Poland Maps

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Maps are an important source for locating places where your ancestors lived. They help you see the neighboring towns, transportation routes, and geographic features of the area your ancestor came from. Historical maps are especially useful for understanding boundary changes.
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Maps are an important source for locating places where your ancestors lived. They help you see the neighboring towns, transportation routes, and geographic features of the area your ancestor came from. Historical maps are especially useful for understanding boundary changes.  
  
Maps are published individually or as an atlas (a bound collection of maps). They may be included in gazetteers, guidebooks, local histories, and history texts.
+
Maps are published individually or as an atlas (a bound collection of maps). They may be included in gazetteers, guidebooks, local histories, and history texts.  
  
Different types of maps will help you in different ways. Historical atlases describe the growth and development of countries. They show boundaries, migration routes, settlement patterns, military campaigns, and other historical information. Road atlases are useful because of their detail, and they include an alphabetical index. Other types of maps include parish maps, county atlases, topographical maps, and military maps. Maps can show townships in great detail (to ½" to the mile). City maps are extremely helpful when researching in large cities such as Warszawa.
+
Different types of maps will help you in different ways. Historical atlases describe the growth and development of countries. They show boundaries, migration routes, settlement patterns, military campaigns, and other historical information. Road atlases are useful because of their detail, and they include an alphabetical index. Other types of maps include parish maps, county atlases, topographical maps, and military maps. Maps can show townships in great detail (to ½" to the mile). City maps are extremely helpful when researching in large cities such as Warszawa.  
  
=== Using Maps ===
+
=== Using Maps ===
  
Maps must be used carefully for several reasons:
+
Maps must be used carefully for several reasons:  
  
# There are often several places with the same name. For example, there are nine towns called D.ba in present-day Poland.
+
#There are often several places with the same name. For example, there are nine towns called D.ba in present-day Poland.  
# The spelling and even names of some towns may have changed since your ancestors lived there. Some localities have different names in different languages. For example, the town now known as Toszek was Tost before 1918.
+
#The spelling and even names of some towns may have changed since your ancestors lived there. Some localities have different names in different languages. For example, the town now known as Toszek was Tost before 1918.  
# Place-names are often misspelled in American sources. Difficult names may have been shortened and important diacritic marks omitted. For example, Warszawa may be found as Warsaw on some maps.
+
#Place-names are often misspelled in American sources. Difficult names may have been shortened and important diacritic marks omitted. For example, Warszawa may be found as Warsaw on some maps.  
# Political boundaries are not clearly indicated on all maps.
+
#Political boundaries are not clearly indicated on all maps.
  
=== Finding the Specific Town on the Map ===
+
=== Finding the Specific Town on the Map ===
  
To do successful research in Poland, you must identify the town where your ancestor lived.
+
To do successful research in Poland, you must identify the town where your ancestor lived.  
  
Because many towns have the same name, you may need some additional information before you can locate the correct town on a map. You will be more successful if you have some information about the town. You may search gazetteers, histories, family records, and other sources to learn about the following:
+
Because many towns have the same name, you may need some additional information before you can locate the correct town on a map. You will be more successful if you have some information about the town. You may search gazetteers, histories, family records, and other sources to learn about the following:  
  
* The state or province the ancestor came from
+
*The state or province the ancestor came from  
* Name of the parish where your ancestor was baptized or married
+
*Name of the parish where your ancestor was baptized or married  
* Towns where related ancestors lived
+
*Towns where related ancestors lived  
* The size of the town
+
*The size of the town  
* The occupation of your ancestor (this may indicate the size or industries of the town)
+
*The occupation of your ancestor (this may indicate the size or industries of the town)  
* Nearby localities, such as large cities
+
*Nearby localities, such as large cities  
* Nearby features, such as rivers and mountains
+
*Nearby features, such as rivers and mountains  
* Industries of the area
+
*Industries of the area  
* Dates when the town was renamed
+
*Dates when the town was renamed  
* Dates the town existed
+
*Dates the town existed  
* Other names the town was known by
+
*Other names the town was known by
  
Use gazetteers to identify the district the town you want was in. This will distinguish it from other towns of the same name and help you locate it on a map. (See the “[[Poland Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]” section in this outline.)
+
Use gazetteers to identify the district the town you want was in. This will distinguish it from other towns of the same name and help you locate it on a map. (See the “[[Poland Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]” section in this outline.)  
  
=== Finding Maps and Atlases ===
+
=== Finding Maps and Atlases ===
  
Collections of maps and atlases are available at numerous historical societies and at public and university libraries. The Family History Library has a good collection of Polish maps and atlases. These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:
+
Collections of maps and atlases are available at numerous historical societies and at public and university libraries. The Family History Library has a good collection of Polish maps and atlases. These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:  
  
POLAND - MAPS
+
POLAND - MAPS  
  
Some maps at the Family History Library are:
+
Some maps at the Family History Library are:  
  
''Karte des Deutschen Reiches''(Map of the German Empire). Scale 1:100.000. Berlin, Germany: Kartographische Abteilung der Königlichen Preußischen Landesaufnahme, 1914–1917. (FHL film 0068814.)
+
''Karte des Deutschen Reiches''(Map of the German Empire). Scale 1:100.000. Berlin, Germany: Kartographische Abteilung der Königlichen Preußischen Landesaufnahme, 1914–1917. (FHL film 0068814.)  
  
''Mapa Polski (taktyczna)'' (Tactical maps of Poland). Warszawa, Poland: Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny,1926–38. (FHL fiche 6312622.)
+
''Mapa Polski (taktyczna)'' (Tactical maps of Poland). Warszawa, Poland: Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny,1926–38. (FHL fiche 6312622.)  
  
A set of 483 microfiche maps of Poland as it existed between World War I and World War II.
+
A set of 483 microfiche maps of Poland as it existed between World War I and World War II.  
  
Modern road atlases for Poland are for sale at various genealogical booksellers and many on-line bookstores through the Internet. The following is an easy-to-use, well-produced road atlas that is typical of what is available.
+
Modern road atlases for Poland are for sale at various genealogical booksellers and many on-line bookstores through the Internet. The following is an easy-to-use, well-produced road atlas that is typical of what is available.  
  
''Polska Atlas Drogowy Warszawa'' (1996). Scale 1:200,000. (FHL book 943.8 E7ad.)
+
''Polska Atlas Drogowy Warszawa'' (1996). Scale 1:200,000. (FHL book 943.8 E7ad.)  
  
''Atlas geograficzny illustrowany królestwa polskiego'', J.M. Bazewicza, Warszawa (1907). (FHL book 943.8 E3b.)
+
''Atlas geograficzny illustrowany królestwa polskiego'', J.M. Bazewicza, Warszawa (1907). (FHL book 943.8 E3b.)  
  
''Polska atlas samochodown'', Publisher: Polskie Przedsiębiorstwo, Warszawa-Wrocław (1991). (FHL book 943.8 E7p.)
+
''Polska atlas samochodown'', Publisher: Polskie Przedsiębiorstwo, Warszawa-Wrocław (1991). (FHL book 943.8 E7p.)  
  
''Euro-Reiseatlas Polen'' ''(Euro-travel atlas Poland)''. Scale 1:300,000. Berlin, Germany: RV Reise und Verkehrsverlag, 1993. (FHL book 943.8 E7er.)
+
''Euro-Reiseatlas Polen'' ''(Euro-travel atlas Poland)''. Scale 1:300,000. Berlin, Germany: RV Reise und Verkehrsverlag, 1993. (FHL book 943.8 E7er.)  
  
Two excellent national historical atlases are:
+
Two excellent national historical atlases are:  
  
''Atlas geograficzny illustrowany królestwa  polskiego'' ''(An illustrated geographical atlas of the Kingdom of Poland)''. Scale 1:420,000. Warszawa: J. M.Bazewicz, 1907. (FHL book 943.8 E3b; film 0873665 item 3; fiche 6000827.)
+
''Atlas geograficzny illustrowany królestwa  polskiego'' ''(An illustrated geographical atlas of the Kingdom of Poland)''. Scale 1:420,000. Warszawa: J. M.Bazewicz, 1907. (FHL book 943.8 E3b; film 0873665 item 3; fiche 6000827.)  
  
''Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski.'' ''(Poland: A Historical Atlas)''. New York, New York: Hippocrene Books, Inc., 1987. (FHL book 943.8E7p.)
+
''Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski.'' ''(Poland: A Historical Atlas)''. New York, New York: Hippocrene Books, Inc., 1987. (FHL book 943.8E7p.)  
  
=== Web Sites ===
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=== Web Sites ===
  
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/poland.html
+
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/poland.html  
  
http://www.embassyworld.com/maps/Maps_Of_Poland.html
+
http://www.embassyworld.com/maps/Maps_Of_Poland.html  
  
http://geography.about.com/library/maps/blpoland.htm
+
http://geography.about.com/library/maps/blpoland.htm  
  
http://www.pgsa.org/geomaps.htm
+
http://www.pgsa.org/geomaps.htm  
  
 +
http://www.sggee.org Society for German Genealogy in Eastern Europe
 +
<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
 
[[Category:Poland]]
 
[[Category:Poland]]

Revision as of 02:52, 19 June 2008

Maps are an important source for locating places where your ancestors lived. They help you see the neighboring towns, transportation routes, and geographic features of the area your ancestor came from. Historical maps are especially useful for understanding boundary changes.

Maps are published individually or as an atlas (a bound collection of maps). They may be included in gazetteers, guidebooks, local histories, and history texts.

Different types of maps will help you in different ways. Historical atlases describe the growth and development of countries. They show boundaries, migration routes, settlement patterns, military campaigns, and other historical information. Road atlases are useful because of their detail, and they include an alphabetical index. Other types of maps include parish maps, county atlases, topographical maps, and military maps. Maps can show townships in great detail (to ½" to the mile). City maps are extremely helpful when researching in large cities such as Warszawa.

Contents

Using Maps

Maps must be used carefully for several reasons:

  1. There are often several places with the same name. For example, there are nine towns called D.ba in present-day Poland.
  2. The spelling and even names of some towns may have changed since your ancestors lived there. Some localities have different names in different languages. For example, the town now known as Toszek was Tost before 1918.
  3. Place-names are often misspelled in American sources. Difficult names may have been shortened and important diacritic marks omitted. For example, Warszawa may be found as Warsaw on some maps.
  4. Political boundaries are not clearly indicated on all maps.

Finding the Specific Town on the Map

To do successful research in Poland, you must identify the town where your ancestor lived.

Because many towns have the same name, you may need some additional information before you can locate the correct town on a map. You will be more successful if you have some information about the town. You may search gazetteers, histories, family records, and other sources to learn about the following:

  • The state or province the ancestor came from
  • Name of the parish where your ancestor was baptized or married
  • Towns where related ancestors lived
  • The size of the town
  • The occupation of your ancestor (this may indicate the size or industries of the town)
  • Nearby localities, such as large cities
  • Nearby features, such as rivers and mountains
  • Industries of the area
  • Dates when the town was renamed
  • Dates the town existed
  • Other names the town was known by

Use gazetteers to identify the district the town you want was in. This will distinguish it from other towns of the same name and help you locate it on a map. (See the “Gazetteers” section in this outline.)

Finding Maps and Atlases

Collections of maps and atlases are available at numerous historical societies and at public and university libraries. The Family History Library has a good collection of Polish maps and atlases. These are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:

POLAND - MAPS

Some maps at the Family History Library are:

Karte des Deutschen Reiches(Map of the German Empire). Scale 1:100.000. Berlin, Germany: Kartographische Abteilung der Königlichen Preußischen Landesaufnahme, 1914–1917. (FHL film 0068814.)

Mapa Polski (taktyczna) (Tactical maps of Poland). Warszawa, Poland: Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny,1926–38. (FHL fiche 6312622.)

A set of 483 microfiche maps of Poland as it existed between World War I and World War II.

Modern road atlases for Poland are for sale at various genealogical booksellers and many on-line bookstores through the Internet. The following is an easy-to-use, well-produced road atlas that is typical of what is available.

Polska Atlas Drogowy Warszawa (1996). Scale 1:200,000. (FHL book 943.8 E7ad.)

Atlas geograficzny illustrowany królestwa polskiego, J.M. Bazewicza, Warszawa (1907). (FHL book 943.8 E3b.)

Polska atlas samochodown, Publisher: Polskie Przedsiębiorstwo, Warszawa-Wrocław (1991). (FHL book 943.8 E7p.)

Euro-Reiseatlas Polen (Euro-travel atlas Poland). Scale 1:300,000. Berlin, Germany: RV Reise und Verkehrsverlag, 1993. (FHL book 943.8 E7er.)

Two excellent national historical atlases are:

Atlas geograficzny illustrowany królestwa  polskiego (An illustrated geographical atlas of the Kingdom of Poland). Scale 1:420,000. Warszawa: J. M.Bazewicz, 1907. (FHL book 943.8 E3b; film 0873665 item 3; fiche 6000827.)

Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski. (Poland: A Historical Atlas). New York, New York: Hippocrene Books, Inc., 1987. (FHL book 943.8E7p.)

Web Sites

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/poland.html

http://www.embassyworld.com/maps/Maps_Of_Poland.html

http://geography.about.com/library/maps/blpoland.htm

http://www.pgsa.org/geomaps.htm

http://www.sggee.org Society for German Genealogy in Eastern Europe