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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Pawnee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)


The Pawnee Agency is located in Oklahoma. Its supervising office in the Bureau of Indian Affairs is the Anadarko Area Office.

Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

1859-present -- Pawnee

1919-1921 -- Otoe, Ponca, Kansa

1927-present -- Pawnee, Otoe, Ponca, Kansa, Tonkawa

Link to US Department of the Interior Indian Affairs - Pawnee Agency " four tribes under jurisdiction: Ote-Missouria Tribe, Pawnee Nation, Tonkawa Tribe, and the Ponca Tribe"

History

The Pawnee Agency in Nebraska was established in 1859 for the Pawnee Indians previously assigned to the Otoe Agency since 1856 and to Council Bluffs Agency prior to that. It was located at Genoa, Nebraska until 1875, when it was moved to the new Pawnee Reservation on Black Bear Creek, about 8 miles from the Arkansas River in Indian Territory.[1]

In 1882, the Ponca Agency and the Otoe Agency merged with the Pawnee Agency to form the Ponca, Pawnee, and Otoe Agency. In 1885, a group of Tonkawa Indians joined them and the agency was known as the Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and Oakland Agency. During the years of 1901-1904, the Otoe Agency and the Oakland Agency were re-established.

In 1919, the Otoe and Ponca Agencies were merged with the Pawnee Agency. In 1921, the Ponca Agency was again re-established, but the Kansa Indians, who had been a part of the Ponca Agency, stayed with the Pawnee Agency. The Ponca Agency was permanently merged with the Pawnee Agency in 1927.[2]

Pawnee Pride: A History of Pawnee County. by Kenny A. Franks and paul F. Lambert. Oklahoma City, OK. 1994 FHL book 976.626 H2f

Some Things are not Forgotten: A Pawnee Family Remembers. by Martha Royce Blaine and Garland James Blaine. Lincoln, NB. University of Nebraska Press. 1997. FHL book 929.273 B574bmr

The Pawnee Indians. by George E. Hyde. Norman, OK University of Oklahoma Press. 1974. FHL book 970.3 P289h

The Dunbar-Allis Letters on the Pawnee. Woldo Rudouph Weztel, John Dunvar, and Samuel Allis. New York, NY: Garland Pub. 1985. FHL book 970.3 P289d

Records

Some of the records of the Pawnee Agency are in the National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth) and the Oklahoma Historical Society in Oklahoma City[3]. Most of these records are administrative records of the agency, although there are some probate records, 1915-1940 and school census records, 1916-1945.

Some Pawnee Agency (Oklahoma) records 1873-1918 are in the Indian Archives Divison of the Oklahoma Historical Society, the Family History Library has a collection of 55 microfilm microfilm 1671065 first film of 55

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Pawnee Agency, 1859-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 659-668[4]. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661389 thru 1661398.

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Pawnee Agency, 1873-1880, are on roll 35 of that Microcopy set[5]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617728).

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Pawnee Agency, 1907-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 100-102[6], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm numbers 1724318-320).

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1902 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 336-343[7]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 579746-579753). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

Agency Records Available Through the Family History Library and Centers

Allotment Rolls and Index to allotment numbers, 1887-1929.  United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL film 1204636 item 2 and 3

Pawnee Indian Reservation Land Allotment ledger. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL Collection

Annuity Payroll Records, 1883-1928. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL films 1023974 item 2 (first of 5 films)

Ponca Tribe, 1886-1952 (Annuity, Census, Heirship, School, Probate,and Vital) FHL films:  1204632-33, 1021359-62,

Otoe-Missouri, 1895-1944 (Allotment, Census, School,Vital) FHL films: 1205233, 1023978, 1204635

Heirship records: Department finding determining the heirs of deceased Indians prior to 1940. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. FHL Collection

Register of Indian families, Pawnee Tribe, 1905-1907. Unites States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL Collection

Original Discharge Papers, 1864-1877 ( Military-Civil War) United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL film 1205532

Register of Vital Stitistics, 1909-1952; delayed birth certificates, 1944-1952. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. FHL Collection

Register of births and deaths of Pawnee, Kaw, Ponca, Otoe, and Tonkawa Indian tribes, 1915-1929. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL Collection

Tonkawa Tribe, 1895-1952 (Allotment, School and Vital). FHL films 1205529 and 1204633

School Census, 1934-1944. United States, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth , TX. FHL films 1204636 and 1205532

Pawnee School Student Roster, 1947-1950. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL film 1205530 item 6

Blue line maps. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL Collection

Senate Document no. 512, Twenty-Third Congress, 1st Session. By Larry S. Watson. Laguna Hills, CA: Histree, 1988. {{FHL|42744|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 W335s vol. 1-5]]

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 136.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 174.
  3. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  4. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  6. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Micropcopy M1011, p. 27.
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.

 

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