Pawnee Indians

From FamilySearch Wiki

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[[Image:Pawnee As-Sau-Taw-Ka-(White-Horse).jpg|thumb|right]]
  
 
'''Ancestral Homeland: '''Kansas and Nebraska ( on Platte River and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River  
 
'''Ancestral Homeland: '''Kansas and Nebraska ( on Platte River and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River  
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Linguistic Group: Caddoan  
 
Linguistic Group: Caddoan  
  
== History  ==
+
=== History  ===
  
 
A history of the Pawnee Nation is included in a National Historical Register [http://www.ocgi.okstate.edu/shpo/nhrpdfs/00001577.pdf .pdf file], p. 29ff.,  available on the internet (takes time to load).  
 
A history of the Pawnee Nation is included in a National Historical Register [http://www.ocgi.okstate.edu/shpo/nhrpdfs/00001577.pdf .pdf file], p. 29ff.,  available on the internet (takes time to load).  
Line 34: Line 28:
 
*1873-75: Wichita Agency
 
*1873-75: Wichita Agency
  
These agencies were under the following [[Superintendencies of Indian Affairs|'''Superintendencies:'''&nbsp;]] St. Louis Superintendency, Central Superintendency and Northern Superintendency<br>
+
These agencies were under the following [[Superintendencies of Indian Affairs|'''Superintendencies:'''&nbsp;]] St. Louis Superintendency, Central Superintendency and Northern Superintendency<br>  
  
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
Line 44: Line 38:
 
*'''1873:''' Massacre Canyon; Sioux war party ambushed a Pawnee hunting party killing 150.  
 
*'''1873:''' Massacre Canyon; Sioux war party ambushed a Pawnee hunting party killing 150.  
 
*'''1876: '''left Nebraska and moved to Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
 
*'''1876: '''left Nebraska and moved to Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
 
<br>
 
 
==== Brief History  ====
 
  
 
==== Reservations  ====
 
==== Reservations  ====
Line 55: Line 45:
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/pawnee/pawneehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Pawnee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details&nbsp;in David Bushnell's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?file=Data&report=SingleArticle&ArticleID=0017342 Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi].  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/pawnee/pawneehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Pawnee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details&nbsp;in David Bushnell's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?file=Data&report=SingleArticle&ArticleID=0017342 Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi].  
  
== Tribal Headquarters  ==
+
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
  
 
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma <br>P.O. Box 470<br>Pawnee, OK 74058<br>Phone: 918.762.3621<br>Fax: 918.762.6446  
 
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma <br>P.O. Box 470<br>Pawnee, OK 74058<br>Phone: 918.762.3621<br>Fax: 918.762.6446  
  
== Records  ==
+
=== Records  ===
  
'''Correspondence and Census'''
+
==== Correspondence and Census ====
  
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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M234 RG 75 Rolls 962  
 
M234 RG 75 Rolls 962  
  
Roll Numbers
+
Roll Numbers  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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Film  
 
Film  
  
Number
+
Number  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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Roll Numbers  
 
Roll Numbers  
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
! scope="col" |  
 
! scope="col" |  
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Film  
 
Film  
  
Numbers
+
Numbers  
  
 
|-
 
|-
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| Pawnee (Ponca) Agency, 1859-1964&nbsp;  
 
| Pawnee (Ponca) Agency, 1859-1964&nbsp;  
 
|  
 
|  
Washington D.C.&nbsp;&nbsp; and Fort Worth
+
Washington D.C.&nbsp;&nbsp; and Fort Worth  
  
 
| Rolls 659-68, 670-77  
 
| Rolls 659-68, 670-77  
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|}
 
|}
  
'''Military Records'''
+
==== Military Records ====
  
 
*1861-1869 Pawnee Scouts of Nebraska; list of Pawnee's who served as scouts for the military [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com]
 
*1861-1869 Pawnee Scouts of Nebraska; list of Pawnee's who served as scouts for the military [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com]
  
'''Vital Records'''
+
==== Vital Records ====
  
 
*Pawnee Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, &nbsp;FHL Film: 579750
 
*Pawnee Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, &nbsp;FHL Film: 579750
  
==== '''Treaties:'''&nbsp;  ====
+
==== Treaties:&nbsp;  ====
  
 
The treaties of 1833, 1848, and 1857 ceded all their lands in Nebraska.  
 
The treaties of 1833, 1848, and 1857 ceded all their lands in Nebraska.  
Line 157: Line 147:
 
ISNB 0-87989-02508  
 
ISNB 0-87989-02508  
  
== Important Web Sites  ==
+
=== Important Web Sites  ===
  
 
*[http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/pawneeconstitution/pawneeconsttoc.htm Constitution of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma]  
 
*[http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/pawneeconstitution/pawneeconsttoc.htm Constitution of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma]  
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*Pawnee Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawnee Wikipedia]
 
*Pawnee Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawnee Wikipedia]
  
== References  ==
+
=== References  ===
  
<references />
+
<references />  
  
==== Bibliography  ====
+
=== Bibliography  ===
  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
Line 182: Line 172:
  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 1 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
+
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>  
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
+
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>  
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
+
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>  
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
+
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>  
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
+
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>  
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
+
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>  
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
+
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>  
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
+
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>  
 
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
 
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
+
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>  
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
+
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>  
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
+
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
+
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
+
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 18 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 19 -- Not yet published  

Revision as of 16:25, 8 April 2010

Pawnee As-Sau-Taw-Ka-(White-Horse).jpg

Ancestral Homeland: Kansas and Nebraska ( on Platte River and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River

The Pawnee Nation is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma[1].

Linguistic Group: Caddoan

Contents

History

A history of the Pawnee Nation is included in a National Historical Register .pdf file, p. 29ff.,  available on the internet (takes time to load).

The Pawnee consisted of four tribes:

  • Chaui or Grand Pawnee, 
  • Kitkehahki or Republican Pawnee,
  • Pitahuerat or Tapage Pawnee, 
  • Skidi or Skiri Pawnee

The Pawnee Nation was assigned to the following Agencies:

  • 1824-37: Upper Missour Agency
  • 1837-56: Council Bluffs Agency
  • 1856-59: Otoe Agency
  • 1859-80: Pawnee Agency
  • 1873-75: Wichita Agency

These agencies were under the following Superintendencies:  St. Louis Superintendency, Central Superintendency and Northern Superintendency

Brief Timeline

  • 1541: Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado made contact with the tribe
  • 1601: Juan de Onate a Spanish explorer
  • 1770: Southern Pawnee migrated northward near the Northern Pawnee (Skidi) Platte River, Loup River, and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River (Nebraska)
  • 1865-1885: Frank and Luther North organized a battalion (U.S. Army) of Pawnee scouts; they worked as guard for railroad construction crews
  • 1873: Massacre Canyon; Sioux war party ambushed a Pawnee hunting party killing 150.
  • 1876: left Nebraska and moved to Indian Territory (Oklahoma)

Reservations

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Pawnee tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details in David Bushnell's Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi.

Tribal Headquarters

Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 470
Pawnee, OK 74058
Phone: 918.762.3621
Fax: 918.762.6446

Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Numbers

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Numbers


FHL

Film

Numbers

Pawnee Upper Missouri Agency, 1824-37 Washington D.C. Rolls 883-88 - Rolls 386-391 -
Pawnee Council Bluffs Agency 1837-56 Kansas City Rolls 215-18 - - -
Pawnee Pawnee (Ponca) Agency, 1859-1964 

Washington D.C.   and Fort Worth

Rolls 659-68, 670-77 - Rolls 336-43, 386-91 579746-579752

Military Records

  • 1861-1869 Pawnee Scouts of Nebraska; list of Pawnee's who served as scouts for the military www.ancestry.com

Vital Records

  • Pawnee Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932,  FHL Film: 579750

Treaties: 

The treaties of 1833, 1848, and 1857 ceded all their lands in Nebraska.

  • June 18-22, 1818:  St. Louis, Missouri Territory. Peace was concluded with the tribes of the region disturbed by the War of 1812.
  • 1818 June 18, with the Grand Pawnee  
  • 1818 June 19, with the Noisy Pawnee 
  • 1818 June 20, with the Pawnee Republic 
  • 1818 June 22, with the Pawnee Marhar 
  • 1825 September 30, at Fort Atkinson, (Council Bluffs), Iowa, regulation of trade 
  • 1833 October 9, at Grand Pawnee Village on the Platte River, land ceded "all land lying south of the Platte River: annuity: $4,600 in goods  
  • 1848 August 6, at Fort Childs, Nebraska ceded 60 mile strip on the Platte River and Grand Island 
  • 1857 September 24, at Table Creek, Nebraska Territory, land ceeded, reservation. provision for half-breeds
  • 1892:  land in severalty and became citizens of the U.S.

Also listed in Treaties with Marhar, Tappaye, Loups, Republic, Republicans.

Listed below in references:

Kappler, Charles J.Indian Treaties 1778-1883,  Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY. 1972

ISNB 0-87989-02508

Important Web Sites

References

  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online

Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.
  • Kappler, Charles J.  Indian Treaties 1778-1883. Interland Publishing Inc. New York, NY 1972.  ISBN 0-87989-025-8; FHL book 970.1 K142i