Ohio Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Ohio|Ohio]]  >  [[Ohio_Census|Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Ohio|Ohio]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Ohio_Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Ohio censuses, [[Ohio Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
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<br>  
  
=== Federal Census  ===
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Ohio Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
*'''1800 Census--'''Lists of territorial residents in 1800 also exist for Washington County.
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|}
*'''1810 Census--'''Returns for the 1810&nbsp;were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1810 census are the returns for Washington County. See [[Burned Counties Research|Burned Counties Research]] for tips.
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*'''1820-1930 Census--'''The Family History Library has the U.S. Federal censuses of Ohio for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.
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'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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=== Online Ohio indexes and images ===
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors''
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{{Census Online Ohio}}
  
*'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
*'''1890&nbsp;Census--'''Returns for the 1890 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1890 census are military schedules listing widows and pensioners from the Civil War. See [[Burned Counties Research|Burned Counties Research]] for tips.
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|744954|subject-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|698915|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}
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| {{FHL|745502|title-id|disp=1830}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|1037498|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|640286|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|705524|title-id|disp=1860}}
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| {{FHL|745502|title-id|disp=18<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282145531475_583" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282145531475_500" />20&nbsp;}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|554071|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|676504|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744494|title-id|disp=1850}}
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| {{FHL|720620|title-id|disp=1810&nbsp;}}
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|-
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|
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|
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| {{FHL|745502|title-id|disp=1840}}
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| {{FHL|720623|title-id|disp=1800&nbsp;}}
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|}
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
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<br>  
  
'''Census Substitute--'''Some early tax records have been compiled and indexed to substitute for the early censuses. <ref>Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. ''Early Ohio Census Records''. Second Edition. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1974. (Family History Library book 977.1 X2p.)</ref>  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#ohio 1910 T624]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-02.html#ohio Soundex T1272]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#ohio 1870 M593]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#ohio 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-05.html#ohio Soundex T1065]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#ohio 1860 M653]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#ohio 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#ohio Soundex M1581]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html#cs 1890 fragments M407]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html#ic index M496]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#ohio 1850 M432]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#ohio 1880&nbsp;T9&nbsp;]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#ohio Soundex T767]
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|
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| &nbsp;
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| &nbsp;
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|}
  
== Historical Background ==
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
== Indexes ==
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Ohio, [[Ohio Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''Ancestry--'''All federal census years available for Ohio are indexed on [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry].
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
=== State Wide Indexes ===
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
[[United States Census State Census|Statewide indexes]] for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 censuses are available in book format. [[Soundex|Soundex]] (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Be aware that the 1880 soundex index is incomplete and includes only those families with children born between 1870 and 1880. Either check the 1880 index in book format or search the actual census for the place where your ancestors lived.  
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{| align="center" width="82%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Ohio'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality ('''[[Ohio Censuses Existing and Lost|Partial]]''')  
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality ('''[[Ohio Censuses Existing and Lost|Partial]]''')
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality ('''[[Ohio Censuses Existing and Lost|Partial]]''')
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
When indexes are not available or a name is omitted from an index you can still look for the name in the census. To find a person who lived in a large city, it helps to first find his or her address in the city directory for the same year as the census (see [[Ohio Directories|Ohio Directories]]). Then look for that address on the original census schedules.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
The following reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| {{FHL|589452|title-id|disp=1850-1880 Agriculture Census}}
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| {{FHL|260509|title-id|disp=1850 Mortality Schedule}}
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| {{FHL|260484|title-id|disp=1860 Mortality Schedule}}
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|}
  
*''A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States'' <ref>Kirkham, E. Kay. ''A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States''. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library book 973 D27kc; fiche 6010059-60.) </ref>Includes ward maps and street indexes for Cincinnati, 1850 to 1855.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.  
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Ohio, [[Ohio Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
:1830 Family History Library <ref>film 1402857 item 1&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
:1840 Family History Library <ref>film 1402857 item 2&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1850 Family History Library <ref>film 1402858 item 1&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1860 Family History Library <ref>film 1402858 item 2&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1870 Family History Library <ref>film 1402859&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1880 Family History Library <ref>film 1402862&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1900 Family History Library <ref>film 1303025&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1910 Family History Library <ref>film 1374009&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1920 Family History Library <ref>film 1842715&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;br&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;</ref>
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:1930 Family History Library <ref>film 2261295-6</ref>
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<br>
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{| align="center" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" | '''Ohio state, territorial, and colonial censuses'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 91-94.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 52.</ref>
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|-
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| align="left" | &nbsp;No State sponsored enumeration was taken for Ohio.&nbsp; Some&nbsp;local&nbsp;enumerations were taken for a few counties.&nbsp;
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|}
  
*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census'' <ref>(on 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.)</ref> Often referred to as the 39 Cities Index, it lists street addresses with corresponding census enumeration districts for Canton, Cleveland, Dayton, and Youngstown.
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
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<br>
+
  
== Special Censuses ==
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For a list of available and missing Ohio censuses, [[Ohio Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
==== Mortality Schedules ====
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=== Why use a census? ===
  
[[United States Census Census Mortality|Mortality schedules]] (lists of deaths in the year preceding the census) exist for the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. The 1850 schedule includes only counties beginning alphabetically with Hamilton through Wyandot. The 1860 schedule includes all counties, the 1870 includes only Seneca County, and the 1880 includes the counties Adams through Geauga. These records are available at the [http://books.google.com/books?id=TGYlUjD2zi4C&pg=PA37&lpg=PA37&dq=State+library+of+ohio+mortality+schedules&source=web&ots=8wJSe9VOR4&sig=-4orXKOj6CVAzEgdRpa1bCGvZ1I&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result State Library of Ohio] and at the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=mortality+schedules+ohio&prekeyword=mortality+schedules+ohio Family History Library]. Some have been indexed. For online mortality schedules see:&nbsp;[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
== Web Sites  ==
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:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
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:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/ohio.htm Access Genealogy]
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]
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*[http://www.census-online.com/links/OH/ Census Online]
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*[http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/oh/census.html Genealogy Today]
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*[http://www.heritagequestonline.com Heritage Quest Online]
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*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules]
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== References  ==
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{{reflist}}
  
<references />
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{{Ohio|Ohio}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:Ohio|Census]]
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[[Category:Ohio|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 02:06, 13 September 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Ohio  go to  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Ohio indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Ohio 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link Link Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
partial 1890 indexes Link - Link Link - Link Link Link - -
images - - - Link - Link Link Link - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc. Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex 1870  1830
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860 1820 
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850 1810 
1840 1800 


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1272 1870 M593 1840 M704
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1065 1860 M653 1830 M19
1920 T625 and Soundex M1581 1890 fragments M407 and index M496 1850 M432 1820 M33
  1880 T9   Soundex T767    

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Ohio, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Ohio

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality (Partial) Link - - - Link Link Link
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1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

1850-1880 Agriculture Census 1850 Mortality Schedule 1860 Mortality Schedule

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Ohio, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Ohio state, territorial, and colonial censuses[8][9]
 No State sponsored enumeration was taken for Ohio.  Some local enumerations were taken for a few counties. 

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Ohio censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 91-94.
  9. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 52.