Philippines, Civil Registration, Spanish Period (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Philippines, Civil Registration (Spanish Period), 1706-1911 .
Title in the Language of the Record
Filipinas, Período de Registro Civil español
This collection will include records from 1706 to 1911.
This is a collection of births, marriages, and deaths recorded in register books in cities or municipalities where they occurred in the years 1753-1911. The Civil Registration was introduced in the Philippines by the colonists in 1889 and was based on the Civil Code of Spain. A central statistical office was created at about the same time, requiring pastors to submit to the Central Statistics Office in Manila a detailed account of the events of marriages and deaths that had occurred in their parishes during the previous year.
In 1901, the Philippines passed a law that established local civil registry offices. These offices were to record the events of birth, marriage, and death. While the Spanish rule ended in 1898, some of the books were continued up through 1911. Then in 1922, municipal secretaries or local civil registrars were required to send a copy of their registers each quarter to the "chief of the Division of Archives" in Manila. In 1932, the Bureau of Census and Statistics was created to oversee all civil registration.
In 1945, the bureau required local registrars to send in certificates for the births, marriages, and deaths. These certificates contained more information than the previous register copies had.
In 1974, the bureau changed its name to the National Census and Statistics Office and as of 2006, is now called the National Statistics Office. The text of these records was written in Spanish.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
Citation for This Collection
- "Philippines, Civil Registration (Spanish Period), 1706-1911." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Records Management and Archive Office, Ermita, Manila.
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These birth records usually contain the following information:
- Date of registration
- Date, time, and place of birth
- Gender of child
- Name of the child
- Names of parents
- Names of witnesses
These marriage records usually contain the following information:
- Date and place of marriage
- Name of bride and groom
- Place of birth and residence of both
- Age of bride and groom
- Occupation of groom
- Names and place of birth of their parents
- Names of witnesses
These death records usually contain the following information:
- Date and place of death
- Cause of death
- Age at time of death
- Place of origin and/or residence
- Spouse’s name if married
- Parents' names
How to Use the Record
To begin your search in the birth records, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of the child or parents
- Approximate birth year of child
To begin your search in the marriage records, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of ancestor
- Names of parents
- Approximate year of birth for bride and groom.
To begin your search in the death records, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Name of ancestor
- Approximate year of birth
- Place of birth
Search The Collection
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the “Province” category
⇒Select the “Municipality/Town” category
⇒Select the “Record Type” category
⇒Select the “Year Range” category which will take you to the images.
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
Using the Information
- Death records list the age of the deceased. Use this age to estimate the date of birth, and then search for the birth record.
- Marriage records give the age and residence of the couple, as well as the names of their parents. Use the age to estimate when the bride and groom were born, and then search for their birth records.
- Birth records will usually include information that identifies a person and provides clues for further searching. Use the age, nationality, and birthplace of the parents to search for their birth records.
- Birth certificates issued after 1958 list the parents’ marriage date and place. Use this information to find the parents’ marriage record.
- Use the parents’ occupation to distinguish between families with similar names.
- The records also list the number of children born to a mother, and beginning in 1945, birth certificates tell how many of the children were still living. Use this information to ensure that you have identified all members of a family.
For Help Reading These Records
These records are in Spanish. For help with reading the records, see the following wiki article:
Unable to Find your Ancestor?
- If the individual has a common name, use the parents’ names to help you find the correct birth record.
- Use the name of the surviving spouse (included on post-1945 records) to search for a marriage record.
- The birth and marriage records may also include information about the ancestor’s parents. You can use this information to help extend the lineage.
General Information About These Records
Starting in 1945, death certificates give the birthplace. After 1958 they list the birth date of the individual and give the parents' names, permitting a precise search for the individual’s birth record. U
Civil registration is the best source for locating the date and place of an ancestor’s birth, marriage, or death. Use place information to search for other records with genealogical content.
Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Philippines, Spanish Period Civil Registration (Spanish Period), 1706-1911" digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 7 June 2012), Abra > Bangued > Índice de defunciones > 1891 > image 2 of 2, Juan Tugadi, 18 Enero 1891 ; citing National Stataistics Office, Abra, Philippines.
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