Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1473259 |title=Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850|location=United States}}<br>
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{{Record_Search_article
 
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|CID=CID1473259
== Collection Time Period  ==
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|title=Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850
 
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|location=United States}}<br>  
The records in this collection cover the years 1800 to 1850. However, the majority of the are for the years 1816 through 1838.
+
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
The records include an index and images of taxation records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. Included are the following Ohio counties:  
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The records include an index and images of taxation records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. The records in this collection cover the years 1800 to 1850. However, the majority are from the years 1816 through 1838. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. Included are the following Ohio counties:  
  
 
*Ashtabula  
 
*Ashtabula  
Line 19: Line 18:
 
*Monroe  
 
*Monroe  
 
*Trumbull  
 
*Trumbull  
*Washington.
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*Washington
  
=== Record Content  ===
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Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Numerous families lived in Ohio and owned taxable property.&nbsp;
  
[[Image:Ohio Tax Record.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1473259/waypoints Browse].
  
Genealogical information in Ohio tax records includes:  
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== Record Content  ==
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<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
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Image:Ohio Tax Record.jpg|Ohio Tax Record
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</gallery>
 +
 
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Information in Ohio tax records includes:  
  
 
*Legal description of real and personal property  
 
*Legal description of real and personal property  
Line 35: Line 40:
 
*Additional information associated with the property
 
*Additional information associated with the property
  
== How To Use The Record  ==
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== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Tax records are usually used to supplement census records. Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index to the assessments. It is helpful to know the following information:  
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To begin your search it is helpful to know the following information:  
  
 
*Name  
 
*Name  
Line 43: Line 48:
 
*Time period
 
*Time period
  
Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or assessment number) to locate your ancestors in the assessment rolls. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the assessment to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
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==== Search the Collection  ====
 +
 
 +
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.  
 +
 
 +
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image. <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "County" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Township" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Year" which takes you to the images
 +
 
 +
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.
 +
 
 +
Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:
 +
 
 +
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 +
*Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
 +
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 +
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 +
 
 +
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information  ====
  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:  
  
 
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.  
 
*Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.  
*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant. Occupations can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school or church records.  
+
*The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant.  
 +
*Known occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or church records.  
 
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.  
 
*Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.  
 
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
 
*The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.
  
Some other tips to keep in mind are:
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==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
  
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
 
*Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
 
*Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.  
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.&nbsp;
+
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.
  
== Record History  ==
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==== General Information About These Records  ====
 
+
Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Numerous families lived in Ohio and owned taxable property.
+
 
+
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
+
  
 
Tax records are based on the property owned by people. Only the person who owned the taxable property was listed on the tax record; other residents, living on the property, were not listed.  
 
Tax records are based on the property owned by people. Only the person who owned the taxable property was listed on the tax record; other residents, living on the property, were not listed.  
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
  
 
Tax records are considered a primary source. They are usually reliable because they are kept by the county clerk in the local courthouse, who usually recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
 
Tax records are considered a primary source. They are usually reliable because they are kept by the county clerk in the local courthouse, who usually recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.  
Line 72: Line 90:
 
The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.  
 
The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.  
  
== Related Web Sites ==
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== Known Issues with This Collection ==
  
[http://www.genealogy-quest.com/collections/ohco.html Genealogy Quest Ohio Company Stockholders, 1796]  
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{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
[http://www.auditor.state.oh.us/Publications/General/OhioLandsBook.pdf Ohio Lands Book]
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== Related Websites  ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.genealogy-quest.com/collections/ohco.html Genealogy Quest Ohio Company Stockholders, 1796]
 +
*[http://www.auditor.state.oh.us/Publications/General/OhioLandsBook.pdf Ohio Lands Book]
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
[[Ohio Taxation]]  
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*[[Ohio|Ohio]]
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*[[Ohio History|Ohio History]]
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*[[Ohio Taxation]]
  
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
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{{Contributor_invite}}  
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
Line 90: Line 113:
 
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.]]
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
 +
 
 +
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
"Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850." database and digital mages, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]: accessed 29 April 2011). Abraham Grafton; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 16,609; Jefferson County Courthouse, Steubenville, Ohio.
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
"Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed 29 April 2011. entry for Abraham Grafton; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 16,609; Jefferson County Courthouse, Steubenville, Ohio.  
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection ==
+
{{Collection citation | text= "Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Auditor. Historical Society Library, Columbus.}}
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"Ohio Tax Records, 1816-1838", index and images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]); Digital copies of originals housed in County Auditors in various counties throughout Ohio. <!--bibdescend-->
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[[Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
 
[[Category:Ohio|Tax]]
 
[[Category:Ohio|Tax]]

Revision as of 21:19, 8 November 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850 .

Contents

Record Description

The records include an index and images of taxation records as recorded with the County Auditor of each county. The records in this collection cover the years 1800 to 1850. However, the majority are from the years 1816 through 1838. Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. Included are the following Ohio counties:

  • Ashtabula
  • Belmont
  • Carroll
  • Columbiana
  • Guernsey
  • Harrison
  • Jackson
  • Jefferson
  • Monroe
  • Trumbull
  • Washington

Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Numerous families lived in Ohio and owned taxable property. 

For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.

Record Content

Information in Ohio tax records includes:

  • Legal description of real and personal property
  • Names and ages of property owners and possible relationships
  • Time periods when families resided in Ohio
  • Occupation of the property owner
  • Places of residence
  • Names of other relatives
  • Additional information associated with the property

How to Use the Record

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following information:

  • Name
  • Residence
  • Time period

Search the Collection

To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.

If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image.
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Township"
⇒Select the appropriate "Year" which takes you to the images

Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor.

Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination. Keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
  • If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
  • Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the assessment rolls, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may be new details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:

  • Tax assessments identify the name and residence of the taxpayer. This information can help you locate land records and census records.
  • The description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and the farm animals can help you determine an occupation: someone living at a church is probably a minister; someone with several acres of land or many farm animals is probably a farmer; someone living on the same property as the school may be a teacher; someone living above or behind a store is probably a merchant.
  • Known occupations can lead you to other types of records such as employment, school, or church records.
  • Following an ancestor through the assessment rolls can help you establish a family migration pattern or identify the year an individual moved into an area or left the area.
  • The assessment rolls can also indicate that an individual died. Use the last known tax year as an approximate death year. Use the death year and residence to locate death or probate records.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all individuals with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
  • Other family members may have lived nearby so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the assessment rolls.

General Information About These Records

Tax records are based on the property owned by people. Only the person who owned the taxable property was listed on the tax record; other residents, living on the property, were not listed.

Tax records are considered a primary source. They are usually reliable because they are kept by the county clerk in the local courthouse, who usually recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred.

The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850." database and digital mages, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 29 April 2011). Abraham Grafton; citing Tax Records, FHL microfilm 16,609; Jefferson County Courthouse, Steubenville, Ohio.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Ohio Tax Records 1800-1850." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Auditor. Historical Society Library, Columbus.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.