Poland Jewish ResearchEdit This Page
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Maps of Poland
- To view present-day Poland at Google Maps, click here.
- For a Jewish population density map of Europe in 1900, click here.
- For a map showing the percentage of Jews in the Pale of Settlement and Congress Poland, c. 1905, click here.
- To view an additional historical map showing the historical percentage of Jews in governments, click here.
Definition of "Pale of Settlement" from Wikipedia.org:
The Pale of Settlement (Russian: Черта́ осе́длости, chertá osédlosti, Yiddish: דער תּחום-המושבֿ, der tkhum-ha-moyshəv, Hebrew: תְּחוּם הַמּוֹשָב, tḥùm ha-mosháv) was the term given to a region of Imperial Russia in which permanent residency by Jews was allowed and beyond which Jewish permanent residency was generally prohibited. It extended from the eastern pale, or demarcation line, to the western Russian border with the Kingdom of Prussia (later the German Empire) and with Austria-Hungary. The English term "pale" is derived from the Latin word "palus", a stake, extended to mean the area enclosed by a fence or boundary.
Gazetteers of Poland
- Use the JewishGen Communities Database by clicking here.
- Skorowidz Poland Gazetteer 1934
- For the online version, click here.
- Also available at the Family History Library, Floor B1, in the reference book area.
History of the Jews in Poland
- To read the Wikipedia.org article History of the Jews in Poland, click here.
- Take the Poland Virtual Jewish History Tour.
"Before the outbreak of World War II, more than 3.3 million Jews lived in Poland, the largest Jewish population of Europe and second largest Jewish community in the world. Poland served as the center for Jewish culture and a diverse population of Jews from all over Europe sought refuge there, contributing to a wide variety of religious and cultural groups. Barely 11% of Poland's Jews - 369,000 people -survived the war. Today, approximately 3,200 Jews remain in Poland."
- To visit the Galicia Jewish Museum online click here. The Galicia Jewish Museum exists to commemorate the victims of the Holocaust and to celebrate the Jewish culture of Polish Galicia, presenting Jewish history from a new perspective.
JewishGen.org Family Finder
Find others, possibly cousins, searching for your family name in the same countries, cities, and villages. Search the JewishGen Family Finder by clicking here. Free registration required.
- Read a FamilySearch Wiki article describing available Jewish records by clicking here. Includes great links!
The JewishGen Poland Database
- More than five million records for Poland, from a variety of sources, including: vital records, business directories, voter lists, passenger manifests, Yizkor books and other Holocaust sources. A joint project of Jewish Records Indexing - Poland and JewishGen. Requires free registration. To search, click here.
Miriam Weiner Routes to Roots Foundation
- For A Genealogical and Family History guide to Jewish and civil records in Eastern Europe, click here and hover over Poland.
- See also the book, Jewish roots in Poland by Miriam Weiner
Family History Library Catalog Number 943.8 F2wm
Help with Poland Jewish Research
- The following JewishGen Special Interest Groups (SIGs) includes links, helps, and other resources to help with Jewish Research in Poland:
- Białystok Region SIG
The city of Białystok and nearby towns and villages, currently in Poland, formerly in the Russian Empire's Grodno Gubernia.
- Danzig/Gdańsk SIG
Danzig/Gdańsk, and its precursor communities of Alt Schottland, Langfuhr, Mattenbuden, Weinberg, and Danzig in der Breitgasse, and Tiegenhof (Nowy Dwór Gdański).
- Gesher Galicia SIG
Austrian Poland, a province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1772 until 1917, now in southern Poland and western Ukraine.
- German-Jewish SIG
Germany and German-speaking areas of Alsace, Lorraine, Switzerland, and Poland.
- Łódź area SIG
The city of Łódź, Poland, and localities within a 40-mile radius – in Congress Poland's gubernias of Piotrków, Płock, Warszawa, or Kalisz.
- Suwalk-Łomza SIG
Publisher of Landsmen, covering these two northeastern gubernias of Russian Poland, now in northeast Poland and southwest Lithuania.
- Warszawa SIG
The capital city of Poland, Warszawa (Warsaw).
- Białystok Region SIG
- Get ideas and help with the Facebook Polish Genealogy Research Community here.