Papua New Guinea

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[[Image:Papua New Guinea tribesman.jpg|thumb|right|160px|Huli Wigman from the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.]] ''[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide&nbsp;]] &gt; &nbsp;Papua New Guinea'' <br>  
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''[[Pacific Island Guide to Family History Research|Pacific Island Guide&nbsp;]] &gt; &nbsp;Papua New Guinea'' <br>  
  
[[Image:Papua New Guinea map2.png|thumb|left|520px|Papua New Guinea includes Manus, New Ireland, New Britain, Bougainville. Click to enlarge.]] <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>
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[[Image:Papua New Guinea map2.png|thumb|left|520px|Papua New Guinea includes Manus, New Ireland, New Britain, Bougainville. Click to enlarge.]][[Image:Papua New Guinea tribesman.jpg|thumb|right|158px|Huli Wigman from the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.]]
  
<br>Papua&nbsp;New&nbsp;Guinea&nbsp;occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. The Indonesian province of Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Hanover, New Ireland, New Britain, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea, part of the Melanesia region of the Pacific.  
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Papua&nbsp;New&nbsp;Guinea&nbsp;occupies&nbsp;the&nbsp;eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. The Indonesian province of Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Hanover, New Ireland, New Britain, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea, part of the Melanesia region of the Pacific.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
'''about 500 BC''' Austronesian speaking people arrived in coastal areas bringing pottery, pigs, and fishing techniques.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br> '''1526''' European discovery of Papua New Guinea by Portuguese explorer Dom Jorge de Meneses.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''about 1700''' Sweat potatoes from South America were introduced by the Portuguese, which replaced taro, and allowed an increase in the population, especially in the highlands.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1883''' Queensland, Australia annexed the southern part of the island of New Guinea (later called Papua).<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "German New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1884''' Germany took control of the northwest part of New Guinea and nearby islands (then called German New Guinea).<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1914''' World War I Australian troops captured German New Guinea including the nearby associated islands.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "German New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1942-1945''' World War II Japanese and Allied forces fight over Bougainville, New Britain, and New Guinea.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "New Guinea campaign," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Guinea_campaign (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> Cargo cult activity by natives used magic and mock airfields and control towers in attempts to attract parachute drops.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Cargo cult," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cargo_cult (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1949''' The two Australian controlled eastern territories of Papua, and New Guinea were combined in a single trust territory.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Territory of Papua and New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_of_Papua_and_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> The western side of the island remained part of Indonesia.<br>'''1975''' Papua New Guinea was granted independence.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1975''' The Bougainville uprising began decades of secessionist strife and civil war. This resulted in the closing of the economically important, but environmentally harmful Panguna copper mine.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Bougainville," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bougainville (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref>
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'''about 500 BC''' Austronesian speaking people arrived in coastal areas bringing pottery, pigs, and fishing techniques.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br> '''1526''' European discovery of Papua New Guinea by Portuguese explorer Dom Jorge de Meneses.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''about 1700''' Sweat potatoes from South America were introduced by the Portuguese, which replaced taro, and allowed an increase in the population, especially in the highlands.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1883''' Queensland, Australia annexed the southern part of the island of New Guinea (later called Papua).<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "German New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1884''' Germany took control of the northwest part of New Guinea and nearby islands (then called German New Guinea).<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1914''' World War I Australian troops captured German New Guinea including the nearby associated islands.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "German New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1942-1945''' World War II Japanese and Allied forces fight over Bougainville, New Britain, and New Guinea.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "New Guinea campaign," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Guinea_campaign (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> Cargo cult activity by natives used magic and mock airfields and control towers in attempts to attract parachute drops.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Cargo cult," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cargo_cult (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1949''' The two Australian controlled eastern territories of Papua, and New Guinea were combined in a single trust territory.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Territory of Papua and New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_of_Papua_and_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> The western side of the island remained part of Indonesia.<br>'''1975''' Papua New Guinea was granted independence.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Papua New Guinea," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref> <br>'''1975''' The Bougainville uprising began decades of secessionist strife and civil war. This resulted in the closing of the economically important, but environmentally harmful Panguna copper mine.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "History of Bougainville," ''Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia'', http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bougainville (accessed January 7, 2009).</ref>  
  
 
=== Research Tools  ===
 
=== Research Tools  ===

Revision as of 16:48, 14 January 2009

Pacific Island Guide  >  Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea includes Manus, New Ireland, New Britain, Bougainville. Click to enlarge.
Huli Wigman from the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea.

Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. The Indonesian province of Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Hanover, New Ireland, New Britain, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea, part of the Melanesia region of the Pacific.

Historical Background

about 500 BC Austronesian speaking people arrived in coastal areas bringing pottery, pigs, and fishing techniques.[1]
1526 European discovery of Papua New Guinea by Portuguese explorer Dom Jorge de Meneses.[2]
about 1700 Sweat potatoes from South America were introduced by the Portuguese, which replaced taro, and allowed an increase in the population, especially in the highlands.[3]
1883 Queensland, Australia annexed the southern part of the island of New Guinea (later called Papua).[4]
1884 Germany took control of the northwest part of New Guinea and nearby islands (then called German New Guinea).[5]
1914 World War I Australian troops captured German New Guinea including the nearby associated islands.[6]
1942-1945 World War II Japanese and Allied forces fight over Bougainville, New Britain, and New Guinea.[7] Cargo cult activity by natives used magic and mock airfields and control towers in attempts to attract parachute drops.[8]
1949 The two Australian controlled eastern territories of Papua, and New Guinea were combined in a single trust territory.[9] The western side of the island remained part of Indonesia.
1975 Papua New Guinea was granted independence.[10]
1975 The Bougainville uprising began decades of secessionist strife and civil war. This resulted in the closing of the economically important, but environmentally harmful Panguna copper mine.[11]

Research Tools

Sources


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "German New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Papua New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "German New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "New Guinea campaign," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Guinea_campaign (accessed January 7, 2009).
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Cargo cult," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cargo_cult (accessed January 7, 2009).
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Territory of Papua and New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territory_of_Papua_and_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  10. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Papua New Guinea," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea (accessed January 7, 2009).
  11. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Bougainville," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bougainville (accessed January 7, 2009).

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