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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Oregon  Gotoarrow.png  Census

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Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Oregon indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Oregon 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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1845-1895 Territorial and State indexes - - Link  - - Link Link Link - -
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1850[8] indexes Link - Link  - - Link Link Link Link -
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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
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Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Oregon Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1930 1910  1880 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1900 and Soundex 1870 1850


Oregon Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1930 T626 1910 T624 1880 T9 & Soundex T768 1860 M653
1920 T625 & Soundex M1583 1900 T623 & Soundex T1067 1870 M593 1850 M432


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Oregon, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Oregon

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Oregon
1890 Veterans 1870 Mortality 1860 Slave owner 1850 Slave owner 
1880 Mortality 1870 Agricultural 1860 Mortality 1850 Mortality
1880 Agricultural 1870 Industrial 1860 Agricultural 1850 Agricultural
1880 Industrial 1870 Social Statistics 1860 Industrial 1850 Industrial
1880 Defective
1860 Social Statistics 1850 Social Statistics


National Archives Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Oregon
1890 Veterans 1860 Slave owner 1860 Industrial 1850 Agricultural
1880 Mortality 1860 Mortality 1850 Slave owner 1850 Industrial
1870 Mortality 1860 Agricultural 1850 Mortality


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Oregon, click here.

State and territorial censuses

State and Territorial Censuses of Oregon
1845-1895 Oregon State Archives has an online index of state and territorial censuses for these years
1841-1890 Ancestry FH Library edition, Library edition (free at some libraries) or Ancestry Home edition has an online index of state and territorial censuses for these years
1905 State census Baker, Lane, Linn and Marion counties[9][10]
1895 State census Linn, Morrow, Multnomah, Marion counties [9][10]
1885 State census Linn and Umatilla counties only [9][10]
1875 State census Umatilla county [9][10]
1870 State census Umatilla county [9][10]
1865 State census Benton, Columbia, Marion and Umatilla counties [9][10]
1859 Territorial census Clatsop, Umpqua (now Douglas) counties[9][10]Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1951-1859 [11]
1858 Territorial census Benton, Clatsop, Coos, Curry, Umpqua (now Douglas) counties[9][10] [11]
1857 Territorial census Benton, Clackamas, Coos, Curry, Douglas, Jackson, Tillamook, Umpqua (now Douglas), Washington counties[9] [10]Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1951-1859 [11]
1856 Territorial census Benton, Clackamas, Columbia, Curry, Polk, and Washington counties[9][10]Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1951-1859 [11]
1855 Territorial census Coos and Jackson counties[9] [10]Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1951-1859 [11]
1854 Territorial census Benton, Clatsop, and Jackson counties[9] [10]Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1951-1859 [11]
1853 Territorial census Benton, Marion, Polk, Umpqua (now Douglas), Washington and counties[9] [10]Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1951-1859 [11]
1849 Apportionment Census of Males over 21 --Benton, Champoeg, Clackamas, Clatsop, Lewis (Washington State), Linn, Polk, Tualatin, Vancouver (Washington State), and Yamhill counties[9] [10] Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1841-1849[12]
1845-46 Tualaty county (now Washington State)[9] [10] Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1841-1849[12]
1845 Champoeg (now Marion), Clackamas, Clatsop, and Yamhill[9] [10] Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1841-1849[12]
1842 Elijah White Census (persons living south of the Columbia River)[9] [10]Indexed in Oregon Census Records 1841-1849[12]
1836-1837 Slacum's Report on Oregon. Incompete census. Print copy in the Oregon Historical Quarterly Vol 13: Jun 1912, 175-224. FHL Book 979.5 B2h [10]



Copies of state and territorial censuses are available at the Oregon State Archives. Most state and territorial censuses 1842-1859 are available at the Family History Library: Provisional and territorial census record of Oregon, 1842-1859 (Salem, Oregon : Oregon State Archives, 1970) [FHL Film 899786].

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Oregon censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. The 1850 federal census of Oregon Territory included the populated western regions of present-day Oregon and Washington.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records State Census Records(Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 97-98.
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.17 Connie Miller Lenzen, Research in Oregon Research in Oregon(Arlington, Virginia: National Genealogical Association, 2007), 16-17.[Book 979.5 D27L 1992]
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 Ronald Vern Jackson, Scott D. Rosenkilde, W. David Samuelson,Census Records 1951-1859(North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Systems, 1984)
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Ronald Vern Jackson, W. David Samuelson, Scott D. Rosenkilde, Oregon Census Records 1841-1849 Oregon Census Records 1841-1849(Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1984)[[1]]FHL Book 979.5 X22o 1841-1849]]

 

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