Oklahoma Census

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Oklahoma|Oklahoma]]  >  [[Oklahoma_Census|Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Oklahoma|Oklahoma]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Oklahoma_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules  ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
+
<br>
 +
 
 +
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Oklahoma Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Online Oklahoma indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online Oklahoma}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="90" | '''OKLAHOMA:&nbsp;Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/44420788 Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed.]'' (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 37-38. </ref><ref>William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 275-280. </ref><ref>William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325 The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999). </ref>
+
| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|639623|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Exact Date'''
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| {{FHL|1037508|title-id|disp=1930}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| {{FHL|641563|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Veterans/ Pensioners'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave Owners'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortality'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricultural'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Industrial/ Manufact- urers'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defective'''
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| align="center" width="9%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indian'''<ref>Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules. </ref>
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1940''' Apr 1
+
| {{FHL|555224|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
| align="center" | Public release in&nbsp;2012
+
| {{FHL|655844|title-id|disp=1900 Indian Territory}}
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1930''' Apr 1
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|  
| align="center" | Exist
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|  
| align="center" | -
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|}
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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<br>
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
| align="center" | -
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1920''' Jan 1
+
| 1940 N/A
| align="center" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#oklahoma 1910 T624]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-02.html#oklahoma Soundex T1273]
| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
| align="center" | Exist
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#oklahoma 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-05.html#oklahoma Soundex T1066]
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1900''' Jun 1
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#oklahoma 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-05.html#oklahoma Soundex M1582]
| align="center" | Exist
+
|  
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| &nbsp;
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
|  
| align="center" | Exist
+
|}
| align="center" | -  
+
 
| align="center" | -
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'''1860.''' The "Indian Lands" (Oklahoma) non-Indian population schedules are at the very end of Family History Library {{FHL|704521|title-id|disp=film 803054}} (M653 roll 52) after Yell County, Arkansas. This census and a published index are available at the [[National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth)]], the Oklahoma Historical Society, and the Family History Library.
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
| align="center" | -
+
 
| align="center" | -
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1880''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Oklahoma'''</font>
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Free'''
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" width="45%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
| align="center" | Exist
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| '''1890'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| width="20%" | Veterans
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
| align="center" | Exist
 
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1840''' Jun 1
+
| '''1860'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| Slave owner (as part of Arkansas Indian Lands)
| align="center" | Exist
+
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1830''' Jun 1
+
| '''1860'''  
| align="center" | Exist
+
| Mortality (as part of Arkansas Indian Lands)
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| align="center" | -
+
|}
| align="center" | -
+
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1820 '''Aug 7
+
| {{FHL|144576|title-id|disp=Civil War Union veterans and their widows, 1890}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| &nbsp;{{FHL|778921|title-id|disp=Flint district Che<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282320113279_157" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282320113279_852" />rokee census&nbsp;and emigrants,1852}}
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1810''' Aug 6
+
| {{FHL|234549|title-id|disp=Census and school records, 1879-1943}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|669922|title-id|disp=1851 Cherokee Old Settlers' annuity roll}}
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | '''Lost'''
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1800''' Aug 4
+
| {{FHL|607267|title-id|disp=1878 annuity rolls&nbsp;of Chickasaw Nation}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
| {{FHL|778920|title-id|disp=Cherokee Nation east, roll of 1835}}
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|-
 
|-
| align="left" | '''1790 '''Aug 2
+
| {{FHL|51409|title-id|disp=Cherokee census rolls, 1880}}
| align="center" | Exist
+
|  
| align="center" | -  
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
| align="center" | -
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
==== Sources and Notes ====
+
Many other&nbsp;Indian census rolls and records are located at the Family History Library.&nbsp; See {{FHL|549737|subject-id|disp=Oklahoma - Census}} in the Family History Library catalog for a list of these records. For an index also see the web site: [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalindex.php http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalindex.php]&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
{{reflist}}<br>
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Oklahoma, [[Oklahoma Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
+
=== State and territorial censuses  ===
|+ '''OKLAHOMA:&nbsp; Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 60-67, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 104, and ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;dq=A+Census+of+Pensioners+for+Revolutionary+or+Military+Services&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;source=bl&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ots=W0WZrdm6i0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sig=jYVSDAIoCz3Nsa0f8tBvJhDM6Eg&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;hl=en&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ei=B7rHSf2JJ8bgnQfKhPHnDQ&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sa=X&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oi=book_result&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;resnum=5&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ct=result A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: with Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]'' (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841), 49-61. Digitized by Google Book in 2008.</ref>
+
 
 +
Oklahoma often took censuses in the years before and between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" | '''Oklahoma (and Indian Territory) state, territorial, colonial censuses'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 95-96.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 52.</ref>
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Vets'''  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortal'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricu'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indust'''
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defect'''
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1820 '''Aug 7
+
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#99cc99" | '''Exact Date'''  
| Lost&nbsp;for today's state area.
+
| align="center" width="600" bgcolor="#99cc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1830-1850'''  
+
| align="left" | '''1907'''  
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Not enumerated in decennial censuses.
+
| align="left" | Statistical State Census
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1890 '''Jun
| Was included in the Arkansas enumeration, for persons living on Indian Lands.
+
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | {{FHL|126946|title-id|disp=Territorial Census}}: for the counties of Logan, Oklahoma, Cleveland, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne, and Beaver only.
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp; &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1870-1880'''  
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Not enumerated in decennial censuses.
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| First Oklahoma Territorial Census, which includes the schedules for the counties of Logan, Oklahoma, Cleveland, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne, and Beaver.&nbsp; Greer was not enumerated.&nbsp; Lost for the Indian Territory.
+
| Exist
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1900''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties. Split into Oklahoma and Indian Territory
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1907 '''Jul 1
+
| Seminole County was enumerated by special agents
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1920''' Jan 1
+
| Exist for all counties.
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | '''1930''' Apr 1
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
| bgcolor="#ffff99" | &nbsp;
+
|-
+
| '''1940'''
+
| Public release coming in 2012
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
| &nbsp;
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>
+
*'''1890 territorial census.''' A card index is available at the Oklahoma State Historical Society. A helpful source for locating families in this census is Smith's First Directory of Oklahoma Territory: For the Year Commencing August 1st, 1890 (see the “[[Oklahoma Directories|Directories]]” section of this Oklahoma Wiki article)
  
== <br> ==
+
*'''1880'''&nbsp;&nbsp;The Cherokee Nation 1880 census covering the Canadian, Cooweescoowee, Delaware, Flint, Going Snake, Illinois, Saline, Sequoyah and Tahlequah districts is for Indians only. This also includes census rolls of various years of Delaware Indians holding citizenship in the Cherokee Nation. {{FHL|51409|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 989204. }}&nbsp;The Cherokee Nation 1880 Indian census is indexed on the Internet at: [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalindex.php http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalindex.php]&nbsp; This index does not include census images.<br>
  
== Historical Background  ==
+
=== Historical Background  ===
  
Many special censuses were taken in Oklahoma, especially censuses of Indians. For more information about these, see the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Oklahoma_Census#Special_Censuses Special Censuses]&nbsp;section. For information on censuses of specific Indian Tribes, see [[Indians of Oklahoma|Indians of Oklahoma]].  
+
Many special censuses were taken in Oklahoma, especially censuses of Indians. For more information about these, see the [[Oklahoma Census#State.2C_territorial.2C_and_colonial_censuses|State, territorial, and colonial censuses]] section above. For information on censuses of specific Indian Tribes, see [[Indians of Oklahoma|Indians of Oklahoma]].  
  
 
In 1819 Arkansas Territory (including most of what is now Oklahoma) was created from the southern part of the Missouri Territory.  
 
In 1819 Arkansas Territory (including most of what is now Oklahoma) was created from the southern part of the Missouri Territory.  
  
'''1820. '''Some general white settlememt had started in what is now the far southeast corner of Oklahoma. They were counted on the census of Miller County, Arkansas, which included parts of what is now Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. But these population schedules are lost.<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=545087&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Map+guide+to+the+U%2ES%2E+Federal+census%20%20&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920''] (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 275.</ref>  
+
'''1820. '''Some general white settlememt had started in what is now the far southeast corner of Oklahoma. They were counted on the census of Miller County, Arkansas, which included parts of what is now Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. But these population schedules are lost.<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, {{FHL|545087|title-id|disp=''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920''}} (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 275.</ref>  
  
 
In 1828 the western boundary of Arkansas was established, separating the Indian Territory (to become Oklahoma) from what had been Arkansas Territory and including part of the southern edge of what had been Missouri Territory.<ref>Ibid., 275-76.</ref>  
 
In 1828 the western boundary of Arkansas was established, separating the Indian Territory (to become Oklahoma) from what had been Arkansas Territory and including part of the southern edge of what had been Missouri Territory.<ref>Ibid., 275-76.</ref>  
Line 314: Line 172:
 
'''1830-1850. '''No other federal censuses were taken in present-day Oklahoma in 1830, 1840, or 1850.  
 
'''1830-1850. '''No other federal censuses were taken in present-day Oklahoma in 1830, 1840, or 1850.  
  
'''1860.''' The non-Indians of what is now Oklahoma were counted in 1860 in what were called the Indian Lands of Arkansas Territory.<ref name="three">Ibid., 276, and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=704360&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=The+1790%2D1890+Federal+population+censu%20%20&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 ''The 1790-1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm, rev. ed.''] (Washington, DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1993), 26.</ref>&nbsp; This census does not list Indians, but lists free and slave inhabitants in the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole nations. The slave schedules provide the names of slave owners, but not the names of slaves.  
+
'''1860.''' The non-Indians of what is now Oklahoma were counted in 1860 in what were called the Indian Lands of Arkansas Territory.<ref name="three">Ibid., 276, and {{FHL|704360|title-id|disp=''The 1790-1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm, rev. ed.''}} (Washington, DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1993), 26.</ref>&nbsp; This census does not list Indians, but lists free and slave inhabitants in the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole nations. The slave schedules provide the names of slave owners, but not the names of slaves.  
  
'''1870. '''No census available.<br>  
+
'''1870. '''No census available.<br>
  
'''1880.''' All non-Indian and most Indian schedules are lost. Only the Cherokee Indian schedules survive.<ref name="four">Thorndale and Dollarhide, 277, and Family History Library Catalog entry for the title "[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=51409&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Cherokee+census+rolls%2C+1880%20%20&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 Cherokee census rolls, 1880]".</ref>  
+
'''1880.''' All non-Indian and most Indian schedules are lost. Only the Cherokee Indian schedules survive.<ref name="four">Thorndale and Dollarhide, 277, and Family History Library Catalog entry for the title "{{FHL|51409|title-id|disp=Cherokee census rolls, 1880}}".</ref>  
  
'''1890. '''The population schedules were destroyed. The special census of Civil War Union veterans and widows survives for both the Oklahoma and Indian Territories.<ref name="five">Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M. Kvasnicka, [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=1011178&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Guide+to+genealogical+research+in+the+Na%20%20&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 ''Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives, 3rd ed.''] (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 2000), 37, and the Family History Catalog entry for the title "[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=230777&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and%20%20&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 Schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows of Union veterans of the Civil War]".</ref>  
+
'''1890. '''The population schedules were destroyed. The special census of Civil War Union veterans and widows survives for both the Oklahoma and Indian Territories.<ref name="five">Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M. Kvasnicka, {{FHL|1011178|title-id|disp=''Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives, 3rd ed.''}} (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 2000), 37, and the Family History Catalog entry for the title "{{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=Schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows of Union veterans of the Civil War}}".</ref>  
  
 
In addition to the federal censuses, a separate census was taken in 1890 of the Oklahoma Territory. Censuses exist for Logan, Oklahoma, Cleveland, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne and Beaver counties. This includes information on the entire household but is incomplete for some areas.&nbsp;  
 
In addition to the federal censuses, a separate census was taken in 1890 of the Oklahoma Territory. Censuses exist for Logan, Oklahoma, Cleveland, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne and Beaver counties. This includes information on the entire household but is incomplete for some areas.&nbsp;  
Line 330: Line 188:
 
'''1910, 1920, and 1930. '''Federal censuses of Oklahoma are available, and have been indexed for each of these years.  
 
'''1910, 1920, and 1930. '''Federal censuses of Oklahoma are available, and have been indexed for each of these years.  
  
== Availability  ==
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
+
=== '''Internet'''  ===
+
 
+
'''1860.''' To search an index of the Arkansas Territory "Indian Lands" (now Oklahoma) non-Indian population schedules for free at the Family History Library on Ancestry.com, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here]. You can also search the same index on a home computer if you [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here], but you will be asked to subscribe to see the search results list.&nbsp;
+
 
+
If you find a name in this Internet index you can click "View Image" to see a picture of the actual passenger list page including the home town of each emigrant, and his or her relatives on the same ship.
+
 
+
To browse Ancestry.com 1860 census images at the Family History Library, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7667&path=Arkansas.Indian+Lands click here]. To browse at home with a subscription, [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7667&path=Arkansas.Indian+Lands click here].
+
 
+
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
+
 
+
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
+
 
+
'''1880. '''The Cherokee Nation 1880 Indian census is indexed on the Internet at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/cherokeecensus.php www.accessgenealogy.com/native/cherokeecensus.php] This index does not include census images.
+
 
+
'''1890 Veterans. '''To search an index of the Civil War Union veterans schedules for Oklahoma and Indian territories&nbsp;for free at the Family History Library on Ancestry.com, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8667&path= click here]. You can also search the same index on a home computer if you [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8667&path= click here], but you will be asked to subscribe to see the search results list.&nbsp;
+
 
+
If you find a name in this Internet index you can click "View Image" to see a picture of the actual passenger list page including the home town of each emigrant, and his or her relatives on the same ship.
+
 
+
To browse Ancestry.com 1890 veterans census images at the Family History Library, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8667&path=Oklahoma+and+Indian+Territory click here]. To browse at home with a subscription, [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8667&path=Oklahoma+and+Indian+Territory click here].
+
 
+
'''1890 Territorial Census. '''To search an index of the 1890 territorial census of seven Oklahoma counties for free at the Family History Library on Ancestry.com, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8925&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here]. You can also search the same index on a home computer if you [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8925&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here], but you will be asked to subscribe to see the search results list.
+
 
+
To browse Ancestry.com 1890 territorial census images at the Family History Library, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8925&path=1890 click here]. To browse at home with a subscription, [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8925&path=1890 click here].
+
 
+
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
+
 
+
'''1900 '''To search an index of the 1900 territorial censuses of Indian and Oklahoma territories for free at the Family History Library on Ancestry.com, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here]. You can also search the same index on a home computer if you [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7602&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here], but you will be asked to subscribe to see the search results list.
+
 
+
''At the Family History Library'' to browse Ancestry.com 1900 census images for '''Indian Territory''', [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Indian+Territory click here]. For '''Oklahoma Territory''', [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Oklahoma click here].
+
 
+
''At home'' to browse 1900 '''Indian Territory''' census images with a subscription, [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Indian+Territory click here]. For '''Oklahoma Territory''', [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=7602&path=Oklahoma click here].
+
 
+
'''1907 Seminole Census. '''To search an index of the 1907 territorial census of Seminole County for free at the Family History Library on Ancestry.com, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8925&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here]. You can also search the same index on a home computer if you [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8925&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 click here], but you will be asked to subscribe to see the search results list.
+
 
+
To browse Ancestry.com 1907 Seminole County census images at the Family History Library, [http://content.ancestryinstitution.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8925&path=1907 click here]. To browse at home with a subscription, [http://content.ancestry.com/Browse/list.aspx?dbid=8925&path=1907 click here].
+
 
+
=== '''Microfilm''' ===
+
 
+
'''1860.''' The "Indian Lands" (Oklahoma) non-Indian population schedules are at the very end of Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=704521&disp=Arkansas%2C+1860+federal+census+%3A+popu++ film 803054] (M653 roll 52) after Yell County, Arkansas.<ref name="three" /> This census and a published index are available at the National Archives — Southwest Region, the Oklahoma Historical Society, and the Family History Library.
+
 
+
'''1880. '''The Cherokee Nation 1880 census covering the Canadian, Cooweescoowee, Delaware, Flint, Going Snake, Illinois, Saline, Sequoyah and Tahlequah districts is for Indians only. Also includes census rolls of various years of Delaware Indians holding citizenship in the Cherokee Nation. FHL film 989204. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/cherokeecensus.php Indexed on the Internet].<ref name="four" />
+
 
+
'''1890. '''The Civil War Union veterans and their widows schedules are on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules%25252Benumerating%25252BUnion%25252Bveterans%25252Band%25252B%25252B film 338235] (M123 roll 76).<ref name="five" />
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
The ''First Territorial Census of Oklahoma, 1890'' is on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=126946&disp=First+territorial+census+of+Oklahoma%2C+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 227,282] (M1811, roll 1). A card index is available at the Oklahoma State Historical Society. A helpful source for locating families in this census is Smith's First Directory of Oklahoma Territory: For the Year Commencing August 1st, 1890 (see the “[[Oklahoma Directories|Directories]]” section of this Oklahoma Wiki article)
+
 
+
'''1900. '''All populiation schedules for Indians and non-Indians are available:<ref>Ibid., and Thomas Jay Kemp, [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=1007685&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=The+American+census+handbook%20%20&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 ''The American Census Handbook''] (Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 2001), 389, and Family History Library Catalog entry for the title "[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=641563&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Oklahoma%2C+1900+federal+census+%3A+soun++ Oklahoma, 1900 federal census&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;nbsp;: soundex and population schedules]".</ref>
+
 
+
*Indian Territory Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=655844&disp=Indian+Territory%2C+1900+federal+census+++ films 1241843-54] (T623, rolls 1843-54)
+
*Oklahoma Territory Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=641563&disp=Oklahoma%2C+1900+federal+census+%3A+soun++ film 1241335-44] (T623, rolls 1335-44)
+
 
+
'''1910. '''Indian and non-Indian schedules are on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=144&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=639623&disp=Oklahoma%2525252C%25252B1910%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=243&columns=*%2C0%2C0 films 1375255-90] (T624, rolls 1242-77).<ref>Eales and Kvasnicka, 38, and Family History Library Catalog entry for the title "[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=639623&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Oklahoma%2C+1910+federal+census+%3A+soun++ Oklahoma, 1910 federal census&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;nbsp;: soundex and population schedules]".</ref>
+
 
+
'''1920. '''Indian and non-Indian schedules are on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?first=156&display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=555224&disp=Oklahoma%2525252C%25252B1920%25252Bfederal%25252Bcensus%25252B%2525253A%25252Bsoun%25252B%25252B&last=255&columns=*%2C0%2C0 films 1821451-90] (T625, rolls 1451-90).<ref>Eales and Kvasnicka, 38, and Family History Library Catalog entry for the title "[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=555224&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Oklahoma%2C+1920+federal+census+%3A+soun++ Oklahoma, 1920 federal census&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;nbsp;: soundex and population schedules]".</ref><br>
+
 
+
'''1930. '''Indian and non-Indian schedules are on Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1037508&disp=Oklahoma%2C+1930+federal+census++ films 2341626-72] (T626, rolls 1892-1938).<ref>Family History Library Catalog entry for the title "[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*%2C0%2C0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=1037508&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Oklahoma%2C+1930+federal+census++ Oklahoma, 1930 federal census&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;nbsp;: population schedules&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;nbsp;; NARA microfilm publication T626]".</ref><br>
+
 
+
Many of the federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The [[United States Census Online|"Census"]] section of the United States Research Outline provides more detailed information regarding these federal records.
+
 
+
== Indexes  ==
+
 
+
'''1880.''' The Cherokee Nation 1880 Indian census is indexed on the Internet at [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/cherokeecensus.php www.accessgenealogy.com/native/cherokeecensus.php] <ref name="four" />
+
 
+
== Special Censuses  ==
+
 
+
== State Censuses  ==
+
 
+
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
For a list of available and missing Oklahoma censuses, [[Oklahoma Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/OK/ http://www.census-online.com/links/OK/]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ok/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ok/census.html]  
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/oklahoma.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/oklahoma.htm]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
== References ==
+
=== Sources and footnotes ===
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Oklahoma.ASP ''Oklahoma Research Outline'']. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
+
{{reflist}}
  
{{Reflist}}  
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{{Place|Oklahoma}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:Oklahoma|Census]]
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[[Category:Oklahoma|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 23:30, 7 May 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Oklahoma  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Oklahoma indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Oklahoma and Indian Territory 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1907 Territorial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1900 indexes Link Soundex - OK
Terr
Link
Ind
Terr
Link
- Link Link Link Link -
images OK and Indian Territories are separate Link Link - OK
Terr
Link
Ind
Terr
Link
- OK
Terr
Link
Ind
Terr
Link
OK
Terr
Link
Ind
Terr
Link
OK
Terr
Link
Ind
Terr
Link
- Link
partial 1890 Territorial indexes - - Link - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - OK
Terr
Link
OK
Terr
Link
OK
Terr
Link
- -
1860[8] indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - - AR
Link
AR
Link
AR
Link
AR
Link
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Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex
1930 1900 and Soundex
1920 and Soundex 1900 Indian Territory


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1273
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1066
1920 T625 and Soundex M1582
 

1860. The "Indian Lands" (Oklahoma) non-Indian population schedules are at the very end of Family History Library film 803054 (M653 roll 52) after Yell County, Arkansas. This census and a published index are available at the National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth), the Oklahoma Historical Society, and the Family History Library.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Oklahoma, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Oklahoma

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Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner (as part of Arkansas Indian Lands) - Link[9] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality (as part of Arkansas Indian Lands) - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Civil War Union veterans and their widows, 1890  Flint district Cherokee census and emigrants,1852
Census and school records, 1879-1943 1851 Cherokee Old Settlers' annuity roll
1878 annuity rolls of Chickasaw Nation Cherokee Nation east, roll of 1835
Cherokee census rolls, 1880


Many other Indian census rolls and records are located at the Family History Library.  See Oklahoma - Census in the Family History Library catalog for a list of these records. For an index also see the web site: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalindex.php 

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Oklahoma, click here.

State and territorial censuses

Oklahoma often took censuses in the years before and between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

Oklahoma (and Indian Territory) state, territorial, colonial censuses[10][11]
Exact Date Population Schedules
1907 Statistical State Census
1890 Jun Territorial Census: for the counties of Logan, Oklahoma, Cleveland, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne, and Beaver only.
  • 1890 territorial census. A card index is available at the Oklahoma State Historical Society. A helpful source for locating families in this census is Smith's First Directory of Oklahoma Territory: For the Year Commencing August 1st, 1890 (see the “Directories” section of this Oklahoma Wiki article)
  • 1880  The Cherokee Nation 1880 census covering the Canadian, Cooweescoowee, Delaware, Flint, Going Snake, Illinois, Saline, Sequoyah and Tahlequah districts is for Indians only. This also includes census rolls of various years of Delaware Indians holding citizenship in the Cherokee Nation. FHL US/CAN Film 989204. The Cherokee Nation 1880 Indian census is indexed on the Internet at: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/finalindex.php  This index does not include census images.

Historical Background

Many special censuses were taken in Oklahoma, especially censuses of Indians. For more information about these, see the State, territorial, and colonial censuses section above. For information on censuses of specific Indian Tribes, see Indians of Oklahoma.

In 1819 Arkansas Territory (including most of what is now Oklahoma) was created from the southern part of the Missouri Territory.

1820. Some general white settlememt had started in what is now the far southeast corner of Oklahoma. They were counted on the census of Miller County, Arkansas, which included parts of what is now Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. But these population schedules are lost.[12]

In 1828 the western boundary of Arkansas was established, separating the Indian Territory (to become Oklahoma) from what had been Arkansas Territory and including part of the southern edge of what had been Missouri Territory.[13]

At first, some white settlers departed when the area was set aside for the Indians. After Indian government proved effective, more whites began to settle in Indian Territory.

1830-1850. No other federal censuses were taken in present-day Oklahoma in 1830, 1840, or 1850.

1860. The non-Indians of what is now Oklahoma were counted in 1860 in what were called the Indian Lands of Arkansas Territory.[14]  This census does not list Indians, but lists free and slave inhabitants in the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole nations. The slave schedules provide the names of slave owners, but not the names of slaves.

1870. No census available.

1880. All non-Indian and most Indian schedules are lost. Only the Cherokee Indian schedules survive.[15]

1890. The population schedules were destroyed. The special census of Civil War Union veterans and widows survives for both the Oklahoma and Indian Territories.[16]

In addition to the federal censuses, a separate census was taken in 1890 of the Oklahoma Territory. Censuses exist for Logan, Oklahoma, Cleveland, Canadian, Kingfisher, Payne and Beaver counties. This includes information on the entire household but is incomplete for some areas. 

1900. Oklahoma was split between Indian Territory to the southeast, and Oklahoma Territory to the northwest on the 1900 census.[17]  The following map shows modern county boundaries and the division between Indian and Oklahoma  territories.Oklahoma1900.png

In 1907 Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory combined to become the state of Oklahoma.

1910, 1920, and 1930. Federal censuses of Oklahoma are available, and have been indexed for each of these years.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Oklahoma censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Non-Indians on Indian Territory were enumerated as part of Arkansas Territory.
  9. HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  10. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 95-96.
  11. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 52.
  12. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 275.
  13. Ibid., 275-76.
  14. Ibid., 276, and The 1790-1890 Federal Population Censuses: Catalog of National Archives Microfilm, rev. ed. (Washington, DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1993), 26.
  15. Thorndale and Dollarhide, 277, and Family History Library Catalog entry for the title "Cherokee census rolls, 1880".
  16. Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M. Kvasnicka, Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives, 3rd ed. (Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 2000), 37, and the Family History Catalog entry for the title "Schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows of Union veterans of the Civil War".
  17. Thorndale and Dollarhide, 278.