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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]  
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''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] &nbsp;[[United States Census|U.S. Census&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] &nbsp;[[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] &nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Census|Census]]'' {{Adoption PARoots}} <br>
  
== Availability  ==
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="0"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
'''1790-1930--'''The U.S. federal censuses of Pennsylvania are available.&nbsp;
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<br>
  
'''1870 Philadelphia--'''There were two enumerations for Philadelphia in 1870.  
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Pennsylvania Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1890 Census--'''The 1890 census was destroyed, but this is available:
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|}
  
*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. ''Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War''. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 338160-277,] Pennsylvania is on films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 338237-50.)]
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=== Online Pennsylvania indexes and images  ===
  
&nbsp;
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{{Census Online Pennsylvania}}
  
== Historical Background ==
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=== Federal population schedules ===
  
== Indexes ==
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''1790-1850--'''Statewide indexes are available for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses in book and microfiche format.
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|640358|title-id|disp=1910 }}and {{FHL|640358|title-id|disp=Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|706187|title-id|disp=1860&nbsp;}}
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|-
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| 1930 {{FHL|2341693}}
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| {{FHL|641949|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744496|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|534334|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|676510|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|745503|title-id|disp=1800-1840}}
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|-
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|
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| {{FHL|698917|title-id|disp=1870}}
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| {{FHL|121535|title-id|disp=1790}}
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|}
  
'''1860-1870--'''The 1860 and 1870 indexes are available in book and compact disc formats. The 1860 book indexes are divided into five sets: East, Central, West, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh (Butler and Allegheny counties). The 1870 indexes are divided into Pennsylvania East, Central, West, and Philadelphia.
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<br>
  
'''Soundex--'''Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses.  
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#pennsylvania 1910 T624]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-02.html#pennsylvania Soundex T1274]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#pennsylvania 1860 M653]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#pennsylvania 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-05.html#pennsylvania Soundex T1068]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#pennsylvania 1850 M432]&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#pennsylvania 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-05.html#pennsylvania Soundex M1584]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#pennsylvania 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#pennsylvania Soundex T769]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#pennsylvania 1870 M593]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637&nbsp;]
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| &nbsp;
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|}
  
'''1910 Philadelphia County--'''Philadelphia County is indexed separately in 1910.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1850-1870 Pittsburgh and Allegheny City--'''An alphabetical transcript of Pittsburgh and Allegheny City is on microfilm for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
When indexes are not available or omit a name, you can still look for the name in the census. In large cities it helps to first learn the person's address by searching the city directory for the same year (or the year before and after) as the census. Then look for that address on the original census schedules. If the address is not on the census, as is the case in the earlier censuses, look for the address on a ward map to identify the ward and search every name on the census for that ward.
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=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
These reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
*Kirkham, E. Kay. ''A Handy Guide to Record- Searching in the Larger Cities of the United States''. Logan, Utah: Everton, 1974. (Family History Library fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=216818&disp=A+handy+guide+to+record%2Dsearching+in+t%20%20&columns=*,0,0 6010059-60.)] Includes ward maps and street indexes for:
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="82%" align="center" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Pennsylvania'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="4" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="2" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''PA&nbsp;Historical &amp; Museum Commission'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1927'''
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| Agricultural
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/census_manuscripts/2959 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| Agricultural
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=2958&&SortOrder=100&level=5&parentCommID=2606&menuLevel=Level_5&mode=2 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Agricultural
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=2957&&SortOrder=100&level=5&parentCommID=2604&menuLevel=Level_5&mode=2 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]  
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
:Harrisburg 1878<br>
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==== Microfilm images  ====
:Philadelphia 1850-1855, 1860, and 1878<br>
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:Scranton 1878<br>
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:Williamsport 1878. <br>
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''Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts''.<br>
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{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745" border="0"
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|-
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| {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=Union Veterans and Widows, 1890}}
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| {{FHL|91109|title-id|disp=Mortality Schedule, 1860}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|589398|title-id|disp=Agricultural Schedule, 1850-1880}}
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| {{FHL|92658|title-id|disp=Schedule 5: Products of industry in PA, 1860}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|589445|title-id|disp=Manufacturers Schedule, 1850-1880}}
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| {{FHL|92650|title-id|disp=Mortality Schedule, 1870}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|589409|title-id|disp=Social Statistics Schedule, 1850-1880}}
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| {{FHL|92668|title-id|disp=Mortality Schedule, 1880}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|91128|title-id|disp=Mortality Schedule, 1850}}
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| {{FHL|116182|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Carlisle School, 1911}}
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|}
  
:1880 Missing Pennsylvania descriptions
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<br>
:1900 Family History Library[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=59389&disp=Census+enumeration+district+descriptions%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 1303026] <br>
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:1910 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=297379&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 1374010] <br>
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:1920 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=622083&disp=Census+descriptions+of+geographic+subdiv%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 1842717]
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*United States. Bureau of the Census. ''Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1910 Census. ''Washington, D.C.: National Archives, [1984]. (51 Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=232848&disp=Cross+index+to+selected+city+streets+and%20%20&columns=*,0,0 fiche 6331481<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1221760015494_334"></span>].) Lists street addresses of Erie (after Elizabeth, New Jersey) on fiche 19, Philadelphia on fiche 38-42, and Reading on fiche 43 (after Phoenix, Arizona) with corresponding census enumeration districts.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''AIS Microfiche Indexes of U.S. Census and Other Records''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1984. (No Family History Library fiche number but available at many Family History Centers.) Pennsylvania census indexes for 1790, 1800, and 1810 are combined on Search 1. A composite mortality schedule index for 1850, 1860, and 1870 is on Search 8. Separate indexes for Pennsylvania 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 are on other searches. <br>
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== Special Censuses  ==
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Pennsylvania, [[Pennsylvania Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
==== Mortality Schedules ====
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=== State and colonial censuses ===
  
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules (lists of persons who died in the 12 months prior to the census) were taken with the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses. They are on microfilm at the Family History Library and the National Archives. The originals are at the State Library of Pennsylvania. The 1850 and 1860 schedules have also been published. The 1850, 1860, and 1870 mortality schedules are indexed.  
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Pennylvania never took&nbsp;a state census.&nbsp;Records&nbsp;indicated as state censuses are in reality reconstructed tax lists.  
  
==== Agriculture Schedules  ====
+
*'''1857''' Chester County only: a list of taxable inhabitants by Township.<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), no Pennsylvania listing.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 54.</ref>
 +
*'''1783/4''' Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania<ref name="klepp">Klepp discusses the existence of these records in Susan Klepp, "Five Early Pennsylvania Censuses," ''The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography,'' Vol. 106, No. 4 (Oct. 1982):483-484. For free online access, see [http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Source:Historical_Society_of_Pennsylvania._Pennsylvania_Magazine_of_History_and_Biography WeRelate].</ref>
 +
*'''1753''' Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania<ref name="klepp" />
 +
*'''1743''' Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania<ref name="klepp" />
 +
*'''1697/8''' Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania<ref name="klepp" />
 +
*'''1693''' Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania<ref name="klepp" />
 +
*'''1671''' Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; New Castle County, Delaware, and Burlington County, New Jersey.<ref>Peter Stebbins Craig, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43441025 1671 Census of the Delaware]'' (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].</ref>
  
An important source for potentially valuable historical information about farmers is&nbsp; the Agriculture schedule. These records list the name of the farmer and include details on farm implements, livestock, and crops.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
*<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1218735253491_177"></span>United States, Census Office, Nonpopulation Census Schedules for Pennsylvania; ''Agricultural Schedules, 1850-1880 ''(Family History Library films 1602240-301).
+
For a list of available and missing Pennsylvania censuses, [[Pennsylvania Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission has the 1850 Pennsylvania agricultural census online [http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=2957&&SortOrder=100&level=5&parentCommID=2604&menuLevel=Level_5&mode=2&in_hi_userid=2&cached=true| 1850 images]. From their home page, [http://www.phmc.state.pa.us| http://www.phmc.state.pa.us] go to Research &gt; Agricultural History Project &gt; Agricultural Census Information.
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission has the 1880 Pennsylvania agricultural census online [http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=2958&&SortOrder=100&level=5&parentCommID=2606&menuLevel=Level_5&mode=2&in_hi_userid=2&cached=true| 1880 images]. From their home page, [http://www.phmc.state.pa.us| http://www.phmc.state.pa.us] go to Research &gt; Agricultural History Project &gt; Agricultural Census Information.  
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
==== Manufacturers Schedules ====
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=== More about censuses ===
  
Also potentially helpful is&nbsp;the&nbsp;Manufacturers schedule&nbsp;(on 21 Family History Library films beginning with 1578849). These schedules contain the names of owners and details about their business or firm. If an individual is listed in the population census with an occupation involving manufacturing, such as a blacksmith, shoe maker, barrel maker, etc., details about the business or firm may be given in this census.
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
*United States, Census Office, Nonpopulation Census Schedules for Pennsylvania; ''Manufacturers Schedules 1850-1880.''
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
==== Products of Industry in Pennsylvania  ====
+
{{Template:Pros-PA}}
  
The Family History Library has&nbsp; the Products of Industry schedule. It gives the name of the corporation, company, or individual producing products with an annual value up to $500; name of the business, manufacturer, or product; capital invested in real and personal estate in the business; raw material used; kind of motive power or machinery; average number of hands employed; wages; and annual product.
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
*United States, Census Office, 8th census, 1860, Schedule 5: ''Products of Industry in Pennsylvania, 1860 ''(Famly History Library films 899751-52).
+
{{reflist}}
  
==== Social Statistics  ====
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{{Place|Pennsylvania}} {{USCensus}}
  
The library also has the Social Statistics schedues, 1850-1870. These&nbsp;censuses give no names, only numbers; the 1880 census gives names of idiots, deaf-mutes, the blind, homeless children, prisoners, paupers, and indigents.
+
[[Category:Pennsylvania|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
+
*United States, Census Office, ''Nonpopulation Census Schedules for Pennsylvania; Social Statistics, 1850-1880 ''(Family History Library films 1602302-24).
+
 
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&nbsp;
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== Colonial and State Censuses  ==
+
 
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There are no colonial censuses for Pennsylvania. See Pennsylvania Taxation for census-like lists of early residents.
+
 
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Septennial censuses (actually tax lists) were taken every seven years, beginning in 1779 and continuing until 1863. Remaining records are at the State Archives. A Guide to Genealogical Sources at the Pennsylvania State Archives&nbsp;has a list of the available censuses and the information they contain. <br>
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== Territorial Censuses  ==
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== Web Sites  ==
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Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
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Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
 
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Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/PA/ http://www.census-online.com/links/PA/]  
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Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/pa/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/pa/census.html]  
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Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/pennsylvania.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/pennsylvania.htm]
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Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
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== References  ==
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''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Pennsylvania.ASP Pennsylvania Research Outline]. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2006.
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[[Category:Pennsylvania]]
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Latest revision as of 14:44, 12 September 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Pennsylvania  go to  Census
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Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Pennsylvania indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Pennsylvania 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link Link  Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1800 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790 indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910and Soundex 1860 
1930 FHL 2341693 1900 and Soundex 1850
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1800-1840
1870 1790


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1274 1860 M653 1820 M33
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1068 1850 M432  1810 M252
1920 T625 and Soundex M1584 1880 T9 and Soundex T769 1840 M704 1800 M32
  1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637   

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Pennsylvania, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Pennsylvania

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book PA Historical & Museum Commission Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1927 Agricultural - - - Link - - -
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Agricultural - - - Link - - -
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Agricultural - - - Link - - -
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Union Veterans and Widows, 1890 Mortality Schedule, 1860
Agricultural Schedule, 1850-1880 Schedule 5: Products of industry in PA, 1860
Manufacturers Schedule, 1850-1880 Mortality Schedule, 1870
Social Statistics Schedule, 1850-1880 Mortality Schedule, 1880
Mortality Schedule, 1850 Indian census rolls, Carlisle School, 1911


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Pennsylvania, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Pennylvania never took a state census. Records indicated as state censuses are in reality reconstructed tax lists.

  • 1857 Chester County only: a list of taxable inhabitants by Township.[9][10]
  • 1783/4 Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania[11]
  • 1753 Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania[11]
  • 1743 Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania[11]
  • 1697/8 Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania[11]
  • 1693 Swedish Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania[11]
  • 1671 Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; New Castle County, Delaware, and Burlington County, New Jersey.[12]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Pennsylvania censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:


Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Philadelphia was enumerated twice in 1870. If an ancestor lived in Philadelphia, compare both enumerations.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), no Pennsylvania listing.
  10. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 54.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Klepp discusses the existence of these records in Susan Klepp, "Five Early Pennsylvania Censuses," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 106, No. 4 (Oct. 1982):483-484. For free online access, see WeRelate.
  12. Peter Stebbins Craig, 1671 Census of the Delaware (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].

 

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  • This page was last modified on 12 September 2012, at 14:44.
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