Oklahoma Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Oklahoma Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes 1899-1907 .
Under the terms of the 1887 Dawes Act, Indian reservations were surveyed and lands held in common by the tribes were allotted in smaller parcels to individual members of the tribe. Individuals had to be enrolled tribal members to apply for an allotment. The lands were usually granted as homesteads. These records were created to provide a final list of those individuals who were approved to receive an allotment of land in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The records cover the years 1899 to 1907. Index courtesy of Fold3.
The collection consists of a name index and images of land allotment records for the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory. These records describe the parcels of land and name the tribal member to whom each parcel was allotted. Records are arranged by name of tribe (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole), by membership designation (member by blood, by intermarriage or freedmen), application number and according to age group -- newborn and minor children are listed separately. The pages may be:
- Handwritten in narrative style
- Handwritten on pre-printed forms
- Printed plot maps
For a list of tribal membership rolls currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.
Note:These records are related to two collections indexed by Footnote: RG 75, NARA publication M1301 [Applications for enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914--468 rolls]; and M1186 [Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes--93 rolls].
The information usually included in the papers includes the following:
- Tribal roll name
- Membership category of the individual -- member by blood, by intermarriage or freedmen (newborn and minor children are listed on separate rolls)
- Degree of Indian Blood
- Tribe or Nation
- Application number
- Indian census card number
- Names of individual’s representative and their relationship to the individual
- Guardianship and relationship information
- Number of acres allotted
- Legal description of the land
- Date and place of application
- Details of any improvements to the land parcel
How to Use the Record
To search the collection,
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "Tribal membership roll"
⇒Select the "Application number" which takes you to the images.
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- Membership category -- member by blood, by intermarriage or freedmen
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. If you only know one name, put in in the box for the first name.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Make a photocopy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.
The following examples show ways you can use the information:
- Use the names and relationships as a basis for compiling family groups.
- Use the name, tribe, and the census number to locate the individual on the census.
- Use the name, tribe, and membership category to locate the individual in the enrollment records.
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
- You may need to search for both their Indian name and their English name.
- Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
- Individuals had to enrolled tribal members to apply for an allotment.
- These allotment records do not include applications that were not approved.
- Newborn and minor children are listed on separate rolls.
- The records are usually reliable.
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
- Check for variant spellings of the names.
- Search the records of other tribes.
- Search for records of other membership categories.
|FHL Place United States, Oklahoma items or FHL Keyword Oklahoma items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Oklahoma Archives and Libraries.|
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
- Dawes Enrollment Cards
- National Archives -- Commision to the Five Civilized Tribes (The Dawes Commission)
- About.com -- The Dawes Rolls
Related Wiki Articles
- Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes
- Five Civilized Tribes Indian Agency (Oklahoma)
- National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth)
- Oklahoma Applications for Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes (FamilySearch Historical Records)
Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Oklahoma Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes, 1899-1907
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Oklahoma, Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes 1899-1907." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing National Archives and Records Administration, Southwest Region, Fort Worth, Texas.