Ontario Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
These census records may contain the following information:
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These census records may contain the following information:  
  
 
*Full name of family members  
 
*Full name of family members  
*Occupation
+
*Place of birth
*Place of birth  
+
*Age
 
*Marital status  
 
*Marital status  
*Religion  
+
*Religion
*Age
+
 
*Gender  
 
*Gender  
*Births in 1860
+
*Place of residence
*Deaths in 1860
+
 
*Type of house
 
*Type of house
  

Revision as of 22:00, 22 February 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ontario Census 1861 .

Contents

Record Description

This census was taken on January 14, 1861 and applied to the residents as of the previous night (January 13, 1861).

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district.

The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Ontario. At this time Ontario was not yet part of the Dominion of Canada, but was called Canada West. The census taker took the information on the census day starting January 14, 1861. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location.

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Board of Registration and Statistics. Ontario census, 1861. Public Archives of Canada.

Record Content

These census records may contain the following information:

  • Full name of family members
  • Place of birth
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Religion
  • Gender
  • Place of residence
  • Type of house

How to Use the Record

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Ancestor's name
  • Place of birth
  • Approximate year of birth

Search the Collection

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Using the Information

When you have located the record of your ancestor, the following can help you further your research:

  • Use the approximate birth year and birthplace to search for a birth record.

General Information About These Records

This census records the birthplace for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information.

Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.

Related Websites

Ontario Genweb Census Project

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.