Pennsylvania Census

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''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[United States Census|U.S. Census&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[Pennsylvania Census|Census]]'' {{Adoption PARoots}} <br>
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''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|RTENOTITLE]] &nbsp;[[United States Census|U.S. Census&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|RTENOTITLE]] &nbsp;[[Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|RTENOTITLE]] &nbsp;[[Pennsylvania_Census|Census]]'' {{Adoption PARoots}} <br>  
  
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|-
 
|-
 
| width="44%" | __TOC__  
 
| width="44%" | __TOC__  
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
+
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>  
 
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].  
 
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].  
 
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.  
 
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.  
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Pennsylvania Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
 
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Pennsylvania Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
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==== Microfilm images  ====
 
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
 
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
 
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| {{FHL|706187|title-id|disp=1860&nbsp;}}
 
| {{FHL|706187|title-id|disp=1860&nbsp;}}
 
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|-
| 1930 {{FHL|2341693}}
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| 1930 {{FHL|2341693}}  
 
| {{FHL|641949|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}  
 
| {{FHL|641949|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}  
 
| {{FHL|744496|title-id|disp=1850}}
 
| {{FHL|744496|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|}
 
|}
  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''  
 
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''  
 
|-
 
|-
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
 
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="82%" align="center"
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{| align="center" width="82%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" align="center" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Pennsylvania'''</font>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Pennsylvania'''</font>
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>  
| bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="4" align="center" | '''Free'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="4" | '''Free'''  
| bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="2" align="center" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="2" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)  
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''  
| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="10%" align="center" | '''Type'''  
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''  
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''  
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''  
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''  
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''PA&nbsp;Historical &amp; Museum Commission'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''PA&nbsp;Historical &amp; Museum Commission'''  
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''  
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''  
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''1927'''  
 
| '''1927'''  
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| '''1890'''  
 
| '''1890'''  
 
| width="20%" | Veterans  
 
| width="20%" | Veterans  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
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| '''1880'''  
 
| '''1880'''  
 
| width="20%" | Mortality  
 
| width="20%" | Mortality  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
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| '''1870'''  
 
| '''1870'''  
 
| Mortality  
 
| Mortality  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
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| '''1860'''  
 
| '''1860'''  
 
| Mortality  
 
| Mortality  
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
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| '''1850'''  
 
| '''1850'''  
 
| Mortality  
 
| Mortality  
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]  
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
| align="center" | -  
 
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==== Microfilm images  ====
 
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="745"
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
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| {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=Union Veterans and Widows, 1890}}  
 
| {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=Union Veterans and Widows, 1890}}  
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
For a list of available and missing Pennsylvania censuses, [[Pennsylvania Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
+
For a list of available and missing Pennsylvania censuses, [[Pennsylvania Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>  
  
 
=== Why use a census?  ===
 
=== Why use a census?  ===

Revision as of 16:28, 19 March 2012

United States  RTENOTITLE  U.S. Census  RTENOTITLE  Pennsylvania  RTENOTITLE  Census
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Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Pennsylvania indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Pennsylvania 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link Link  Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870[8] indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1800 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790 indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910and Soundex 1860 
1930 FHL 2341693 1900 and Soundex 1850
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1800-1840
1870 1790


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1274 1860 M653 1820 M33
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1068 1850 M432  1810 M252
1920 T625 and Soundex M1584 1880 T9 and Soundex T769 1840 M704 1800 M32
  1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637   

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Pennsylvania, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Pennsylvania

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book PA Historical & Museum Commission Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1927 Agricultural - - - Link - - -
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Agricultural - - - Link - - -
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Agricultural - - - Link - - -
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Union Veterans and Widows, 1890 Mortality Schedule, 1860
Agricultural Schedule, 1850-1880 Schedule 5: Products of industry in PA, 1860
Manufacturers Schedule, 1850-1880 Mortality Schedule, 1870
Social Statistics Schedule, 1850-1880 Mortality Schedule, 1880
Mortality Schedule, 1850 Indian census rolls, Carlisle School, 1911


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Pennsylvania, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Pennylvania took a few censuses in the years before and between the federal censuses were taken. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

  • 1857 Chester County only: a list of taxable inhabitants by Township.[9][10]
  • 1671 Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; New Castle County, Delaware, and Burlington County, New Jersey.[11]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Pennsylvania censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Philadelphia was enumerated twice in 1870. If an ancestor lived in Philadelphia, compare both enumerations.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), no Pennsylvania listing.
  10. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 54.
  11. Peter Stebbins Craig, 1671 Census of the Delaware (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].