Philippines, Civil Registration, Spanish Period (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Philippines, Civil Registration (Spanish Period), 1706-1911 .
Title in the Language of the Record
Filipinas, Período de Registro Civil español
This collection will include records from 1706 to 1911.
These records include births, marriages, and deaths that were recorded in register books in cities or municipalities where they occurred in the years 1753-1911. Civil Registration was introduced in the Philippines by the colonists in 1889 and was based on the Civil Code of Spain. A central statistical office was created at about the same time, requiring pastors to submit to the Central Statistics Office in Manila a detailed account of the events of marriages and deaths that had occurred in their parishes during the previous year.
In 1901, the Philippines passed a law that established local civil registry offices. These offices were to record the events of birth, marriage, and death. While the Spanish rule ended in 1898, some of the books were continued up through 1911. Then in 1922, municipal secretaries or local civil registrars were required to send a copy of their registers each quarter to the "chief of the Division of Archives" in Manila. In 1932, the Bureau of Census and Statistics was created to oversee all civil registration.
In 1945, the bureau required local registrars to send in certificates for the births, marriages, and deaths. These certificates contained more information than the previous register copies had.
In 1974, the bureau changed its name to the National Census and Statistics Office and as of 2006, is now called the National Statistics Office. The text of these records was written in Spanish.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.
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Birth records usually contain the following information:
- Date of registration
- Date, time, and place of birth
- Gender of child
- Name of the child
- Names of parents
- Names of witnesses
Marriage records usually contain the following information:
- Date and place of marriage
- Name of bride and groom
- Place of birth and residence of both
- Age of bride and groom
- Occupation of groom
- Names and place of birth of their parents
- Names of witnesses
Death records usually contain the following information:
- Date and place of death
- Cause of death
- Age at time of death
- Place of origin and/or residence
- Spouse’s name if married
- Parents' names
How to Use the Record
To begin your search in the birth records, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of parents
- Approximate birth year of child
- Place of birth
To begin your search in the marriage records, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of bride or groom
- Approximate year of marriage
- Place of marriage
To begin your search in the death records, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of deceased
- Approximate year of death
- Place of death
Search The Collection
To search the collection image by image:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page:
⇒Select the appropriate "Province"
⇒Select the appropriate “Municipality”
⇒Select the appropriate “Record Type”
⇒Select the appropriate “Year Range” which will take you to the images.
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
For Help Reading These Records
These records are in Spanish. For help reading the records, see the following wiki articles:
Using the Information
- Death records list the age of the deceased. Use this age to estimate the date of birth, and then search for the birth record.
- Marriage records give the age and residence of the couple, as well as the names of their parents. Use the age to estimate when the bride and groom were born, and then search for their birth records.
- Birth records will usually include information that identifies a person and provides clues for further searching. Use the age, nationality, and birthplace of the parents to search for their birth records.
- Birth certificates issued after 1958 list the parents’ marriage date and place. Use this information to find the parents’ marriage record.
- Use the parents’ occupation to distinguish between families with similar names.
- The records also list the number of children born to a mother, and beginning in 1945, birth certificates tell how many of the children were still living. Use this information to ensure that you have identified all members of a family.
Unable to Find your Ancestor?
- If the individual has a common name, use the parents’ names to help you find the correct birth record.
- Use the name of the surviving spouse (included on post-1945 records) to search for a marriage record.
- The birth and marriage records may also include information about the ancestor’s parents. You can use this information to help extend the lineage.
General Information About These Records
Starting in 1945, death certificates give the birthplace. After 1958 they list the birth date of the individual and give the parents' names, permitting a precise search for the individual’s birth record.
Civil registration is the best source for locating the date and place of an ancestor’s birth, marriage, or death. Use place information to search for other records with genealogical content.
Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citations for individual image records are available for this collection. Browse through images in this collection and click on the "Show Citation" box: Philippines, Civil Registration (Spanish Period), 1706-1911
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Philippines, Civil Registration (National), 1945-1981." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing National Census and Statistics Office, Manila, Philippines.
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