Ontario Church Records

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Consult church registers for records of baptisms, marriages, and burials before 1869—the year civil vital registration began in Ontario. These registers may be useful to 1930, when complete civil vital registration was finally achieved. Religious affiliation can be determined from family sources or censuses beginning in 1851.
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''[[Canada|Canada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ontario|Ontario]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ontario_Church_Records|Church Records]]''
  
You should search the registers of all denominations in the area where your ancestor lived, since many baptisms were performed in the nearest church, regardless of the family's religious affiliation. At certain periods of Ontario's history, only certain denominations were allowed to perform marriages. In many cases an individual had to be married by a priest or minister of a religion other than his own. The following history traces these changes:
+
Consult church registers for records of baptisms, marriages, and burials before 1869—the year civil vital registration began in Ontario. These registers may be useful to 1930, when complete civil vital registration was finally achieved. Religious affiliation can be determined from family sources or censuses beginning in 1851.  
  
'''1793:  '''Pre-Only Anglican and Roman Catholic clergy could legally perform marriages.
+
You should search the registers of all denominations in the area where your ancestor lived, since many baptisms were performed in the nearest church, regardless of the family's religious affiliation. At certain periods of Ontario's history, only certain denominations were allowed to perform marriages. In many cases an individual had to be married by a priest or minister of a religion other than his own. The following history traces these changes:
  
'''1798-1793'''<nowiki>:  Marriages could be performed by Anglican and Roman Catholic clergy and district clerks if the couple resided more than eighteen miles from an Anglican minister. Despite legal restrictions, a few Lutheran and Presbyterian ministers performed marriages before 1798 and recorded them in church registers.</nowiki>
+
'''1793:&nbsp;'''Pre-Only Anglican and Roman Catholic clergy could legally perform marriages.  
  
'''1831-1798'''<nowiki>:  Anglican, Calvinist, Church of Scotland, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic clergy could perform marriages.</nowiki>
+
'''1793-1798'''<nowiki>:&nbsp; Marriages could be performed by Anglican and Roman Catholic clergy and district clerks if the couple resided more than eighteen miles from an Anglican minister. Despite legal restrictions, a few Lutheran and Presbyterian ministers performed marriages before 1798 and recorded them in church registers.</nowiki>  
  
'''1858-1831'''<nowiki>:  All denominations mentioned above as well as Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians could perform marriages. Only non-Catholic and non-Anglican clergy were required to keep marriage registers for the inspection of civil authorities, separate from regular parish records.</nowiki>
+
'''1798-1831'''<nowiki>:&nbsp; Anglican, Calvinist, Church of Scotland, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic clergy could perform marriages.</nowiki>  
  
'''1869-1858'''<nowiki>:  Clergy of all denominations could perform marriages. Clergy of all faiths were requested to transcribe information into county marriage registers; many did not.</nowiki>
+
'''1831-1858'''<nowiki>:&nbsp; All denominations mentioned above as well as Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians could perform marriages. Only non-Catholic and non-Anglican clergy were required to keep marriage registers for the inspection of civil authorities, separate from regular parish records.</nowiki>  
  
The Family History Library has many parish records of the Roman Catholic Church and some church records for smaller denominations, notably minutes of various Baptist conferences.
+
'''1858-1869'''<nowiki>:&nbsp; Clergy of all denominations could perform marriages. Clergy of all faiths were requested to transcribe information into county marriage registers; many did not.</nowiki>
  
Many denominations have collected their records into central repositories. Some national church headquarters or archives are described in the [[Canada Church Records|Canada Church Records ]]section of the Canada Research Outline. Addresses of many church archives in Ontario are in Brenda Dougall Merriman's ''Genealogy in Ontario'', pages 243-46.
+
The Family History Library has many parish records of the Roman Catholic Church and some church records for smaller denominations, notably minutes of various Baptist conferences.&nbsp;
  
You can write to the following churches to learn where their records are located.
+
Many denominations have collected their records into central repositories. Some national church headquarters or archives are described in [[Canada Church Records]]. Addresses of many church archives in Ontario are in Brenda Dougall Merriman's ''Genealogy in Ontario'', pages 243-46.  
  
=== Anglican ===
+
You can write to the following churches to learn where their records are located.
  
The Anglican Church in Canada, sometimes called Church of England or Protestant Episcopal Church, has published an inventory of church records and their locations at diocesan archives in Ontario:
+
=== Anglican ===
  
''Guide to the Holdings of the Ecclesiastical Province of Ontario''. Agincourt, Ontario: Generation Press, 1990. (FHL book 971.3 K23g; not on microfilm.)
+
The Anglican Church in Canada, sometimes called Church of England or Protestant Episcopal Church, has published an inventory of church records and their locations at diocesan archives in Ontario:  
  
Further information is available from:
+
''Guide to the Holdings of the Ecclesiastical Province of Ontario''. Agincourt, Ontario: Generation Press, 1990. (Family History Library {{FHL|363533|title-id|disp=book 971.3 K23g}}.)
  
'''Diocese of Ontario '''
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Further information is available from:
  
Mr. Paul Banfield, Archivist<br />[mailto:banfield@post.queensu.ca banfield@post.queensu.ca ]
+
'''Diocese of Ontario'''
  
Ms. Lisa Russell, Diocesan Archival Technician<br />90 Johnson St.<br />Kingston, ON K7L 1X7<br />613-544-4774<br />613-547-3745 fx<br />[mailto:archives@ontario.anglican.ca archives@ontario.anglican.ca ]
+
Mr. Paul Banfield, Archivist<br>[mailto:banfield@post.queensu.ca banfield@post.queensu.ca]  
  
=== <br />Baptist ===
+
Ms. Lisa Russell, Diocesan Archival Technician<br>90 Johnson St.<br>Kingston, ON K7L 1X7<br>613-544-4774<br>613-547-3745 fx<br>[mailto:archives@ontario.anglican.ca archives@ontario.anglican.ca]
  
Many Baptist records for Ontario are at the Family History Library. For further information write to:
+
=== Baptist ===
  
'''The Canadian Baptist Archives<br />'''McMaster Divinity College<br />1280 Main Street West  Room 152<br />Hamilton, ON   L8S 4K1 <br />CANADA <br />Fax:  905-577-4782  <br />Telephone: (905) 525-9140 x23511 or x23512<br />Email: [mailto:cbarch@mcmaster.ca cbarch@mcmaster.ca]<br />Internet: http://www.macdiv.ca/students/baptistarchives.php
+
Many Baptist records for Ontario are at the Family History Library. For further information write to:  
  
=== Presbyterian ===
+
'''The Canadian Baptist Archives<br>'''McMaster Divinity College<br>1280 Main Street West&nbsp; Room 152<br>Hamilton, ON&nbsp;&nbsp; L8S 4K1 <br>CANADA <br>Fax:&nbsp; 905-577-4782&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>Telephone: (905) 525-9140 x23511 or x23512<br>Email: [mailto:cbarch@mcmaster.ca cbarch@mcmaster.ca]<br>Internet: http://www.macdiv.ca/students/baptistarchives.php
  
Only a few pre-1925 Presbyterian records are available through the Presbyterian Church in Canada. Some of these are on film at the Family History Library. Most such records are at archives of the United Church of Canada. See the address below.
+
=== Moravian  ===
  
'''Presbyterian Church in Canada Archives<br />'''50 Wynford Drive<br />Toronto, ON M3C 1J7<br />CANADA <br />416-441-1111 ext. 310<br />416-441-2825 (fax)<br />[mailto:karnold@presbyterian.ca karnold@presbyterian.ca]<br />Inrernet: http://www.presbyterian.ca/archives/
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[http://www.moravianchurcharchives.org/general.php The Moravian Archives]<br>41 West Locust Street<br>Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18018<br>United States of America<br>Phone: (610) 866-3255<br>Fax: (610) 866-9210
  
=== Roman Catholic ===
+
For information concerning missions to the American Indians visit [http://www.wheaton.edu/bgc/archives/GUIDES/153.htm Moravian Missions Among American Indians.]&nbsp;For a map and list of missions visit [http://bdhp.moravian.edu/community_records/christianindians/missionmap.html Early Moravian Missions in Eastern Pennsylvania and Surrounding Areas 1740-1773.]
  
Most pre-1910 records of Roman Catholic parishes in Ontario have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library and its centers. Exceptions are listed below.
+
Mission records are also available in the {{FHL|301362|item}}. The records are indexed in the {{FHL|53079|item}}Book 970.1 F642i.  
  
The records of Stormont and Glengarry Counties are at:
+
=== Presbyterian  ===
  
'''Diocese of Alexandria-Cornwall<br />'''220 Chemin Montreal<br />P.O. Box 1388<br />Cornwall, ON K6H 5V4<br />CANADA <br />Telephone: (613) 933-1138<br /> Fax: (613) 937-4931 <br />Internet: http://www.alexandria-cornwall.ca/
+
Only a few pre-1925 Presbyterian records are available through the Presbyterian Church in Canada. Some of these are on film at the Family History Library. Most such records are at archives of the United Church of Canada. See the address below.  
  
The parish records of the Diocese of Hamilton are at:
+
'''Presbyterian Church in Canada Archives<br>'''50 Wynford Drive<br>Toronto, ON M3C 1J7<br>CANADA <br>416-441-1111 ext. 310<br>416-441-2825 (fax)<br>[mailto:karnold@presbyterian.ca karnold@presbyterian.ca]<br>Inrernet: http://www.presbyterian.ca/archives/
  
'''Diocese of Hamilton<br />'''700 King Street West<br />Hamilton, ON L8P 1C7<br />CANADA<br />Phone: [905] 528-7988<br /> FAX [905] 528-1088 <br />Internet: http://www.hamiltondiocese.com/
+
=== Roman Catholic  ===
  
=== United Church of Canada ===
+
Most pre-1910 records of Roman Catholic parishes in Ontario have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library and its centers. Exceptions are listed below.
  
United Church records include Methodist, most Presbyterian, and Congregational church records dating from before the 1925 merger which formed the church. Many records are still in the hands of local clergymen. Others are at:
+
The records of Stormont and Glengarry Counties are at:  
  
'''United Church of Canada Archives<br />'''73 Queen's Park Crescent East<br />Victoria University<br />Toronto, ON M5S 1K7<br />CANADA
+
:'''Diocese of Alexandria-Cornwall<br>'''220 Chemin Montreal<br>P.O. Box 1388<br>Cornwall, ON K6H 5V4<br>CANADA <br>Telephone: (613) 933-1138<br>Fax: (613) 937-4931 <br>Internet: http://www.alexandria-cornwall.ca/
  
Tel: 416-585-4563<br />Fax: 416-585-4584 <br />Internet: http://www.united-church.ca/archives/
+
The parish records of the Diocese of Hamilton are at:
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:'''Diocese of Hamilton<br>'''700 King Street West<br>Hamilton, ON L8P 1C7<br>CANADA<br>Phone: [905] 528-7988<br>FAX [905] 528-1088 <br>Internet: http://www.hamiltondiocese.com/
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:<br>
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[[Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records]]
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
 +
 
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[[Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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 +
<br> '''The Drouin Collection'''<br> [http://www.ancestry.ca/drouin The Drouin Collection 1621-1967] ($) (Ancestry) is available online. This French-Canadian collection has over 15 million genealogical and vital records entries. The Drouin Collection is made up of six smaller collections. They were microfilmed by the Institut Généalogique Drouin. The types of records include baptisms, marriages, and burials as well as confirmations, dispensations, censuses, statements of readmission to the church, and so on. They are written mainly in French, as well as English, Latin, and Italian. For more details see [[The Drouin Collection: Six databases|The Drouin Collection: Six Databases]].
 +
 
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=== United Church of Canada  ===
 +
 
 +
United Church records include Methodist, most Presbyterian, and Congregational church records dating from before the 1925 merger which formed the church. Many records are still in the hands of local clergymen. Others are at:
 +
 
 +
:'''United Church of Canada Archives<br>'''73 Queen's Park Crescent East<br>Victoria University<br>Toronto, ON M5S 1K7<br>CANADA<br>Tel: 416-585-4563<br>Fax: 416-585-4584 <br>Internet: http://www.united-church.ca/archives/
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{{Ontario|Ontario}}
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<br>
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'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
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 +
[[Ontario Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Ontario]] [[Category:Canada]]

Revision as of 17:12, 6 July 2012

Canada Gotoarrow.png Ontario Gotoarrow.png Church Records

Consult church registers for records of baptisms, marriages, and burials before 1869—the year civil vital registration began in Ontario. These registers may be useful to 1930, when complete civil vital registration was finally achieved. Religious affiliation can be determined from family sources or censuses beginning in 1851.

You should search the registers of all denominations in the area where your ancestor lived, since many baptisms were performed in the nearest church, regardless of the family's religious affiliation. At certain periods of Ontario's history, only certain denominations were allowed to perform marriages. In many cases an individual had to be married by a priest or minister of a religion other than his own. The following history traces these changes:

1793: Pre-Only Anglican and Roman Catholic clergy could legally perform marriages.

1793-1798:  Marriages could be performed by Anglican and Roman Catholic clergy and district clerks if the couple resided more than eighteen miles from an Anglican minister. Despite legal restrictions, a few Lutheran and Presbyterian ministers performed marriages before 1798 and recorded them in church registers.

1798-1831:  Anglican, Calvinist, Church of Scotland, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic clergy could perform marriages.

1831-1858:  All denominations mentioned above as well as Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians could perform marriages. Only non-Catholic and non-Anglican clergy were required to keep marriage registers for the inspection of civil authorities, separate from regular parish records.

1858-1869:  Clergy of all denominations could perform marriages. Clergy of all faiths were requested to transcribe information into county marriage registers; many did not.

The Family History Library has many parish records of the Roman Catholic Church and some church records for smaller denominations, notably minutes of various Baptist conferences. 

Many denominations have collected their records into central repositories. Some national church headquarters or archives are described in Canada Church Records. Addresses of many church archives in Ontario are in Brenda Dougall Merriman's Genealogy in Ontario, pages 243-46.

You can write to the following churches to learn where their records are located.

Contents

Anglican

The Anglican Church in Canada, sometimes called Church of England or Protestant Episcopal Church, has published an inventory of church records and their locations at diocesan archives in Ontario:

Guide to the Holdings of the Ecclesiastical Province of Ontario. Agincourt, Ontario: Generation Press, 1990. (Family History Library book 971.3 K23g.)

Further information is available from:

Diocese of Ontario

Mr. Paul Banfield, Archivist
banfield@post.queensu.ca

Ms. Lisa Russell, Diocesan Archival Technician
90 Johnson St.
Kingston, ON K7L 1X7
613-544-4774
613-547-3745 fx
archives@ontario.anglican.ca

Baptist

Many Baptist records for Ontario are at the Family History Library. For further information write to:

The Canadian Baptist Archives
McMaster Divinity College
1280 Main Street West  Room 152
Hamilton, ON   L8S 4K1
CANADA
Fax:  905-577-4782  
Telephone: (905) 525-9140 x23511 or x23512
Email: cbarch@mcmaster.ca
Internet: http://www.macdiv.ca/students/baptistarchives.php

Moravian

The Moravian Archives
41 West Locust Street
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18018
United States of America
Phone: (610) 866-3255
Fax: (610) 866-9210

For information concerning missions to the American Indians visit Moravian Missions Among American Indians. For a map and list of missions visit Early Moravian Missions in Eastern Pennsylvania and Surrounding Areas 1740-1773.

Mission records are also available in the FHL Collection. The records are indexed in the FHL CollectionBook 970.1 F642i.

Presbyterian

Only a few pre-1925 Presbyterian records are available through the Presbyterian Church in Canada. Some of these are on film at the Family History Library. Most such records are at archives of the United Church of Canada. See the address below.

Presbyterian Church in Canada Archives
50 Wynford Drive
Toronto, ON M3C 1J7
CANADA
416-441-1111 ext. 310
416-441-2825 (fax)
karnold@presbyterian.ca
Inrernet: http://www.presbyterian.ca/archives/

Roman Catholic

Most pre-1910 records of Roman Catholic parishes in Ontario have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library and its centers. Exceptions are listed below.

The records of Stormont and Glengarry Counties are at:

Diocese of Alexandria-Cornwall
220 Chemin Montreal
P.O. Box 1388
Cornwall, ON K6H 5V4
CANADA
Telephone: (613) 933-1138
Fax: (613) 937-4931
Internet: http://www.alexandria-cornwall.ca/

The parish records of the Diocese of Hamilton are at:


Diocese of Hamilton
700 King Street West
Hamilton, ON L8P 1C7
CANADA
Phone: [905] 528-7988
FAX [905] 528-1088
Internet: http://www.hamiltondiocese.com/

Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)


The Drouin Collection
The Drouin Collection 1621-1967 ($) (Ancestry) is available online. This French-Canadian collection has over 15 million genealogical and vital records entries. The Drouin Collection is made up of six smaller collections. They were microfilmed by the Institut Généalogique Drouin. The types of records include baptisms, marriages, and burials as well as confirmations, dispensations, censuses, statements of readmission to the church, and so on. They are written mainly in French, as well as English, Latin, and Italian. For more details see The Drouin Collection: Six Databases.

United Church of Canada

United Church records include Methodist, most Presbyterian, and Congregational church records dating from before the 1925 merger which formed the church. Many records are still in the hands of local clergymen. Others are at:

United Church of Canada Archives
73 Queen's Park Crescent East
Victoria University
Toronto, ON M5S 1K7
CANADA
Tel: 416-585-4563
Fax: 416-585-4584
Internet: http://www.united-church.ca/archives/


Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Ontario Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)