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== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
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=== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ===
  
 
[[Wyandot Indians|Wyandot]]. [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]], and [[Seneca Indians|Seneca]]  
 
[[Wyandot Indians|Wyandot]]. [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]], and [[Seneca Indians|Seneca]]  
  
== History  ==
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=== History  ===
  
The Ohio Agency was established in 1831 and was a continuation of the [[Piqua Indian Agency (Ohio)|Piqua Agency]] that had been established in 1812. It was renamed Ohio Agency because of the move of its headquarters from Piqua to Columbus. Because of the scattered condition of the Indians in Ohio, there were also subagencies which operated at various sites within the state -- particularly for the Wyandot at Upper Sandusky, the Seneca at Fort Ball, and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee at Lewiston. There was also a subagency for the [[Ottawa Indians|Ottawa]] of Maumee, but it was more closely associated with the [[Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Michigan Superintendency]] than with the Ohio Agency.  
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The Ohio Agency was established in 1831 and was a continuation of the [[Piqua Indian Agency (Ohio)|Piqua Agency]] that had been established in 1812. It was renamed Ohio Agency because of the move of its headquarters from Piqua to Columbus. Because of the scattered condition of the Indians in Ohio, there were also subagencies which operated at various sites within the state -- particularly for the Wyandot at Upper Sandusky, the Seneca at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiffin,_Ohio Fort Ball], and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee at Lewiston. There was also a subagency for the [[Ottawa Indians|Ottawa]] of Maumee, but it was more closely associated with the [[Michigan Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Michigan Superintendency]] than with the Ohio Agency.  
  
 
By the end of 1832, most of the Seneca and Shawnee had removed to west of the Mississippi, and the Ohio Agency was reduced to a subagency for the Wyandot Indians and was often called the Wyandot Subagency.  
 
By the end of 1832, most of the Seneca and Shawnee had removed to west of the Mississippi, and the Ohio Agency was reduced to a subagency for the Wyandot Indians and was often called the Wyandot Subagency.  
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By 1843, the Wyandot had removed to west of the Missouri River, in the present state of Kansas, and the [[Wyandot Indian Subagency (Kansas)|Wyandot Subagency]] was established for them there. At that time, the Ohio Agency was discontinued<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 120-122.</ref>.  
 
By 1843, the Wyandot had removed to west of the Missouri River, in the present state of Kansas, and the [[Wyandot Indian Subagency (Kansas)|Wyandot Subagency]] was established for them there. At that time, the Ohio Agency was discontinued<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 120-122.</ref>.  
  
== Records  ==
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====Agents and Appointment Date====
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John McElvain 1829 and 1833, Purdy McElvain 1835, John W. Bear 1841, and Purdy McElvain 1842 <ref>The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing  Co., New York,  NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o </ref>
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=== Records  ===
  
 
[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|''Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs'']] from the Ohio Agency, 1831-1843, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 601-603<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.</ref>. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=microfilm roll numbers 1661331 thru 1661333}}. Correspondence relating to the sale of Wyandot lands in Ohio and to the movement of the Indians from Ohio to the West are filed under the headings "Ohio Reserves" and "Ohio Emigration" on Roll 603 of this Microcopy.<br>  
 
[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|''Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs'']] from the Ohio Agency, 1831-1843, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 601-603<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.</ref>. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=microfilm roll numbers 1661331 thru 1661333}}. Correspondence relating to the sale of Wyandot lands in Ohio and to the movement of the Indians from Ohio to the West are filed under the headings "Ohio Reserves" and "Ohio Emigration" on Roll 603 of this Microcopy.<br>  
  
== References  ==
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=== References  ===
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  

Latest revision as of 15:53, 17 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Ohio Gotoarrow.png Ohio Indian Agency


Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Wyandot. Shawnee, and Seneca

History

The Ohio Agency was established in 1831 and was a continuation of the Piqua Agency that had been established in 1812. It was renamed Ohio Agency because of the move of its headquarters from Piqua to Columbus. Because of the scattered condition of the Indians in Ohio, there were also subagencies which operated at various sites within the state -- particularly for the Wyandot at Upper Sandusky, the Seneca at Fort Ball, and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee at Lewiston. There was also a subagency for the Ottawa of Maumee, but it was more closely associated with the Michigan Superintendency than with the Ohio Agency.

By the end of 1832, most of the Seneca and Shawnee had removed to west of the Mississippi, and the Ohio Agency was reduced to a subagency for the Wyandot Indians and was often called the Wyandot Subagency.

By 1843, the Wyandot had removed to west of the Missouri River, in the present state of Kansas, and the Wyandot Subagency was established for them there. At that time, the Ohio Agency was discontinued[1].

Agents and Appointment Date

John McElvain 1829 and 1833, Purdy McElvain 1835, John W. Bear 1841, and Purdy McElvain 1842 [2]

Records

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Ohio Agency, 1831-1843, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 601-603[3]. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661331 thru 1661333. Correspondence relating to the sale of Wyandot lands in Ohio and to the movement of the Indians from Ohio to the West are filed under the headings "Ohio Reserves" and "Ohio Emigration" on Roll 603 of this Microcopy.

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 120-122.
  2. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online

 

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  • This page was last modified on 17 January 2013, at 15:53.
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