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Pawnee As-Sau-Taw-Ka-(White-Horse).jpg

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Ancestral Homeland: Kansas and Nebraska (on Platte River and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River)

The Pawnee Nation is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma[1].

Linguistic Group: Caddoan

Tribal Headquarters

Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 470
Pawnee, OK 74058
Phone: 1.918.762.3621
Fax: 1.918.762.6446


A history of the Pawnee Nation is included in a National Historical Register .pdf file, p. 29ff., available on the internet (takes time to load).

The Pawnee Nation (Confederacy) consisted of four bands:

  • Chaui or Grand Pawnee,
  • Kitkehahki or Republican Pawnee,
  • Pitahuerat or Tapage Pawnee,
  • Skidi or Skiri Pawnee

Brief Timeline

  • 1541: Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado made contact with the tribe
  • 1601: Juan de Onate a Spanish explorer
  • 1770: Southern Pawnee migrated northward near the Northern Pawnee (Skidi) Platte River, Loup River, and the Republican Fork of the Kansas River (Nebraska)
  • June 18-22,1818: St. Louis, Missouri Territory. Peace was concluded with the tribes of the region disturbed by the War of 1812.
  • 1818 June 18, with the Grand Pawnee
  • 1818 June 19, with the Pitahuerat Noisy Pawnee
  • 1818 June 20, with the Pawnee Republic
  • 1818 June 22, with the Pawnee Marhar
  • 1824-37: Upper Missouri Agency
  • 1825 September 30, at Fort Atkinson, (Council Bluffs), Iowa, regulation of trade
  • 1833 October 9, at Grand Pawnee Village on the Platte River, land ceded "all land lying south of the Platte River: annuity: $4,600 in goods"
  • 1834-1847: Presbyterian Missionaries Messrs Dunbar and Allis established a church
  • 1837-56: Council Bluffs Agency
  • 1848 August 6, at Fort Childs, Nebraska ceded 60 mile strip on the Platte River and Grand Island
  • 1856-59: Otoe Agency
  • 1857 September 24, at Table Creek, Nebraska Territory, land ceeded, reservation. provision for half-breeds
  • 1859-80: Pawnee Agency (Nebraska)
  • 1861-1865: Frank and Luther North of Columbus, Nebraska organized the Pawnee Scout for service on the frontier during the Civil War.
  • 1869 June 9, Battle of Summit Springs, Major (Brevet Major General) Eugene A. Carr commander of the 5th U.S. Cavalry, lead and expedition against the Cheyenne along the Republican River. Major Frank J. North and the Pawnee Scouts participated.Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

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