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Online Canadian Indexes and Images
|Online National and Provincial Population Schedules of Canada|
|Free||Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)*||Pay|
|Automated Genealogy||Library Archives Canada||Ancestry FHL||Ancestry Library||Ancestry Home|
|1916 Prairie Provinces||indexes||Link||-||Link||Link||Link||Link|
|1906 Prairie Provinces||indexes||Link||Link||Link||Link||Link||Link|
|1861 Provincial||indexes||New Brunswick Nova Scotia Ontario Prince Edward Island Quebec||-||Link||Link||Link||Link|
|1842 Upper Canada||indexes||Link||Link||-||Link||Link||Link|
|1842 Lower Canada||indexes||Link||Link||-||Link||Link||Link|
|1831 Lower Canada||indexes||Link||Link||-||Link||Link||Link|
|1825 Lower Canada||indexes||Link||Link||-||Link||Link||Link|
|Family Search||Automated Genealogy||Library Archives Canada||Ancestry FHL||Ancestry Library||Ancestry Home|
|Free||Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)||Pay|
Many national census records are found at the Family History Library, Library and Archives Canada, and at other provincial and local archives. The national censuses which have been released to the public are provided online by several entities, including links to images Canada Census provides more detailed information about the national records.
Most available national censuses of Canada have been indexed. Indexes and links to them are listed at the Library and Archives Canada web site and on the table above.
Pre-1842. The pre-1842 censuses of Ontario were taken each year by local tax assessors and filed with the District Clerk of the Peace. Most have been lost. Those for Augusta Township, Grenville County, are on FHL film 393998. They cover the years 1796, 1806, 1813, 1823, and 1824. Other head-of-household lists made by tax assessors date from the late 1820s and 1830s for some townships. See Ontario Taxation.
1842-1850. The first census for all of Upper Canada (present southern Ontario) was a head-of-household census taken in 1842. Much of it does not survive. The 1848 and 1850 head-of-household censuses exist for only three of twenty districts then in the province: Huron, Johnstown, and Newcastle. The available 1848 and 1850 censuses are indexed in:
- Dilts, Bryan Lee. 1848 and 1850 Canada West (Ontario) Census Index. Salt Lake City, Utah: Index Publishing, 1984. (Family History Library book 971.3 X22d.)
1851-61. Important every-name censuses were taken in southern Ontario for 1851 (actually taken in 1852) and 1861. Some sections of these censuses are lost.
Index, 1871 Census of Ontario. The Ontario Genealogical Society prepared an index for the 1871 census of the province:
- Elliott, Bruce S., ed. Index to the 1871 Census of Ontario. 30 Volumes. Toronto, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society, 1986-1992. (Family History Library book 971.3 X22i 1871.)
- A computer version of the original databases for this index is available at the National Archives of Canada and the Automated Resource Center of the Family History Library. This is listed in the Family History Library Catalog under the heading ONTARIO - CENSUS - 1871 - INDEXES.
The 1871 Ontario census is indexed and online at: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/1871-ontario/index-e.html
1891 census index with images is online at Library and Archives Canada.
A list of townships for which these censuses are available is in the Ontario section of:
- Hillman, Thomas A. Catalogue of Census Returns on Microfilm, 1666-1891. [Ottawa]: National Archives of Canada, 1987. (Family History Library book 971 X23ht.)
Census Indexes. A bibliography of available census indexes by township is:
- Crowder, Norman K. Indexes to Ontario Census Records: Interim Update. Nepean, Ontario: Crowder, 1992. (Family History Library book 971.3 X23c 1992; fiche 6075927.)
All census records for Ontario are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the headings:
ONTARIO - CENSUS - [YEAR]
ONTARIO, [DISTRICT] - CENSUS - [YEAR]
ONTARIO, [COUNTY] - CENSUS - [YEAR]
ONTARIO, [COUNTY], [TOWN] - CENSUS - [YEAR]
- www.ancestry.com has indexed, digitized and placed online most Canadian censuses. This is a subscription website.
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
- ↑ FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Automated Genealogy, a free online service includes links to free images found at the Library and Archives Canada.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.