Ontario Census

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*Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 
*Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
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=== Online Canadian indexes and images ===
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=== Online Canadian Indexes and Images ===
  
{{Template:Canada Census Table}}  
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{{Template:Canada Census Table}}
  
=== Federal  ===
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=== National ===
  
Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, Library and Archives Canada, and at other provincial and local archives. The federal censuses which have been released to the public are provided online by several entities, including links to images [[Canada Census|Canada Census]] provides more detailed information about the federal records.  
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Many national census records are found at the Family History Library, Library and Archives Canada, and at other provincial and local archives. The national censuses which have been released to the public are provided online by several entities, including links to images [[Canada Census|Canada Census]] provides more detailed information about the national&nbsp;records.  
  
Most available federal censuses of Canada have been indexed. Indexes and links to them are listed at the [http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/genealogy/022-911.009-e.html Library and Archives Canada web site].  
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Most available national censuses of Canada have been indexed. Indexes and links to them are listed at the [http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/genealogy/022-911.009-e.html Library and Archives Canada web site]&nbsp;and on the table above.<br><br>
  
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=== Provincial  ===
 
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== Provincial  ==
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'''Pre-1842'''. The pre-1842 censuses of Ontario were taken each year by local tax assessors and filed with the District Clerk of the Peace. Most have been lost. Those for Augusta Township, Grenville County, are on FHL film 393998. They cover the years 1796, 1806, 1813, 1823, and 1824. Other head-of-household lists made by tax assessors date from the late 1820s and 1830s for some townships. See [[Ontario Taxation|Ontario Taxation]].  
 
'''Pre-1842'''. The pre-1842 censuses of Ontario were taken each year by local tax assessors and filed with the District Clerk of the Peace. Most have been lost. Those for Augusta Township, Grenville County, are on FHL film 393998. They cover the years 1796, 1806, 1813, 1823, and 1824. Other head-of-household lists made by tax assessors date from the late 1820s and 1830s for some townships. See [[Ontario Taxation|Ontario Taxation]].  
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[[Category:Ontario]] [[Category:Canada_census]]
 
[[Category:Ontario]] [[Category:Canada_census]]

Revision as of 16:29, 11 December 2012

Canada Gotoarrow.png Ontario Gotoarrow.png Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings. Add this to the FamilySearch Family Tree.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.

Online Canadian Indexes and Images

Online National and Provincial Population Schedules of Canada
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Automated Genealogy[2] Library Archives Canada[2] Ancestry FHL[3] Ancestry Library[3] Ancestry Home[3]
1921 available after 1 Jun 2013 indexes - - - - - Link
images - - - Link Link Link
1916 Prairie Provinces indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1911 indexes - Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
1906 Prairie Provinces indexes Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link Link

Link

Link Link
1901 indexes Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
1891 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1881 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1871 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1861 Provincial indexes New Brunswick Nova Scotia Ontario Prince Edward Island Quebec - - Link Link Link
images - - - Link Link Link
1851/52 Partial indexes Link Link - Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
1842 Upper Canada indexes Link Link - Link Link Link
images Link Link Link Link Link Link
1842 Lower Canada indexes Link Link - Link Link Link
images Link Link Link Link Link Link
1831 Lower Canada indexes Link Link - Link Link Link
images Link Link Link Link Link Link
1825 Lower Canada indexes Link Link - Link Link Link
images Link Link Link Link Link Link
  Family Search Automated Genealogy Library Archives Canada Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


National

Many national census records are found at the Family History Library, Library and Archives Canada, and at other provincial and local archives. The national censuses which have been released to the public are provided online by several entities, including links to images Canada Census provides more detailed information about the national records.

Most available national censuses of Canada have been indexed. Indexes and links to them are listed at the Library and Archives Canada web site and on the table above.

Provincial

Pre-1842. The pre-1842 censuses of Ontario were taken each year by local tax assessors and filed with the District Clerk of the Peace. Most have been lost. Those for Augusta Township, Grenville County, are on FHL film 393998. They cover the years 1796, 1806, 1813, 1823, and 1824. Other head-of-household lists made by tax assessors date from the late 1820s and 1830s for some townships. See Ontario Taxation.

1842-1850. The first census for all of Upper Canada (present southern Ontario) was a head-of-household census taken in 1842. Much of it does not survive. The 1848 and 1850 head-of-household censuses exist for only three of twenty districts then in the province: Huron, Johnstown, and Newcastle. The available 1848 and 1850 censuses are indexed in:

  • Dilts, Bryan Lee. 1848 and 1850 Canada West (Ontario) Census Index. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1984. (Family History Library book 971.3 X22d.)

1851-61. Important every-name censuses were taken in southern Ontario for 1851 (actually taken in 1852) and 1861. Some sections of these censuses are lost.

Index, 1871 Census of Ontario. The Ontario Genealogical Society prepared an index for the 1871 census of the province:

  • Elliott, Bruce S., ed. Index to the 1871 Census of Ontario. 30 Volumes. Toronto, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society, 1986-1992. (Family History Library book 971.3 X22i 1871.)
A computer version of the original databases for this index is available at the National Archives of Canada and the Automated Resource Center of the Family History Library. This is listed in the Family History Library Catalog under the heading ONTARIO - CENSUS - 1871 - INDEXES.

The 1871 Ontario census is indexed and online at: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/1871-ontario/index-e.html


1881 census has been indexed (no images), transcribed and placed online at www.familysearch.org.  1881 Census index with images is online at Library and Archives Canada .

1891 census index with images is online at Library and Archives Canada.

1901 census index with images is online at Automated Genealogy.com
1911 census index with images is online at Automated Genealogy.com

A list of townships for which these censuses are available is in the Ontario section of:

  • Hillman, Thomas A. Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm, 1666-1891. [Ottawa]: National Archives of Canada, 1987. (Family History Library book 971 X23ht.)

Census Indexes. A bibliography of available census indexes by township is:

All census records for Ontario are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the headings:

ONTARIO - CENSUS - [YEAR]

ONTARIO, [DISTRICT] - CENSUS - [YEAR]

ONTARIO, [COUNTY] - CENSUS - [YEAR]

ONTARIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - CENSUS - [YEAR]

Websites

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Ontario Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Automated Genealogy, a free online service includes links to free images found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.