Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

From FamilySearch Wiki

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1473259 |title=Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850|location=United States}}<br>
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{{Record_Search_article
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|CID=CID1473259
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|title=Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850
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|location=United States}}<br>  
  
== Collection Time Period ==
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== Record Description ==
  
Tax records have been kept since the colonial era. Ohio records began early.  
+
The records include an index and images of taxation records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. The records in this collection cover the years 1800 to 1850. However, the majority are from the years 1816 through 1838. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. Included are the following Ohio counties:
  
== Record Description  ==
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*Ashtabula
 +
*Belmont
 +
*Carroll
 +
*Columbiana
 +
*Guernsey
 +
*Harrison
 +
*Jackson
 +
*Jefferson
 +
*Monroe
 +
*Trumbull
 +
*Washington
  
Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page.&nbsp;  
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Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Numerous families lived in Ohio and owned taxable property.&nbsp;  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1473259/waypoints Browse].
  
[[Image:Ohio Tax Record.jpg|thumb|center]]
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=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
Genealogical information in Ohio tax records includes:  
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Auditor. Historical Society Library, Columbus.}}
 +
 
 +
[[Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
 +
 
 +
<gallery perrow="3" heights="120px" widths="160px">
 +
Image:Ohio Tax Record.jpg|Ohio Tax Record
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
Information in Ohio tax records includes:  
  
 
*Legal description of real and personal property  
 
*Legal description of real and personal property  
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*Places of residence  
 
*Places of residence  
 
*Names of other relatives  
 
*Names of other relatives  
*Additional information associated with the property&nbsp;
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*Additional information associated with the property
  
== How To Use The Record  ==
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== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Tax records supplement census records. Use tax records to:&nbsp;
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To begin your search it is helpful to know the following information:  
  
*Identify the name and residence of the taxpayer.
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*Name
*Identify the occupation of an individual.
+
*Residence
*Obtain a description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and how many farm animals.
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*Time period
*Help trace families moving through Ohio.
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*Identify ages, residences and relationships, and perhaps the year an individual died or left the area.
+
  
== Record History ==
+
==== Search the Collection ====
  
Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Numerous families lived in Ohio and owned taxable property.  
+
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
+
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image. <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Township" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Year" which takes you to the images
  
Tax records are based on the property owned by people. Only the person who owned the taxable property was listed on the tax record; other residents, living on the property, were not listed.  
+
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.  
  
=== Record Reliability ===
+
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information ====
 +
 
 +
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
 +
 
 +
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.
 +
*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant.
 +
*Known occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or church records.
 +
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.
 +
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
 +
 
 +
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
 +
 
 +
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 +
*Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
 +
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.
 +
 
 +
==== General Information About These Records  ====
 +
 
 +
Tax records are based on the property owned by people. Only the person who owned the taxable property was listed on the tax record; other residents, living on the property, were not listed.
  
 
Tax records are considered a primary source. They are usually reliable because they are kept by the county clerk in the local courthouse, who usually recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
 
Tax records are considered a primary source. They are usually reliable because they are kept by the county clerk in the local courthouse, who usually recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
Line 47: Line 98:
 
The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.  
 
The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.  
  
== Related Web Sites ==
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== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
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== Related Websites ==
  
[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Ohio_Taxation Ohio Taxation]<br>
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*[http://www.genealogy-quest.com/collections/ohco.html Genealogy Quest Ohio Company Stockholders, 1796]
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*[http://www.auditor.state.oh.us/Publications/General/OhioLandsBook.pdf Ohio Lands Book]
  
=== Contributions to This Article ===
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== Related Wiki Articles ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}
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*[[Ohio|Ohio]]
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*[[Ohio History|Ohio History]]
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*[[Ohio Taxation]]
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection ==
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== Contributions to This Article ==
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Ohio Tax Records, 1816-1838", database,FamilySearch; Digital copies of originals housed in County Auditors in various counties throughout Ohio. <!--bibdescend-->
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{{Contributor_invite}}
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.]]  
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 
+
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
 
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*United States. Bureau of Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet ([http://www.familysearch.org www.familysearch.org]: Setpemper 29.2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B,line 71.
+
*Mexico, Districto Federal, Catholic Church Records 1886-1933, digital imagbes, from FamilySearch Internet ([http://www.familysearch.org www.familysearch.org]: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Femandez Jimenez, 1 Feb, 1910, San Pedro Apostol, Cuahimalpa, Districto Federal, Mexico Film number 0227023
+
  
<br>
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=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
<br><br>
+
"Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850." database and digital mages, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]: accessed 29 April 2011). Abraham Grafton; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 16,609; Jefferson County Courthouse, Steubenville, Ohio.
  
 
[[Category:Ohio|Tax]]
 
[[Category:Ohio|Tax]]

Revision as of 15:48, 19 September 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850 .

Contents

Record Description

The records include an index and images of taxation records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. The records in this collection cover the years 1800 to 1850. However, the majority are from the years 1816 through 1838. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. Included are the following Ohio counties:

  • Ashtabula
  • Belmont
  • Carroll
  • Columbiana
  • Guernsey
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Monroe
  • Trumbull
  • Washington

Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Numerous families lived in Ohio and owned taxable property. 

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Auditor. Historical Society Library, Columbus.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

Information in Ohio tax records includes:

  • Legal description of real and personal property
  • Names and ages of property owners and possible relationships
  • Time periods when families resided in Ohio
  • Occupation of the property owner
  • Places of residence
  • Names of other relatives
  • Additional information associated with the property

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following information:

  • Name
  • Residence
  • Time period

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image.
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Township"
⇒Select the appropriate "Year" which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.
  • The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant.
  • Known occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or church records.
  • Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.
  • The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.

General Information About These Records

Tax records are based on the property owned by people. Only the person who owned the taxable property was listed on the tax record; other residents, living on the property, were not listed.

Tax records are considered a primary source. They are usually reliable because they are kept by the county clerk in the local courthouse, who usually recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.

The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850." database and digital mages, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 29 April 2011). Abraham Grafton; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 16,609; Jefferson County Courthouse, Steubenville, Ohio.