Ohio Military Records

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[[Image:220px- Monument in Hillboro, Ohio to Union soldiers and sailors.jpg|thumb|right|220x330px|220px- Monument in Hillboro, Ohio to Union soldiers and sailors.jpg]]
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ohio|Ohio]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ohio Military Records|Military Records]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ohio|Ohio]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ohio Military Records|Military Records]]''  
  
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*[http://www.heritagepursuit.com/Greene/GreeneIndianWars.htm Fort Harmer] (1785)  
 
*[http://www.heritagepursuit.com/Greene/GreeneIndianWars.htm Fort Harmer] (1785)  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=2094 Fort Henry] (1777)  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=2094 Fort Henry] (1777)  
*[http://ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1423&nm=Treaty-of-Fort-Industry-1805 Fort Industry]  
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*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1423&nm=Treaty-of-Fort-Industry-1805 Fort Industry]  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=709 Fort Jefferson] (1791)  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=709 Fort Jefferson] (1791)  
 
*[http://www.heritagepursuit.com/Madison/MadisonChapIII.htm Fort Junandat] (1754)  
 
*[http://www.heritagepursuit.com/Madison/MadisonChapIII.htm Fort Junandat] (1754)  
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*[http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0021321.html&StartPage=321&EndPage=327&volume=21&newtitle=Volume%2021%20Page%20321 Fort McArthur] (1812)  
 
*[http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0021321.html&StartPage=321&EndPage=327&volume=21&newtitle=Volume%2021%20Page%20321 Fort McArthur] (1812)  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=433 Fort McIntosh]  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=433 Fort McIntosh]  
*[http://www.fortmeigs.org/ohs.htm Fort Meigs] (1802-1813)  
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*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=712&nm=Fort-Meigs Fort Meigs] (1802-1813)  
 
*[http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0012120.html&StartPage=26&EndPage=127&volume=12&newtitle=Volume%2012%20Page%2026 Fort Miami] 1794-97  
 
*[http://publications.ohiohistory.org/ohstemplate.cfm?action=detail&Page=0012120.html&StartPage=26&EndPage=127&volume=12&newtitle=Volume%2012%20Page%2026 Fort Miami] 1794-97  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=714 Fort Necessity]
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=714 Fort Necessity]
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*[http://www.fortrecovery.org/ Fort Recovery] (1793)  
 
*[http://www.fortrecovery.org/ Fort Recovery] (1793)  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=557 Fort St. Clair] (1791)  
 
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=557 Fort St. Clair] (1791)  
*[http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Fort-St.-Joseph-(Niles) Fort St Joseph]  
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*[http://www.nwta.com/couriers/3-96/StJo.html Fort St Joseph]  
 
*Fort Mary's (1794)  
 
*Fort Mary's (1794)  
*[http://ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=716&nm=Fort-Sandusky Fort Sandusky] (1730)  
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*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=716&nm=Fort-Sandusky Fort Sandusky] (1730)  
 
*Fort Seneca (1812)  
 
*Fort Seneca (1812)  
 
*Fort Shawnee  
 
*Fort Shawnee  
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== Wars  ==
 
  
 
=== Revolutionary War (1775-1783)  ===
 
=== Revolutionary War (1775-1783)  ===
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Although Ohio did not exist as a state during the time of the Revolutionary War, a man born between 1730 and 1765 who lived in Ohio later may have been granted Ohio land for his service for another state or for the Continental Army.  
 
Although Ohio did not exist as a state during the time of the Revolutionary War, a man born between 1730 and 1765 who lived in Ohio later may have been granted Ohio land for his service for another state or for the Continental Army.  
  
==== Patriot Records ====
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'''Service Records'''
  
*''Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files'' <ref>White, Virgil D. ''Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files''. Four Volumes. Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1990. (Family History Library book 973 M28g.) </ref>May give a veteran's name, age, birth date, marriage date, residence, names of relatives, unit, and service dates and places.
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*{{RecordSearch|1849623|United States, Revolutionary War Compiled Service Records, 1775-1783.}} [http://www.fold3.com Fold3] provided the free index for this collection on FamilySearch. Fees may apply for the links to Fold3's images.
  
==== Pension Files ====
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'''Pension Files'''
  
*''Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land- Warrant Application Files'' <ref>United States. Veterans Administration. ''Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land- Warrant Application Files''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1969. (2670 Family History Library films beginning with&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;nbsp;970001.) </ref>
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*White, Virgil D. ''Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files''. Four Volumes. (Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1990.) {{WorldCat|23035911|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|476517|item|disp=FHL book 973 M28g.}}May give a veteran's name, age, birth date, marriage date, residence, names of relatives, unit, and service dates and places.
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/revolutionary/pensions/ohio.htm Revolutionary War Pensions]
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'''The 1835 Pension Roll'''
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*{{RecordSearch|1417475|United States, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications.}} The FamilySearch index is free but fees may apply to view images on [http://www.fold3.com Fold3]. Also available on {{FHL|306844|item|disp=FHL film 970001 (first of 2670 films)}} and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1995 Ancestry.com] ($)
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/military/revolutionary/pensions/ohio.htm Revolutionary War Pensions] (Access Genealogy)
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*[.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4691 Revolutionary War Pension Index] at Ancestry.com ($)
  
On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of Revolutionary War pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see [[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants|Revolutionary War Pension Records]]. The 1835 Pension Roll for Ohio, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties is available online:
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'''The 1835 Pension Roll'''
  
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=mIQFAAAAQAAJ Report from the Secretary of War... Vol. III] (Google Books)
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On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see [[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants|Revolutionary War Pension Records]]. The 1835 Pension Roll for Ohio, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties is available online:
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=mIQFAAAAQAAJ Report from the Secretary of War... Vol. III] (Google Books)  
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48124 The Pension Roll of 1835, Vol. IV] (Ancestry) ($)
 
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48124 The Pension Roll of 1835, Vol. IV] (Ancestry) ($)
  
==== National Archives  ====
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'''Land Warrants'''
  
If you prefer to order a copy of the '''original records''' from the National Archives, use NATF Form 80. This form is available from the National Archives,at the nearest federal office building or [http://aad.archives.gov/aad/ online].
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*{{RecordSearch|1417475|United States, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications}}
 
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*[[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants#U.S._Military_District_Bounty_Land_Warrants|Bounty Land Warrants for the U.S. Military District of Ohio]]  
==== Land Warrants  ====
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*''U.S. Revolutionary War Bounty Land Warrants Used in the U.S. Military District of Ohio and Related Papers, Acts of 1788, 1803, 1806 <ref>United States. General Land Office. ''U.S. Revolutionary War Bounty Land Warrants Used in the U.S. Military District of Ohio and Related Papers, Acts of 1788, 1803, 1806''. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1971. (On 16 Family History Library films beginning with 1025141.) </ref>''
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*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1312 Land Grants and Sales]  
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*[[Ohio Land and Property|Ohio Land and Property]] page is a good source for this information.
 
*[[Ohio Land and Property|Ohio Land and Property]] page is a good source for this information.
  
==== Rosters ====
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'''Rosters Specific to Ohio'''
  
'''Rosters''' have been published for soldiers who lived in Ohio and are buried there, such as:
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*Daughters of the American Revolution, Ohio, ''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio.'' Three Volumes (Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1929-59.) {{WorldCat|58871348|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|7064|item|disp=FHL films 385013 and 928143 items 7–8; fiche 6046713; book 977.1 M23ad}} Digital version for all three volumes available through FHL catalog entry.  
 
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*Dailey, Mrs. Orville D. ''The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio'': Volume 2, A-Z. (Columbus, Ohio: State Society DAR, State of Ohio, 1938?.) {{FHL|327214|item|disp=FHL film 195451.}}
*''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio.'' <ref>''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio.'' Three Volumes. Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1929-59. (Family History Library book 977.1 M23ad; films 385013 and 928143 items 7-8; fiche 6046713). </ref>
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*Daughters of the American Revolution of the State of Ohio, comp. ''Official Roster III, Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio''. (Painesville, Ohio: Painesville Publishing, 1959.) {{WorldCat|733676824|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|329102|item|disp=FHL film 213051; book 977.1 M2of}}
 
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*''The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio'' <ref>Dailey, Mrs. Orville D. ''The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio''&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;nowiki&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;: Volume 2, A-Z. Columbus, Ohio: State Society DAR, State of Ohio, 1938?. (FHL film 195451.)&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;/nowiki&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; </ref>
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*''Official Roster III, Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio'' <ref>Daughters of the American Revolution of the State of Ohio, comp. ''Official Roster III, Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio''. Painesville, Ohio: Painesville Publishing, 1959. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2of; film 213051.) </ref>
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=== War of 1812 (1812-1815)  ===
 
=== War of 1812 (1812-1815)  ===
  
[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=565 The War of 1812]
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The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.<br><br> See the Wiki article, [[Ohio in the War of 1812|Ohio in the War of 1812]], for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for Ohio.<br>  
 
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==== Rosters  ====
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Microfilmed and published rosters are available at the Family History Library. These include:
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*''Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812. 1916'' <ref>''Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812. 1916''. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2r 1968; index, published list, and originals on films 195485-87; fiche 6104621 and 6051388.) </ref>
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*''Index to the Grave Records of Soldiers of the War of 1812 Buried in Ohio'' <ref>Deifenbach, Josephine Conrad Zartman, comp. ''Index to the Grave Records of Soldiers of the War of 1812 Buried in Ohio''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1992. (Family History Library book 977.1 V22d; fiche 6100370.) </ref>
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There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]]''.''
  
 
=== Mexican War (1846-1848)  ===
 
=== Mexican War (1846-1848)  ===
  
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=517 The Mexican War]
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The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. <br>
  
==== Rosters  ====
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*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:<br>
  
For published rosters of Ohio soldiers who served in the Mexican War, see:
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:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])<br>
  
*''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848'' <ref>''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848''. Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1991. Reprint of 1897 publication. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2or.) </ref>
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*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].
  
*''Official Roster of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, and in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848.'' <ref>''Official Roster of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, and in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848.'' Volume 12. Akron, Ohio: Werner, 1886-1895. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2o Volume 12; film 924022; fiche 6051200; index on film 195488.)</ref>
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*Broglin, Jana Sloan and Ohio Genealogical Society, ''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848''. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1991.) Reprint of 1897 publication. {{WorldCat|24374593|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|405220|item|disp=FHL book 977.1 M2or.}}
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*WPA, ''Alphabetical index to Ohio official roster, Mexican War 1845, vol. 12 of Civil War edition'' Volume 12. (Akron, Ohio: Werner, 1886-1895.) {{WorldCat|21919019|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|328663|item|disp=FHL film 195488}}
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*''Index to Mexican War (1846) Records at the Ohio State Archives''. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959.) {{FHL|329753|item|disp=FHL film 223771.}} Consists of microfilm of a card file at the Ohio State Archives which gives the name of each soldier's military unit.
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*Ryan, Daniel J. "Ohio in the Mexican War." ''Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society Publications''. 1912, Volume 21, pages 277-295. Includes a section that tells when and where a company was raised and lists many of the officers in those companies. Digitized version available at [http://archive.org/details/ohioarchologic21ohio Internet Archive].
  
*''Index to Mexican War (1846) Records at the Ohio State Archives'' <ref>''Index to Mexican War (1846) Records at the Ohio State Archives''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959. (Family History Library film 223771.)</ref> Consists of microfilm of a card file at the Ohio State Archives which gives the name of each soldier's military unit.
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Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]]. <br>  
 
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*Ohio in the Mexican War <ref>Ryan, Daniel J. "Ohio in the Mexican War." ''Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society Publications''. 1912, Volume 21, pages 277-295.</ref> Includes a section that tells when and where a company was raised and lists many of the officers in those companies. The Library does not have volume 21.
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=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
 
=== Civil War (1861-1865)  ===
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The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.  
 
The [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors&nbsp;System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.  
  
=== Spanish-American War (1898) ===
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By 1890, about 40 percent of the Civil War veterans were members of the [http://www.suvcw.org/gar.htm Grand Army of the Republic (GAR).] The descriptive books of each GAR post usually indicate each member's name, age, rank, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment and discharge information. Records of GAR posts and of other veteran organizations may be found in various libraries and archives throughout Ohio.
  
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=555 The Spanish-American War]
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=== Spanish-American War (1898)<br>  ===
  
==== State Wide Rosters  ====
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The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.
  
Muster-in and muster-out rolls are on 31 microfilms at the Family History Library.
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'''Indexes'''
  
*''The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899'' <ref>''The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899''. Columbus, Ohio: Edward T. Miller, 1916. (Family History Library film 195489.) </ref>.
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*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
*''Index to Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899'' <ref>Broglin, Jana Sloan. ''Index to Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899''. Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1989. (Family History Library book 977.1 M22b.) </ref>
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*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
*''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio. Muster In and Muster Out Rolls in the Spanish American War: . . .'' <ref>''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio. Muster In and Muster Out Rolls in the Spanish American War: . . .'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959, 1962. (On 31 Family History Library films beginning with 223766.) </ref>
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'''Rosters'''<br>  
  
*''Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898''-99 <ref>Graden, Debra, comp. Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. [http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5306&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;o_xid=8913&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;o_lid=8913 Ancestry.com]</ref> Original data: Compiled under the direction of Frank B. Willis, Governor, Charles Q. Hildebrant, Secretary of State, and Benson W. Hough, Adjutant General. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99. Ft. Leavenworth, KS, USA: C.A.R.L. Library, 1916.
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Muster-in and muster-out rolls are on 31 microfilms at the Family History Library.  
  
By 1890, about 40 percent of the Civil War veterans were members of the [http://www.suvcw.org/gar.htm Grand Army of the Republic (GAR).] The descriptive books of each GAR post usually indicate each member's name, age, rank, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment and discharge information. Records of GAR posts and of other veteran organizations may be found in various libraries and archives throughout Ohio.  
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*WPA ''The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899''. (Columbus, Ohio: Edward T. Miller, 1916.) {{FHL|328743|item|disp=FHL film 195489.}}
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*Broglin, Jana Sloan. ''Index to Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899''. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1989.) {{WorldCat|21930376|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|410329|item|disp=FHL book 977.1 M22b.}}
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*''Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio. Muster In and Muster Out Rolls in the Spanish American War: . . .'' (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959, 1962.) {{FHL|335312|item|disp=FHL film 223766 (first film)}}
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*Graden, Debra, comp. ''Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99'' [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5306 Ancestry.com] ($) Original data: Compiled under the direction of Frank B. Willis, Governor, Charles Q. Hildebrant, Secretary of State, and Benson W. Hough, Adjutant General. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99. Ft. Leavenworth, KS, USA: C.A.R.L. Library, 1916.
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Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].  
  
 
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
 
=== World War I (1917-1918)  ===
  
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=567 World War I]
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World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.
  
==== Registration Cards ====
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'''Draft Registration Cards'''
  
World War I draft registration cards for men ages 18 to 45 may list each registrant's address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war.  
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*United States, Selective Service System. ''Ohio, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.'' Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 239 Family History Library films beginning with 1819504) Also available at:
  
*''Ohio, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.'' <ref>United States, Selective Service System. ''Ohio, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.'' Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 239 Family History Library films beginning with 1819504.) </ref>
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:*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States, World War One Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} (FamilySearch) - free
  
:To find an individual's draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration. The cards are arranged by county and by draft boards within the county. Individuals are listed alphabetically within each draft board. Most counties had only one board; large cities had more. Finding an ancestor's street address in a city directory will help you determine the board number if he lived in a large city. Special maps of Cleveland and Cincinnati have been prepared, to show the draft board registration district boundaries.
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[[United States World War I Draft Records|United States World War I Draft Records]] provides additional information.  
  
The cities are listed in alphabetical order by name of the city.
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'''Service Records'''
  
*''List of World War One Draft Board Maps'' <ref>United States. Selective Service System. ''List of World War One Draft Board Maps''. Washington, D.C.: National Archives. (Family History Library film 1498803.) </ref>has a copy of this draft board registration district boundaries map.
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*Service cards for Navy (eight films), Marine Corps (three films), out-of-state (four films), and regular service (76 films) are on films at the [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library].
  
Service cards for Navy (eight films), Marine Corps (three films), out-of-state (four films), and regular service (76 films) are on films at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library]. The cards containing the names and information on over 200,000 soldiers have also been published in:  
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:{{FHL|509550|subject_id|disp=Ohio Military Records}}
  
*''The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917-1918'' <ref>Ohio Adjutant General's Office. ''The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917-1918''. 22 Volumes. Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1926-29. (Family History Library films 195413-35.) </ref>
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*Service records for World War I and later wars are at the [http://www.ohiohistory.org/resource/statearc/agencies/adj_gen.html Adjutant General's Office] (State House, Columbus, OH 43215
  
*''World War I - Service Cards of the State of Ohio'' <ref>Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''World War I - Service Cards of the State of Ohio''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959. (Family History Library films 195337-412.) </ref>
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'''Roster'''  
  
Service records for World War I and later wars are at the [http://www.ohiohistory.org/resource/statearc/agencies/adj_gen.html Adjutant General's Office] (State House, Columbus, OH 43215).  
+
*Ohio Adjutant General's Office. ''The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917-1918''. 22 Volumes. (Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1926-29.) {{FHL|321816|item|disp=FHL films 195413-35.}}
  
 
=== World War II (1941-1945)  ===
 
=== World War II (1941-1945)  ===
  
*[http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1580 World War II]
+
'''Registration Records'''
  
==== Dead and Missing Soldiers  ====
+
On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.
  
Lists of dead and missing soldiers who served during World War II, arranged alphabetically by county.
+
*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
  
*''World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio'' <ref>United States. War Department. ''World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio'', June 1946. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1960. (Family History Library film 213049.) </ref>
+
:Also available at:<br>
  
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/ww2/army-casualties/ohio.html World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing Army and Army Air Forces Personnel] from Ohio
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
  
=== Additional Records  ===
+
'''Biographies'''
  
*''World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio.'' <ref>Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio.'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958. (Family History Library films 182702-93.) </ref>A concerted effort has been made to locate the Ohio gravesites of veterans from all pre-1945 wars. The cards are arranged alphabetically.
+
*A series of books entitled "[[United States World War II Biographies#Young_American_Patriots|Young American Patriots]]", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including Ohio. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.
  
*''Roster of Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard, 1874-1917''. <ref>Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''Roster of Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard, 1874-1917''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959. (Family History Library films 195453-66.) </ref>
+
'''Prisoners of War'''  
  
*''The History of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Xenia, Ohio'' <ref>Hughes, Edward Wakefield. ''The History of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Xenia, Ohio''. Ohio: Association of Ex-Pupils, 196? (Family History Library book 977.174/X1 J3h.) </ref>This does not include the records.
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2178 World War II Prisoners of the Japanese, 1941-1945] at Ancestry.com ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8919 World War II Prisoners of War, 1941-1946] at Ancestry.com ($)
  
Military service records are also found in the office of each county auditor and county recorder. The Family History Library has microfilms of discharge papers, dating from the Civil War to 1920 (some to 1970), for about half the counties in Ohio.
+
'''Casualties'''
  
==== Prominent Ohio Veterans ====
+
*United States. War Department. ''World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio'', June 1946. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1960.) {{FHL|328845|item|disp=FHL film 213049.}} Lists of dead and missing soldiers who served during World War II, arranged alphabetically by county.
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/ww2/army-casualties/ohio.html World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing Army and Army Air Forces Personnel] from Ohio.
 +
*Adjutant General's Office. ''World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio.'' (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958.) {{FHL|332341|item|disp=FHL films 182702–93.}} A concerted effort has been made to locate the Ohio gravesites of veterans from all pre-1945 wars. The cards are arranged alphabetically.
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1122 World War II Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1943] at Ancestry.com ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4283 World War II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas]
  
Information about prominent Ohio veterans and major military actions is in:
+
[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.
  
*''Two Hundred Years: The Military History of Ohio.'' <ref>''Two Hundred Years: The Military History of Ohio.'' New York, New York: H.H. Hardesty, 1886-7. (Family History Library book Q 977.1 M25ha or Q 977.1 M2m; film 874293.) </ref>
+
=== Korean War (1950–1953) ===
  
Many more useful sources are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
  
OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS
+
=== Vietnam War (1964–1972)  ===
  
OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS - [WAR]  
+
The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.
  
OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY
+
=== Additional Records  ===
  
OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY - [WAR]
+
*Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. ''Roster of Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard, 1874-1917''. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959.) {{FHL|327213|item|disp=FHL films 195453–66.}}
  
OHIO, [COUNTY] - MILITARY RECORDS
+
*Edward Wakefield. ''The History of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Xenia, Ohio''. (Ohio: Association of Ex-Pupils, 196?) {{WorldCat|881052|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|707990|item|disp=FHL book 977.174/X1 J3h.) This does not include the records.
  
== Web Sites ==
+
*''Two Hundred Years: The Military History of Ohio.'' (New York, New York: H.H. Hardesty, 1886-7.) {{FHL|75042|item|disp=FHL film 874293; book Q 977.1 M25ha or Q 977.1 M2m}} Information about prominent Ohio veterans and major military actions.
 +
 
 +
*Military service records are also found in the office of each county auditor and county recorder. The Family History Library has microfilms of discharge papers, dating from the Civil War to 1920 (some to 1970), for about half the counties in Ohio.
 +
 
 +
*Many more useful sources are listed in the Family History Library [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog Catalog] under:
 +
 
 +
:OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS
 +
:OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS - [WAR]
 +
:OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY
 +
:OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY - [WAR]
 +
:OHIO, [COUNTY] - MILITARY RECORDS
 +
 
 +
=== Websites ===
  
 
Online Military information for Ohio is located at:  
 
Online Military information for Ohio is located at:  
Line 234: Line 248:
 
*[http://www.germanroots.com/military.html Online Searchable Military Records &amp; Databases] for the USA.
 
*[http://www.germanroots.com/military.html Online Searchable Military Records &amp; Databases] for the USA.
  
== References  ==
+
{{Ohio|Ohio}} {{State Military Records}}  
 
+
<references />
+
 
+
{{Ohio|Ohio}}  
+
  
 
[[Category:Ohio|Military]]
 
[[Category:Ohio|Military]]

Revision as of 15:46, 2 November 2012

220px- Monument in Hillboro, Ohio to Union soldiers and sailors.jpg

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.png Military Records

The U.S. Military Records Research Page provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.

Contents

Forts

Forts dotted Ohio as settlers, Native Americans and Europeans each struggled for their place on Ohio’s lands. These log forts played an instrumental part of Ohio’s early development and each has it’s own unique tale to tell.

Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

Although Ohio did not exist as a state during the time of the Revolutionary War, a man born between 1730 and 1765 who lived in Ohio later may have been granted Ohio land for his service for another state or for the Continental Army.

Service Records

Pension Files

  • White, Virgil D. Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files. Four Volumes. (Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1990.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 M28g.May give a veteran's name, age, birth date, marriage date, residence, names of relatives, unit, and service dates and places.

The 1835 Pension Roll

On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll for Ohio, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties is available online:

Land Warrants

Rosters Specific to Ohio

War of 1812 (1812-1815)

The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.

See the Wiki article, Ohio in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for Ohio.

There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see United States in the War of 1812.

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.
  • Broglin, Jana Sloan and Ohio Genealogical Society, Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1991.) Reprint of 1897 publication. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 M2or.
  • WPA, Alphabetical index to Ohio official roster, Mexican War 1845, vol. 12 of Civil War edition Volume 12. (Akron, Ohio: Werner, 1886-1895.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL film 195488
  • Index to Mexican War (1846) Records at the Ohio State Archives. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959.) FHL film 223771. Consists of microfilm of a card file at the Ohio State Archives which gives the name of each soldier's military unit.
  • Ryan, Daniel J. "Ohio in the Mexican War." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society Publications. 1912, Volume 21, pages 277-295. Includes a section that tells when and where a company was raised and lists many of the officers in those companies. Digitized version available at Internet Archive.

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861-1865)

127th Ohio Volunteer Infantry

See Ohio in the Civil War for information about Ohio Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Ohio regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

By 1890, about 40 percent of the Civil War veterans were members of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). The descriptive books of each GAR post usually indicate each member's name, age, rank, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment and discharge information. Records of GAR posts and of other veteran organizations may be found in various libraries and archives throughout Ohio.

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

Rosters

Muster-in and muster-out rolls are on 31 microfilms at the Family History Library.

  • WPA The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899. (Columbus, Ohio: Edward T. Miller, 1916.) FHL film 195489.
  • Broglin, Jana Sloan. Index to Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1989.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 M22b.
  • Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio. Muster In and Muster Out Rolls in the Spanish American War: . . . (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959, 1962.) FHL film 223766 (first film)
  • Graden, Debra, comp. Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Ancestry.com ($) Original data: Compiled under the direction of Frank B. Willis, Governor, Charles Q. Hildebrant, Secretary of State, and Benson W. Hough, Adjutant General. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99. Ft. Leavenworth, KS, USA: C.A.R.L. Library, 1916.

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

Draft Registration Cards

  • United States, Selective Service System. Ohio, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 239 Family History Library films beginning with 1819504) Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

Service Records

  • Service cards for Navy (eight films), Marine Corps (three films), out-of-state (four films), and regular service (76 films) are on films at the Family History Library.
Ohio Military Records

Roster

  • Ohio Adjutant General's Office. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917-1918. 22 Volumes. (Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1926-29.) FHL films 195413-35.

World War II (1941-1945)

Registration Records

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

Biographies

  • A series of books entitled "Young American Patriots", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including Ohio. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.

Prisoners of War

Casualties

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Additional Records

  • Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. Roster of Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard, 1874-1917. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959.) FHL films 195453–66.
  • Edward Wakefield. The History of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Xenia, Ohio. (Ohio: Association of Ex-Pupils, 196?) At various libraries (WorldCat); {{FHL|707990|item|disp=FHL book 977.174/X1 J3h.) This does not include the records.
  • Military service records are also found in the office of each county auditor and county recorder. The Family History Library has microfilms of discharge papers, dating from the Civil War to 1920 (some to 1970), for about half the counties in Ohio.
  • Many more useful sources are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:
OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS
OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS - [WAR]
OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY
OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY - [WAR]
OHIO, [COUNTY] - MILITARY RECORDS

Websites

Online Military information for Ohio is located at: