--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. Federal censuses of Ohio for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.  
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:'''Census Substitute--'''Some early tax records have been compiled and indexed to substitute for the early censuses. <ref>Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. ''Early Ohio Census Records''. Second Edition. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1974. (Family History Library book 977.1 X2p.)</ref>
  
'''1800 Census--'''Lists of territorial residents in 1800 also exist for Washington County.
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==Historical Background==
 
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'''1810 Census--'''Returns for the 1810&nbsp;were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1810 census are the returns for Washington County.
+
 
+
'''1890&nbsp;Census--'''Returns for the 1890 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1890 census are military schedules listing widows and pensioners from the Civil War.
+
 
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'''Census Substitute--'''Some early tax records have been compiled and indexed to substitute for the early censuses. One example is:
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*Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. ''Early Ohio Census Records''. Second Edition. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1974. (Family History Library book 977.1 X2p.)
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&nbsp;
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== Historcial Background ==
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== Indexes  ==
 
== Indexes  ==
  
'''Ancestry--'''All federal census years available for Ohio are indexed on [[Www.ancestry.com|Ancestry]].  
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'''Ancestry--'''All federal census years available for Ohio are indexed on [Www.ancestry.com Ancestry].  
  
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===State Wide Indexes===
 
Statewide indexes for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 censuses are available in book format. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Be aware that the 1880 soundex index is incomplete and includes only those families with children born between 1870 and 1880. Either check the 1880 index in book format or search the actual census for the place where your ancestors lived.  
 
Statewide indexes for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 censuses are available in book format. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Be aware that the 1880 soundex index is incomplete and includes only those families with children born between 1870 and 1880. Either check the 1880 index in book format or search the actual census for the place where your ancestors lived.  
  
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Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.  
 
Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.  
  
:1830 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1402857 item 1<br>
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:1830 Family History Library <ref> film 1402857 item 1<br></ref>
:1840 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1402857 item 2<br>
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:1840 Family History Library <ref> film 1402857 item 2<br></ref>
:1850 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1402858 item 1<br>
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:1850 Family History Library <ref> film 1402858 item 1<br></ref>
:1860 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1402858 item 2<br>
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:1860 Family History Library <ref> film 1402858 item 2<br></ref>
:1870 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1402859<br>
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:1870 Family History Library <ref> film 1402859<br></ref>
:1880 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1402862<br>
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:1880 Family History Library <ref> film 1402862<br></ref>
:1900 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1303025<br>
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:1900 Family History Library <ref> film 1303025<br></ref>
:1910 Family History Library&nbsp;film 1374009<br>
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:1910 Family History Library <ref> film 1374009<br></ref>
:1920 Family History&nbsp;Library&nbsp;film 1842715<br>
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:1920 Family History Library <ref> film 1842715<br></ref>
:1930 Family History Library&nbsp;film 2261295-6
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:1930 Family History Library <ref> film 2261295-6</ref>
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census''. (on 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.) Often referred to as the 39 Cities Index, it lists street addresses with corresponding census enumeration districts for Canton, Cleveland, Dayton, and Youngstown.
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census'' <ref>  (on 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.)</ref> Often referred to as the 39 Cities Index, it lists street addresses with corresponding census enumeration districts for Canton, Cleveland, Dayton, and Youngstown.
  
 
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== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/ohio.htm Access Genealogy]  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]  
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*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]
 
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*[http://www.census-online.com/links/OH/ Census Online]  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]  
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*[http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/oh/census.html Genealogy Today]  
 
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*[http://www.heritagequestonline.com Heritage Quest Online]  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/OH/ http://www.census-online.com/links/OH/]  
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*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules]  
 
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Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/oh/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/oh/census.html]  
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Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/ohio.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/ohio.htm]  
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Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]  
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Ohio.ASP Ohio Research Outline]. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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<references/>
 
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[[Category:Ohio]]
 
[[Category:Ohio]]

Revision as of 23:27, 8 October 2008

Portal:United States Census >Ohio

Contents

Availability

Federal Census

  • 1800 Census--Lists of territorial residents in 1800 also exist for Washington County.
  • 1810 Census--Returns for the 1810 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1810 census are the returns for Washington County.
  • 1820-1930 Census--The Family History Library has the U.S. Federal censuses of Ohio for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.
  • 1890 Census--Returns for the 1890 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1890 census are military schedules listing widows and pensioners from the Civil War.
Census Substitute--Some early tax records have been compiled and indexed to substitute for the early censuses. [1]

Historical Background

Indexes

Ancestry--All federal census years available for Ohio are indexed on [Www.ancestry.com Ancestry].

State Wide Indexes

Statewide indexes for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 censuses are available in book format. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Be aware that the 1880 soundex index is incomplete and includes only those families with children born between 1870 and 1880. Either check the 1880 index in book format or search the actual census for the place where your ancestors lived.

When indexes are not available or a name is omitted from an index you can still look for the name in the census. To find a person who lived in a large city, it helps to first find his or her address in the city directory for the same year as the census (see Ohio Directories). Then look for that address on the original census schedules.

The following reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:

  • Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library book 973 D27kc; fiche 6010059-60.) Includes ward maps and street indexes for Cincinnati, 1850 to 1855.

Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.

1830 Family History Library [2]
1840 Family History Library [3]
1850 Family History Library [4]
1860 Family History Library [5]
1870 Family History Library [6]
1880 Family History Library [7]
1900 Family History Library [8]
1910 Family History Library [9]
1920 Family History Library [10]
1930 Family History Library [11]


  • United States. Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census [12] Often referred to as the 39 Cities Index, it lists street addresses with corresponding census enumeration districts for Canton, Cleveland, Dayton, and Youngstown.


Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

Mortality schedules (lists of deaths in the year preceding the census) exist for the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. The 1850 schedule includes only counties beginning alphabetically with Hamilton through Wyandot. The 1860 schedule includes all counties, the 1870 includes only Seneca County, and the 1880 includes the counties Adams through Geauga. These records are available at the State Library of Ohio and at the Family History Library. Some have been indexed. For online mortality schedules see: Mortality Schedules 1850-1880


State and Territorial Censuses

Territorial Censuses

Web Sites

References

  1. Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. Early Ohio Census Records. Second Edition. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1974. (Family History Library book 977.1 X2p.)
  2. film 1402857 item 1
  3. film 1402857 item 2
  4. film 1402858 item 1
  5. film 1402858 item 2
  6. film 1402859
  7. film 1402862
  8. film 1303025
  9. film 1374009
  10. film 1842715
  11. film 2261295-6
  12. (on 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.)