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[[Ohio|''Ohio'']]
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''[[United States]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Ohio|Ohio]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Ohio_History|Ohio History]]''
===History===
+
Ancient burial mounds and forts throughout the region showed evidence of the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1283 Hopewell Indians]. In the 1600's, [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/time_period.php?rec=2 European explorers] found the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=584 Delaware], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=631 Shawnee], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=608 Mingo], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=646 Wyandot], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=606 Miami] and other [[Indians of Ohio| Indian tribes]] living there. At one time both [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0018408.html&StartPage=406&EndPage=415&volume=18&newtitle=Volume%2018%20Page%20406 France] and [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0001207.html&StartPage=207&EndPage=229&volume=1&notes=&newtitle=Volume%201%20Page%20207 Great Britain] both held claims to the Ohio area. After the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=772 Northwest Territory] was established, and the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1418 Treaty of Greenville] signed, thousands of settlers came to the Ohio region. Among the early settlers were Revolutionary War soldiers who had been given [http://www.genealogy.com/24_land.html bounty lands] in southeast Ohio for their military service.
+
  
The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1474 Harrison Land Act] in 1800 which enabled common people to purchase land in the Northwest Territory, which they did rapidly helping Ohio to become the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=530 17th state] on March 1, 1803.
+
<br>
  
To connect with trade to the East, Ohio built a 1,000-mile long canal system of eighty-three locks called the [http://my.ohio.voyager.net/~lstevens/canal/ Erie Canal], opening in 1825. This made an outlet for the Ohioan’s farms, forests and mines to conduct [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0031307.html&StartPage=304&EndPage=336&volume=31&newtitle=Volume%2031%20Page%20304 trade] with the outside communities. The [http://www.west2k.com/ohstations/stations.htm railroad] arrived in the mid 1800's, turning Ohio into a crossroads for trade and migration.
+
=== History  ===
  
Ohioans were instrumental in smuggling freedom seeking slaves to Canada by using the [http://www.fs.fed.us/r9/wayne/projects/ur_project/ur_home.html Underground Railroad]. This resulted in a scattering of small [http://www.angelfire.com/oh/chillicothe/ugrr.html African American communities] serving as temporary safe havens in southeastern Ohio.
+
Ancient burial mounds and forts throughout the region showed evidence of the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1283 Hopewell Indians]. In the 1600's, [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/time_period.php?rec=2 European explorers] found the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=584 Delaware], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=631 Shawnee], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=608 Mingo], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=646 Wyandot], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=606 Miami] and other [[Indians of Ohio|Indian tribes]] living there. At one time both [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0018408.html&StartPage=406&EndPage=415&volume=18&newtitle=Volume%2018%20Page%20406 France] and [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0001207.html&StartPage=207&EndPage=229&volume=1&notes=&newtitle=Volume%201%20Page%20207 Great Britain] both held claims to the Ohio area. After the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=772 Northwest Territory] was established, and the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1418 Treaty of Greenville] signed, thousands of settlers came to the Ohio region. Among the early settlers were Revolutionary War soldiers who had been given [http://www.genealogy.com/24_land.html bounty lands] in southeast Ohio for their military service.  
  
===Timeline===
+
The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1474 Harrison Land Act] in 1800 which enabled common people to purchase land in the Northwest Territory, which they did rapidly helping Ohio to become the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=530 17th state] on March 1, 1803.
The following are important dates in the history of Ohio that affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:
+
  
'''1656:''' Iroquois Confederacy claimed Ohio lands after defeating the Erie Indians.  
+
To connect with trade to the East, Ohio built a 1,000-mile long canal system of eighty-three locks called the [http://my.ohio.voyager.net/~lstevens/canal/ Ohio and Erie Canal], opening in 1825. This made an outlet for the Ohioan’s farms, forests and mines to conduct [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0031307.html&StartPage=304&EndPage=336&volume=31&newtitle=Volume%2031%20Page%20304 trade] with the outside communities. The [http://www.west2k.com/ohstations/stations.htm railroad] arrived in the mid 1800's, turning Ohio into a crossroads for trade and migration.  
  
'''1763:&nbsp;''' The British took possession of the area but discouraged settlers.  
+
Ohioans were instrumental in smuggling freedom seeking slaves to Canada by using the [http://www.fs.fed.us/r9/wayne/projects/ur_project/ur_home.html Underground Railroad]. This resulted in a scattering of small [http://www.angelfire.com/oh/chillicothe/ugrr.html African American communities] serving as temporary safe havens in southeastern Ohio.  
  
'''1772:''' Moravian misson at Schoenbrunn
+
The following important events in the history of [[Ohio|Ohio]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.
  
'''1777: '''Moravian mission at Coshocton
+
=== Timeline  ===
  
'''1772-1824:'''&nbsp;&nbsp;Moravian Indian land grants, 4,000 acres along the Tuscarawas River in Tuscarawas County.
+
The following are important dates in the history of Ohio that affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:
  
'''1787:&nbsp;''' The United States government established the Northwest Territory with the intent to open the land to Revolutionary War veterans and other settlers.  
+
*'''1656:''' [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/294660/Iroquois-Confederacy Iroquois Confederacy] claimed Ohio lands after defeating the Erie Indians.
 +
*'''1763:&nbsp;''' [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/536603/Proclamation-of-1763/536603rellinks/Related-Links The British took possession] of the area but discouraged settlers.
 +
*'''1772:''' [http://books.google.com/books?id=LRFePtMXjT8C&pg=PA194&lpg=PA194&dq=Moravian+mission+at+Schoenbrunn+1763&source=web&ots=JopDUTOj3z&sig=LzJiNAUci_xrgEv0YTM1iUNX5kM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct=result Moravian misson at Schoenbrunn]
 +
*'''1777: '''[http://books.google.com/books?id=0N47AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA201&lpg=PA201&dq=Moravian+mission+at+Coshocton&source=web&ots=wqkg_cP1Xj&sig=2PTg2QnAahGS2M8pF5J0k7JuVnw&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=9&ct=result#PPA202,M1 Moravian mission at Coshocton]
 +
*'''1772-1824:'''&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.heritagepursuit.com/Tuscarawas/TuscarawasChapI.htm Moravian Indian land grants], 4,000 acres along the Tuscarawas River in Tuscarawas County.
 +
*'''1787:&nbsp;''' The United States government established the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1747 Northwest Territory] with the intent to open the land to Revolutionary War veterans and other settlers.
 +
*'''1788:&nbsp;'''The first permanent white settlement was established at Marietta.
 +
*'''1794:''' (August 20,) [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=473 Battle of Fallen Timbers] near Miami River.&nbsp;[http://www.fallentimbersbattlefield.com/ General Wayne commanding] the U.S. forces, this victory ended Indian Wars in the area.
 +
*'''1799:''' [http://www.frontierplayers.org/timeline.html Ohio Territory]
 +
*'''1803:&nbsp; '''(March 1,)&nbsp;[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=530 Ohio gained statehood].
 +
*'''1805:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=432 Land ceded] by Ottawa, Wyandot, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Shawnee and Delaware Indians.
 +
*'''1807 &amp; 1808:'''&nbsp;&nbsp;Land ceded by Chippewa, Ottawa, Wyandot, an Potawatomi
 +
*'''1817: '''Land ceded by&nbsp;Ottawa, Wyandot, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Delaware, and Seneca&nbsp;&nbsp;
 +
*'''1818: '''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=440 Land ceded by Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Seneca]
 +
*'''1818:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=606&nm=Miami-Indians Land ceded by Wea]
 +
*'''1818: '''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=440 Land ceded by Miami]
 +
*'''1810-1840'''
 +
*'''1843:'''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1284 Wyandot removed to Kansas]
 +
*'''1861-1865:&nbsp;''' 310,000 Ohio men served in the Union armed forces during the [http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/ Civil War].
 +
*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
 +
*'''1917–1918:''' More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
 +
*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
 +
*'''1940–1945:''' Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].
 +
*'''1950–1953:''' Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].
 +
*'''1950's–1960's''' The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
 +
*'''1964–1972:''' Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
  
'''1788:&nbsp;'''The first permanent white settlement was established at Marietta.
+
=== Historical Content  ===
  
'''1794:''' (August 20,) Battle of Fallen Timbers near Miami River.&nbsp;General Wayne commanding&nbsp;the U.S. forces, this victory ended Indian Wars in the area.
+
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:
  
'''1799:''' Ohio Territory
+
{| width="80%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Parents' names
 +
*Maiden names of women
 +
*Place of birth, death, or marriage
  
'''1803:&nbsp; '''(March 1,)&nbsp;Ohio gained statehood.
+
| valign="top" |
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Migration
 +
*Military service
  
'''1805:''' Land ceded by Ottawa, Wyandot, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Shawnee and Delaware Indians.
+
| valign="top" |
 +
*Descendants
  
'''1807 &amp; 1808:'''&nbsp;&nbsp;Land ceded by Chippewa, Ottawa, Wyandot, an Potawatomi
+
|}
  
'''1817: '''Land ceded by&nbsp;Ottawa, Wyandot, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Delaware, and Seneca&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
=== Local Histories  ===
  
'''1818: '''Land ceded by Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Seneca
+
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.
  
'''1818:''' Land ceded by Wea
+
You may want to study local histories for areas such as the Maumee, Miami, Hocking, Muskingum, Scioto, and Mahoning Valleys.
  
'''1818: '''Land ceded by Miami
+
*Ohio Historical Society. ''The Ohio Surname Index''. <ref> Ohio Historical Society. ''The Ohio Surname Index''. {{Worldcat|21085497}} {{FHL|86323|item|disp=FHL film 398201  (first of 64 films)}}</ref> A compiled index to many Ohio county histories.
  
'''1810-1840'''<nowiki>:&nbsp; Many more settlers came by steamboat on the Ohio River and Lake Erie and by new canals, roads, and railroads.</nowiki>
+
'''Bibliography of Local Histories'''  
  
'''1843:''' Wyandot removed to Kansas
+
*Adams, Marilyn, comp. ''Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print''. <ref> Adams, Marilyn, comp. ''Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print''  (Clarkston, Georgia: Heritage Research, 1984.) {{WorldCat|11259104|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|31025|item|disp=FHL book 977.1 H23o}} </ref>
 +
*Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. <ref> Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985.) {{WorldCat|12356760|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|299450|item|disp=FHL book 973 H23bi}} </ref>
 +
*Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. <ref> Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' 5 vols. (Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76.) {{WorldCat|315166|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|252458|item|disp=FHL book 973 A3ka}} </ref>
  
'''1861-1865:&nbsp;''' 310,000 Ohio men served in the Union armed forces during the Civil War.  
+
=== State Histories Useful to Genealogists  ===
 +
 
 +
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Ohio.  
  
 
Several multi-volume histories of Ohio were written between 1890 and 1945. Two examples are:  
 
Several multi-volume histories of Ohio were written between 1890 and 1945. Two examples are:  
  
Howe, Henry. ''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~henryhowesbook/ Historical Collections of Ohio]''. Two Volumes. N.p.: The State of Ohio, 1908, c1888. (Family History Library book 977.1 H2hh 1908; film 1698149 item 5.) The set has been produced by a number of publishers since 1847. Many editions exist. An index to this book is:  
+
*Howe, Henry. ''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~henryhowesbook/ Historical Collections of Ohio]''. <ref> Howe, Henry. ''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~henryhowesbook/ Historical Collections of Ohio]''.  Two Volumes. (N.p.: The State of Ohio, 1908, c1888.) {{FHL|49770|item|disp=FHL film 1698149 Item 5; book 977.1 H2hh 1908}} </ref>The set has been produced by a number of publishers since 1847 and many editions exist.  
 +
*Day, Sandra H., comp. ''Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio.'' <ref> Day, Sandra H., comp. ''Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio.'' (Wintersville, Ohio: S.H. Day, 1987-89.) {{FHL|628842|item|disp=FHL fiche 6003182 (first of 3); book 977.1 H22d}} </ref>
 +
*Wittke, Carl F., ed. ''[http://archive.org/details/historyofstateof02witt The History of the State of Ohio.]'' <ref> Wittke, Carl F., ed. ''[http://archive.org/details/historyofstateof02witt The History of the State of Ohio.]''  Six Volumes. (Columbus, Ohio: The Society, 1941-1944.) {{FHL|180014|item|disp=FHL book 977.1 H2wi}} </ref>
 +
*''Valley of the Ohio''<ref> ''Valley of the Ohio'', Mann Butler, pub., 1971, Frankfurt Kentucky  {{WorldCat|475833|disp=At various libaries (WorldCat)}}  {{FHL|82247|item|disp=FHL film 897452 item 2; book 973 H2bm}}Digital version available through FHL catalog entry</ref>
 +
*''Evolution of Ohio County Boundaries'' <ref> ''Evolution of Ohio County Boundaries'', Randolph C., Downes, pub. 1970, Columbus Ohio {{WorldCat|263098|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|73497|item|disp=FHL book 977.1 H2do}}</ref>
 +
*''History of Ohio'' <ref> 'History of Ohio'' Charles Burleigh Galbreath, pub. 1925, Chicago (5 volumes) {{WorldCat|478168|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|219741|item|disp=FHL book 977.1 H2ga v. 4,5; films 931797-801}} </ref>
 +
*''The Ohio 100 Years Back'' <ref> ''The Ohio 100 Years Back'' Elliot Howard Giltey, pub. 1901, Columbus Ohio</ref>
 +
*''History of Ohio'' <ref> ''History of Ohio'' Emilius Oviatt Randall, pub. 1912, New York {{WorldCat|220890409|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}</ref>
 +
*''The Western Reserve and Early Ohio'' <ref> ''The Western Reserve and Early Ohio'' Peter Peterson Cherry, pub. 1921, Akron Ohio {{WorldCat|1089427|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}(Book), {{WorldCat|42044127|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}} (microform), {{FHL|74147|item|disp=FHL book 977.1 H2c}} (Family History Archive link inside Catalog) </ref>
  
Day, Sandra H., comp. ''Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio.'' Wintersville, Ohio: S.H. Day, 1987-89. (Family History Library book 977.1 H22d; fiche 6088090.)
+
=== United States History ===
  
Wittke, Carl F., ed. ''[http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/oh/abbot.htm The History of the State of Ohio]''. Six Volumes. Columbus, Ohio: The Society, 1941-1944. (Family History Library book 977.1 H2wi.)
+
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:  
  
You may want to study local histories for areas such as the Maumee, Miami, Hocking, Muskingum, Scioto, and Mahoning Valleys.  
+
*Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' <ref> Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) {{WorldCat|9392978|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}, {{FHL|531408|item|disp=FHL book 973 H2alm}}</ref> This book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  
A bibliography of local histories is:  
+
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. <ref> ''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) {{WorldCat|2507380|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}, {{FHL|76529|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H2ad}} </ref> Includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
  
Adams, Marilyn, comp. ''Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print''. Clarkston, Georgia: Heritage Research, 1984. (Family History Library book 977.1 H23o.)
+
*Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, ''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. <ref> (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) {{WorldCat|142893|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|280192|item|disp=FHL book 973 H2v}} </ref>Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
  
For an every-name index to the biographical sections of Ohio county histories, see the Ohio Surname Index, described in the "[[Ohio Biography|Biography]]" section of this outline.  
+
*American Historical Association, ''Writings on American History'' <ref> American Historical Association, ''Writings on American History''  (Washington, D.C.:American Historical Association,1960-1960) {{WorldCat|1770230|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|244514|item|disp=FHL book 973 H23w}}Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ&amp; Google Books] </ref>
  
Histories are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
=== Family History Library ===
  
OHIO - HISTORY
+
To access histories available through the Family History Library Catalog, use the Place-names Search for:
  
OHIO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY  
+
:OHIO - HISTORY
 
+
:OHIO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY  
OHIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
+
:OHIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
  
 
=== Web Sites  ===
 
=== Web Sites  ===
  
*[http://www.ohiostatepress.org/books/Book%20PDFs/Van%20Tine%20Builders.pdf Builders of Ohio]
+
*[http://www.ohiostatepress.org/books/Book%20PDFs/Van%20Tine%20Builders.pdf Builders of Ohio]  
*[http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml/fawhome.html The First American West: The Ohio River Valley 1770-1820]  
+
*[http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml/fawhome.html The First American West: The Ohio River Valley 1770-1820]
 +
 
 +
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
 +
 
 +
*[[Ohio Cuyahoga County Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ohio Cuyahoga County Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
*[[Ohio Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ohio Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
*[[Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 +
*[[Ohio, Stark County Coroner's Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ohio, Stark County Coroner's Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
  
 +
=== Sources and Footnotes ===
  
 +
<references /> {{Ohio|Ohio}}
  
[[Category:Ohio]]
+
[[Category:Ohio|History]]

Latest revision as of 21:35, 31 December 2012

United States   Gotoarrow.png  Ohio   Gotoarrow.png  Ohio History


Contents

History

Ancient burial mounds and forts throughout the region showed evidence of the Hopewell Indians. In the 1600's, European explorers found the Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, Wyandot, Miami and other Indian tribes living there. At one time both France and Great Britain both held claims to the Ohio area. After the Northwest Territory was established, and the Treaty of Greenville signed, thousands of settlers came to the Ohio region. Among the early settlers were Revolutionary War soldiers who had been given bounty lands in southeast Ohio for their military service.

The Harrison Land Act in 1800 which enabled common people to purchase land in the Northwest Territory, which they did rapidly helping Ohio to become the 17th state on March 1, 1803.

To connect with trade to the East, Ohio built a 1,000-mile long canal system of eighty-three locks called the Ohio and Erie Canal, opening in 1825. This made an outlet for the Ohioan’s farms, forests and mines to conduct trade with the outside communities. The railroad arrived in the mid 1800's, turning Ohio into a crossroads for trade and migration.

Ohioans were instrumental in smuggling freedom seeking slaves to Canada by using the Underground Railroad. This resulted in a scattering of small African American communities serving as temporary safe havens in southeastern Ohio.

The following important events in the history of Ohio affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.

Timeline

The following are important dates in the history of Ohio that affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:

Historical Content

Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:

  • Parents' names
  • Maiden names of women
  • Place of birth, death, or marriage
  • Occupation
  • Migration
  • Military service
  • Descendants

Local Histories

Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.

You may want to study local histories for areas such as the Maumee, Miami, Hocking, Muskingum, Scioto, and Mahoning Valleys.

  • Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Surname Index. [1] A compiled index to many Ohio county histories.

Bibliography of Local Histories

  • Adams, Marilyn, comp. Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print. [2]
  • Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. [3]
  • Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. [4]

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Ohio.

Several multi-volume histories of Ohio were written between 1890 and 1945. Two examples are:

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. [14] This book provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. [15] Includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations.
  • Van Doren, Charles Lincoln; Robert McHenry, Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. [16]Includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
  • American Historical Association, Writings on American History [17]

Family History Library

To access histories available through the Family History Library Catalog, use the Place-names Search for:

OHIO - HISTORY
OHIO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
OHIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY

Web Sites

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Sources and Footnotes

  1. Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Surname Index. WorldCat 21085497 FHL film 398201 (first of 64 films)
  2. Adams, Marilyn, comp. Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print (Clarkston, Georgia: Heritage Research, 1984.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 H23o
  3. Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H23bi
  4. Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress 5 vols. (Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 A3ka
  5. Howe, Henry. Historical Collections of Ohio. Two Volumes. (N.p.: The State of Ohio, 1908, c1888.) FHL film 1698149 Item 5; book 977.1 H2hh 1908
  6. Day, Sandra H., comp. Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio. (Wintersville, Ohio: S.H. Day, 1987-89.) FHL fiche 6003182 (first of 3); book 977.1 H22d
  7. Wittke, Carl F., ed. The History of the State of Ohio. Six Volumes. (Columbus, Ohio: The Society, 1941-1944.) FHL book 977.1 H2wi
  8. Valley of the Ohio, Mann Butler, pub., 1971, Frankfurt Kentucky At various libaries (WorldCat) FHL film 897452 item 2; book 973 H2bmDigital version available through FHL catalog entry
  9. Evolution of Ohio County Boundaries, Randolph C., Downes, pub. 1970, Columbus Ohio At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 H2do
  10. 'History of Ohio Charles Burleigh Galbreath, pub. 1925, Chicago (5 volumes) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 H2ga v. 4,5; films 931797-801
  11. The Ohio 100 Years Back Elliot Howard Giltey, pub. 1901, Columbus Ohio
  12. History of Ohio Emilius Oviatt Randall, pub. 1912, New York At various libraries (WorldCat)
  13. The Western Reserve and Early Ohio Peter Peterson Cherry, pub. 1921, Akron Ohio At various libraries (WorldCat)(Book), At various libraries (WorldCat) (microform), FHL book 977.1 H2c (Family History Archive link inside Catalog)
  14. Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. (Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2alm
  15. Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976.) At various libraries (WorldCat), FHL book 973 H2ad
  16. (Springfield, Mass.: G and C Merriam, 1971.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H2v
  17. American Historical Association, Writings on American History (Washington, D.C.:American Historical Association,1960-1960) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 H23wFull text available at Google Books

 

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