Ohio Census

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''[[Portal:United States of America|United States]] > [[Portal:Ohio|Ohio]] > Ohio Census''
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''[[Portal:United States of America|United States]] > [[Portal:Ohio|Ohio]] > Ohio Census''  
  
 
== Availability  ==
 
== Availability  ==
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*'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
 
*'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
  
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.  
  
 
*'''1890 Census--'''Returns for the 1890 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1890 census are military schedules listing widows and pensioners from the Civil War. See [[Burned Counties Research|Burned Counties Research]] for tips.
 
*'''1890 Census--'''Returns for the 1890 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1890 census are military schedules listing widows and pensioners from the Civil War. See [[Burned Counties Research|Burned Counties Research]] for tips.
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.  
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'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679"></span>]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.  
  
'''Census Substitute--'''Some early tax records have been compiled and indexed to substitute for the early censuses. <ref>Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. ''Early Ohio Census Records''. Second Edition. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1974. (Family History Library book 977.1 X2p.)</ref>
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'''Census Substitute--'''Some early tax records have been compiled and indexed to substitute for the early censuses. <ref>Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. ''Early Ohio Census Records''. Second Edition. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1974. (Family History Library book 977.1 X2p.)</ref>  
  
==Historical Background==
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== Historical Background ==
  
 
== Indexes  ==
 
== Indexes  ==
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'''Ancestry--'''All federal census years available for Ohio are indexed on [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry].  
 
'''Ancestry--'''All federal census years available for Ohio are indexed on [http://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry].  
  
===State Wide Indexes===
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=== State Wide Indexes ===
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[[United States. United-States - Census-State Census|Statewide indexes]] for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 censuses are available in book format. [[Soundex|Soundex]] (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Be aware that the 1880 soundex index is incomplete and includes only those families with children born between 1870 and 1880. Either check the 1880 index in book format or search the actual census for the place where your ancestors lived.  
 
[[United States. United-States - Census-State Census|Statewide indexes]] for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 censuses are available in book format. [[Soundex|Soundex]] (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Be aware that the 1880 soundex index is incomplete and includes only those families with children born between 1870 and 1880. Either check the 1880 index in book format or search the actual census for the place where your ancestors lived.  
  
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Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.  
 
Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.  
  
:1830 Family History Library <ref> film 1402857 item 1<br></ref>
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:1830 Family History Library <ref>film 1402857 item 1&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1840 Family History Library <ref> film 1402857 item 2<br></ref>
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:1840 Family History Library <ref>film 1402857 item 2&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1850 Family History Library <ref> film 1402858 item 1<br></ref>
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:1850 Family History Library <ref>film 1402858 item 1&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1860 Family History Library <ref> film 1402858 item 2<br></ref>
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:1860 Family History Library <ref>film 1402858 item 2&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1870 Family History Library <ref> film 1402859<br></ref>
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:1870 Family History Library <ref>film 1402859&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1880 Family History Library <ref> film 1402862<br></ref>
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:1880 Family History Library <ref>film 1402862&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1900 Family History Library <ref> film 1303025<br></ref>
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:1900 Family History Library <ref>film 1303025&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1910 Family History Library <ref> film 1374009<br></ref>
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:1910 Family History Library <ref>film 1374009&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1920 Family History Library <ref> film 1842715<br></ref>
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:1920 Family History Library <ref>film 1842715&lt;br&gt;</ref>  
:1930 Family History Library <ref> film 2261295-6</ref>
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:1930 Family History Library <ref>film 2261295-6</ref>
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census'' <ref> (on 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.)</ref> Often referred to as the 39 Cities Index, it lists street addresses with corresponding census enumeration districts for Canton, Cleveland, Dayton, and Youngstown.
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census'' <ref>(on 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.)</ref> Often referred to as the 39 Cities Index, it lists street addresses with corresponding census enumeration districts for Canton, Cleveland, Dayton, and Youngstown.
  
 
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==== Mortality Schedules  ====
 
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
  
[[United States. United-States - Census-Mortality|Mortality schedules]] (lists of deaths in the year preceding the census) exist for the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. The 1850 schedule includes only counties beginning alphabetically with Hamilton through Wyandot. The 1860 schedule includes all counties, the 1870 includes only Seneca County, and the 1880 includes the counties Adams through Geauga. These records are available at the [http://books.google.com/books?id=TGYlUjD2zi4C&pg=PA37&lpg=PA37&dq=State+library+of+ohio+mortality+schedules&source=web&ots=8wJSe9VOR4&sig=-4orXKOj6CVAzEgdRpa1bCGvZ1I&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result State Library of Ohio] and at the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=mortality+schedules+ohio&prekeyword=mortality+schedules+ohio Family History Library]. Some have been indexed. For online mortality schedules see:&nbsp;[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]  
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[[United States Census Census Mortality|Mortality schedules]] (lists of deaths in the year preceding the census) exist for the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. The 1850 schedule includes only counties beginning alphabetically with Hamilton through Wyandot. The 1860 schedule includes all counties, the 1870 includes only Seneca County, and the 1880 includes the counties Adams through Geauga. These records are available at the [http://books.google.com/books?id=TGYlUjD2zi4C&pg=PA37&lpg=PA37&dq=State+library+of+ohio+mortality+schedules&source=web&ots=8wJSe9VOR4&sig=-4orXKOj6CVAzEgdRpa1bCGvZ1I&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=6&ct=result State Library of Ohio] and at the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=mortality+schedules+ohio&prekeyword=mortality+schedules+ohio Family History Library]. Some have been indexed. For online mortality schedules see:&nbsp;[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]  
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
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'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.  
  
 
== Territorial Censuses  ==
 
== Territorial Censuses  ==
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/ohio.htm Access Genealogy]  
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/ohio.htm Access Genealogy]  
*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]
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*[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry.com]  
 
*[http://www.census-online.com/links/OH/ Census Online]  
 
*[http://www.census-online.com/links/OH/ Census Online]  
 
*[http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/oh/census.html Genealogy Today]  
 
*[http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/oh/census.html Genealogy Today]  
 
*[http://www.heritagequestonline.com Heritage Quest Online]  
 
*[http://www.heritagequestonline.com Heritage Quest Online]  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules]  
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*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules]
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references/>
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<references />
[[Category:Ohio]]
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[[Category:Ohio|Ohio]]

Revision as of 17:56, 10 April 2009

United States > Ohio > Ohio Census

Contents

Availability

Federal Census

  • 1800 Census--Lists of territorial residents in 1800 also exist for Washington County.
  • 1810 Census--Returns for the 1810 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1810 census are the returns for Washington County. See Burned Counties Research for tips.
  • 1820-1930 Census--The Family History Library has the U.S. Federal censuses of Ohio for 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.

1850 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

1860 United States Census—A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors

  • 1870 United States Census---A free internet index and images can be viewed on FamilySearch Record Pilot site. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.

1880 United States Census– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site. This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.

  • 1890 Census--Returns for the 1890 were almost entirely destroyed. All that remains of the 1890 census are military schedules listing widows and pensioners from the Civil War. See Burned Counties Research for tips.

1900 Federal Census - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the  FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.

Census Substitute--Some early tax records have been compiled and indexed to substitute for the early censuses. [1]

Historical Background

Indexes

Ancestry--All federal census years available for Ohio are indexed on Ancestry.

State Wide Indexes

Statewide indexes for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 censuses are available in book format. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are on microfilm for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses. Be aware that the 1880 soundex index is incomplete and includes only those families with children born between 1870 and 1880. Either check the 1880 index in book format or search the actual census for the place where your ancestors lived.

When indexes are not available or a name is omitted from an index you can still look for the name in the census. To find a person who lived in a large city, it helps to first find his or her address in the city directory for the same year as the census (see Ohio Directories). Then look for that address on the original census schedules.

The following reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:

  • A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States [2]Includes ward maps and street indexes for Cincinnati, 1850 to 1855.

Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.

1830 Family History Library [3]
1840 Family History Library [4]
1850 Family History Library [5]
1860 Family History Library [6]
1870 Family History Library [7]
1880 Family History Library [8]
1900 Family History Library [9]
1910 Family History Library [10]
1920 Family History Library [11]
1930 Family History Library [12]


  • United States. Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census [13] Often referred to as the 39 Cities Index, it lists street addresses with corresponding census enumeration districts for Canton, Cleveland, Dayton, and Youngstown.


Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

Mortality schedules (lists of deaths in the year preceding the census) exist for the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. The 1850 schedule includes only counties beginning alphabetically with Hamilton through Wyandot. The 1860 schedule includes all counties, the 1870 includes only Seneca County, and the 1880 includes the counties Adams through Geauga. These records are available at the State Library of Ohio and at the Family History Library. Some have been indexed. For online mortality schedules see: Mortality Schedules 1850-1880

1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months prior to the 1850 census.  Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.

Territorial Censuses

Web Sites

References

  1. Jackson, Ronald Vern, ed. Early Ohio Census Records. Second Edition. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1974. (Family History Library book 977.1 X2p.)
  2. Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library book 973 D27kc; fiche 6010059-60.)
  3. film 1402857 item 1<br>
  4. film 1402857 item 2<br>
  5. film 1402858 item 1<br>
  6. film 1402858 item 2<br>
  7. film 1402859<br>
  8. film 1402862<br>
  9. film 1303025<br>
  10. film 1374009<br>
  11. film 1842715<br>
  12. film 2261295-6
  13. (on 51 Family History Library fiche 6331481.)