Ohio History

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''[[United States|United States]] &gt; [[Ohio|Ohio]] &gt; Ohio History''<br>
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''[[United States|United States]] &gt; [[Ohio|Ohio]] &gt; Ohio History''<br>
  
===History===
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=== History ===
Ancient burial mounds and forts throughout the region showed evidence of the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1283 Hopewell Indians]. In the 1600's, [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/time_period.php?rec=2 European explorers] found the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=584 Delaware], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=631 Shawnee], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=608 Mingo], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=646 Wyandot], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=606 Miami] and other [[Indians of Ohio| Indian tribes]] living there. At one time both [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0018408.html&StartPage=406&EndPage=415&volume=18&newtitle=Volume%2018%20Page%20406 France] and [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0001207.html&StartPage=207&EndPage=229&volume=1&notes=&newtitle=Volume%201%20Page%20207 Great Britain] both held claims to the Ohio area. After the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=772 Northwest Territory] was established, and the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1418 Treaty of Greenville] signed, thousands of settlers came to the Ohio region. Among the early settlers were Revolutionary War soldiers who had been given [http://www.genealogy.com/24_land.html bounty lands] in southeast Ohio for their military service.
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The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1474 Harrison Land Act] in 1800 which enabled common people to purchase land in the Northwest Territory, which they did rapidly helping Ohio to become the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=530 17th state] on March 1, 1803.
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Ancient burial mounds and forts throughout the region showed evidence of the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1283 Hopewell Indians]. In the 1600's, [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/time_period.php?rec=2 European explorers] found the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=584 Delaware], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=631 Shawnee], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=608 Mingo], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=646 Wyandot], [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=606 Miami] and other [[Indians of Ohio|Indian tribes]] living there. At one time both [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0018408.html&StartPage=406&EndPage=415&volume=18&newtitle=Volume%2018%20Page%20406 France] and [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0001207.html&StartPage=207&EndPage=229&volume=1&notes=&newtitle=Volume%201%20Page%20207 Great Britain] both held claims to the Ohio area. After the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=772 Northwest Territory] was established, and the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1418 Treaty of Greenville] signed, thousands of settlers came to the Ohio region. Among the early settlers were Revolutionary War soldiers who had been given [http://www.genealogy.com/24_land.html bounty lands] in southeast Ohio for their military service.  
  
To connect with trade to the East, Ohio built a 1,000-mile long canal system of eighty-three locks called the [http://my.ohio.voyager.net/~lstevens/canal/ Erie Canal], opening in 1825. This made an outlet for the Ohioan’s farms, forests and mines to conduct [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0031307.html&StartPage=304&EndPage=336&volume=31&newtitle=Volume%2031%20Page%20304 trade] with the outside communities. The [http://www.west2k.com/ohstations/stations.htm railroad] arrived in the mid 1800's, turning Ohio into a crossroads for trade and migration.
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The [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1474 Harrison Land Act] in 1800 which enabled common people to purchase land in the Northwest Territory, which they did rapidly helping Ohio to become the [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=530 17th state] on March 1, 1803.  
  
Ohioans were instrumental in smuggling freedom seeking slaves to Canada by using the [http://www.fs.fed.us/r9/wayne/projects/ur_project/ur_home.html Underground Railroad]. This resulted in a scattering of small [http://www.angelfire.com/oh/chillicothe/ugrr.html  African American communities] serving as temporary safe havens in southeastern Ohio.
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To connect with trade to the East, Ohio built a 1,000-mile long canal system of eighty-three locks called the [http://my.ohio.voyager.net/~lstevens/canal/ Ohio and Erie Canal], opening in 1825. This made an outlet for the Ohioan’s farms, forests and mines to conduct [http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0031307.html&StartPage=304&EndPage=336&volume=31&newtitle=Volume%2031%20Page%20304 trade] with the outside communities. The [http://www.west2k.com/ohstations/stations.htm railroad] arrived in the mid 1800's, turning Ohio into a crossroads for trade and migration.  
  
The following important events in the history of [[Ohio|Ohio]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.
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Ohioans were instrumental in smuggling freedom seeking slaves to Canada by using the [http://www.fs.fed.us/r9/wayne/projects/ur_project/ur_home.html Underground Railroad]. This resulted in a scattering of small [http://www.angelfire.com/oh/chillicothe/ugrr.html African American communities] serving as temporary safe havens in southeastern Ohio.
=== Timeline ===
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The following important events in the history of [[Ohio|Ohio]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.  
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=== Timeline ===
  
 
The following are important dates in the history of Ohio that affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:  
 
The following are important dates in the history of Ohio that affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:  
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*'''1807 &amp; 1808:'''&nbsp;&nbsp;Land ceded by Chippewa, Ottawa, Wyandot, an Potawatomi  
 
*'''1807 &amp; 1808:'''&nbsp;&nbsp;Land ceded by Chippewa, Ottawa, Wyandot, an Potawatomi  
 
*'''1817: '''Land ceded by&nbsp;Ottawa, Wyandot, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Delaware, and Seneca&nbsp;&nbsp;  
 
*'''1817: '''Land ceded by&nbsp;Ottawa, Wyandot, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Shawnee, Delaware, and Seneca&nbsp;&nbsp;  
*'''1818: '''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=440 Land ceded by Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Seneca ]
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*'''1818: '''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=440 Land ceded by Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Seneca]
*'''1818:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=606&nm=Miami-Indians Land ceded by Wea]  
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*'''1818:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=606&nm=Miami-Indians Land ceded by Wea]  
 
*'''1818: '''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=440 Land ceded by Miami]  
 
*'''1818: '''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=440 Land ceded by Miami]  
 
*'''1810-1840'''  
 
*'''1810-1840'''  
 
*'''1843:'''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1284 Wyandot removed to Kansas]  
 
*'''1843:'''[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1284 Wyandot removed to Kansas]  
 
*'''1861-1865:&nbsp;''' 310,000 Ohio men served in the Union armed forces during the [http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/ Civil War].  
 
*'''1861-1865:&nbsp;''' 310,000 Ohio men served in the Union armed forces during the [http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/ Civil War].  
*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.  
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*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.  
*'''1917–1918:''' More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
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*'''1917–1918:''' More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.  
*'''1930's:'''   [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
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*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.  
*'''1940–1945:'''   Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].
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*'''1940–1945:''' Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].  
*'''1950–1953:'''   Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].
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*'''1950–1953:''' Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].  
*'''1950's–1960's'''   The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
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*'''1950's–1960's''' The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.  
*'''1964–1972:'''   Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
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*'''1964–1972:''' Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
== Historical Content ==
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== Historical Content ==
  
 
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:  
 
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:  
{| width="80%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="80%"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| valign="top" |  
 
| valign="top" |  
 
*Parents' names  
 
*Parents' names  
 
*Maiden names of women  
 
*Maiden names of women  
*Place of birth, death, or marriage  
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*Place of birth, death, or marriage
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| valign="top" |  
 
| valign="top" |  
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
 
*Migration  
 
*Migration  
*Military service  
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*Military service
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| valign="top" |  
 
| valign="top" |  
 
*Descendants
 
*Descendants
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|}
 
|}
==Local Histories==
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== Local Histories ==
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Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.  
 
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.  
  
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A bibliography of local histories is:  
 
A bibliography of local histories is:  
  
* ''Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print'' <ref>Adams, Marilyn, comp. ''Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print''. Clarkston, Georgia: Heritage Research, 1984. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=31025&disp=Ohio+local+and+family+history+sources+in%20%20&columns=*,0,0 977.1 H23o].)</ref>  
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*''Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print'' <ref>Adams, Marilyn, comp. ''Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print''. Clarkston, Georgia: Heritage Research, 1984. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=31025&amp;disp=Ohio+local+and+family+history+sources+in%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 977.1 H23o].)</ref>
  
*''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' <ref> Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories&pretitle=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories FHL book 973 H23bi])</ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12356760&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>
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*''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' <ref>Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;title=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories&amp;pretitle=A+Bibliography+of+American+County+Histories FHL book 973 H23bi])</ref> <ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12356760&amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>
  
*''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' <ref> Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=252458&disp=United+States+local+histories+in+the+Lib%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 A3ka].) </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&qt=results_page Worldcat] </ref>
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*''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' <ref>Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=252458&amp;disp=United+States+local+histories+in+the+Lib%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 A3ka].) </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&amp;qt=results_page Worldcat] </ref>
  
==State Histories Useful to Genealogists==
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== State Histories Useful to Genealogists ==
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful.
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But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Ohio.
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Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Ohio.  
  
 
Several multi-volume histories of Ohio were written between 1890 and 1945. Two examples are:  
 
Several multi-volume histories of Ohio were written between 1890 and 1945. Two examples are:  
  
*''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~henryhowesbook/ Historical Collections of Ohio]'' <ref>Howe, Henry. ''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~henryhowesbook/ Historical Collections of Ohio]''. Two Volumes. N.p.: The State of Ohio, 1908, c1888. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=49770&disp=Historical+collections+of+Ohio+in+two+vo%20%20&columns=*,0,0 977.1 H2hh 1908]; film 1698149 Item 5) </ref>The set has been produced by a number of publishers since 1847.  
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*''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~henryhowesbook/ Historical Collections of Ohio]'' <ref>Howe, Henry. ''[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~henryhowesbook/ Historical Collections of Ohio]''. Two Volumes. N.p.: The State of Ohio, 1908, c1888. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=49770&amp;disp=Historical+collections+of+Ohio+in+two+vo%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 977.1 H2hh 1908]; film 1698149 Item 5) </ref>The set has been produced by a number of publishers since 1847.
  
 
Many editions exist. An index to this book is:  
 
Many editions exist. An index to this book is:  
*''Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio.'' <ref>Day, Sandra H., comp. ''Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio.'' Wintersville, Ohio: S.H. Day, 1987-89. (Family History Library book 977.1 H22d; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1698149 1698149 Item 5];&nbsp; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=628842&disp=Index+to+Howe%27s+historical+collections++ 6088090].) </ref>
 
*''[http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/oh/abbot.htm The History of the State of Ohio]'' <ref>Wittke, Carl F., ed. ''[http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/oh/abbot.htm The History of the State of Ohio]''. Six Volumes. Columbus, Ohio: The Society, 1941-1944. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=977.1+H2wi 977.1 H2wi].) </ref>
 
  
==United States History==
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*''Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio.'' <ref>Day, Sandra H., comp. ''Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio.'' Wintersville, Ohio: S.H. Day, 1987-89. (Family History Library book 977.1 H22d; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;filmno=1698149 1698149 Item 5];&amp;nbsp; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;titleno=628842&amp;disp=Index+to+Howe%27s+historical+collections++ 6088090].) </ref>
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*''[http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/oh/abbot.htm The History of the State of Ohio]'' <ref>Wittke, Carl F., ed. ''[http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/oh/abbot.htm The History of the State of Ohio]''. Six Volumes. Columbus, Ohio: The Society, 1941-1944. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;callno=977.1+H2wi 977.1 H2wi].) </ref>
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== United States History ==
  
 
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:  
 
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:  
  
*''The Almanac of American History'', <ref> Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=The+Almanac+of+American+History.&pretitle=The+Almanac+of+American+History. FHL book 973 H2alm]) </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9392978&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref> This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
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*''The Almanac of American History'', <ref>Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;title=The+Almanac+of+American+History.&amp;pretitle=The+Almanac+of+American+History. FHL book 973 H2alm]) </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9392978&amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed'' <ref>'' Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=76529&disp=Dictionary+of+American+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 H2ad].)</ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2507380&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref> This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Lz9WC9EyF08C&q=9780684138565&dq=9780684138565&ei=F4GxSbisHpDMlQSW3Z36BQ&pgis=1 Google books].
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*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed'' <ref>'' Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=76529&amp;disp=Dictionary+of+American+history%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 H2ad].)</ref> <ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2507380&amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Lz9WC9EyF08C&q=9780684138565&dq=9780684138565&ei=F4GxSbisHpDMlQSW3Z36BQ&pgis=1 Google books].
  
*''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium'' <ref>'' Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. Springfield, Mass.: G&C Merriam, 1971. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&title=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium&pretitle=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium FHL book 973 H2v]) </ref> <ref> Limited view at [http://books.google.com/books?id=MVU6DS6Re8gC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History:+A+Chronological,+Geographical,+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium%27&ei=Vn-xSeS6FJDUlQSby81v#PPP13,M1 Google Books] </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History&qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref> This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
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*''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium'' <ref>'' Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. Springfield, Mass.: G&amp;C Merriam, 1971. ([http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;title=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium&amp;pretitle=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History%3A+A+Chronological%2C+Geographical%2C+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium FHL book 973 H2v]) </ref><ref>Limited view at [http://books.google.com/books?id=MVU6DS6Re8gC&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History:+A+Chronological,+Geographical,+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium%27&amp;ei=Vn-xSeS6FJDUlQSby81v#PPP13,M1 Google Books] </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History&amp;qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref>This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
  
*''Writings on American History'' <ref>''Writings on American History'' By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=244514&disp=Writings+on+American+history%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 H23w] </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Writings+on+American+History&qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref> Has the full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ&dq=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&ei=N3yxSd6pI4K0kATC-qRu Google Books]
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*''Writings on American History'' <ref>''Writings on American History'' By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=244514&amp;disp=Writings+on+American+history%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 FHL book 973 H23w] </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Writings+on+American+History&amp;qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref>Has the full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ&dq=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&ei=N3yxSd6pI4K0kATC-qRu Google Books]
  
To find more books and articles about Ohio's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Ohio history."
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To find more books and articles about Ohio's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Ohio history." [[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:  
[[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:
+
 
::OHIO - HISTORY
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::OHIO - HISTORY  
::OHIO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
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::OHIO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY  
 
::OHIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::OHIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::OHIO, BIBLIOGRAPHY
 
::OHIO, BIBLIOGRAPHY
 +
 
=== Web Sites  ===
 
=== Web Sites  ===
  
*[http://www.ohiostatepress.org/books/Book%20PDFs/Van%20Tine%20Builders.pdf Builders of Ohio]
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*[http://www.ohiostatepress.org/books/Book%20PDFs/Van%20Tine%20Builders.pdf Builders of Ohio]  
*[http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml/fawhome.html The First American West: The Ohio River Valley 1770-1820]  
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*[http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml/fawhome.html The First American West: The Ohio River Valley 1770-1820]
=== References===
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<references/>
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=== References ===
  
 +
<references />
  
[[Category:Ohio]]
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[[Category:Ohio|Ohio]]

Revision as of 17:19, 25 June 2009

United States > Ohio > Ohio History

Contents

History

Ancient burial mounds and forts throughout the region showed evidence of the Hopewell Indians. In the 1600's, European explorers found the Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, Wyandot, Miami and other Indian tribes living there. At one time both France and Great Britain both held claims to the Ohio area. After the Northwest Territory was established, and the Treaty of Greenville signed, thousands of settlers came to the Ohio region. Among the early settlers were Revolutionary War soldiers who had been given bounty lands in southeast Ohio for their military service.

The Harrison Land Act in 1800 which enabled common people to purchase land in the Northwest Territory, which they did rapidly helping Ohio to become the 17th state on March 1, 1803.

To connect with trade to the East, Ohio built a 1,000-mile long canal system of eighty-three locks called the Ohio and Erie Canal, opening in 1825. This made an outlet for the Ohioan’s farms, forests and mines to conduct trade with the outside communities. The railroad arrived in the mid 1800's, turning Ohio into a crossroads for trade and migration.

Ohioans were instrumental in smuggling freedom seeking slaves to Canada by using the Underground Railroad. This resulted in a scattering of small African American communities serving as temporary safe havens in southeastern Ohio.

The following important events in the history of Ohio affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.

Timeline

The following are important dates in the history of Ohio that affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements:

Historical Content

Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:

  • Parents' names
  • Maiden names of women
  • Place of birth, death, or marriage
  • Occupation
  • Migration
  • Military service
  • Descendants

Local Histories

Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies.

You may want to study local histories for areas such as the Maumee, Miami, Hocking, Muskingum, Scioto, and Mahoning Valleys.

A bibliography of local histories is:

  • Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print [1]
  • A Bibliography of American County Histories [2] [3]
  • United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress [4][5]

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Ohio.

Several multi-volume histories of Ohio were written between 1890 and 1945. Two examples are:

Many editions exist. An index to this book is:

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • The Almanac of American History, [9][10]This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed [11] [12]This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at Google books.
  • Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium [13][14][15]This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.

To find more books and articles about Ohio's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "Ohio history." Family History Library Catalog Surname Search lists many more histories under topics like:

OHIO - HISTORY
OHIO, [COUNTY] - HISTORY
OHIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
OHIO, BIBLIOGRAPHY

Web Sites

References

  1. Adams, Marilyn, comp. Ohio Local and Family History Sources in Print. Clarkston, Georgia: Heritage Research, 1984. (Family History Library book 977.1 H23o.)
  2. Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. (FHL book 973 H23bi)
  3. Worldcat
  4. Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. (FHL book 973 A3ka.)
  5. Worldcat
  6. Howe, Henry. Historical Collections of Ohio. Two Volumes. N.p.: The State of Ohio, 1908, c1888. (Family History Library book 977.1 H2hh 1908; film 1698149 Item 5)
  7. Day, Sandra H., comp. Index to Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio. Wintersville, Ohio: S.H. Day, 1987-89. (Family History Library book 977.1 H22d; film 1698149 Item 5;&nbsp; fiche 6088090.)
  8. Wittke, Carl F., ed. The History of the State of Ohio. Six Volumes. Columbus, Ohio: The Society, 1941-1944. (Family History Library book 977.1 H2wi.)
  9. Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. (FHL book 973 H2alm)
  10. Worldcat
  11. Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. (FHL book 973 H2ad.)
  12. Worldcat
  13. Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. Springfield, Mass.: G&C Merriam, 1971. (FHL book 973 H2v)
  14. Limited view at Google Books
  15. Worldcat
  16. Writings on American History By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 FHL book 973 H23w
  17. Worldcat