Oklahoma Military RecordsEdit This Page
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TheU.S. Military Records Wiki article provides more information on federal military records and search strategies. Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The United States Wiki article provides more information about the federal records. For Oklahoma, the following sources are also very helpful.
Forts were authorized by the federal government, built to house and maintain the military who were to assist in maintaining peace by enforcing treaties and providing protection to settlers.
Fort Arbuckle 1850-1858
Fort Cobb 1859
Fort Davis--Civil War Fort
Fort Gibson 1824 -- Textual records of this fort, 1825-1890, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7). The 1830-1857 portion of these records have been microfilmed as National Archives Microcopy M1466. These records (M1466) are also available through the Family History Library FHL Film: 1549507 (first film of 6)
Fort McCulloch--Civil War Fort
Cantonement on North Fork, Canadian River -- Textual records of this fort, 1879-1882, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Camp Radziminski 1858-59
Fort Reno 1874-1908
Fort Sill -- Textual records of this fort, 1875-1910, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort Supply -- Textual records of this fort, 1868-1895, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920, under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
Fort Towson 1824
Fort Washita 1842 -1865
Encyclopedia of Indian Wars Western Battles and Skirmishes 1850-1890. By Gregory F. Michno. Mountain Press publishing Co., Missoula, Montana C. 2003. ISBN 0-87842-468-7
Civil War (1861-1865)
Two useful books concerning Union soldiers buried in Oklahoma are:
- Talkington, N. Dale. The Long Blue Line: Civil War Union Soldiers and Sailors Buried in Oklahoma. Houston, Texas: N. D. Talkington, 1999. (Family History Library book 976.6 V3tn; fiche 6003026.)
- Talkington, N. Dale and Deone K. Pearcy. Tributes of Blue: Obituaries of Civil War Union Soldiers and Sailors Buried in Oklahoma. Tehachapi, California: T. P. Productions, 1996. (Family History Library book 976.6 V4t; film 2055188, item 1.)
Pension records for Confederate veterans living in Oklahoma are at the Oklahoma Department of Libraries Archive website. The Family History Library has a copy of these records, arranged by application numbers (Family History Library films 1001530-48; index on film 1001529). A published index is:
Index to Applications for Pensions From the State of Oklahoma Submitted by Confederate Soldiers, Sailors and their Widows. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Genealogical Society, 1969. (Family History Library book 976.6 M24o; fiche 6046932.)
Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.
Confederate Army casualty lists for battles in Indian Territory are on the last portion of Family History Library film 1025138.
A special census was taken in 1890 of Union veterans of the Civil War (Family History Library film 338235). Several indexes to the returns have been published and are at the Family History Library.
For information on Indians who served on the side of the Confederacy, see:
Foreman, Grant. History of the Service and List of Individuals of the Five Civilized Tribes in the Confederate Army. 2 vols. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1948. (not at Family History Library.)
Spanish-American War (1898)
A history of Oklahoma's participation in the war is John Alley, “Oklahoma in the Spanish-American War,” in Chronicles of Oklahoma 20 (Mar 1942): 43-50 (see Oklahoma Periodicals). This includes brief sketches of some soldiers and a casualty list for battles in Cuba.
World War I (1917-1918)
A published roster of soldiers who died in World War I is in W.M. Haulsee, et al, Soldiers of the Great War, 3 vols. Washington, D.C.: Soldiers Record Publishing Association, 1920. (Family History Library book 973 M23s; fiche 6051244.)
World War I draft registration cards for men age 18 to 45 may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. The Oklahoma records are indexed, with digital images, on the Internet site www.ancestry.com. For registration cards for Oklahoma see also:
- United States. Selective Service System.
- Oklahoma, World War I Selective Service
- System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.
- National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On Family History Library films beginning with film number 1851604.)
World War II (1941-1945)
Biographical sketches of soldiers who died during World War II have been published in Chronicles of Oklahoma, volumes 21-27 (see Oklahoma Periodicals).
Additional biographical sketches of soldiers from Oklahoma are in volume 2 of A History of the Second World War: A Remembrance, An Appreciation, A Memorial. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Victory Publishing Co., 1946. (Family History Library book 973 H2sw; vol. 1 on film 1035575 item 7; vol. 2 on film 1035603 item 5.)
Additional Military Sources
For further background information on Oklahoma's military history see:
Daugherty, Fred A. and Pendleton Woods. “Oklahoma's Military Tradition.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 57 (Winter, 1979-80): 427-45. (FHL book 976.6 B2c.)
Faulk, Odie B., Kenny A. Franks, and Paul F. Lambert, eds. Early Military Forts and Posts in Oklahoma. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1978. (Family History Library book 976.6 M2e; fiche 6088102.)
Oklahoma Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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