Pawnee Indians

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To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]  
 
To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]  
  
'''Ancestral Homeland: '''Kansas and Nebraska (on Platte River and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River )  
+
'''Ancestral Homeland: '''Kansas and Nebraska (on Platte River and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River)  
  
 
The Pawnee Nation is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma<ref>Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 [http://www.thepeoplespaths.net/lists/FederallyRecognized2002.pdf Available online]</ref>.  
 
The Pawnee Nation is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma<ref>Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 [http://www.thepeoplespaths.net/lists/FederallyRecognized2002.pdf Available online]</ref>.  
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A history of the Pawnee Nation is included in a National Historical Register [http://www.ocgi.okstate.edu/shpo/nhrpdfs/00001577.pdf .pdf file], p. 29ff., available on the internet (takes time to load).  
 
A history of the Pawnee Nation is included in a National Historical Register [http://www.ocgi.okstate.edu/shpo/nhrpdfs/00001577.pdf .pdf file], p. 29ff., available on the internet (takes time to load).  
  
The Pawnee consisted of four tribes:  
+
The Pawnee Nation (Confederacy) consisted of four bands:  
  
 
*Chaui or Grand Pawnee,  
 
*Chaui or Grand Pawnee,  
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*Skidi or Skiri Pawnee
 
*Skidi or Skiri Pawnee
  
The Pawnee Nation was assigned to the following '''Agencies:'''
+
==== Brief Timeline  ====
  
 +
*'''1541:''' Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado made contact with the tribe
 +
*'''1601: '''Juan de Onate a Spanish explorer
 +
*'''1770:''' Southern Pawnee migrated northward near the Northern Pawnee (Skidi) Platte River, Loup River, and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River (Nebraska)
 +
*June 18-22,1818: St. Louis, Missouri Territory. Peace was concluded with the tribes of the region disturbed by the War of 1812.
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/gra0156.htm 1818] June 18, with the Grand Pawnee
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0157.htm 1818] June 19, with the Pitahuerat Noisy Pawnee
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0158.htm 1818] June 20, with the Pawnee Republic
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0159.htm 1818] June 22, with the Pawnee Marhar
 
*1824-37: [[Upper Missouri Indian Agency|Upper Missouri Agency]]  
 
*1824-37: [[Upper Missouri Indian Agency|Upper Missouri Agency]]  
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0258.htm 1825] September 30, at Fort Atkinson, (Council Bluffs), Iowa, regulation of trade
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0416.htm 1833] October 9, at Grand Pawnee Village on the Platte River, land ceded "all land lying south of the Platte River: annuity: $4,600 in goods"
 +
*1834-1847: Presbyterian Missionaries Messrs Dunbar and Allis established a church
 
*1837-56: [[Council Bluffs Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Council Bluffs Agency]]  
 
*1837-56: [[Council Bluffs Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Council Bluffs Agency]]  
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0571.htm 1848] August 6, at Fort Childs, Nebraska ceded 60 mile strip on the Platte River and Grand Island
 
*1856-59: [[Otoe Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Otoe Agency]]  
 
*1856-59: [[Otoe Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Otoe Agency]]  
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0764.htm 1857] September 24, at Table Creek, Nebraska Territory, land ceeded, reservation. provision for half-breeds
 
*1859-80: [[Pawnee Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Pawnee Agency]] (Nebraska)  
 
*1859-80: [[Pawnee Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Pawnee Agency]] (Nebraska)  
 +
*1861-1865: Frank and Luther North of Columbus, Nebraska organized the Pawnee Scout for service on the frontier during the Civil War.
 +
*1869 June 9, Battle of Summit Springs, Major (Brevet Major General) Eugene A. Carr commander of the 5th U.S. Cavalry, lead and expedition against the Cheyenne along the Republican River. Major Frank J. North and the Pawnee Scouts participated.<ref> Nebraska Historical Tour Guide. by D. Ray Wilson.Pub. by Crossroads Communications, Carpentersville, IL. C. 1983 FHL book 978.2 E6wd </ref>
 +
*1865-1885''':''' Frank and Luther North organized a battalion (U.S. Army) of [[Pawnee Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry|Pawnee scouts]]; they worked as guard for railroad construction crews.
 +
*1873 August 5, Massacre Canyon; Sioux war party ambushed a Pawnee hunting party killing 150. The Sioux were tribal enemies of the Pawnee.
 +
*1873-1874: Two groups removed from homeland along the Platte River in Nebraska to a [[Pawnee Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|reservation]] in Indian Territory near the Cimarron River (Pawnee County, Oklahoma)
 +
*1875: A third group (mainly the Skidis) removed to Indian Territory, lead by Baptiste Bayhylle
 +
*1875- Present: [[Pawnee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Pawnee Agency]] (Oklahoma)
 
*1873-75: [[Wichita Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Wichita Agency]]  
 
*1873-75: [[Wichita Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Wichita Agency]]  
*1875- Present: [[Pawnee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Pawnee Agency]] (Oklahoma)
+
*1876: Pawnee Reservation on Loup River established
 +
*1883: Woman's National Indian Association established a mission it became the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1884
 +
*1892: Land in severaty and became citizens of the U.S.
 +
*1937 an official census of the Pawnee Indian Tribe of Oklahoma compiled.'''Agencies with Jurisdiction over the Tribe''' The Pawnee Nation was assigned to the following Agencies: Many records for the Pawnee tribe are listed on the Agency pages.
 +
1824-37: [[Upper Missouri Indian Agency|Upper Missouri Agency]]
 +
1837-56: [[Council Bluffs Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Council Bluffs Agency]] 1856-59: [[Otoe Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Otoe Agnecy]]
 +
1859-80: [[Pawnee Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Pawnee Agency]] (Nebraska) 1873-1875: [[Wichita Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Wichita Agency]] 1875- Present: [[Pawnee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Pawnee Agency]] (Oklahoma) These agencies were under the following [[Superintendencies of Indian Affairs|'''Superintendencies:''']] [[St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs|St. Louis]] Superintendency, [[Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Central ]]Superintendency and [[Northern Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Northern]] Superintendency
  
These agencies were under the following [[Superintendencies of Indian Affairs|'''Superintendencies:''']]&nbsp; [[St._Louis_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|St. Louis]] Superintendency, [[Central_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|Central ]]Superintendency and [[Northern_Superintendency_of_Indian_Affairs|Northern]] Superintendency<br>
+
==== Reservations  ====
  
==== Brief Timeline  ====
+
[[Pawnee Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Pawnee Reservation]] (Oklahoma) <br>
  
*'''1541:''' Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado made contact with the tribe
+
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe ====
*'''1601: '''Juan de Onate a Spanish explorer
+
*'''1770:''' Southern Pawnee migrated northward near the Northern Pawnee (Skidi)&nbsp;Platte River, Loup River, and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River (Nebraska)
+
*'''1865-1885:''' Frank and Luther North organized a battalion (U.S. Army)&nbsp;of Pawnee scouts; they worked as guard for railroad construction crews
+
*'''1873:''' Massacre Canyon; Sioux war party ambushed a Pawnee hunting party killing 150.
+
*'''1875-1876: '''left Nebraska and moved to Indian Territory ( Pawnee County, Oklahoma)
+
  
==== Reservations  ====
+
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/pawnee/pawneehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Pawnee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details in David Bushnell's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?file=Data&amp;report=SingleArticle&amp;ArticleID=0017342 Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi]. <br>
  
[[Pawnee Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Pawnee Reservation]] (Oklahoma)
+
Pawnee Pride: A History of Pawnee County. By Kenny A Franks and Paul F. Lambert. Oklahoma Heritage Association C 1994 FHL Book 976.626 H2f <br>
  
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
+
Indian Sketcher Taken During an Expedition to the Pawnee Tribes [1833]. by John Treat Irving, Jr. and Ed John Francis McDermott. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK C 1955 FHL Book 970.3 P289 <br>
  
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/pawnee/pawneehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Pawnee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details&nbsp;in David Bushnell's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?file=Data&report=SingleArticle&ArticleID=0017342 Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi].
+
The Pawnee Indians, By George E. Hyde. C 1951. University of Oklahoma Press FHL Book 970.3 P289h <br>
  
 
=== Records  ===
 
=== Records  ===
  
==== Correspondence and Census ====
+
==== Allotment ====
  
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
+
Allotment Rolls and Index to allotment numbers, 1887-1929. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1204636 Items 2 and 3 <br>
|-
+
! scope="col" | Tribe
+
! scope="col" | Agency  
+
! scope="col" | Location of Original Records
+
! scope="col" |
+
Pre-1880 Correspondence
+
  
M234 RG 75 Rolls 962
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Pawnee Indian Reservation Land Allotment Ledger. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL film 1,025,300 <br>
  
Roll Numbers
+
==== Annuity Payroll Records  ====
  
! scope="col" |
+
Annuity Payroll records, 1883-1928. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1,023,974 Item 2 (first of 5 films) <br>
FHL  
+
  
Film
+
==== Correspondence and Census 
  
Number
+
===={| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" scope="col" | Tribe scope="col" | Agency  scope="col" | Location of Original Records scope="col" | fckLRPre-1880 Correspondence fckLRfckLRM234 RG 75 Rolls 962 Numbers  scope="col" | FHL Film Number scope="col" | fckLRPost-1885 Census fckLRfckLRM595 RG 75 Rolls 693 Roll Numbers  scope="col" |  Film Numbers | Pawnee | Upper Missouri Agency, 1824-37 Washington D.C. | Rolls 883-88 | 1,661,613 - 1,661,618 Rolls 386-391  FHL films 579,745 - 579,753
 +
| Pawnee Council Bluffs Agency 1837-56 | Kansas City | Rolls 215-18 1,660,945 - 1,660,948 | Pawnee | Pawnee (Ponca) Agency, 1859-1964| Washington D.C.and Fort Worth | Rolls 659-68, 670-77 | 1,661,389 - 1,661,398 | Rolls 336-43, 386-91 | 580,765 - 580,770fckLR|}
  
! scope="col" |
+
==== Cemetery Records  ====
Post-1885 Census
+
  
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693
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Pawnee County Oklahoma Cemeteries. By Beverly Herver Tubbs and John Joseph Balcer III. Vol 1 c. 1991. Published by Lone Chimney Press, Morrison, OK FHL book 976.626 V3t Vol 1 <br>
  
Roll Numbers
+
==== Heirship Records  ====
  
<br>
+
Heirship Records Prior to 1940. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs Pawnee Agency. FHL film 1,205,533 Item 2 <br>
  
! scope="col" |
+
Register of Indian Families, Pawnee Tribe, 1905-1907. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1023976 Item 2 <br>
FHL  
+
  
Film
+
==== Military Records  ====
  
Numbers
+
*1861-1869 Pawnee Scouts of Nebraska; list of Pawnee's who served as scouts for the military [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com] <br>
  
|-
+
*[[Pawnee Scouts, Nebraska Cavalry|Pawnee Scouts]] of Nebraska Calvary <br>
| Pawnee  
+
| Upper Missouri Agency, 1824-37
+
| Washington D.C.
+
| Rolls 883-88
+
| 1661613-1661618
+
| Rolls 386-391
+
| {{FHL|297519|item|disp=FHL film 579745-579753}}
+
|-
+
| Pawnee  
+
| Council Bluffs Agency 1837-56
+
| Kansas City
+
| Rolls 215-18
+
| 1660945-1660948
+
| -
+
| -
+
|-
+
| Pawnee
+
| Pawnee (Ponca) Agency, 1859-1964
+
|
+
Washington D.C.and Fort Worth
+
  
| Rolls 659-68, 670-77
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*[[American Indians in the Civil War|American Indians in the Civil War]]
| 1661389-1661398
+
Original Discharge Papers, 1864-1877 (Military-Civil War) United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL film 1205532 <br>
| Rolls 336-43, 386-91
+
|
+
580765-580770
+
  
|}
+
Debra Graden, [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3738&amp;o_xid=8911&amp;o_lid=8911 Nebraska Pawnee Scouts,1861-69]. {database on-line} Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com 1999 <br>
  
==== Military Records  ====
+
==== School Records  ====
  
*1861-1869 Pawnee Scouts of Nebraska; list of Pawnee's who served as scouts for the military [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com]
+
School Census, 1934-1944. United States, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, Tx FHL films 1204636 and 1205532 <br>
*[[Pawnee_Scouts,_Nebraska_Cavalry|Pawnee Scouts]] of Nebraska Calvary
+
Pawnee School Student Roster, 1947-1950. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency, Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1205530 item 6 <br>
*[[American_Indians_in_the_Civil_War|American Indians in the Civil War]]
+
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
*Pawnee Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, {{FHL|Film: 579750}}
+
*Register of Vital Statistics, 1909-1952; delayed birth certificates, 1944-1952. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency FHL film 1204636 item 4 and 1204636 item 5-6<br>
 +
 
 +
*Register of Birth and Deaths of Pawnee, Kaw, Ponca, Otoe, and Tonkawa Indian Tribes, 1915-1929. United States, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, Tx FHL film 1023976<br>
 +
 
 +
*Pawnee Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 579750<br>
  
 
==== Treaties:  ====
 
==== Treaties:  ====
  
 
The treaties of 1833, 1848, and 1857 ceded all their lands in Nebraska.  
 
The treaties of 1833, 1848, and 1857 ceded all their lands in Nebraska.  
 
+
*'''June 18-22, 1818:'''St. Louis, Missouri Territory. Peace was concluded with the tribes of the region disturbed by the War of 1812. fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/gra0156.htm 1818] June 18, with the Grand Pawnee fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0157.htm 1818] June 19, with the Noisy Pawnee fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0158.htm 1818] June 20, with the Pawnee Republic fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0159.htm 1818] June 22, with the Pawnee Marhar fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0258.htm 1825] September 30, at Fort Atkinson, (Council Bluffs), Iowa, regulation of trade fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0416.htm 1833] October 9, at Grand Pawnee Village on the Platte River, land ceded "all land lying south of the Platte River: annuity: $4,600 in goods" fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0571.htm 1848]August 6, at Fort Childs, Nebraska ceded 60 mile strip on the Platte River and Grand Island fckLR*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0764.htm 1857] September 24, at Table Creek, Nebraska Territory, land ceeded, reservation. provision for half-breeds  
*'''June 18-22, 1818:'''&nbsp;&nbsp;St. Louis, Missouri Territory. Peace was concluded with the tribes of the region disturbed by the War of 1812.  
+
*'''1892: '''land in '''severalty''' and became citizens of the U.S.Also listed in Treaties with Marhar, Tappaye, Loups, Republic, Republicans Indians LRListed below in references: Kappler, Charles J.''Indian Treaties 1778-1883'', Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY. 1972 ISNB 0-87989-02508  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/gra0156.htm 1818] June 18, with the Grand Pawnee  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0157.htm 1818] June 19, with the Noisy Pawnee  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0158.htm 1818] June 20, with the Pawnee&nbsp;Republic  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0159.htm 1818] June 22, with the Pawnee Marhar  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0258.htm 1825] September 30, at Fort Atkinson, (Council&nbsp;Bluffs), Iowa, regulation of trade  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0416.htm 1833] October 9, at Grand Pawnee Village on the Platte River, land ceded "all&nbsp;land lying south of the Platte River: annuity: $4,600 in goods  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0571.htm 1848] August 6, at Fort Childs, Nebraska ceded 60 mile strip on the&nbsp;Platte River and Grand Island  
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/paw0764.htm 1857] September 24, at Table Creek, Nebraska Territory, land ceeded, reservation. provision for half-breeds  
+
*'''1892:'''land in '''severalty''' and became citizens of the U.S.
+
 
+
Also listed in Treaties with Marhar, Tappaye, Loups, Republic, Republicans.
+
 
+
Listed below in references:  
+
 
+
Kappler, Charles J''.Indian Treaties 1778-1883'', Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY. 1972  
+
 
+
ISNB 0-87989-02508  
+
  
 
=== Important Web Sites  ===
 
=== Important Web Sites  ===
  
*[http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/pawneeconstitution/pawneeconsttoc.htm Constitution of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma]  
+
*[http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/pawneeconstitution/pawneeconsttoc.htm Constitution of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma] fckLR*[http://www.pawneenation.org/ Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma ]Official Website  
*[http://www.pawneenation.org/ Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma ]Official Website  
+
 
*Pawnee Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawnee Wikipedia]
 
*Pawnee Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawnee Wikipedia]
 +
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
<references />
+
<references/>
  
 
=== Bibliography  ===
 
=== Bibliography  ===
  
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
+
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. *Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online]. <br>
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.
+
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}.
+
  
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}. <br>
:Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
+
:Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
+
:Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
+
  
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– . <br>
+
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998.  
 +
4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}<br>
  
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
+
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
+
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
+
:Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific <br>
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.<br>
+
 
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.<br>
+
*Sturtevant, William C. ''Handbook of North American Indians''. 20 Vol., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978–
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.<br>
+
Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
+
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.<br>
+
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.<br>
+
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.<br>
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.  
+
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.<br>
+
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.<br>
+
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
+
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
+
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.<br>
+
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.  
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
+
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
+
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
+
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
+
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 20 -- Not yet published
+
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.
 +
Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 +
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&amp;referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]
 +
Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 +
Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
 +
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 +
 
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.  
 
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.  
*Kappler, Charles J.&nbsp; Indian Treaties 1778-1883. Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY 1972.&nbsp; ISBN&nbsp;0-87989-025-8; FHL&nbsp;book 970.1 K142i
 
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]]
+
*Kappler, Charles J. Indian Treaties 1778-1883. Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY 1972. ISBN0-87989-025-8; FHL book 970.1 K142i[[Category:Oklahoma_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Kansas_Indian_Tribes]] [[Category:Nebraska_Indian_Tribes]]</ref>

Revision as of 13:52, 28 May 2013

Pawnee As-Sau-Taw-Ka-(White-Horse).jpg

To get started in American Indian Research

Ancestral Homeland: Kansas and Nebraska (on Platte River and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River)

The Pawnee Nation is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma[1].

Linguistic Group: Caddoan

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 470
Pawnee, OK 74058
Phone: 1.918.762.3621
Fax: 1.918.762.6446

History

A history of the Pawnee Nation is included in a National Historical Register .pdf file, p. 29ff., available on the internet (takes time to load).

The Pawnee Nation (Confederacy) consisted of four bands:

  • Chaui or Grand Pawnee,
  • Kitkehahki or Republican Pawnee,
  • Pitahuerat or Tapage Pawnee,
  • Skidi or Skiri Pawnee

Brief Timeline

  • 1541: Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado made contact with the tribe
  • 1601: Juan de Onate a Spanish explorer
  • 1770: Southern Pawnee migrated northward near the Northern Pawnee (Skidi) Platte River, Loup River, and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River (Nebraska)
  • June 18-22,1818: St. Louis, Missouri Territory. Peace was concluded with the tribes of the region disturbed by the War of 1812.
  • 1818 June 18, with the Grand Pawnee
  • 1818 June 19, with the Pitahuerat Noisy Pawnee
  • 1818 June 20, with the Pawnee Republic
  • 1818 June 22, with the Pawnee Marhar
  • 1824-37: Upper Missouri Agency
  • 1825 September 30, at Fort Atkinson, (Council Bluffs), Iowa, regulation of trade
  • 1833 October 9, at Grand Pawnee Village on the Platte River, land ceded "all land lying south of the Platte River: annuity: $4,600 in goods"
  • 1834-1847: Presbyterian Missionaries Messrs Dunbar and Allis established a church
  • 1837-56: Council Bluffs Agency
  • 1848 August 6, at Fort Childs, Nebraska ceded 60 mile strip on the Platte River and Grand Island
  • 1856-59: Otoe Agency
  • 1857 September 24, at Table Creek, Nebraska Territory, land ceeded, reservation. provision for half-breeds
  • 1859-80: Pawnee Agency (Nebraska)
  • 1861-1865: Frank and Luther North of Columbus, Nebraska organized the Pawnee Scout for service on the frontier during the Civil War.
  • 1869 June 9, Battle of Summit Springs, Major (Brevet Major General) Eugene A. Carr commander of the 5th U.S. Cavalry, lead and expedition against the Cheyenne along the Republican River. Major Frank J. North and the Pawnee Scouts participated.[2]
  • 1865-1885: Frank and Luther North organized a battalion (U.S. Army) of Pawnee scouts; they worked as guard for railroad construction crews.
  • 1873 August 5, Massacre Canyon; Sioux war party ambushed a Pawnee hunting party killing 150. The Sioux were tribal enemies of the Pawnee.
  • 1873-1874: Two groups removed from homeland along the Platte River in Nebraska to a reservation in Indian Territory near the Cimarron River (Pawnee County, Oklahoma)
  • 1875: A third group (mainly the Skidis) removed to Indian Territory, lead by Baptiste Bayhylle
  • 1875- Present: Pawnee Agency (Oklahoma)
  • 1873-75: Wichita Agency
  • 1876: Pawnee Reservation on Loup River established
  • 1883: Woman's National Indian Association established a mission it became the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1884
  • 1892: Land in severaty and became citizens of the U.S.
  • 1937 an official census of the Pawnee Indian Tribe of Oklahoma compiled.Agencies with Jurisdiction over the Tribe The Pawnee Nation was assigned to the following Agencies: Many records for the Pawnee tribe are listed on the Agency pages.

1824-37: Upper Missouri Agency 1837-56: Council Bluffs Agency 1856-59: Otoe Agnecy 1859-80: Pawnee Agency (Nebraska) 1873-1875: Wichita Agency 1875- Present: Pawnee Agency (Oklahoma) These agencies were under the following Superintendencies: St. Louis Superintendency, Central Superintendency and Northern Superintendency

Reservations

Pawnee Reservation (Oklahoma)

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Pawnee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details in David Bushnell's Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi.

Pawnee Pride: A History of Pawnee County. By Kenny A Franks and Paul F. Lambert. Oklahoma Heritage Association C 1994 FHL Book 976.626 H2f

Indian Sketcher Taken During an Expedition to the Pawnee Tribes [1833]. by John Treat Irving, Jr. and Ed John Francis McDermott. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK C 1955 FHL Book 970.3 P289

The Pawnee Indians, By George E. Hyde. C 1951. University of Oklahoma Press FHL Book 970.3 P289h

Records

Allotment

Allotment Rolls and Index to allotment numbers, 1887-1929. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1204636 Items 2 and 3

Pawnee Indian Reservation Land Allotment Ledger. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL film 1,025,300

Annuity Payroll Records

Annuity Payroll records, 1883-1928. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1,023,974 Item 2 (first of 5 films)

==== Correspondence and Census

===={| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" scope="col" | Tribe scope="col" | Agency scope="col" | Location of Original Records scope="col" | fckLRPre-1880 Correspondence fckLRfckLRM234 RG 75 Rolls 962 Numbers scope="col" | FHL Film Number scope="col" | fckLRPost-1885 Census fckLRfckLRM595 RG 75 Rolls 693 Roll Numbers scope="col" | Film Numbers | Pawnee | Upper Missouri Agency, 1824-37 Washington D.C. | Rolls 883-88 | 1,661,613 - 1,661,618 Rolls 386-391 FHL films 579,745 - 579,753 | Pawnee Council Bluffs Agency 1837-56 | Kansas City | Rolls 215-18 1,660,945 - 1,660,948 | Pawnee | Pawnee (Ponca) Agency, 1859-1964| Washington D.C.and Fort Worth | Rolls 659-68, 670-77 | 1,661,389 - 1,661,398 | Rolls 336-43, 386-91 | 580,765 - 580,770fckLR|}

Cemetery Records

Pawnee County Oklahoma Cemeteries. By Beverly Herver Tubbs and John Joseph Balcer III. Vol 1 c. 1991. Published by Lone Chimney Press, Morrison, OK FHL book 976.626 V3t Vol 1

Heirship Records

Heirship Records Prior to 1940. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs Pawnee Agency. FHL film 1,205,533 Item 2

Register of Indian Families, Pawnee Tribe, 1905-1907. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1023976 Item 2

Military Records

  • 1861-1869 Pawnee Scouts of Nebraska; list of Pawnee's who served as scouts for the military www.ancestry.com

Original Discharge Papers, 1864-1877 (Military-Civil War) United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, TX. FHL film 1205532

Debra Graden, Nebraska Pawnee Scouts,1861-69. {database on-line} Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com 1999

School Records

School Census, 1934-1944. United States, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, Tx FHL films 1204636 and 1205532
Pawnee School Student Roster, 1947-1950. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Pawnee Agency, Fort Worth, TX FHL film 1205530 item 6

Vital Records

  • Register of Vital Statistics, 1909-1952; delayed birth certificates, 1944-1952. United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency FHL film 1204636 item 4 and 1204636 item 5-6
  • Register of Birth and Deaths of Pawnee, Kaw, Ponca, Otoe, and Tonkawa Indian Tribes, 1915-1929. United States, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pawnee Agency. Fort Worth, Tx FHL film 1023976
  • Pawnee Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 579750

Treaties:

The treaties of 1833, 1848, and 1857 ceded all their lands in Nebraska.

  • June 18-22, 1818:St. Louis, Missouri Territory. Peace was concluded with the tribes of the region disturbed by the War of 1812. fckLR*1818 June 18, with the Grand Pawnee fckLR*1818 June 19, with the Noisy Pawnee fckLR*1818 June 20, with the Pawnee Republic fckLR*1818 June 22, with the Pawnee Marhar fckLR*1825 September 30, at Fort Atkinson, (Council Bluffs), Iowa, regulation of trade fckLR*1833 October 9, at Grand Pawnee Village on the Platte River, land ceded "all land lying south of the Platte River: annuity: $4,600 in goods" fckLR*1848August 6, at Fort Childs, Nebraska ceded 60 mile strip on the Platte River and Grand Island fckLR*1857 September 24, at Table Creek, Nebraska Territory, land ceeded, reservation. provision for half-breeds
  • 1892: land in severalty and became citizens of the U.S.Also listed in Treaties with Marhar, Tappaye, Loups, Republic, Republicans Indians LRListed below in references: Kappler, Charles J.Indian Treaties 1778-1883, Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY. 1972 ISNB 0-87989-02508

Important Web Sites


References

  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online
  2. Nebraska Historical Tour Guide. by D. Ray Wilson.Pub. by Crossroads Communications, Carpentersville, IL. C. 1983 FHL book 978.2 E6wd

Bibliography

  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998.

4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g

Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau

Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 Vol., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978–

Volume 1 -- Not yet published Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5. Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6. Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311 Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8. Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9. Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10. Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11. Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12. Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643 Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176 Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15. Volume 16 -- Not yet published Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746 Volume 18 -- Not yet published Volume 19 -- Not yet published Volume 20 -- Not yet published

  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Kappler, Charles J. Indian Treaties 1778-1883. Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY 1972. ISBN0-87989-025-8; FHL book 970.1 K142i</ref>