Papua New Guinea

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=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
'''about 500 BC''' Austronesian speaking people arrived in coastal areas bringing pottery, pigs, and fishing techniques.<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br> '''1526''' European discovery of Papua New Guinea by Portuguese explorer Dom Jorge de Meneses.<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''about 1700''' Sweat potatoes from South America were introduced by the Portuguese, which replaced taro, and allowed an increase in the population, especially in the highlands.<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1883''' Queensland, Australia annexes the southern part of New Guinea.<ref>"German New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1884''' Germany takes control of the northwest part of New Guinea.<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1914''' Australian troops capture German New Guinea and nearby associated islands.<ref>"German New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>
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'''about 500 BC''' Austronesian speaking people arrived in coastal areas bringing pottery, pigs, and fishing techniques.<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br> '''1526''' European discovery of Papua New Guinea by Portuguese explorer Dom Jorge de Meneses.<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''about 1700''' Sweat potatoes from South America were introduced by the Portuguese, which replaced taro, and allowed an increase in the population, especially in the highlands.<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1883''' Queensland, Australia annexed the southern part of the island of New Guinea (later called Papua).<ref>"German New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1884''' Germany took control of the northwest part of New Guinea and nearby islands (then called German New Guinea).<ref>"Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1914''' Australian troops captured German New Guinea including the nearby associated islands.<ref>"German New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1949''' The two territories of Papua, and New Guinea were combined.<ref>"Territory of Papua and New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_of_Papua_and_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1975''' Papua New Guinea was granted independence.<ref>"History of Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref> <br>'''1975''' Bougainville uprising, and civil war began. This resulted in the closing of the economically important but environmentally harmful Panguna copper mine.<ref>"History of Bougainville" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bougainville (accessed 7 January 2009).</ref>
  
 
=== Research Tools  ===
 
=== Research Tools  ===

Revision as of 21:14, 7 January 2009

Huli Wigman from the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.
Pacific Island Guide  >  Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea map.png


Contents

General Information

Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. The Indonesian province of West Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Britain, New Ireland, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea. Papaua New Guinea is part of the Melanesia region of the Pacific.

Historical Background

about 500 BC Austronesian speaking people arrived in coastal areas bringing pottery, pigs, and fishing techniques.[1]
1526 European discovery of Papua New Guinea by Portuguese explorer Dom Jorge de Meneses.[2]
about 1700 Sweat potatoes from South America were introduced by the Portuguese, which replaced taro, and allowed an increase in the population, especially in the highlands.[3]
1883 Queensland, Australia annexed the southern part of the island of New Guinea (later called Papua).[4]
1884 Germany took control of the northwest part of New Guinea and nearby islands (then called German New Guinea).[5]
1914 Australian troops captured German New Guinea including the nearby associated islands.[6]
1949 The two territories of Papua, and New Guinea were combined.[7]
1975 Papua New Guinea was granted independence.[8]
1975 Bougainville uprising, and civil war began. This resulted in the closing of the economically important but environmentally harmful Panguna copper mine.[9]

Research Tools

Sources

  1. "Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  2. "Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  3. "Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  4. "German New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  5. "Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  6. "German New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  7. "Territory of Papua and New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_of_Papua_and_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  8. "History of Papua New Guinea" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea (accessed 7 January 2009).
  9. "History of Bougainville" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bougainville (accessed 7 January 2009).

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