Ohio Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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''[[Portal:United States Probate|United States Probate]] > [[Ohio|Ohio]] > [[Ohio Probate Records|Ohio Probate Records]] > Ohio County Probate Records''
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{{Record_Search_article
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|CID=CID1992421
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|title=Ohio, Probate Records, 1789-1996
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|location=United States}} <br>
  
=== How To Use This Record ===
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== Record Description  ==
  
Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives. Probate records may contain person’s death date, the names of family members, family relationships, and residences. Use this information to search for information in other records. You may learn about adoptions or guardianship of minor children and dependents. You may have to use probate records as a substitute for civil birth and death records because they exist for an earlier time period.&nbsp;&nbsp;
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This Collection will include records from 1789 to 1996.  
  
=== Why This Record Was Created ===
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Probate records were used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. If the deceased had made a will, the probate process transferred the following from the deceased to an executor or executrix: the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title to heirs. If there was no will, the transfer went to an administrator or administratrix. A guardian or conservator was appointed if the deceased had heirs younger than 21 or if the heirs were incompetent due to disability or disease. Probate records are generally well preserved, but some may have been lost in fires or other disasters.
  
Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.
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The collection consists of probate records and estate files from county courthouses in Ohio. The content and time period varies by county.  
  
=== Record History ===
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Fires have destroyed some Ohio county courthouse records. The following list may be helpful to you:
  
Each county began keeping probate records from the time the county was created. Until the establishment of separate probate courts in 1852, probate records were kept in the Courts of Common Pleas. In 2005, probate courts in Ohio are a special division of the Court of Common Pleas.
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*Adams County. A courthouse fire in early 1910 destroyed most of the probate records up to that point. Will book abstracts from 1849 to 1860 and some pre-1860 guardianship papers survived.
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*Delaware County. A fire in 1835 destroyed most early records. Will records from 1812 survived.
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*Hamilton County. The courthouse has had three fires: one in 1814, the second on 9 July 1849, and the third on 30 March 1884. The 1884 fire resulted in the most lost records.
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*Licking County. A courthouse fire on 3 April 1875 destroyed many of the early probate court records.
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*Champaign County. A courthouse fire in 1948 destroyed the intestate records in the probate court.
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*Fulton County. The first courthouse was located in Ottokee. A fire broke out on the night of July 14, 1864, and destroyed many of the early records. It seems that a Judge Barber had made a personal record of the early wills. This old book is referred to as "Barber's Abstracts" and is available at the county records center.
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*Henry County. The courthouse was destroyed by fire on 17 April 1847. The court records were destroyed in the fire.
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*Seneca County. The courthouse was destroyed by fire on 29 May 1841. Probate records exist from 1828. Some of the records in this county have been reconstructed in part by using other documents such as deeds and early newspaper accounts of individuals’ deaths.
  
=== Record Description ===
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1992421/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
  
Probate records were court documents and may have involved loose papers and/or bound volumes. These records were generally known as a case file or probate packet. These files normally included wills, settlement papers, inventories, receipts, and other records pertaining to the estates. Some probate records were recorded in books which may have carried many titles such as accounts, administrations, appraisals, minutes, petitions, guardianships, inventories, settlements, and so forth. Wills are normally transcribed into a bound volume. <br>
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
=== Record Coverage ===
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
  
County probate records were kept from the time a county was formed to the present.&nbsp;
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{{Collection citation | text= "Ohio, Probate Records, 1790-1967." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. }}
  
Probate records are generally recorded in the county where the person resided. Estates were probated for approximately 25 percent of the heads of households in the United States before 1900, whether or not the individual left a will. Wills are more likely to be found in rural communities than in larger cities and industrial areas.
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<br> [[Ohio Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
=== Record Content ===
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== Record Content ==
  
Probate records include petitions, inventories, accounts, decrees and other court documents. Genealogical facts in entries are:
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[[Image:Ohio Probate Records 1804-1967, Part 1 - DB (12-0017) Index DGS 5428804 28 509.jpg|thumb|right|Ohio Probate Records 1804-1967, Part 1 - DB (12-0017) Index DGS 5428804 28 509.jpg]]
  
*Name of testator or deceased
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Probate records include petitions, inventories, accounts, decrees and other court documents. They include the following genealogical information:
*Names of heirs such as spouse, children, and other relatives or friends
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*Name of executor, administrator, or guardian
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*Names of witnesses
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*Residence of testator
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*Document and recording dates. (There are used to approximate event dates, i.e. a will was usually written near time of death.)
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=== Record Reliability ===
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*Name of the testator or deceased
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*Names of heirs, such as spouse, children, other relatives, or friends
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*Name of the executor, administrator, or guardian
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*Names of witnesses
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*Residence of the testator
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*Document and recording dates
  
The death date, residence, and other facts that were current at the time of the probate proceeding are quite reliable, though there is still a chance of misinformation. The records may omit the names of deceased family members, those who have previously received an inheritance, or the spouse mentioned in a will may not be the parent of the children mentioned. Some wills do not name family members.<br>
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== How To Use This Record  ==
  
[[Category:Ohio]]
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To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>⇒Select the "County" category<br>⇒Select the "Volume Title and Year" category<br>which takes you to the images<br>
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Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 +
 
 +
To begin your search you will need to know:
 +
 
 +
*The place of residence
 +
*The approximate death or probate date
 +
*The name of the deceased
 +
 
 +
*You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.
 +
*Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
 +
*Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
 +
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
 +
*The information in the records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the deceased or the testator.
 +
*Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after 1900.
 +
*There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.
 +
 
 +
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ohio Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
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== Related Websites  ==
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[http://www.franklincountyohio.gov/probate/ohio_judges.cfm Ohio Probate Courts]
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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*[[Ohio Probate Records]]
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*[[United States Probate Records]]
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== Contributions to this Article  ==
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{{Contributor_invite}}
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 +
 
 +
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 +
 
 +
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
 +
 
 +
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
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"Ohio, Probate Records, 1790-1967," images, ''FamilySearch'' (http://familysearch.org: accessed 7 June2012), Henry &gt; Accounts 1900-1904 &gt; Imge 507 of 651; Estate of Catharine Breling, dated 20 July 1903; citing County Probate Clerks throughout Ohio. "Ohio Probate Records 1804-1967." Various county courthouses throughout Ohio
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[[Category:Ohio|Probate]]

Revision as of 15:45, 8 April 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ohio, Probate Records, 1789-1996 .

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records from 1789 to 1996.

Probate records were used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. If the deceased had made a will, the probate process transferred the following from the deceased to an executor or executrix: the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title to heirs. If there was no will, the transfer went to an administrator or administratrix. A guardian or conservator was appointed if the deceased had heirs younger than 21 or if the heirs were incompetent due to disability or disease. Probate records are generally well preserved, but some may have been lost in fires or other disasters.

The collection consists of probate records and estate files from county courthouses in Ohio. The content and time period varies by county.

Fires have destroyed some Ohio county courthouse records. The following list may be helpful to you:

  • Adams County. A courthouse fire in early 1910 destroyed most of the probate records up to that point. Will book abstracts from 1849 to 1860 and some pre-1860 guardianship papers survived.
  • Delaware County. A fire in 1835 destroyed most early records. Will records from 1812 survived.
  • Hamilton County. The courthouse has had three fires: one in 1814, the second on 9 July 1849, and the third on 30 March 1884. The 1884 fire resulted in the most lost records.
  • Licking County. A courthouse fire on 3 April 1875 destroyed many of the early probate court records.
  • Champaign County. A courthouse fire in 1948 destroyed the intestate records in the probate court.
  • Fulton County. The first courthouse was located in Ottokee. A fire broke out on the night of July 14, 1864, and destroyed many of the early records. It seems that a Judge Barber had made a personal record of the early wills. This old book is referred to as "Barber's Abstracts" and is available at the county records center.
  • Henry County. The courthouse was destroyed by fire on 17 April 1847. The court records were destroyed in the fire.
  • Seneca County. The courthouse was destroyed by fire on 29 May 1841. Probate records exist from 1828. Some of the records in this county have been reconstructed in part by using other documents such as deeds and early newspaper accounts of individuals’ deaths.

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Ohio, Probate Records, 1790-1967." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.


Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Ohio Probate Records 1804-1967, Part 1 - DB (12-0017) Index DGS 5428804 28 509.jpg

Probate records include petitions, inventories, accounts, decrees and other court documents. They include the following genealogical information:

  • Name of the testator or deceased
  • Names of heirs, such as spouse, children, other relatives, or friends
  • Name of the executor, administrator, or guardian
  • Names of witnesses
  • Residence of the testator
  • Document and recording dates

How To Use This Record

To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "County" category
⇒Select the "Volume Title and Year" category
which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.

To begin your search you will need to know:

  • The place of residence
  • The approximate death or probate date
  • The name of the deceased
  • You may be able to use the probate record to learn about land transactions.
  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
  • The information in the records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the deceased or the testator.
  • Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after 1900.
  • There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Ohio Probate Courts

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to this Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Ohio, Probate Records, 1790-1967," images, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org: accessed 7 June2012), Henry > Accounts 1900-1904 > Imge 507 of 651; Estate of Catharine Breling, dated 20 July 1903; citing County Probate Clerks throughout Ohio. "Ohio Probate Records 1804-1967." Various county courthouses throughout Ohio